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Physical	  Internet	  Manifesto	                           	                    	           Transforming	  the	  way	  phy...
Acknowledgements	  America	                       The	  Physical	  Internet	  Manifesto	  has	  greatly	  benefited	  from	...
Manifesto	  Outline	  ? Global	  LogisQcs	  Sustainability	  Grand	  Challenge	  ? Envisioning	  the	  Physical	  Intern...
Sample	  of	  companies	  contribuQng	  to	     the	  Physical	  Internet	  IniQaQve	                                     ...
At face value, logistics seems to be doing great!             Logistics is the backbone sustaining our lifestyleOriginal	 ...
At face value, logistics seems to be doing great!                 Logistics is the backbone sustaining eBusinessOriginal	 ...
At face value,                          logistics                     seems to be doing                           great!  ...
Yet we have to face a harsh factLogistics inefficiency and unsustainability claim              The	  way	  physical	  obje...
Why do we need to change ?        LogisQcs	  inefficiency	  and	  unsustainability	                            ECONOMIC	   L...
Inefficiency	  and	  unsustainability	  symptoms	                Leading Us Toward Hitting the Wall Real Hard      1.      W...
Logistics inefficiency & unsustainability symptoms
        Leading	  Us	  Toward	  Hibng	  the	  Wall	  Real	  Hard	       ...
Logistics inefficiency & unsustainability symptoms
                                        Leading	  Us	  Toward	  Hibng	  ...
Logistics inefficiency & unsustainability symptoms
        Leading	  Us	  Toward	  Hibng	  the	  Wall	  Real	  Hard	       ...
Mapping	  inefficiency	  &	  unsustainability	  symptoms	  	                           to	  economical,	  environmental	  an...
The Global Logistics Sustainability Grand	  Challenge	   The	  Global	  LogisQcs	  Sustainability	   Grand Challenge      ...
Elici<ng	  the	  Overall	  Goal	  Toward	   Global	  Logis<cs	  Efficiency	  and	  Sustainability	  Environmental goalSustai...
The	  Digital	  Internet	          ExploiQng	  the	  InformaQon	  Highway	  Metaphor	  Decades	  ago	  the	  informaQon	  ...
MeeQng	  the	  IT	  Grand	  Challenge	  Building	  Upon	  the	  InformaQon	  Superhighway	  Metaphor	  Before:	  	  millio...
The	  Physical	  Internet	  IniQaQve	          Using	  the	  Digital	  Internet	  as	  a	  Metaphor	  for	  the	  Physical...
Exposing	  Key	  Features	        of	  the	  Physical	  Internet	  Vision	  Evolving	  towards	  a	  worldwide	  Physical	...
The	  Physical	  Internet	                                                                                                ...
Simplified	  Mental	  Image	                                     of	  the	  Physical	  Internet	                           ...
Positioning the Physical Internet                          World	  Wide	  Web	  (WWW)	                                 Dig...
Universal	       InterconnecQvity	                                       Founda.ons*of*the*Physical*Internet*             ...
EncapsulaQon	                                  Founda.ons*of*the*Physical*Internet*                                       ...
Physical	        encapsulaQon	                              Founda.ons*of*the*Physical*Internet*                          ...
Physical encapsulation of goods in π-containers                    Modular,	  ecofriendly,	  smart	  &	  standardized	  wo...
Physical encapsulation of goods in π-containers                                                                           ...
Physically encapsulation of goods in π-containers                      Easy	  to	  compose	  into	  composite	  containers...
The	  spaQal	  impact	  of	  modular	  encapsulaQon	                                                                      ...
Design products fitting containers with minimal space waste     Products designed and engineered to minimize the load and ...
Digital	  encapsulaQon	                                           Founda.ons*of*the*Physical*Internet*                    ...
Physical Internet and the Internet of Things                                                               F  The	  Inter...
Interfaces	  opQmized	  for	                          Founda.ons*of*the*Physical*Internet*                                ...
Evolve	  from	  material	  to	  π-­‐container	                          transport,	  handling	  &	  storage	  means	  and	...
LogisQcs	  centers	  designed	  for	  the	  Physical	  Internet	         Transit Center      facilitating the       truck-...
Ocean,Water& or                                                                                                  sea     M...
LogisQcs	  centers	  designed	  for	  the	  Physical	  Internet	          Enabling	  seamless,	  fast,	  cheap,	  safe,	  ...
Founda.ons*of*the*Physical*Internet*   Economical*          Efficiency*                        Environmental*         Societ...
Standard	  LogisQcs	  Service	  Protocols	                                                                                ...
Deploy	  capability	  cerQficaQons	  Multi-level Physical Internet capability certification    of containers, handling syst...
Open	  Performance	  Monitoring	      Live	  open	  monitoring	  of	  really	  achieved	  performance	                    ...
Founda.ons*of*the*Physical*Internet*   Economical*          Environmental*         Societal*          Efficiency*           ...
