Packaging processes and equipments

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  • 1. Packaging processes and Equipments
  • 2. What Is Packaging
    all products made of any materials of any nature to be used for the containment, protection, handling, delivery and preservation of goods from the producer to the user or consumer
  • 3. Purposes of Packaging and Labeling
    Containment
    Information Transmission
    Physical and Barrier Protection
    Transport
    Display
  • 4.
    • Containment
    To hold the product directly; this is PRIMARY packaging.
  • 5.
    • Information Transmission
    identify the brand and any related companies
    explain how it should be used
    warn about the hazards for misuse
     reveal product contents
  • 6.
    • Physical and Barrier Protection
    To prevent spoilage, leakage, breakage, moisture changes, theft and tampering
  • 7.
    • Transport
    To easily and safely move the product from the manufacturer then to the retailer and finally, to the consumer
  • 8.
    • Display
    To attractively display
    to sell 
  • 9. Basic Symbols For Transport of Packages
  • 10. FRAGILE
    KEEP DRY
  • 11. THIS SIDE UP
    DON’T USE HAND HOOL
  • 12. KEEP AWY FROM SUNLIGHT
    DO NOT FREEZE
  • 13. DO NOT STACK
    HEAVY
  • 14. Types of Packages
    Primary Package
    Secondary Package
    Tertiary Package
  • 15. i. Primary Package
    It is the material that first envelops the material and holds it
  • 16. ii. Secondary Packaging
    used to group primary packages together.
  • 17. iii. Tertiary Packaging
    Used for bulk handling, warehouse storage and transport shipping.
    Most common is a pelletized unit load that packs tightly into containers
  • 18. Packaging Process
    Filling Section
    Sealing Section
    Labeling
    End of line
    Section
  • 19. Filling Section and Equipments
    Filling Machines
    Machines used to fill bottles or a pouch depending on the product
    General types of filling machines
    Auger/Agitator Filling Machines
    Flow filling machines
    Tablet fillers
  • 20. Filling Section and Equipments
    Auger/Agitator filling machines
    Designed to fill dry mixes, such as milk powder, sugar, flour etc.
    fillers have a hopper shaped like a cone that holds the mix and puts it in a pouch using an auger screw that is controlled by the agitator
  • 21. Filling Section and Equipments
    b. Flow Filling Machines
    designed for liquids, oils, and thin food products. These fillers are designed when they fill a bottle or tub that enters the machine, the ejects the open bottle back onto another conveyor for sealing.
  • 22. Filling Section and Equipments
    c. Tablet Fillers
    designed for products that is counted by pieces instead of weight. These are designed for small bottles, but the hopper of the filler is set up to permit scan counting of tablets or candy pieces
  • 23. Sealing Section and Equipments
    Sealing Machines
    Machines used to securely close and/or fasten the product. Usually after the filling section
    Some types of Sealing equipments.
    Food Packaging Machines
    Vacuum Packaging Machines
    Blister Packaging Machines
    Skin Pack Packaging Machines
  • 24. Sealing Section and Equipments
    Food Packaging Machines
    machine that protects food that requires protection, tampering resistance, and special physical, chemical, or biological needs.
  • 25. Sealing Section and Equipments
    b. Vacuum Packaging Machine
    • method of packaging that removes air from the package
    -long-term storage of dry foods
  • 26. Sealing Section and Equipments
    c. Blister Pack Machine
    blister pack is a cavity or pocket made from a "formable" web, usually a thermoformed plastic. This usually has a backing of paperboard or a "lidding" seal of aluminum foil or plastic.
  • 27. Sealing Section and Equipments
    d. Skin pack machine
    product is placed on a piece of paperboard, and a thin sheet of transparent plastic is placed over the product and paperboard.
  • 28. Labeling Section and Equipments
    Labeling
    any written, electronic, or graphic communications on the packaging or on a separate but associated label
    Types of Labeling Machines
    a. Flat Class Labeling Machine
    b. Round Bottle Labeling Machine
    c. Side of the Class Labeling Machine
  • 29. Labeling Section and Equipments
    Flat Class Labeling Machine
    to achieve the plane on the workpiece, the arc of the label and foil, such as boxes, books, plastic shell, etc., are rolling and smoking stickers
  • 30. Labeling Section and Equipments
    b. Round Bottle Labeling Machine
    to achieve in cylindrical, conical circumferential surface of the product label or film, such as glass bottles, plastic bottles
  • 31. Labeling Section and Equipments
    c. Side of the Class Labeling Machine
    to achieve the workpiece side of the plane, side arc label or film, such as cosmetic bottles flat, square box, can complete a round bottle cover standard equipment, while achieving a round bottle labeling.
  • 32. End of line Section and Equipments
    End of the line section
    After individual packages have been made the next step is getting the products ready for shipment.
  • 33. End of line Section and Equipments
    Types of Machines used:
    Case/Box Sealers
    Sleeve Wrappers and Bundlers
    Case Erectors and Box Forming Machines
    Case Packers
    Palletizing Equipment
  • 34. End of line Section and Equipments
    Case Sealers
    Case Sealers are used in production environments where a run of the same sized cases is made, then changed over for the next sized box. 
    Uniform Case Sealing
    Random Case Sealing
  • 35. End of line Section and Equipments
    b. Sleeve Wrappers and Bundlers
    an alternative to case packing where the product is bundled together for shipment.
  • 36. End of line Section and Equipments
    c. Case Erectors and Box forming
    machines which form a carton board blank into a carton filled with a product into single carton, after the filling, the machine engages its slots to apply adhesive and close both the ends of carton completely sealing the carton
  • 37. End of line Section and Equipments
    d. Case Packers
    Case packers automatically load products into boxes. There are several types of case packing machines including horizontal, vertical, overwrapping, and robotic.
  • 38. End of line Section and Equipments
    e. Palletizing Equipment
    Automatic palletizers arrange boxes and bags on pallets.