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Introduction to Earth Science

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Transcript

  • 1. Introduction to Earth Science Chapter 1 Earth/Environmental Science P. Squires
  • 2. Chapter 1 – The Nature of Science
    • Earth Science is a blend of sciences:
      • Astronomy
      • Meteorology
      • Geology
      • Oceanography
      • Climatology
      • Ecology
      • Paleontology
      • Hydrology
      • Geochemistry
      • Tectonics
      • Technology
  • 3. Astronomy
  • 4.  
  • 5. Meteorology
  • 6. Geology
  • 7. Oceanography
  • 8. Climatology
  • 9. Ecology
  • 10. Paleontology
  • 11. Hydrology
  • 12. Geochemistry
  • 13. Tectonics
  • 14. Technology
  • 15. Earth’s Systems
    • Lithosphere
    • Hydrosphere
    • Atmosphere
    • Biosphere
  • 16. Lithosphere
    • Rigid outer layer of the planet – includes the crust and the solid part below the mantle.
  • 17. Hydrosphere
    • The water in the Earth’s oceans, seas, lakes, rivers, glaciers, and the atmosphere.
  • 18. Atmosphere
    • The blanket of gases that surrounds our planet.
  • 19. Biosphere
    • Includes organisms as well as the environment that they live in.
  • 20. Scientific Method
    • Ask a question
    • Write a Hypothesis
    • Make a prediction
    • Perform an experiment
    • State your conclusion
  • 21.  
  • 22. Scientific Communication
    • Do discovery lab page 5.
  • 23. Measurement Review
    • Length
    • Weight/mass
    • Area
    • Volume
    • Density
    • Time
    • Temperature
  • 24.  
  • 25. Scientific Notation
    • 97,400,000,000,000
    • = 9.74 x 10 13
    • 4,730,000 = ?
    • .00356 = ?
    • 4.56 x 10 24 = ?
    • 1.59 x 10 -4 = ?
  • 26. Theories and Laws
    • Scientific Theory – an explanation based on many observation during repeated experiments.
    • Scientific Law – a basic fact that describes the behavior of a natural phenomenon.
  • 27. Review Questions
    • Which of the following lists Earth’s layers from the inside out?
    • a. inner core, outer core, mantle and crust
    • b. crust, mantle, outer core, inner core
    • c. crust, inner core, outer core, mantle
    • d. mantle, outer core, inner core, crust
  • 28. Review Questions (cont.)
    • A block is 2 cm wide, 5.4 cm deep, and 3.1 cm long. The density of the block is 8.5 g/cm 3 . What is the mass of the block?
    • a. 33.48 g
    • b. 85.10 g
    • c. 399.3 g
    • d. 284.58 g
  • 29. Go To Chapter 2 power point

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