Physical internet manifesto version 1.11 2012 11-20
Physical internet manifesto version 1.11 2012 11-20
Physical internet manifesto version 1.11 2012 11-20
Physical internet manifesto version 1.11 2012 11-20
Physical internet manifesto version 1.11 2012 11-20
Physical internet manifesto version 1.11 2012 11-20
Physical internet manifesto version 1.11 2012 11-20
Physical internet manifesto version 1.11 2012 11-20
Physical internet manifesto version 1.11 2012 11-20
Physical internet manifesto version 1.11 2012 11-20
Physical internet manifesto version 1.11 2012 11-20
Physical internet manifesto version 1.11 2012 11-20
Physical internet manifesto version 1.11 2012 11-20
Physical internet manifesto version 1.11 2012 11-20
Physical internet manifesto version 1.11 2012 11-20
Physical internet manifesto version 1.11 2012 11-20
Physical internet manifesto version 1.11 2012 11-20
Physical internet manifesto version 1.11 2012 11-20
Physical internet manifesto version 1.11 2012 11-20
Physical internet manifesto version 1.11 2012 11-20
Physical internet manifesto version 1.11 2012 11-20
Physical internet manifesto version 1.11 2012 11-20
Physical internet manifesto version 1.11 2012 11-20
Physical internet manifesto version 1.11 2012 11-20
Physical internet manifesto version 1.11 2012 11-20
Physical internet manifesto version 1.11 2012 11-20
Physical internet manifesto version 1.11 2012 11-20
Physical internet manifesto version 1.11 2012 11-20
Physical internet manifesto version 1.11 2012 11-20
Physical internet manifesto version 1.11 2012 11-20
Physical internet manifesto version 1.11 2012 11-20
Physical internet manifesto version 1.11 2012 11-20
Physical internet manifesto version 1.11 2012 11-20
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Transcript of "Physical internet manifesto version 1.11 2012 11-20"

  1. 1. Physical  Internet  Manifesto       Transforming  the  way  physical  objects   are  moved,  stored,  realized,  supplied  and  used,  aiming  towards  greater  efficiency  and  sustainability   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil     Canada  Research  Chair  in  Enterprise  Engineering   CIRRELT  Interuniversity  Research  Center   on  Enterprise  Networks,  Logis<cs  and  Transporta<on   Laval  University,  Québec,  Canada     Version  1.11.1:  2012-­‐11-­‐19   Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   Québec, 2012-11-19, 1/76
  2. 2. Acknowledgements  America   The  Physical  Internet  Manifesto  has  greatly  benefited  from   the  contribuQons  of  esteemed  colleagues  and  doctoral  students   ü CIRRELT  Research  Center:   •  Teodor  Crainic  -­‐    UQAM   •  Michel  Gendreau  -­‐  Université  de  Montréal   •  Driss  Hakimi,  Mustapha  Lounès,  Jacques  Renaud,  Helia  Sohrabi  -­‐  Université  Laval   ü CICMHE,  College-­‐Industry  Council  for  Material  Handling  EducaQon:   •  Russ  Meller  –  CELDi,    University  of  Arkansas   •  Kevin  Gue  &  Jeff  Smith  –  Auburn  University   •  Kimberley  Ellis  –CELDi,    Virginia  Tech   •  Leon  McGinnis  –  Georgia  Tech   •  Mike  Ogle  –  MHIA  Europe   •  Éric  Ballot,  Frédéric  Fontane,  Shenle  Pan,  Rochdi  Sarraj  –  Mines  ParisTech   •  Rémy  Glardon  –  EPFL   •  Rene  De  Koster  –  Erasmus  University   •  Olivier  Labarthe  –  IUT  Bordeaux  Montesquieu   •  Detlef  Spee  –  Fraunhofer  Ins<tute  for  Material  Flow  and  Logis<c   Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   Québec, 2012-11-19, 2/76
  3. 3. Manifesto  Outline  ? Global  LogisQcs  Sustainability  Grand  Challenge  ? Envisioning  the  Physical  Internet  ? Enabling  a  LogisQcs  Web  ? Toward  Realizing  the  Vision   Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   Québec, 2012-11-19, 3/76
  4. 4. Sample  of  companies  contribuQng  to   the  Physical  Internet  IniQaQve   Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   Québec, 2012-11-19, 4/76
  5. 5. At face value, logistics seems to be doing great! Logistics is the backbone sustaining our lifestyleOriginal  slide  concept  by  Professor  Russ  Meller,  CELDi,  U.  of  Arkansas   Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   Québec, 2012-11-19, 5/76
  6. 6. At face value, logistics seems to be doing great! Logistics is the backbone sustaining eBusinessOriginal  slide  concept  by  Professor  Russ  Meller,  CELDi,  U.  of  Arkansas   Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   Québec, 2012-11-19, 6/76
  7. 7. At face value, logistics seems to be doing great! Container Logistics is the backbone sustaining the globalization of world tradeOriginal  slide  concept  by  Professor  Russ  Meller,  CELDi,  U.  of  Arkansas   Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   7   Québec, 2012-11-19, 7/76
  8. 8. Yet we have to face a harsh factLogistics inefficiency and unsustainability claim The  way  physical  objects  are   moved,  stored,  realized,  supplied  and  used   throughout  the  world   is  economically,  environmentally  and  socially   inefficient  and  unsustainable   Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   Québec, 2012-11-19, 8/76
