Communism
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Communism

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A powerpoint over Communism from my Government Textbook. This was a project for class

A powerpoint over Communism from my Government Textbook. This was a project for class

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  • 1. Communism Chapter 23:Section 3 Yuri Bannatyne, Matt Sturgis Chris Thomas, Taylor Mercurio
  • 2. Karl Marx’s Theory
    • Communism is a political, economic, and social theory
    • Marx’s View of History
    • The Labor Theory of Value
    • The Nature of the State
    • The Dictatorship of
    • the Proletariat
  • 3. Characteristic of Communist Economies
    • Communist party runs
      • Government
      • Economy
    • Institution is Parallel
      • Social
      • Intellectual
      • Religious
    Roll Of Communist Party
    • Bureaucrats
      • Plan
      • Supervise Production
        • Factories
        • Farms
        • Stores
    • Economy 5-year plan
    Central Planning
  • 4. Characteristic of Communist Economies
    • Communist Economy is a merger of small farms
    • Goes to government owned agricultural enterprises
    Collectivization
    • Industrial Enterprises
    • Transportation
    • Parts of Economy
    • All would be State Owned
    State Ownership
  • 5. Soviet Union
    • Lenin took power in 1917
    • Soviet Union became one-party state
    • Lenin died in 1924
    • Stalin took over
    Control of Russia
    • 1928 through 1933
    • Centralized Planning
    • Social Policies
    The Five-Year Plans
  • 6. Soviet Union
    • Perestroika (перестройка)
      • Restructuring of Political and Economic Life
      • Ruled by Mikhail Gorbachev
      • Gave power to local farms
      • Linked salaries to performance
      • Allowed for some profit incentive
    Gorbachev’s Reforms
    • Began with Privatization of Government Enterprise
    • Elite class of Entrepreneurs
    • Russian suffered through
      • High Inflation
      • Money lost value
      • State pensions were lost
    Transition to a Free Market
  • 7. China
    • Marxist
    • Departed from Marx’s theory that a worker’s revolt would lead to communism
    • Took control in 1949
    • Drastic attempt to modernize China quickly
    • All elements of free enterprise were elimanated
    • Commune-collective farms
    • Workers received the same rewards no matter how they worked
    • Disastrous failure
    The Great Leap Forward
  • 8. China Deng Xiaoping’s ( 邓小平 ) Reforms
    • Came into power in 1977
    • New program “Four Modernizations”
      • Program aimed to improve:
        • Agriculture
        • Industry
        • Science
        • Technology
    • Moved China from Central Planning to a Market Economy
    • Invited Foreign Investors
  • 9. Other Communist Nations
    • Fidel Castro
    • Soviet Union supported after US broke ties
    • Depended on Soviets Econ
    • The fall of the Soviet Union caused economic crisis
    Cuba
    • Ho Chi Minh
      • Fought for Vietnam’s government
    • Vietnam Government
      • Uses five-year plans to guide economy
    Southeast Asia
  • 10. Other Communist Nations
    • Influence spilled from Vietnam
    • Laos adopted Communism in 1975
    • Cambodia 1973–1993
    • Korea was split into two
      • Soviet North
      • American South
    • Centrally Planned Economy
      • Not much growth
      • Agriculture collectivized in 1950s
      • Severe food shortage
      • Lost foreign aid and trade from other communist countries
    North Korea Laos and Cambodia