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Open Access  Scholarly Publishing  The AOSIS journey Pierre JT de Villiers Managing Director:  OpenJournals Publishing Afr...
Perspectives from an  Open Access Publisher <ul><li>How I become involved in OA </li></ul><ul><li>The AOSIS journey 2005 –...
How I became involved in Open Access
South African Family Practice (incl. Geneeskunde) <ul><li>Editor - 1998 </li></ul><ul><li>Society journal </li></ul><ul><l...
South African Family Practice (incl. Geneeskunde) <ul><li>4 manuscripts on desk! </li></ul><ul><li>Low submissions </li></...
2005
World flatteners <ul><li>Creative software </li></ul><ul><li>The internet </li></ul><ul><li>Open source software </li></ul...
Open Journal Systems (OJS) 6600 titles (July 2010) 2001 - Open source Software
<ul><li>Online December 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>First OJS journal in RSA </li></ul><ul><li>Open Access June 2006 </li></ul>
SAFP on the charts
SAFP cities Oct 2010 10,000  visitors per month
The AOSIS Journey
E-Learning services www.ituta.net www.ecpd.co.za Est. 1999
Need: Services for OA journals
OJS Est. 2007
Editor Reject Section  Editor Reject External Reviewer External Reviewer External Reviewer Reviewer’s Recommendation Edito...
OJP Production Flow Manuscript  uploaded on  system Peer review (2 reviewers) Copyediting (3 steps) Layout editing Proofre...
Starting the journey <ul><li>2007 </li></ul><ul><li>OJS support for Medpharm Publications </li></ul><ul><li>10 titles </li...
Title growth 3 7 10
Manuscript growth Submitted v/s published manuscripts
Achievements <ul><li>First OJS deployment  in RSA (SAFP)    23 </li></ul><ul><li>First DOI   registration  with Crossref ...
Achievements <ul><li>First XML  journal publication in RSA  </li></ul><ul><li>(PDF, HTML & XML) </li></ul><ul><li>First OA...
<ul><li>Reflection on the journey </li></ul>
Coversion to OA is slow (but sure)
Current situation (OA) - 2010 <ul><li>International estimates: 3-14% (Gold) </li></ul><ul><li>African Journals Online (AJO...
OA per discipline - 2009 Bo-Christer Björk et al, PloS One, June 2010
Obstacles to OA conversion in RSA <ul><li>Society membership: benefits    closed club </li></ul><ul><li>In-house control:...
Obstacles to OA conversion in RSA <ul><li>Financial viability: Title owners reaping benefits, but not investing </li></ul>...
Author side publication fees (page fees) feasible in RSA
Who pays for the beer? <ul><li>Production cost </li></ul><ul><li>Author side publication fees </li></ul><ul><li>OR </li></...
Page fees experience <ul><li>Usually paid by institution – growing support </li></ul><ul><li>DHET subsidy support </li></u...
Supporting research, not business models <ul><li>“ The  institutions  that pay for journal subscriptions aren't trying to ...
Who is in the driving seat? <ul><li>&quot;I think you will quickly discover that journals (even the arrogant ones) need  a...
Impact factors/prestige factor
“ Measuring up” challenge for OA <ul><li>Universities/NRF  use prestige & impact for reward (surrogate for quality) </li><...
Prestige <ul><li>Prestige is the flywheel preserving the present system long into the era when it might have been supersed...
Science research papers 2001
World flatteners <ul><li>Creative software </li></ul><ul><li>The internet </li></ul><ul><li>Open source software </li></ul...
The key……is OA [email_address]
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Open access publishing the aosis journey

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Presentation at Open Access Week 20 October 2010, UNISA and Stellenbosch University

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Transcript of "Open access publishing the aosis journey"