  9. 9. Why do we need to change ? LogisQcs  inefficiency  and  unsustainability   ECONOMIC   LogisQcs:  5-­‐15%  burden  on  GDP  of  most  countries  worldwide  logisQcs  costs  grow  faster  than  world  trade   ENVIRONMENT     One  of  the  heaviest  greenhouse  gas  generators,   energy  consumers,  polluters  and  materials  wasters   Growing  negaQve  contribuQon   while  naQons’  goals  aims  for  heavy  reducQons   SOCIAL   Lack  of  fast,  reliable  and  affordable   accessibility  and  mobility  of  physical  objects   for  the  vast  majority  of  the  world’s  populaQon   European  Commission:  A  Roadmap  for  moving  to  a  compe<<ve  low  carbon  economy  in   2050,  Office  of  the  European  Union,  Brussels,  16p.  (2011)   Too  oden  precarious  logisQc  work  condiQons   Serveau,  L.T.  :  Inventaire  des  émissions  de  polluants  dans  l’atmosphère  en  France.  In:   SECTEN,  Citepa,  Paris  (2011)   European  Commission:  EU  energy  and  transport  in  figures.  Sta<s<cal  Pocketbook,  (2009)   Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   Québec, 2012-11-19, 9/76
  10. 10. Inefficiency  and  unsustainability  symptoms   Leading Us Toward Hitting the Wall Real Hard 1.  We  are  shipping  air  and  packaging   2.  Empty  travel  is  the  norm  rather  than  the  excepQon   3.  Truckers  have  become  the  modern  cowboys   4.  Products  mostly  sit  idle,  stored  where  unneeded,  yet  so  oden  unavailable  fast  where   needed   5.  ProducQon  and  storage  faciliQes  are  poorly  used   6.  So  many  products  are  never  sold,  never  used   7.  Products  do  not  reach  those  who  need  them  the  most   8.  Products  unnecessarily  move,  crisscrossing  the  world   9.  Fast  &  reliable  mulQmodal  transport  is  a  dream     10.  Gekng  products  in  and  out  of  ciQes  is  a  nightmare   11.  LogisQcs  networks  &  supply  chains  are  neither  secure  nor  robust   12.  Smart  automaQon  &  technology  are  hard  to  jusQfy   13.  InnovaQon  is  strangled  Montreuil B. (2011) Towards a Physical Internet: Meeting the Global Logistics Sustainability Grand Challenge, Logistics Research,currently available as online publication, 2011-02-12, http://www.springerlink.com/content/g362448hw8586774/fulltext.pdf Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   Québec, 2012-11-19, 10/76
  11. 11. Logistics inefficiency & unsustainability symptoms
 Leading  Us  Toward  Hibng  the  Wall  Real  Hard   1.  We  are  shipping  air  and  packaging   •  Trucks  and  containers  are  oden  half  empty  at  departure,  with  a  large  chunk   of  the  non-­‐empQness  being  filled  by  packaging:  56,8%  full  when  not  empty;   42,6%  average  uQlizaQon   2.  Empty  travel  is  the  norm  rather  than  the  excepQon   •  Vehicles  &  containers  oden  return  empty,  or  travel  extra  routes  to  find   return  shipments  (25%  of  travel),  and  loaded  vehicles  get  empQer  and   empQer  as  their  route  unfolds  from  delivery  point  to  delivery  point   3.  Truckers  have  become  the  modern  cowboys   •  So  many  are  always  on  the  road,  so  oden  away  from  home  for  long   duraQons  (very  high  turnover  rate);  Precarious  family  &  social  life,  and   personal  health;  in  general,  logisQc  operators  and  material  handling   personnel  have  similar  precarious  posiQons   4.  Products  mostly  sit  idle,  stored  where  unneeded    yet  so  oden  unavailable  fast  where  needed   •  Manufacturers,  distributors,  retailers  and  users  are  all  storing  products   oden  in  vast  quanQQes  through  their  networks  of  warehouses  and   distribuQon  centers,  yet  service  levels  and  response  Qmes  to  local  users  are   constraining  and  unreliable   5.  Poorly  /  badly  used  producQon  and  storage  faciliQes   •  Most  businesses  invest  in  storage  and/or  producQon  faciliQes  that  are  lowly   used  most  of  the  Qmes,  or  yet  badly  used,  dealing  with  products  which   would  beper  be  dealt  elsewhere,  forcing  unnecessary  travel   Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   11   Québec, 2012-11-19, 11/76
  12. 12. Logistics inefficiency & unsustainability symptoms
 Leading  Us  Toward  Hibng  the  Wall  Real  Hard   6.  So  many  products  are  never  sold,  never  used   •  A  significant  porQon  of  consumer  products  that  are  made  never  reach  the  right   market  on  Qme,  ending  up  unsold  and  unused  while  there  would  have  been   required  elsewhere;  in  the  fresh  food  industry,  products  are  wasted  at  an   alarming  rate:  12%  in  transit,  25%  at  retail  RusQng  new  cars  in  disused  airfield   7.  Products  do  not  reach  those  who  need  them  the  most   •  This  is  specially  true  in  less  developed  countries  and  disaster-­‐crisis  zones     8.  Products  unnecessarily  move,  crisscrossing  the  world   •  Products  commonly  travel  thousands  of  miles-­‐kilometers  which  could  have   been  avoided  by  making  or  assembling  it  much  nearer  to  point  of  use   9.  Fast  &  reliable  mulQmodal  transport  is  sQll  a  dream   Ÿ  Even  though  there  are  great  examples,  in  general  synchronizaQon  is  so  poor,   interfaces  so  badly  designed,  that  mulQmodal  routes  are  most  oden  Qme-­‐and-­‐ cost  inefficient  and  risky   10.  Gekng  products  in,  through  and  out  of  ciQes  is  a  nightmare   Ÿ  Most  ciQes  are  not  designed  and  equipped  for  easing  freight  transportaQon,   handling  &  storage,  making  the  feeding  of  businesses  and  ciQzens   in  ciQes  a  nightmare     Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   Québec, 2012-11-19, 12/76
