Preliminary This Guy England, Scotland & Ireland are Independant Countries King Edward I of England desires major crusade in the Holy Land BUT Conflict between France and Aragon (of Spain) erupts into a war
AND SO! Conflict soon arises about English-possessed Gascony England goes to war with France Concentrate on Gascony in the south Alliances with the Low countries from the north Scottish refuse to send men to fight France Make Truce with France Edward opens war on Scotland (Braveheart)
Invasion of Scotland! Berwick, a rich merchant city is sacked! The scottish flee, take refuge in Dunbar Castle English, after a month of rest, attack with 12 000 men. The Scots have the highground, outnumber the English with 3 to 1.
The Battle Scots charge downhill, hoping to scatter the English English stand firm and disciplined The Scottish lose morale and retreat English take Dunbar Castle
Aftermath The leading general, Red Comyn, and others captured The English press ever forward to take Edinborough Castle, which held out a week After taking castles at Perth, Stirling, Roxburgh John Ballial resigns kingdom on July 2nd Scotland falls as kingdom six days later
Summary What Battle of Dunbar Who King Edward 1 “Longshanks” Where Dunbar, near Edinborough, Scotland When March – Sack of Berwick, English invasion 27th of April 1296 Scots are defeated at Dunbar July – John Balliol abdicates
Sources http://militaryhistory.about.com/od/batt leswars12011400/p/dunbar1296.htm http://midgleywebpages.com/edward1.h tml http://www.brucetrust.co.uk/chronology. html