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Summary - Social Graph of Evolving FCC Lobbying
Summary - Social Graph of Evolving FCC Lobbying
Summary - Social Graph of Evolving FCC Lobbying
Summary - Social Graph of Evolving FCC Lobbying
Summary - Social Graph of Evolving FCC Lobbying
Summary - Social Graph of Evolving FCC Lobbying
Summary - Social Graph of Evolving FCC Lobbying
Summary - Social Graph of Evolving FCC Lobbying
Summary - Social Graph of Evolving FCC Lobbying
Summary - Social Graph of Evolving FCC Lobbying
Summary - Social Graph of Evolving FCC Lobbying
Summary - Social Graph of Evolving FCC Lobbying
Summary - Social Graph of Evolving FCC Lobbying
Summary - Social Graph of Evolving FCC Lobbying
Summary - Social Graph of Evolving FCC Lobbying
Summary - Social Graph of Evolving FCC Lobbying
Summary - Social Graph of Evolving FCC Lobbying
Summary - Social Graph of Evolving FCC Lobbying
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Summary - Social Graph of Evolving FCC Lobbying

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A summary of work in progress analyzing social graphs of FCC lobbying activity

A summary of work in progress analyzing social graphs of FCC lobbying activity

Published in: Technology, News & Politics
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  • 1. The evolution of lobbying coalitions
    Work in progress summary, 9/30/2009For more detail, see http://bit.ly/4mxfm8
    Pierre de Vries, Economic Policy Research CenterUniversity of Washington, Seattle
  • 2. Conclusions
    Graph-theory clusters representreal-world alliances
    Tracking the evolution of clusters can reveal shifts in alliances
    Improving FCC data will improve public knowledge of lobbying activity
  • 3. The Data
    Metadata from FCC Electronic Comment Filing System (ECFS) database
    Focused on an inter-carrier compensation proceeding, FCC docket 01-92
    2,9015 filings, 756 unique filers
    Data from inception in April 2001 to December 2008
    Considered sub-set where two or more entities file together
    Filing entities (companies, associations, individuals) are nodes in a network; they’re linked when they make a filing together
    The more often they file together, the darker the line between them
    The number of times an entity filed is shown by the size of its node – this is a measure of investment/activity
    More influential nodes are pink, less influential are blue – nodes are influential if they link to other nodes that are themselves highly linked
  • 4. Companies typically either always file solo, or always jointly
    498 entities always filed alone, e.g. BellSouth, NARUC
    152 entities always filed with someone else, e.g. Broadview, Maine PUC
    25 entities filed with others in 40%-60% of cases, e.g. tw telecom, Pac-West
    Solo filers excluded from co-filing analysis
  • 5. All the filings 2001-2008
  • 6. A Time Series
    Looking at separate time periods shows how coalitions evolved
    The source data set has day-by-day granularity; these snapshots are integrated over much longer periods
  • 7. 2001-2002
    CLEC reply comments to NPRM
    T-Mobile et al petition for declaratory ruling
  • 8. 2003-2004
    CLECs’ “Cost-Based Intercarrier Compensation Coalition” (CBICC)
    Intercarrier Compensation Forum, filed ICF Plan 5 Oct 2004
    “Indep. Wireless Carriers”: T-Mobile, W Wireless, Dobson
    “CMRS Petitioners”: T-Mobile, W Wireless, Nextel
  • 9. 2005 – summer 2006
    CLECs
    Major CLECs – FNPRM comments & replies
    CLECs, some eventually merging e.g. Lightship, CTC, Conversent; and Xspedius & tw telecom
    Rural LECs and their associations
  • 10. Fall 2006 – end 2007
    Missoula Plan Allies
    Missoula Plan Opponents:
    Mix of CLECs, ILECs and Indep. Wireless
    Oregon Rural LECs, supporting Missoula Plan
  • 11. Jan – July 2008
    The calm before the storm
  • 12. Aug/Sep 2008
    ILEC/IXC coalition: Ex parte advocating federalizing VOIP, uniform comp rate for all traffic
    CLECs opposing
    Verizon’s September 12 proposal, incl. uniform rate
  • 13. Oct 2008
    Five State regulatory commissions objecting to “eleventh hour filings”
    Small ILECs trying to slow down process
    Broadening CLEC coalition opposing change towards flat rate
    Mid-size rural LECs opposing flat rate comp, supporting status quo
    OPASTCO/WTA Plan
  • 14. Nov/Dec 2008
    “Coalition for Rational Universal Service and Intercarrier Reform” – urban & rural CLECs
    Opposition to AT&T/IXC “self-help” from small LEC and conf-call players
    Rural cellular – note they’re closer to the CLECs than the RLECs
  • 15. Summary of Coalition Patterns
    Opponents are connected: ILECs, CLECs, and cellular
    Rural LECs and their associations keep to themselves
  • 16. Top 20 Impact Depends on Chosen Metric
    * Filers that appear in three or more columns are color coded
  • 17. Value of the approach
    Insiders can use graphs to identify:
    detailed trends at a glance
    potential collaborators or defectors, e.g. by looking for coalition members who are bridges between groups, or peripheral
    Outsiders can grasp the overall structure of a proceeding without having to read the entire record
    Communications and advocacy players can use:
    cluster evolution to find and show changes in coalitions
    network structure to guide understanding of search results
  • 18. Implications for the Regulator
    Poor quality of information input by filers impedes transparency
    Require more information in metadata
    Use standard web techniques to facilitate data input and retrieval
    Improve systems for correctingerrors

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