  13. 13. Logistics inefficiency & unsustainability symptoms
 Leading  Us  Toward  Hibng  the  Wall  Real  Hard   11.  LogisQcs  networks  &  supply  chains  are  neither  secure  nor   robust   •  There  is  extreme  concentraQon  of  operaQons  in  a  limited  number  of  centralized   producQon  and  distribuQon  faciliQes,  with  travel  along  a  narrow  set  of  high-­‐ traffic  route   •  This  makes  the  logisQc  networks  and  supply  chains  of  so  many  businesses,   unsecure  in  face  of  robbery  and  terrorism  acts,  and  not  robust  in  face  of  natural   disasters  and  demand  crises   12.  Smart  automaQon  &  technology  are  hard  to  jusQfy   •  Vehicles,  handling  systems  and  operaQonal  faciliQes  have  to  deal  with  so  many   types  of  materials,  shapes  and  unit  loads,  with  each  player  independently  and   locally  deciding  on  his  piece  of  the  pie   •  Hard  to  jusQfy  smart  connecQve  (e.g.  RFID)  technologies,  systemic  handling  and   transport  automaQon,  as  well  as  smart  collaboraQve  piloQng  sodware     13.  InnovaQon  is  strangled   •  InnovaQon  is  boplenecked  by  lack  of  generic  standards  &  protocols,   transparency,  modularity  and  systemic  open  infrastructure.   •  This  makes  breakthrough  innovaQon  so  tough,  jusQfying  a  focus  on  marginal   epsilon  innovaQon   Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   Québec, 2012-11-19, 13/76
  14. 14. Mapping  inefficiency  &  unsustainability  symptoms     to  economical,  environmental  and  societal  facets   Environmental Economical Societal Inefficiency  and  unsustainability  symptoms   1 We  are  shipping  air  and  packaging 2 Empty  travel  is  the  norm  rather  than  the  exception 3 Truckers  have  become  the  modern  cowboys 4 Products  mostly  sit  idle,  stored  where  unneeded,  yet  so  often  unavailable  fast  where  needed 5 Production  and  storage  facilities  are  poorly  used 6 So  many  products  are  never  sold,  never  used 7 Products  do  not  reach  those  who  need  them  the  most 8 Products  unnecessarily  move,  crisscrossing  the  world 9 Fast  &  reliable  multimodal  transport  is  a  dream 10 Getting  products  in  and  out  of  cities  is  a  nightmare 11 Logistics  networks  &  supply  chains  are  neither  secure  nor  robust 12 Smart  automation  &  technology  are  hard  to  justify 13 Innovation  is  strangled Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   Québec, 2012-11-19, 14/76
  15. 15. The Global Logistics Sustainability Grand  Challenge   The  Global  LogisQcs  Sustainability   Grand Challenge Design a system to move, store, realize, supply and use physical objects throughout the world in a manner that is economically, environmentally and socially efficient and sustainable Montreuil B. (2011) “Towards a Physical Internet: Meeting the Global Logistics Sustainability Grand Challenge,” Logistics Research, 3(2-­‐3),  71-­‐87,  2011.   Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   Québec, 2012-11-19, 15/76
  16. 16. Elici<ng  the  Overall  Goal  Toward   Global  Logis<cs  Efficiency  and  Sustainability  Environmental goalSustainably reduce by an order of magnitude the logistics-induced globalgreenhouse gas emission, energy consumption, pollution & materials wasteEconomic goalSustainably reduce by an order of magnitudethe global economic burden of logisticswhile unlocking huge gains in business productivitySocietal goalSustainably and significantly increase the quality of lifeof the logistics workers and the world’s populationby improving the timely accessibility and mobility of physical objects Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   Québec, 2012-11-19, 16/76
  17. 17. The  Digital  Internet   ExploiQng  the  InformaQon  Highway  Metaphor  Decades  ago  the  informaQon  &  communicaQons  technology  community   was  stuck  in  a  huge  inefficient  and  unsustainable  tangle   due  to  millions  of  unconnected  computers   When  looking  for  a  way   to  conceptualize  how  it  should  transform  itself,   it  relied  on  a  physical  transport  and  logisQcs  metaphor:   Building  the  informaQon  highway   Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   Québec, 2012-11-19, 17/76
