Igneous, Sedimentary, and Metamorphic Rocks Chapter 5 & 6 P Squires 2005-2006
 
What are igneous rocks? <ul><li>Rocks formed from crystallization </li></ul><ul><li>of magma. </li></ul>
Types of Igneous Rocks <ul><li>Extrusive – fine grained and quickly cooled. </li></ul><ul><li>Intrusive – coarse grained a...
Composed of Magma
Magma Elements <ul><li>Oxygen </li></ul><ul><li>Silicon </li></ul><ul><li>Aluminum </li></ul><ul><li>Iron </li></ul><ul><l...
 
 
Bowen’s Reaction Series <ul><li>Illustration of the relationship between cooling magma and mineral formation. </li></ul><u...
 
Layered Intrusions
Classification of Igneous Rocks <ul><li>Mineral Composition </li></ul><ul><li>Grain Size </li></ul><ul><li>Texture </li></ul>
http://www.volcanoworld.org/vwdocs/vwlessons/lessons/Rocks/Rocks8.html
 
Discovery Lab <ul><li>Model Sediment Layering Lab  </li></ul><ul><li>Page 121 </li></ul>
Sedimentary <ul><li>Sediments – pieces of solid material that have been deposited on the Earth’s surface by </li></ul><ul>...
Weathering <ul><li>Where surface is being worn away </li></ul><ul><li>Breaks rocks into smaller pieces </li></ul><ul><li>P...
 
Erosion and Transport <ul><li>Rocks are then transported to new locations </li></ul><ul><li>Surface material is removed (e...
Deposition <ul><li>When sediments are laid down on the ground or found in the bottom of bodies of water. </li></ul><ul><li...
Deposition
Lithification <ul><li>Processes that transform sediments into sedimentary rocks. </li></ul><ul><li>What is cementation? </...
Lithification
Clastic sedimentary rocks <ul><li>Coarse-Grained Clastic </li></ul><ul><li>Medium-Grained Clastic </li></ul><ul><li>Fine-G...
Rocks formed from Evaporation
Metamorphic Rocks <ul><li>When rocks don’t meet the magma stage, they become metamorphic rocks. </li></ul><ul><li>Combinat...
Foliated Metamorphic Rocks
Foliated Metamorphic Rocks Wavy layers Bands
Non-foliated Metamorphic Rock
Non-foliated Metamorphic Rock
Rock Cycle
Rock Cycle
Rock Cycle
Rock Cycle
Rock Cycle
Rock Cycle
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Igneous, Sedimentary, and Metamorphic Rocks

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Igneous, Sedimentary, and Metamorphic Rocks

  1. 1. Igneous, Sedimentary, and Metamorphic Rocks Chapter 5 & 6 P Squires 2005-2006
  2. 3. What are igneous rocks? <ul><li>Rocks formed from crystallization </li></ul><ul><li>of magma. </li></ul>
  3. 4. Types of Igneous Rocks <ul><li>Extrusive – fine grained and quickly cooled. </li></ul><ul><li>Intrusive – coarse grained and slowly cooled. </li></ul>
  4. 5. Composed of Magma
  5. 6. Magma Elements <ul><li>Oxygen </li></ul><ul><li>Silicon </li></ul><ul><li>Aluminum </li></ul><ul><li>Iron </li></ul><ul><li>Magnesium </li></ul><ul><li>Calcium </li></ul><ul><li>Potassium </li></ul><ul><li>Sodium </li></ul>
  6. 9. Bowen’s Reaction Series <ul><li>Illustration of the relationship between cooling magma and mineral formation. </li></ul><ul><li>Feldspar – undergoes continuous change. </li></ul><ul><li>Iron-Rich Minerals – undergo abrupt change. </li></ul>
  7. 11. Layered Intrusions
  8. 12. Classification of Igneous Rocks <ul><li>Mineral Composition </li></ul><ul><li>Grain Size </li></ul><ul><li>Texture </li></ul>
  9. 13. http://www.volcanoworld.org/vwdocs/vwlessons/lessons/Rocks/Rocks8.html
  10. 15. Discovery Lab <ul><li>Model Sediment Layering Lab </li></ul><ul><li>Page 121 </li></ul>
  11. 16. Sedimentary <ul><li>Sediments – pieces of solid material that have been deposited on the Earth’s surface by </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wind </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ice </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gravity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Precipitation </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 17. Weathering <ul><li>Where surface is being worn away </li></ul><ul><li>Breaks rocks into smaller pieces </li></ul><ul><li>Produces clastic (broken) rocks </li></ul>
  13. 19. Erosion and Transport <ul><li>Rocks are then transported to new locations </li></ul><ul><li>Surface material is removed (erosion) </li></ul>
  14. 20. Deposition <ul><li>When sediments are laid down on the ground or found in the bottom of bodies of water. </li></ul><ul><li>Some are sorted, but some are not </li></ul><ul><li>How would they be sorted? </li></ul>
  15. 21. Deposition
  16. 22. Lithification <ul><li>Processes that transform sediments into sedimentary rocks. </li></ul><ul><li>What is cementation? </li></ul>
  17. 23. Lithification
  18. 24. Clastic sedimentary rocks <ul><li>Coarse-Grained Clastic </li></ul><ul><li>Medium-Grained Clastic </li></ul><ul><li>Fine-Grained Clastic </li></ul>
  19. 25. Rocks formed from Evaporation
  20. 26. Metamorphic Rocks <ul><li>When rocks don’t meet the magma stage, they become metamorphic rocks. </li></ul><ul><li>Combinations of temperature and pressure form different kinds of metamorphic rocks. </li></ul>
  21. 27. Foliated Metamorphic Rocks
  22. 28. Foliated Metamorphic Rocks Wavy layers Bands
  23. 29. Non-foliated Metamorphic Rock
  24. 30. Non-foliated Metamorphic Rock
  25. 31. Rock Cycle
  26. 32. Rock Cycle
  27. 33. Rock Cycle
  28. 34. Rock Cycle
  29. 35. Rock Cycle
  30. 36. Rock Cycle

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