  1. 1. Open Access Scholarly Publishing The AOSIS journey Pierre JT de Villiers Managing Director: OpenJournals Publishing African Online Scientific Information Systems (AOSIS) Pty Ltd
  2. 2. Perspectives from an Open Access Publisher <ul><li>How I become involved in OA </li></ul><ul><li>The AOSIS journey 2005 – 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Reflections on this journey </li></ul>
  3. 3. How I became involved in Open Access
  4. 4. South African Family Practice (incl. Geneeskunde) <ul><li>Editor - 1998 </li></ul><ul><li>Society journal </li></ul><ul><li>Print only – bi monthly </li></ul><ul><li>4000 free distribution to members & GP’s </li></ul><ul><li>Advertising income </li></ul>
  5. 5. South African Family Practice (incl. Geneeskunde) <ul><li>4 manuscripts on desk! </li></ul><ul><li>Low submissions </li></ul><ul><li>Locally read (?) </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult production </li></ul><ul><li>Not economically viable due to lack of interest amongst GP’s </li></ul>
  6. 6. 2005
  7. 7. World flatteners <ul><li>Creative software </li></ul><ul><li>The internet </li></ul><ul><li>Open source software </li></ul><ul><li>Search engines </li></ul><ul><li>Outsourcing </li></ul>
  8. 8. Open Journal Systems (OJS) 6600 titles (July 2010) 2001 - Open source Software
  9. 9. <ul><li>Online December 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>First OJS journal in RSA </li></ul><ul><li>Open Access June 2006 </li></ul>
  10. 10. SAFP on the charts
  11. 11. SAFP cities Oct 2010 10,000 visitors per month
  12. 12. The AOSIS Journey
  13. 13. E-Learning services www.ituta.net www.ecpd.co.za Est. 1999
  14. 14. Need: Services for OA journals
  15. 15. OJS Est. 2007
  16. 16. Editor Reject Section Editor Reject External Reviewer External Reviewer External Reviewer Reviewer’s Recommendation Editorial Recommendation Publish Author
  17. 17. OJP Production Flow Manuscript uploaded on system Peer review (2 reviewers) Copyediting (3 steps) Layout editing Proofreading (3 steps) Publication (immediate)
  18. 18. Starting the journey <ul><li>2007 </li></ul><ul><li>OJS support for Medpharm Publications </li></ul><ul><li>10 titles </li></ul><ul><li>2008 </li></ul><ul><li>First OA journal </li></ul>
  19. 19. Title growth 3 7 10
  20. 20. Manuscript growth Submitted v/s published manuscripts
  21. 21. Achievements <ul><li>First OJS deployment in RSA (SAFP)  23 </li></ul><ul><li>First DOI registration with Crossref </li></ul><ul><li>from RSA www.crossref.org </li></ul><ul><li>Scielo SA – first publisher to join </li></ul><ul><li>www.scielo.org.za </li></ul>
  22. 22. Achievements <ul><li>First XML journal publication in RSA </li></ul><ul><li>(PDF, HTML & XML) </li></ul><ul><li>First OASPA member </li></ul><ul><li>from Sub-Saharan Africa </li></ul><ul><li>First SPARC Europe seal for open access journals for an African journal </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Reflection on the journey </li></ul>
  24. 24. Coversion to OA is slow (but sure)
  25. 25. Current situation (OA) - 2010 <ul><li>International estimates: 3-14% (Gold) </li></ul><ul><li>African Journals Online (AJOL) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>103/397 Peer reviewed journals in Africa ( 26% ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>RSA 26/315 (8%) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Own count 2009 = 25% of DHET accredited </li></ul>
  26. 26. OA per discipline - 2009 Bo-Christer Björk et al, PloS One, June 2010
  27. 27. Obstacles to OA conversion in RSA <ul><li>Society membership: benefits  closed club </li></ul><ul><li>In-house control: individuals, universities (fear of outsourcing) </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of change and technology: XML, DOI, no print </li></ul>
  28. 28. Obstacles to OA conversion in RSA <ul><li>Financial viability: Title owners reaping benefits, but not investing </li></ul><ul><li>Perceived costs: Outsourcing v/s hidden costs – staff, offices, communication </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial toll access publisher buy-outs (honey trap) </li></ul>
  29. 29. Author side publication fees (page fees) feasible in RSA
  30. 30. Who pays for the beer? <ul><li>Production cost </li></ul><ul><li>Author side publication fees </li></ul><ul><li>OR </li></ul><ul><li>Title owner subsidy </li></ul><ul><li>OR </li></ul><ul><li>Both (mix) </li></ul>
  31. 31. Page fees experience <ul><li>Usually paid by institution – growing support </li></ul><ul><li>DHET subsidy support </li></ul><ul><li>Range R1,500 – R5,000 per article </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Theology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industrial psychology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Management science </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. Supporting research, not business models <ul><li>“ The institutions that pay for journal subscriptions aren't trying to support the TA business model; they're trying to support research.   </li></ul><ul><li>They won't follow the business model; they'll follow the authors .” </li></ul><ul><li>Peter Suber </li></ul>
  33. 33. Who is in the driving seat? <ul><li>&quot;I think you will quickly discover that journals (even the arrogant ones) need authors more than authors need them.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Richard Smith   </li></ul>
  34. 34. Impact factors/prestige factor
  35. 35. “ Measuring up” challenge for OA <ul><li>Universities/NRF use prestige & impact for reward (surrogate for quality) </li></ul><ul><li>Most high-prestige journals are TA and have good IF’s </li></ul><ul><li>Most OA journals are new (no, low IF) </li></ul><ul><li>Progress: some OA journals top IF </li></ul>
  36. 36. Prestige <ul><li>Prestige is the flywheel preserving the present system long into the era when it might have been superseded by a superior alternative.  Or viewed from the other side, it's the flywheel delaying progress .   </li></ul><ul><li>Peter Suber   </li></ul>
  37. 37. Science research papers 2001
  38. 38. World flatteners <ul><li>Creative software </li></ul><ul><li>The internet </li></ul><ul><li>Open source software </li></ul><ul><li>Search engines </li></ul><ul><li>Outsourcing </li></ul>
  39. 39. The key……is OA [email_address]
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