  18. 18. MeeQng  the  IT  Grand  Challenge  Building  Upon  the  InformaQon  Superhighway  Metaphor  Before:    millions  of  unconnected  computers  –  inefficient  and  unsustainable   Ader:    millions  of  interconnected  servers  and  computers  to  form     the  “InformaQon  Superhighway”   Key  Enabler:    transmission  of  formaped  data  packets  through   heterogeneous  equipment  respecQng  the  TCP/IP  protocol   Result:    The  Internet,  the  Web,  the  Mobile,  the  Apps,…   An  open  and  interconnected  distributed  network  infrastructure   Forever  transforming  industry,  economy,  culture  and  society  at  large   Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   Québec, 2012-11-19, 18/76
  19. 19. The  Physical  Internet  IniQaQve   Using  the  Digital  Internet  as  a  Metaphor  for  the  Physical  World   Even  though  there  are  fundamental  differences   between  the  physical  world   and  the  informaQon  world,   the  Physical  Internet  iniQaQve     aims  to  exploit  the  Internet  metaphor   so  as  to  propose  a  vision  for   a  sustainable  and  progressively  deployable   breakthrough  soluQon   to  global  problems  associated  with  the  way   we  move,  store,  realize,  supply  and  use   physical  objects  all  around  the  world  Montreuil B. (2011) Towards a Physical Internet: Meeting the Global Logistics Sustainability Grand Challenge, Logistics Research,currently available as online publication, 2011-02-12, http://www.springerlink.com/content/g362448hw8586774/fulltext.pdf Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   Québec, 2012-11-19, 19/76
  20. 20. Exposing  Key  Features   of  the  Physical  Internet  Vision  Evolving  towards  a  worldwide  Physical  Internet     Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   Québec, 2012-11-19, 20/76
  21. 21. The  Physical  Internet   Founda.ons*of*the*Physical*Internet* (PI,  π)   Economical* Environmental* Societal* The  Physical  Internet  is  an   Efficiency* Sustainability* open  global  logisQcs  system   Physical*Objects* founded  on  physical,  digital   Move* Store* Realize* Supply* Use* and  operaQonal   Mobility* Distribu.on* Realiza.on* Supply* Service* Web* Web* Web* Web* Web* interconnecQvity   Logis.cs*Web* through  encapsulaQon,   Open* Global* System* interfaces  and  protocols       Universal*interconnec.vity*   Physical* Opera.onal* Digital* The  PI  enables   Encapsula.on* Interfaces* Protocols* an  efficient,  sustainable,   Technology* Business* Infrastructure* adaptable  and  resilient   Innova.on*  LogisQcs  Web  Montreuil  B.,  R.D.  Meller  &  E.  Ballot  (2012).  Physical  Internet  Founda<ons,  In:  Service  Orienta<on  in  Holonic  and  Mul<  Agent  Manufacturing  and  Robo<cs,  edited  by  T.  Borangiu  et  al.,  Springer.     Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   Québec, 2012-11-19, 21/76
  22. 22. Simplified  Mental  Image   of  the  Physical  Internet   •  Open  market  for  goods   transportaQon  (eBay-­‐style)     •  Handles  only  “black  box”   modular  containers     •  Open  and  shared   transportaQon  and   distribuQon  networks     •  Vast  community  of  users    Seamless  modular  container  consolida<on  in  the  Physical  Internet   •  Supplier  cerQficaQon  and   B.  Montreuil  &  C.  Thivierge,  2011   raQngs-­‐by-­‐users  to  drive   logisQcs  performance   Adapted  from  a  contribu<on  of  Professor  Russ  Meller  from  CELDi,  U.  of  Arkansas   Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   Québec, 2012-11-19, 22/76
  23. 23. Positioning the Physical Internet World  Wide  Web  (WWW)   Digital  Internet   Digital  InformaQon  Packets     Smart  Grid   ConnecQng  Physical  Objects  through  WWW   Energy   Internet  of  Things   Internet   Smart  Networked  Objects     Energy  Packets   Open  LogisQcs  Web   Physical  Internet   Smart  Physical  Packets  Original  schema<cs  from  Benoit  Montreuil,  2010,  Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  www.physicalinterne<ni<a<ve.org   Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   Québec, 2012-11-19, 23/76
  24. 24. Universal   InterconnecQvity   Founda.ons*of*the*Physical*Internet* Economical* Efficiency* Environmental* Societal* Sustainability* Physical*Objects* High-­‐performance  logisQc   Move* Store* Realize* Supply* Use* centers,  movers  and  systems,     Mobility* Distribu.on* Realiza.on* Supply* Web* Web* Web* Web* Service* Web* making  it  seamless,  easy,  fast,   Logis.cs*Web* Open* Global* System* reliable  and  cheap   Universal*interconnec.vity*to  interconnect  physical  objects   Physical* Opera.onal* Encapsula.on* Digital* Interfaces* Protocols* through  modes  and  routes,   Technology* Business* Infrastructure*with  an  overarching  aim  toward   Innova.on* universal  interconnecQvity   Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   Québec, 2012-11-19, 24/76
  25. 25. EncapsulaQon   Founda.ons*of*the*Physical*Internet* Economical* Environmental* Societal* The  Physical  Internet   Efficiency* Sustainability* Physical*Objects* does  not  deal  directly   Move* Store* Realize* Supply* Use* with  physical  goods   Mobility* Distribu.on* Realiza.on* Supply* Service* Web* Web* Web* Web* Web* Logis.cs*Web*   Open* Global* System* It  requires  their   Universal*interconnec.vity* Physical* Opera.onal* Digital*standardized  encapsulaQon,   Encapsula.on* Interfaces* Protocols* such  as  data  packets  in   Technology* Business* Infrastructure* the  Digital  Internet   Innova.on* Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   Québec, 2012-11-19, 25/76
