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Types of Packages Primary Package Secondary Package Tertiary Package
i. Primary Package It is the material that first envelops the material and holds it
ii. Secondary Packaging used to group primary packages together.
iii. Tertiary Packaging Used for bulk handling, warehouse storage and transport shipping. Most common is a pelletized unit load that packs tightly into containers
Packaging Process Filling Section Sealing Section Labeling End of line Section
Filling Section and Equipments Filling Machines Machines used to fill bottles or a pouch depending on the product General types of filling machines Auger/Agitator Filling Machines Flow filling machines Tablet fillers
Filling Section and Equipments Auger/Agitator filling machines Designed to fill dry mixes, such as milk powder, sugar, flour etc. fillers have a hopper shaped like a cone that holds the mix and puts it in a pouch using an auger screw that is controlled by the agitator
Filling Section and Equipments b. Flow Filling Machines designed for liquids, oils, and thin food products. These fillers are designed when they fill a bottle or tub that enters the machine, the ejects the open bottle back onto another conveyor for sealing.
Filling Section and Equipments c. Tablet Fillers designed for products that is counted by pieces instead of weight. These are designed for small bottles, but the hopper of the filler is set up to permit scan counting of tablets or candy pieces
Sealing Section and Equipments Sealing Machines Machines used to securely close and/or fasten the product. Usually after the filling section Some types of Sealing equipments. Food Packaging Machines Vacuum Packaging Machines Blister Packaging Machines Skin Pack Packaging Machines
Sealing Section and Equipments Food Packaging Machines machine that protects food that requires protection, tampering resistance, and special physical, chemical, or biological needs.
Sealing Section and Equipments b. Vacuum Packaging Machine
method of packaging that removes air from the package
-long-term storage of dry foods
Sealing Section and Equipments c. Blister Pack Machine blister pack is a cavity or pocket made from a "formable" web, usually a thermoformed plastic. This usually has a backing of paperboard or a "lidding" seal of aluminum foil or plastic.
Sealing Section and Equipments d. Skin pack machine product is placed on a piece of paperboard, and a thin sheet of transparent plastic is placed over the product and paperboard.
Labeling Section and Equipments Labeling any written, electronic, or graphic communications on the packaging or on a separate but associated label Types of Labeling Machines a. Flat Class Labeling Machine b. Round Bottle Labeling Machine c. Side of the Class Labeling Machine
Labeling Section and Equipments Flat Class Labeling Machine to achieve the plane on the workpiece, the arc of the label and foil, such as boxes, books, plastic shell, etc., are rolling and smoking stickers
Labeling Section and Equipments b. Round Bottle Labeling Machine to achieve in cylindrical, conical circumferential surface of the product label or film, such as glass bottles, plastic bottles
Labeling Section and Equipments c. Side of the Class Labeling Machine to achieve the workpiece side of the plane, side arc label or film, such as cosmetic bottles flat, square box, can complete a round bottle cover standard equipment, while achieving a round bottle labeling.
End of line Section and Equipments End of the line section After individual packages have been made the next step is getting the products ready for shipment.
End of line Section and Equipments Types of Machines used: Case/Box Sealers Sleeve Wrappers and Bundlers Case Erectors and Box Forming Machines Case Packers Palletizing Equipment
End of line Section and Equipments Case Sealers Case Sealers are used in production environments where a run of the same sized cases is made, then changed over for the next sized box. Uniform Case Sealing Random Case Sealing
End of line Section and Equipments b. Sleeve Wrappers and Bundlers an alternative to case packing where the product is bundled together for shipment.
End of line Section and Equipments c. Case Erectors and Box forming machines which form a carton board blank into a carton filled with a product into single carton, after the filling, the machine engages its slots to apply adhesive and close both the ends of carton completely sealing the carton
End of line Section and Equipments d. Case Packers Case packers automatically load products into boxes. There are several types of case packing machines including horizontal, vertical, overwrapping, and robotic.
End of line Section and Equipments e. Palletizing Equipment Automatic palletizers arrange boxes and bags on pallets.