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Packaging processes and equipments

Packaging processes and equipments






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    Packaging processes and equipments Packaging processes and equipments Presentation Transcript

    • Packaging processes and Equipments
    • What Is Packaging
      all products made of any materials of any nature to be used for the containment, protection, handling, delivery and preservation of goods from the producer to the user or consumer
    • Purposes of Packaging and Labeling
      Information Transmission
      Physical and Barrier Protection
      • Containment
      To hold the product directly; this is PRIMARY packaging.
      • Information Transmission
      identify the brand and any related companies
      explain how it should be used
      warn about the hazards for misuse
       reveal product contents
      • Physical and Barrier Protection
      To prevent spoilage, leakage, breakage, moisture changes, theft and tampering
      • Transport
      To easily and safely move the product from the manufacturer then to the retailer and finally, to the consumer
      • Display
      To attractively display
      to sell 
    • Basic Symbols For Transport of Packages
      KEEP DRY
    • Types of Packages
      Primary Package
      Secondary Package
      Tertiary Package
    • i. Primary Package
      It is the material that first envelops the material and holds it
    • ii. Secondary Packaging
      used to group primary packages together.
    • iii. Tertiary Packaging
      Used for bulk handling, warehouse storage and transport shipping.
      Most common is a pelletized unit load that packs tightly into containers
    • Packaging Process
      Filling Section
      Sealing Section
      End of line
    • Filling Section and Equipments
      Filling Machines
      Machines used to fill bottles or a pouch depending on the product
      General types of filling machines
      Auger/Agitator Filling Machines
      Flow filling machines
      Tablet fillers
    • Filling Section and Equipments
      Auger/Agitator filling machines
      Designed to fill dry mixes, such as milk powder, sugar, flour etc.
      fillers have a hopper shaped like a cone that holds the mix and puts it in a pouch using an auger screw that is controlled by the agitator
    • Filling Section and Equipments
      b. Flow Filling Machines
      designed for liquids, oils, and thin food products. These fillers are designed when they fill a bottle or tub that enters the machine, the ejects the open bottle back onto another conveyor for sealing.
    • Filling Section and Equipments
      c. Tablet Fillers
      designed for products that is counted by pieces instead of weight. These are designed for small bottles, but the hopper of the filler is set up to permit scan counting of tablets or candy pieces
    • Sealing Section and Equipments
      Sealing Machines
      Machines used to securely close and/or fasten the product. Usually after the filling section
      Some types of Sealing equipments.
      Food Packaging Machines
      Vacuum Packaging Machines
      Blister Packaging Machines
      Skin Pack Packaging Machines
    • Sealing Section and Equipments
      Food Packaging Machines
      machine that protects food that requires protection, tampering resistance, and special physical, chemical, or biological needs.
    • Sealing Section and Equipments
      b. Vacuum Packaging Machine
      • method of packaging that removes air from the package
      -long-term storage of dry foods
    • Sealing Section and Equipments
      c. Blister Pack Machine
      blister pack is a cavity or pocket made from a "formable" web, usually a thermoformed plastic. This usually has a backing of paperboard or a "lidding" seal of aluminum foil or plastic.
    • Sealing Section and Equipments
      d. Skin pack machine
      product is placed on a piece of paperboard, and a thin sheet of transparent plastic is placed over the product and paperboard.
    • Labeling Section and Equipments
      any written, electronic, or graphic communications on the packaging or on a separate but associated label
      Types of Labeling Machines
      a. Flat Class Labeling Machine
      b. Round Bottle Labeling Machine
      c. Side of the Class Labeling Machine
    • Labeling Section and Equipments
      Flat Class Labeling Machine
      to achieve the plane on the workpiece, the arc of the label and foil, such as boxes, books, plastic shell, etc., are rolling and smoking stickers
    • Labeling Section and Equipments
      b. Round Bottle Labeling Machine
      to achieve in cylindrical, conical circumferential surface of the product label or film, such as glass bottles, plastic bottles
    • Labeling Section and Equipments
      c. Side of the Class Labeling Machine
      to achieve the workpiece side of the plane, side arc label or film, such as cosmetic bottles flat, square box, can complete a round bottle cover standard equipment, while achieving a round bottle labeling.
    • End of line Section and Equipments
      End of the line section
      After individual packages have been made the next step is getting the products ready for shipment.
    • End of line Section and Equipments
      Types of Machines used:
      Case/Box Sealers
      Sleeve Wrappers and Bundlers
      Case Erectors and Box Forming Machines
      Case Packers
      Palletizing Equipment
    • End of line Section and Equipments
      Case Sealers
      Case Sealers are used in production environments where a run of the same sized cases is made, then changed over for the next sized box. 
      Uniform Case Sealing
      Random Case Sealing
    • End of line Section and Equipments
      b. Sleeve Wrappers and Bundlers
      an alternative to case packing where the product is bundled together for shipment.
    • End of line Section and Equipments
      c. Case Erectors and Box forming
      machines which form a carton board blank into a carton filled with a product into single carton, after the filling, the machine engages its slots to apply adhesive and close both the ends of carton completely sealing the carton
    • End of line Section and Equipments
      d. Case Packers
      Case packers automatically load products into boxes. There are several types of case packing machines including horizontal, vertical, overwrapping, and robotic.
    • End of line Section and Equipments
      e. Palletizing Equipment
      Automatic palletizers arrange boxes and bags on pallets.