  26. 26. Physical   encapsulaQon   Founda.ons*of*the*Physical*Internet* Economical* Efficiency* Environmental* Societal* Sustainability* Physically  encapsulate   Physical*Objects* Move* Store* Realize* Supply* Use* goods  in  π-­‐containers   Mobility* Distribu.on* Realiza.on* Supply* Service* Web* Web* Web* Web* Web* Logis.cs*Web* that  are  modular,   Open* Global* Universal*interconnec.vity* System* ecofriendly,  smart   Physical* Opera.onal* Encapsula.on* Digital* Interfaces* Protocols*and  standardized  worldwide   Technology* Business* Innova.on* Infrastructure* Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   Québec, 2012-11-19, 26/76
  27. 27. Physical encapsulation of goods in π-containers Modular,  ecofriendly,  smart  &  standardized  worldwide•  Merchandise  is  uniQzed  as  content  of  a  π-­‐container  and  is  not  dealt  with  explicitly  by  PI  •  Modular  dimensions  from  cargo  container  sizes  down  to  Qny  sizes  •  Conceived  to  be  easily  flowed  through  various  transport,  handling  &  storage  modes  &  means  •  Easy  to  handle,  store,  transport,  snap,  interlock,  load,  unload,  construct  and  dismantle,   compose  and  decompose  •  Light,  made  of  environment  friendly  materials,    with  minimal  off-­‐service  footprint  •  Smart  tag  enabled,  with  sensors  if  necessary:  proper  idenQficaQon,  rouQng  and  maintaining  •  Various  usage-­‐adapted  structural  grades  •  CondiQoning  capabiliQes  as  necessary  (e.g.  temperature)  •  Sealable  for  security  purposes   Composi)on+ Decomposi)on+ Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   Québec, 2012-11-19, 27/76
  28. 28. Physical encapsulation of goods in π-containers World  standard  modular  dimensions  and  fixtures IllustraQve  potenQal   modular   dimensions   Y  Conceptual  design  by  Benoit  Montreuil  and  Marie-­‐Anne  Côté   X   Z  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval,  Québec,  Canada,  2012   0,12  m   0,1  m   0,24  m   0,2  m   0,36  m   0,3  m   0,48  m   0,4  m   0,6  m   0,5  m     0,6  m   1,2  m   1,2  m   2,4  m   2,4  m   3,6  m   3,6  m   4,8  m   4,8  m   6  m   6  m   12  m   12  m   Conceptual  design  illustraQng     É.  Ballot,  B.  Montreuil,  R.D.  Meller   the  dimensional  modularity   of  π-­‐containers   The  illustrated  π-­‐container  design  has  a  strictly  conceptual  and  func<onal  purpose:  it  has  no  prescrip<ve  technical  design  and  engineering  intent   Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   Québec, 2012-11-19, 28/76
  29. 29. Physically encapsulation of goods in π-containers Easy  to  compose  into  composite  containers,  then  to  decomposeConceptual  design  by  Benoit  Montreuil  and  Marie-­‐Anne  Côté  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval,  Québec,  Canada,  2012   Conceptual  design  illustraQng   the  composiQon  funcQonality   of  π-­‐containers   The  illustrated  π-­‐container  design  has  a  strictly  conceptual  and  func<onal  purpose:  it  has  no  prescrip<ve  technical  design  and  engineering  intent   Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   Québec, 2012-11-19, 29/76
  30. 30. The  spaQal  impact  of  modular  encapsulaQon   Consumer  Product  Goods   258  case  sizes   Company   494  products     268  shelf  packages   At  the  case  level,  there  is   Using  only  of  modular   a  net  increase  of  10%   dimensions  (<15)  Here,  no  change  in  the  shape  of  products.    The  number  of  products  by  case  is  allowed  to  vary  by  +  or  -­‐  10%.   At  the  pallet  level,    Experiment  limited  to  cases  rather    than  π-­‐containers  to  focus  on  modularity   there  is  a  net  savings  of  10%!  Meller,  R.  D.,  Lin,  Y.-­‐H.,  and  Ellis,  K.  P.,  “The  Impact  of  Standardized  Metric  Physical  Internet  Containers  on  the  Shipping  Volume  of  Manufacturers,”  in  Proceedings  of  the  14th  IFAC  Symposium  on  Informa;on  Control  Problems  in  Manufacturing,  Bucharest  –  Romania,  (2012).     Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   Québec, 2012-11-19, 30/76
  31. 31. Design products fitting containers with minimal space waste Products designed and engineered to minimize the load and burden they generate on the Physical Internet, with their dimensions adapted to standard container dimensions, with maximal volumetric and functional density while containerized  •  Maximal  volumetric  and  funcQonal  density   while  being  in  Physical  Internet  containers,   extendable  to  their  usage  dimensions  when  necessary   –  FuncQonal  density  of  an  object  can  be  expressed   as  the  raQo  of  its  useful  funcQonality   over  the  product  of  its  weight  and  volume  •  Only  key  components  and  modules   have  to  travel  extensively   –  Easy  to  be  completed  near  point  of  use   Source:  guim.fr   using  locally  available  objects   Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   Québec, 2012-11-19, 31/76
