Communism

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A powerpoint over Communism from my Government Textbook. This was a project for class

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Communism

  1. 1. Communism Chapter 23:Section 3 Yuri Bannatyne, Matt Sturgis Chris Thomas, Taylor Mercurio
  2. 2. Karl Marx’s Theory <ul><li>Communism is a political, economic, and social theory </li></ul><ul><li>Marx’s View of History </li></ul><ul><li>The Labor Theory of Value </li></ul><ul><li>The Nature of the State </li></ul><ul><li>The Dictatorship of </li></ul><ul><li> the Proletariat </li></ul>
  3. 3. Characteristic of Communist Economies <ul><li>Communist party runs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Institution is Parallel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intellectual </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious </li></ul></ul>Roll Of Communist Party <ul><li>Bureaucrats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supervise Production </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Factories </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Farms </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stores </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Economy 5-year plan </li></ul>Central Planning
  4. 4. Characteristic of Communist Economies <ul><li>Communist Economy is a merger of small farms </li></ul><ul><li>Goes to government owned agricultural enterprises </li></ul>Collectivization <ul><li>Industrial Enterprises </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Parts of Economy </li></ul><ul><li>All would be State Owned </li></ul>State Ownership
  5. 5. Soviet Union <ul><li>Lenin took power in 1917 </li></ul><ul><li>Soviet Union became one-party state </li></ul><ul><li>Lenin died in 1924 </li></ul><ul><li>Stalin took over </li></ul>Control of Russia <ul><li>1928 through 1933 </li></ul><ul><li>Centralized Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Social Policies </li></ul>The Five-Year Plans
  6. 6. Soviet Union <ul><li>Perestroika (перестройка) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Restructuring of Political and Economic Life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ruled by Mikhail Gorbachev </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gave power to local farms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Linked salaries to performance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allowed for some profit incentive </li></ul></ul>Gorbachev’s Reforms <ul><li>Began with Privatization of Government Enterprise </li></ul><ul><li>Elite class of Entrepreneurs </li></ul><ul><li>Russian suffered through </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High Inflation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Money lost value </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State pensions were lost </li></ul></ul>Transition to a Free Market
  7. 7. China <ul><li>Marxist </li></ul><ul><li>Departed from Marx’s theory that a worker’s revolt would lead to communism </li></ul><ul><li>Took control in 1949 </li></ul><ul><li>Drastic attempt to modernize China quickly </li></ul><ul><li>All elements of free enterprise were elimanated </li></ul><ul><li>Commune-collective farms </li></ul><ul><li>Workers received the same rewards no matter how they worked </li></ul><ul><li>Disastrous failure </li></ul>The Great Leap Forward
  8. 8. China Deng Xiaoping’s ( 邓小平 ) Reforms <ul><li>Came into power in 1977 </li></ul><ul><li>New program “Four Modernizations” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Program aimed to improve: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Agriculture </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Industry </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Science </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Moved China from Central Planning to a Market Economy </li></ul><ul><li>Invited Foreign Investors </li></ul>
  9. 9. Other Communist Nations <ul><li>Fidel Castro </li></ul><ul><li>Soviet Union supported after US broke ties </li></ul><ul><li>Depended on Soviets Econ </li></ul><ul><li>The fall of the Soviet Union caused economic crisis </li></ul>Cuba <ul><li>Ho Chi Minh </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fought for Vietnam’s government </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Vietnam Government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses five-year plans to guide economy </li></ul></ul>Southeast Asia
  10. 10. Other Communist Nations <ul><li>Influence spilled from Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>Laos adopted Communism in 1975 </li></ul><ul><li>Cambodia 1973–1993 </li></ul><ul><li>Korea was split into two </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Soviet North </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>American South </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Centrally Planned Economy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not much growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agriculture collectivized in 1950s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Severe food shortage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lost foreign aid and trade from other communist countries </li></ul></ul>North Korea Laos and Cambodia

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