'A' and 'An'


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'A' and 'An'

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'A' and 'An'

  1. 1. ‘ A ’ and ‘ A n’
  2. 2. ‘ A ’ and ‘ A n’ <ul><li>Y ou only use ‘a’ or ‘an’ with singular count nouns. </li></ul><ul><li>‘ A ’ and ‘an’ are called the indefinite article. </li></ul><ul><li>I got a postcard from Susan. </li></ul><ul><li>He was eating an apple . </li></ul>
  3. 3. ‘ A ’ and ‘ A n’ <ul><li>Y ou use ‘a’ in front of a word that starts with a consonant sound even when the first letter is a vowel. </li></ul><ul><li>a piece </li></ul><ul><li>a university </li></ul><ul><li>a European language </li></ul>
  4. 4. ‘ A ’ and ‘ A n’ <ul><li>Y ou use ‘an’ in front of a word that begins with a vowel sound even when the first letter is a consonant. </li></ul><ul><li>an exercise </li></ul><ul><li>an idea </li></ul><ul><li>an honest man </li></ul>
  5. 5. ‘ A ’ and ‘ A n’ <ul><li>Y ou use ‘a’ or ‘an’ when you are talking about a person or a thing for the first time. </li></ul><ul><li>He picked up a book . </li></ul><ul><li>After weeks of looking, we eventually bought a house . </li></ul><ul><li>A colleague and I got some money to do research on rats. </li></ul>
  6. 6. ‘ A ’ and ‘ A n’ <ul><li>T he second time you refer to the same person or thing, you use ‘the’. </li></ul><ul><li>She picked up a book … … The book was lying on the table. </li></ul><ul><li>After weeks of looking we finally bought a house … … The house was in a small village. </li></ul>
  7. 7. ‘ A ’ and ‘ A n’ <ul><li>A fter the verb ‘be’ or another link verb you can use ‘a’ or ‘an’ with an adjective and a noun to give more information about someone or something. </li></ul><ul><li>His brother was a sensitive child . </li></ul><ul><li>He seemed a worried man . </li></ul><ul><li>It was a really beautiful house . </li></ul>
  8. 8. ‘ A ’ and ‘ A n’ <ul><li>Y ou can also use ‘a’ or ‘an’ with a noun followed by a qualifier, such as a prepositional phrase or a relative clause, when you want to give more information about someone or something. </li></ul><ul><li>The information was contained in an article on biology . </li></ul><ul><li>I chose a picture that reminded me of home . </li></ul>
  9. 9. ‘ A ’ and ‘ A n’ <ul><li>Y ou use ‘a ‘ and ‘an’ after the verb ‘be’ or another link verb when you are saying what someone is or what job they have. </li></ul><ul><li>He became a school teacher . </li></ul><ul><li>She is a model and an artist . </li></ul>
  10. 10. ‘ A ’ and ‘ A n’ <ul><li>Y ou use ‘a ‘ and ‘an’ to mean ‘one’ with some numbers. </li></ul><ul><li>Y ou can use ‘a’ or ‘an’ with nouns that refer to whole numbers, fractions, money, weights or measures. </li></ul><ul><li>a hundred a quarter a pound </li></ul><ul><li>a kilo a thousand a half </li></ul><ul><li>a dollar a liter </li></ul>
  11. 11. ‘ A ’ and ‘ A n’ <ul><li>Y ou do not use ‘a ‘ and ‘an’ with uncount nouns or plural count nouns. </li></ul><ul><li>Y ou do not need to use a determiner at all with plural count nouns. </li></ul><ul><li>Y ou can use the determiners ‘any’, ‘a few’, ‘many’, ‘several’, or ‘some’. </li></ul><ul><li>I love dogs . </li></ul><ul><li>Do you have any dogs ? </li></ul>
  12. 12. ‘ A ’ and ‘ A n’ <ul><li>Note: </li></ul><ul><li>If you do not use a determiner with a plural count noun, you are often making a general statement about people or things of that type. </li></ul><ul><li>I love dogs. (You love all dogs.) </li></ul><ul><li>There are eggs in the kitchen. (There are some eggs.) </li></ul>
  13. 13. ‘ A ’ and ‘ A n’ <ul><li>Note: </li></ul><ul><li>I f you do use a determiner, you mean a number of people or things but not all of them, without saying exactly how many. </li></ul><ul><li>I have some friends coming for dinner. </li></ul><ul><li>He has bought some plants for the house. </li></ul><ul><li>I have some important things to tell them. </li></ul>
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