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  1. 1.  anything that occupies space and has mass. Macroscopic Microscopic Particulate
  2. 2.  Color of a liquid  Flammability of alcohol Odor of a gas  Density of gold Reactivity with HCl  Melting point of sulfur Boiling point of water  Volume of a metal Hardness of diamond sphere
  3. 3.  Can be determined without changing the nature of the substance (color, odor, physical state, density, hardness, melting point and boiling point)
  4. 4.  Describes the ability of a substance to participate in chemical reactions (reactivity with oxygen, reactivity with acids, flammability)
  5. 5.  Donot depend o the amount of the sample being examined Depend on the quantity of the sample
  6. 6.  Odor  Hardness Color  Volume Weight  Area Mass  Thickness Density  Freezing point
  7. 7.  Has definite shape and definite volume Rigid Molecules are held tightly together Molecules can “wiggle” or vibrate only very slightly
  8. 8.  Distinct volume independent of its container No specific shape Molecules slide over each other Pours easily
  9. 9.  No fixed volume or shape Moleculesare very far apart and are moving at high speeds Moleculescolliding repeatedly with each other and with the walls of the container
  10. 10. Copper
  11. 11. Nitrogen
  12. 12.  Highly ionized state positively charged ions Free negatively charged electrons 99% of the matter in the universe
  13. 13. BOSE-EINSTEIN CONDENSATE (BEC) Predicted in 1924 by Albert Einstein, who built on the work of Styendra Bose Condensation occurs when individual atoms meld into a “superatom” behaving as a single entity at just a few hundred billionths of a degree above absolute zero
  14. 14. Chemical Initial state Final state Physical or System Chemical Change?
  15. 15. PHYSICAL Change Changes that alter the physical form of matter without changing its chemical identity. ALL changes of state are physical changes
  16. 16. CHEMICAL Change Occurswhen the chemical identity of a substance is destroyed and a new substance is formed. Chemical reactions
  17. 17. Indicators of Chemical change/reaction Color changes Odor changes Production of gas Production of solid or precipitate
  18. 18. Physical and Chemical Changes and Properties Chemical Physical Changes Old substances New form of old destroyed substance New substances No new substance formed formed Properties Properties defined Description by by types of senses chemical changes possible Measurable properties
  19. 19. ENDOTHERMIC Process The system absorbs heatSURROUNDINGS HEAT SYSTEM Melting of ice
  20. 20. EXOTHERMIC Process The system evolves heatSYSTEM HEAT SURROUNDINGS
  21. 21.  Combustion Freezing of water Melting of ice Boiling of water Condensing steam
  22. 22.  Has its own set of chemical and physical properties Cannot be separated into parts by physical means Has a definite, fixed composition that does not vary from one sample to another
  23. 23.  Consists of two or more chemicals Properties depend on the substances on it Compositions can vary
  24. 24.  Definedby its atomic number Cannot be decomposed into simpler substances Atomic Number - the number of protons in an unreacted atom Mass Number - the number of protons and neutrons together
  25. 25. Hydrogen H 63.0%Oxygen O 25.5%Carbon C 9.45%Nitrogen N 1.35%Calcium CaPhosphorus PChlorine ClSulfur S 0.7%Sodium NaPotassium KMagnesium Mg
  26. 26. a substance made of more than one type of atom Composed of 2 or more elements Atoms combined in fixed proportions Can be decomposed into two or more other substances by chemical change
  27. 27.  Turnblue litmus to red React with many metals React with bases
  28. 28.  An acid can be defined as a substance that yields hydrogen ions (H+) when dissolved in water. HCl • Pure substance, hydrogen chloride • Dissolved in water (H+ Cl-), hydrochloric acid Anoxoacid is an acid that contains hydrogen, oxygen, and another element.
  29. 29.  Cause color changes in plant dyes. React with certain metals to produce hydrogen gas.2HCl (aq) + Mg (s) MgCl2 (aq) + H2 (g) Reactwith carbonates and bicarbonates to produce carbon dioxide gas2HCl (aq) + CaCO3 (s) CaCl2 (aq) + CO2 (g) + H2O (l) Aqueous acid solutions conduct electricity.
  30. 30.  pH – A Measure of Acidity
  31. 31.  Turnred litmus to blue React with acids
  32. 32. A base can be defined as a substance that yields hydroxide ions (OH-) when dissolved in water. NaOH sodium hydroxide KOH potassium hydroxide Ba(OH)2 barium hydroxide
  33. 33.  A salt, is defined as the product formed from the neutralization reaction of acids and bases. Salts are ionic compounds composed of cations (positively charged ions) and anions (negative ions) so that the product is electrically neutral (without a net charge)
  34. 34. acid + base salt + waterHCl (aq) + NaOH (aq) NaCl (aq) + H2OH+ + Cl- + Na+ + OH- Na+ + Cl- + H2O H+ + OH- H2O 4.3
  35. 35. Wala akong bosesKaya please, konting katahimikan at pag- itindi ang aking hiling  Salamat, Ma’am Pie 
  36. 36. 1. Identify the physical state of the following: a) Helium in a toy balloon b) vitamin tablets in a bottle c) mercury in a thermometer
  37. 37. 2. Identify the type of property in the following statements:a. Yellow-green chlorine gas attacks silvery sodium metal to form white crystals of sodium chloride.b. A magnet separates the mixture of black iron shavings and white sand.
  38. 38. 3. State which type of change occurs in the following statements:a. Passing an electric current through molten magnesium chloride yields molten magnesium and gaseous chlorine.b. The iron in discarded automobiles forms reddish brown, crumbly rust.
  39. 39. c. Chopping a logd. Burning a loge. Toasting a slice of bread
  40. 40. 4. What is the key difference between an element and a compound?5. List two differences between a compound and a mixture.6. Make a concept of the Classification of Matter.
  41. 41. HETEROGENEOUS Varies in composition and or properties from one part of the mixture to anotherHOMOGENEOUS Has the same/uniform composition and properties throughout
  42. 42. Kind of mixture Particle size Examples Characteristics
  43. 43. SUSPENSION >1000 nm Particles are more or less evenly dispersed throughout a liquid or gas Different parts separate over time
  44. 44. SOLUTION 0.2-2.0 nm A homogeneous mixture of two or more substances uniformly dispersed throughout a single phase
  45. 45. Gas Liquid SolidGas Oxygen and The odor of a other gases in Water vapor in solid -- nitrogen (air) air (humidity) molecules of that solid being dissolved in the airLiquid Carbon dioxide Ethanol Sucrose (table in water (common sugar) in water; (carbonated alcohol) in sodium chloride water) water; various (table salt) in hydrocarbons in water each other (petroleum) *Solid Hydrogen Water in Steel, Brass, dissolved to activated other metal palladium charcoal alloys
  46. 46. COLLOID 2.0-1000 nm Consists of tiny particles that are suspended in a liquid, solid, or gas Stable heterogeneous mixtures Exhibits Tyndall effect
  47. 47.  Decantation • separates liquids from solids that have settled Evaporation • Separates the solid (residue) from the liquid (filtrate) parts of the mixture
  48. 48.  Distillation
  49. 49.  Filtration
  50. 50.  Centrifugation
  51. 51.  Chromatography
  52. 52.  Sugar dissolved in water Mixture of ethyl alcohol and water Mixture of salt and sand Iron filings, mongo seeds and salt mixture