  32. 32. Digital  encapsulaQon   Founda.ons*of*the*Physical*Internet* Economical* Environmental* Societal* ExploiQng  as  best  as  possible   Efficiency* Sustainability* Physical*Objects*the  capabiliQes  of  smart  π-­‐containers   Move* Store* Realize* Supply* Use* Mobility* Distribu.on* Realiza.on* Supply* Service* connected  to  the  Digital  Internet   Web* Web* Web* Web* Logis.cs*Web* Web* and  the  World  Wide  Web,   Open* Global* System* Universal*interconnec.vity*and  of  their  embedded  smart  objects,   Physical* Opera.onal* Digital* Encapsula.on* Interfaces* Protocols* for  improving  the  performance   Technology* Business* Infrastructure* as  perceived  by  the  clients   Innova.on* and  the  overall  performance   of  the  Physical  Internet       Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   Québec, 2012-11-19, 32/76
  33. 33. Physical Internet and the Internet of Things F  The  Internet  of  Things  is  about  enabling   ubiquitous  connecQon  with  physical  objects   equipped  with  smart  connecQve  technology   (RFID,  GPS,  sensors,  Internet,  etc.),  making   the  objects  ever  smarter  and  enabling   distributed  self-­‐control  of  objects  through   networks     F  The  Physical  Internet  is  to  exploit  as  best  as   possible  the  Internet  of  Things   to  enable  the  ubiquitous  connecQvity  Image: http://www.globetracker.biz/GlobeTracker/News.asp of  its  π-­‐containers  and  π-­‐systems   Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   Québec, 2012-11-19, 33/76
  34. 34. Interfaces  opQmized  for   Founda.ons*of*the*Physical*Internet* Economical* Environmental* Societal*universal  interconnecQvity   Efficiency* Sustainability* Physical*Objects* Move* Store* Realize* Supply* Use* Mobility* Distribu.on* Realiza.on* Supply* Service* Web* Web* Web* Web* Web* Physical  &  digital  interfaces   Open* Logis.cs*Web* Global* System* exploiQng  the  characterisQcs   Universal*interconnec.vity* Physical* Opera.onal* Digital* of  π-­‐containers   Encapsula.on* Interfaces* Protocols* and  standardized  worldwide   Technology* Business* Innova.on* Infrastructure* Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   Québec, 2012-11-19, 34/76
  35. 35. Evolve  from  material  to  π-­‐container   transport,  handling  &  storage  means  and  systems   π-­‐containers  moving  and  storage  means  and  systems,   A  π-­‐container   π-­‐movers   equipped   with  innovaQve  technologies  and  processes   with  wheels   A  fork-­‐less  lis   snapped  through   exploiQng  the  characterisQcs  of  π-­‐containers   exploi<ng   the  snapping  and   its  standard   modular  interfaces     to  enable  their  fast,  cheap,  easy  and  reliable   interlocking   input,  storage,  composing,  decomposing,   func<onali<es   of  the  π-­‐container     monitoring,  protecQon  and  output   through  smart,  sustainable  and  seamless   π-­‐conveyors   automaQon  and  human  handling     In  π-­‐stores,   contemporary  racking  can  be   used,  however  innovaQons   in  storage  technologies   exploiQng  the  funcQonal   characterisQcs   of  modular  π-­‐containers   In  π-­‐stores,   A  highly  flexible  plug-­‐and-­‐play  π-­‐conveyor   are  bound  to  be  exploited   exploi<ng  the  standard  modular   modular  π-­‐containers   dimensions  and  interfaces  of  the  π-­‐ can  be  stacked  as  in   containers     container  port  terminals   π-­‐stores  Reference: Montreuil, B., R.D. Meller, E. Ballot (2010) Towards a physical internet: the impact on logistics facilities and material handling systems design and innovation, in Progress in Material Handling Research, Edited by K.Gue et al., Material Handling Industry of America, 23 p., 2010. Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   Québec, 2012-11-19, 35/76
  36. 36. LogisQcs  centers  designed  for  the  Physical  Internet   Transit Center facilitating the truck-to-truck transshipment
 of trailers along relays networks through the Physical Internet#Reference: Meller, R.D., B. Montreuil, C. Thivierge & Z. Montreuil (2012), Functional Design of Physical Internet Facilities: A Road-Based Transit Center, in Progress in Material Handling Research: 2012, MHIA,Charlotte, NC, to appear (2012). " Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   Québec, 2012-11-19, 36/76
  37. 37. Ocean,Water& or sea MulQmodal  logisQcs  centers   river designed  for  the  Physical  Internet,  enabling  seamless,  fast,  cheap,  safe,   reliable,  distributed,  &  mulQmodal   transport  and  deployment     of  π-­‐containers   across  the  Physical  Internet   Road& Roadway Physical  Internet  Road-­‐Rail  Hub     References •  Montreuil, B., R.D. Meller, E. Ballot (2010) Towards a physical internet: the impact on logistics facilities and material handling systems design and innovation, in Progress in Material Handling Research 2010, Edited by K. Gue et al., Material Handling Industry of America, 23 p. •  Ballot É., B. Montreuil & C. Thivierge (2012) Functional Design of Physical Internet Facilities: A Road-Rail Hub, in Progress in Material Handling Research 2012, Edited by B. Montreuil et al., Material Handling Industry of America, 34 p. Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   Québec, 2012-11-19, 37/76
