Fire Prevention GoalsS – save life, if safe to do soA – alertnessF – fight fire, if safe to do soE – evacuate
Possible Sources of Fire• Kitchen• Office• Car parking• Air conditioners• Computer room• Transformers
Causes of Fire• Faulty electrical wires• Poor house keeping• Overloaded electrical systems• Overheating of equipments• Careless handling of fire such as disposing of cigarettes, candles and other inflammable materials• Spontaneous combustion
Detection of Fire• Manual Use of senses (sight, hearing and smell)• System sensors Smoke detectors, heat sensors
Methods of Extinguishing Fire• Beating• Blanketing• Use of sand• Use of water• Foam• Carbon Di-Oxide• Dry chemical powder
Upon Discovery of Fire or SmokeR – remove persons in immediate danger!E – ensure doors are closed! (Confine smoke/fire)A – activate the building alarm!C – call fire departmentT – treat all fires as DANGEROUS! Continue a complete building evacuation. Do not attempt to fight fire unless you are Fire Safety Training Certified in use of fire extinguishers.
Assignment:1. When do we use and when do we need NOT to use fire extinguishers?2. Provide a standard checklists of where to place and how many fire extinguishers is needed for a given size of room.3. What do we need to know or understand during fire evacuation?4. Give guidelines on what to do when a person is trapped in a fire.5. Give rules for fighting fires.
References:http://disaster-risk-management.blogspot.comOklahoma State University Environmental Health and Safety Department