A djectives
E xamples <ul><li>Henry and Claire are having dinner in a </li></ul><ul><li>quiet  restaurant. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s a  w...
U se <ul><li>A djectives are words like dark, warm, new, </li></ul><ul><li>good  that describe a noun. For example: </li><...
W ord  O rder <ul><li>T here are two places where we can use </li></ul><ul><li>an adjective: </li></ul><ul><li>Before a no...
W ord  O rder <ul><li>I t’s possible to use more adjectives </li></ul><ul><li>together. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li><...
M aking  C omparisons <ul><li>T o make comparisons with short </li></ul><ul><li>adjectives (e.g. cheap) we use </li></ul><...
M aking  C omparisons <ul><li>F or long adjectives (e.g. expensive) </li></ul><ul><li>we use  more  or  most  +  adjective...
M aking  C omparisons <ul><li>S ome adjectives have irregular forms.  </li></ul><ul><li>Some examples are: </li></ul><ul><...
M aking  C omparisons <ul><li>S pelling (1) </li></ul><ul><li>Words ending in a  consonant  +  y  have  er ,   est . </li>...
M aking  C omparisons <ul><li>S pelling  (2) </li></ul><ul><li>Words ending in a single vowel letter + a single </li></ul>...
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Adjectives

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This presentation is about what adjectives do and how they are used in sentences.

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Adjectives

  1. 1. A djectives
  2. 2. E xamples <ul><li>Henry and Claire are having dinner in a </li></ul><ul><li>quiet restaurant. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s a warm evening. </li></ul><ul><li>The food is delicious . Henry is feeling </li></ul><ul><li>romantic . </li></ul>
  3. 3. U se <ul><li>A djectives are words like dark, warm, new, </li></ul><ul><li>good that describe a noun. For example: </li></ul><ul><li>Clair’s got a new car. (new describes the car.) </li></ul><ul><li>This is dark coffee. (dark describes the coffee.) </li></ul><ul><li>My dog is old . (old describes my dog.) </li></ul><ul><li>The hamburger tastes good . (good describes the hamburger.) </li></ul>
  4. 4. W ord O rder <ul><li>T here are two places where we can use </li></ul><ul><li>an adjective: </li></ul><ul><li>Before a noun </li></ul><ul><li>Example: That is a fast car. </li></ul><ul><li>After a linking verb </li></ul><ul><li>Example: This food smells funny . </li></ul><ul><li>Some linking verbs are: appear, be, become, feel, get, look, seem, smell, stay, taste. </li></ul>
  5. 5. W ord O rder <ul><li>I t’s possible to use more adjectives </li></ul><ul><li>together. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>It’s a quiet little restaurant. </li></ul><ul><li>Mike was wearing a dirty old coat. </li></ul><ul><li>W e can also put words like very or quite </li></ul><ul><li>before an adjective. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>It was a very dark night. </li></ul><ul><li>Henry was feeling quite romantic . </li></ul>
  6. 6. M aking C omparisons <ul><li>T o make comparisons with short </li></ul><ul><li>adjectives (e.g. cheap) we use </li></ul><ul><li>adjective + er or est </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>This car is cheaper than mine, but that one is the cheapest . </li></ul>
  7. 7. M aking C omparisons <ul><li>F or long adjectives (e.g. expensive) </li></ul><ul><li>we use more or most + adjective . </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>This car is more expensive than mine, but that one is the most expensive I’ve ever seen. </li></ul><ul><li>Notes: One-syllable adjectives ending in ed use more and most as well. </li></ul><ul><li>Some two-syllable adjectives use both er / est and more / most (e.g. narrow,pleasant, simple, useful, hopeless, etc.) </li></ul>
  8. 8. M aking C omparisons <ul><li>S ome adjectives have irregular forms. </li></ul><ul><li>Some examples are: </li></ul><ul><li>good-better-best </li></ul><ul><li>bad-worse-worst </li></ul><ul><li>far-farther-farthest </li></ul>
  9. 9. M aking C omparisons <ul><li>S pelling (1) </li></ul><ul><li>Words ending in a consonant + y have er , est . </li></ul><ul><li>and the y becomes an i . </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>I’m happ y , but he is happier . They are the happiest by far. </li></ul><ul><li>Words ending in e just get r or st </li></ul><ul><li>Example: My car is safe, but his car is safe r . That car is the safe st . </li></ul>
  10. 10. M aking C omparisons <ul><li>S pelling (2) </li></ul><ul><li>Words ending in a single vowel letter + a single </li></ul><ul><li>consonant letter get a double consonant. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Today is hot. Tomorrow is ho tt er. Yesterday was the ho ttest . </li></ul>
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