  38. 38. LogisQcs  centers  designed  for  the  Physical  Internet   Enabling  seamless,  fast,  cheap,  safe,  reliable,  &  distributed,  mul<modal  transport  and   deployment  of  π-­‐containers  across  the  Physical  Internet   Road  Hub  of  π-­‐containers  truck-­‐to-­‐truck  crossdocking     along  a  network  of  relays  through  the  Physical  Internet  Montreuil, B., R.D. Meller, C. Thivierge, C., and Z. Montreuil (2012), Functional Design of Physical Internet Facilities: A Unimodal Road-Based Crossdocking Hub,, in Progress in Material Handling Research: 2012, MHIA. " Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   Québec, 2012-11-19, 38/76
  39. 39. Founda.ons*of*the*Physical*Internet* Economical* Efficiency* Environmental* Societal* Sustainability* Physical  Internet   Move* Store* Physical*Objects* Realize* Supply* Use* Protocols  Mobility* Distribu.on* Realiza.on* Supply* Web* Web* Web* Logis.cs*Web* Web* Service* Web* Protocols  opQmized  for   Open* Global* System* universal  interconnecQvity   Universal*interconnec.vity* Physical* Opera.onal* Digital* regulaQng  Encapsula.on* Interfaces* Protocols* the  mulQ-­‐layer  services   of  the  Physical  Internet   Technology* Business* Infrastructure* Innova.on* Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   Québec, 2012-11-19, 39/76
  40. 40. Standard  LogisQcs  Service  Protocols   Purchase#order#with# Physical#characteris9cs#of#products:# L7# Supplier# delivery#requirements# Client# Weight,(Volume,(Temperature,(Hazard5Level( L7# GeoJcharacteris9cs#of#order:# Logis9cs#Web#Layer# Logis9cs#Web#Layer# Single(vs.(mul<ple(des<na<ons,( Order#monitoring# Single(vs.(mul<ple(sourcing(loca<ons( TimeJcharacteris9cs#of#order:# Delivery(<me(specifica<ons( L6# …# Encapsula9on#Layer# Encapsula9on#characteris9cs:( Shipment#&#πJcontainer# Number(and(types(of(π5containers(( assignment#&#monitoring# Assignment(of(products(to(π5containers(( L5# Shipping#Layer#Shipments#characteris9cs:# Route#assignment#Number(of(shipments( &#monitoring#for#each#Assignment(of(π5containers(to(shipments( shipment#&#πJcontainer#Logis<cs(service(class(for(each(shipment( L4# Rou9ng#Layer#Rou9ng#characteris9cs:# Network#state#monitoring#Target(route(for(each(shipment,(defined(as(sequences(of(segments/nodes,( Route#segment## assignment#&#monitoring# Standardized   L3#with(<ming(specifica<ons( Network#Layer# mulQ-­‐layered   Valida9on#&#monitoring#Transport/handling#characteris9cs:(Assignment(of(π5containers(to(π5means( of#each#flow#link#state#&# service  architecture   route#segment#move#orders#Assignment(of(π5means(to(π5links( L2# and  protocols   Link#Layer#Move#characteris9cs:( πJcontainer#and#πJmeans##Genera<on(of(loading,(moving,(sor<ng,( state/defect#monitoring#storing,(retrieving(and(unloading(orders( &#move#order#tracking# L1# Data#transmiVed# Physical#Layer# Data#transmiVed# to#the#lower#layer# to#the#upper#layer# Open  LogisQcs  InterconnecQon  Model  Montreuil  B.,  E.  Ballot  &  F.  Fontane  (2012).  An  Open  Logis;cs  Interconnec;on  Model  for  the  Physical  Internet,  Proceedings  of  INCOM  2012  Symposium,  Bucharest,  Romania,  2012/05/23-­‐25.  " Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   Québec, 2012-11-19, 40/76
  41. 41. Deploy  capability  cerQficaQons  Multi-level Physical Internet capability certification of containers, handling systems, vehicles, information systems ports, distribution centers, roads, cities and regions, protocols and processes, and so on Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   Québec, 2012-11-19, 41/76
  42. 42. Open  Performance  Monitoring   Live  open  monitoring  of  really  achieved  performance   of  all  π-­‐cerQfied  actors  and  enQQes,   on  key  performance  indices  on  criQcal  facets   such  as  speed,  service  level,  reliability,  safety  and  security  Such  live  performance  tracking  is  openly  available  worldwide     to  enable  fact-­‐based  decision  making   and  sQmulate  conQnuous  improvement   Open  informaQon  is  to  be  provided  in  respect   of  confidenQality  of  specific  transacQons   Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   Québec, 2012-11-19, 42/76
  43. 43. Founda.ons*of*the*Physical*Internet* Economical* Environmental* Societal* Efficiency* Sustainability* Physical*Objects* A  Global  System   Move* Store* Realize* Supply* Use* The  Physical  Internet  Mobility* Distribu.on* Realiza.on* Supply* Service* Web* Web* Web* Web* Web* Logis.cs*Web* Open* Global* Universal*interconnec.vity* System* is  seamlessly  applicable   Physical* Opera.onal*Encapsula.on* Digital* Interfaces* Protocols* everywhere,   Technology* Business* Innova.on* Infrastructure* at  any  scale   Physical  Internet  Manifesto,  version  1.11   Professor  Benoit  Montreuil,  CIRRELT,  Université  Laval   Québec, 2012-11-19, 43/76
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