Nhp Conference Feb 2004


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  • Nhp Conference Feb 2004

    1. 1. Science at Health Canada The Linkage to NHP Research Dr. Pierre J. Charest – Office of Biotechnology and Science Health Products and Food Branch
    2. 2. Four Essential Roles of Government Science <ul><li>Decision making, policy development and regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Development and management of standards </li></ul><ul><li>Public health, safety, environmental and/or defence needs </li></ul><ul><li>Economic and social development </li></ul>
    3. 3. Government Science in the National Innovation System <ul><li>CSTA BEST Report, 1999 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“a critical role for the federal government in performing S&T to fulfill the mandates entrusted to it by the Canadian people.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Industry, academia, government are the 3 legs of the stool </li></ul><ul><li>Complementary roles to support innovation in Canada </li></ul>
    4. 4. “ A Framework for S&T Advice: principles and Guidelines for the Effective Use of S&T Advice in Government Decision Making” <ul><li>Intended to ensure that government policy, regulatory and management decisions are informed by sound science and technology advice </li></ul><ul><li>Outlines a number of Principles and Guidelines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Early issue identification, Inclusiveness, Sound Science and Science Advice, Uncertainty and Risks, Transparency and Openness, Review </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Addresses Implementation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ A Framework for S&T Advice: principles and Guidelines for the Effective Use of S&T Advice in Government Decision Making” Promoting the adoption of the Principles and Guidelines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensuring Accountability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluating Effectiveness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Established in 2000 </li></ul>
    5. 6. HC’s mission and priorities <ul><li>“ The mission of Health Canada is to help the people of Canada maintain and improve their health.” </li></ul><ul><li>Science provides the evidence base for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>decision-making and delivering on Departmental strategic objectives, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health issues such as the current strategic priorities: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Building a 21st Century Public Health System </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sustaining Health Care Reform </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Improvements in First Nations and Inuit Health </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Benefiting from a Modern Regulatory System </li></ul></ul></ul>
    6. 7. Context <ul><li>Health Care Renewal </li></ul><ul><li>Globalization, migration , global warming </li></ul><ul><li>Population demographics – Vulnerable populations </li></ul><ul><li>New technologies/ personalized medicine / technology convergence / natural health products </li></ul><ul><li>Public opinion / expectation / risk tolerance </li></ul><ul><li>Modern threats to human health (bioterrorism, food security, water) </li></ul><ul><li>Economic and political factors </li></ul><ul><li>Pace of scientific advancement </li></ul>
    7. 8. Health Canada Science Pressures <ul><li>Therapeutic Access Strategy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>improving regulatory performance and international harmonization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>review new technologies and products (e.g. nanotechnology devices, new biologics), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>assess and participate in international regulatory science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>international technical standards development </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New Regulatory Frameworks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural Health Products Regulation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stewardship for biotechnology </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Health and the environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>climate change and its impact on human health </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>e nvironmental impact of regulated products (e.g. antibiotics in food and water safety) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Public Health </li></ul><ul><ul><li>assess risks and develop mitigation strategies (rapid diagnostic tools and new vaccines) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>evaluate the effectiveness of upstream investments in health promotion and prevention </li></ul></ul>
    8. 9. Health Canada Science <ul><li>2002-03 S&T expenditures $256M </li></ul><ul><li>Employing 4200 science workers </li></ul><ul><li>Why in-house science? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>direct support to our legislated mandate ; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>meet critical timeframes for response; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ensure confidentiality in working with third parties; and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>work on issues of strategic national importance. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Partnerships are critical to access the diversity of sound science </li></ul>
    9. 10. Health Canada Science Planning <ul><li>Framework for Science </li></ul><ul><li>assesses our scientific activities against the principles of effective science </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(Alignment; Linkages; Excellence and innovation; Sound management and stewardship) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>identifies science needs and gaps, </li></ul><ul><li>suggests strategies to address current and future science needs. </li></ul>
    10. 11. Framework Definitions <ul><li>Research is investigation or experimentation whose aim is the identification of new theories, the discovery of new facts and knowledge, and the revision of accepted theories in light of newly discovered facts. </li></ul><ul><li>Related scientific activities (RSA) are those activities that complement and extend research: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assessment of products and processes for purpose of regulation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provision of scientific input and advice to the development of policy and decision-making </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dissemination or transfer of scientific knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collection, organization and analysis of data </li></ul></ul>
    11. 12. Health Canada Science Roles <ul><li>Diversity of Science Roles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health Protection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health Surveillance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health Information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health Policy </li></ul></ul>
    12. 13. Science Activities in HPFB <ul><li>Product Evaluation/Pre-market Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Surveys, Monitoring, Data Collection and Analysis and Surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Inspection, Investigation </li></ul><ul><li>Regulatory Studies, Risk Assessment, and Standard Setting </li></ul><ul><li>Policy Studies </li></ul><ul><li>Information Services, Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Education, Training and Development </li></ul><ul><li>Applied Research/Regulatory Research </li></ul><ul><li>Anticipatory Research </li></ul>
    13. 14. 26% 17% 12% 9% 13% 23% Preventing and reducing risks to individual health and the overall environment Promoting healthier lifestyles High quality health services Reducing health inequities Providing health information to help Canadians make informed choices Integrating renewal of the health care system with longer term plans in the areas of prevention, health Promotion and protection. Science at Heatlh Canada by importance
    14. 15. HC’s S&T Expenditure ($M’s) (2002-03) 171 10 7 5 149 RSA 256 35 10 17 194 Total 85 25 3 12 45 R&D Extr Intra Extr Intra Total Social Science Natural Science
    15. 16. External Partners Universities Provinces/Territories FNI& Inuit Communities Other Federal Depts & Agencies Foreign Gov't Dept & Agencies International Organizations Professional Associations Industry / Commerce Voluntary Public Interest Groups
    16. 18. Health Canada in the National Innovation System <ul><li>The ability to perform and use sound science is key to effective policy making and regulations which are critical to a well functioning innovation system. </li></ul><ul><li>HC has an important role to play in identifying and addressing national science priorities. </li></ul><ul><li>HC has made significant progress in assessing science needs and capacity. </li></ul>