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Reptiles

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  • 1. Lana Malia Lizards REPTILESTurtles and Tortoises Crocodiles and Alligators The only newsletter Everything that you need to known that gives you all reptiles all the time! about this wonderful Class! With no snakes! MOVEMENT Reptiles
which
include
lizards,
 turtles,
alligators,
and
crocodiles,

 move
in
a
variety
of
ways.


Lizards
 move
by
crawling
because
they
cannot
 lift
their
body
above
their
limbs.

 Turtles
move
by
use
of
one
of
three
 types
of
limbs.

Turtles
that
live
on
 land
most
of
the
time
have
small,
 strong
feet
that
they
use
to
walk.

 Turtles
that
spend
an
equal
amount
of
 time
on
land
and
in
water
have
 webbed
feet
that
they
use
to
walk
and
 swim
in
a
way
that
is
not
unlike
the
 doggy‐paddle.

Turtles
that
live
in
the
 water
have
@lippers
that
they
use
to
 swim.

These
kinds
of
turtles
use
their
 front
limbs
to
generate
thrust
and
their
 back
@lippers
to
steer.


Alligators
and
 crocodiles
move
using
the
belly
crawl
 which
is
when
the
reptile’s
head,
belly,
 and
tail
tend
to
drag
on
the
ground
and
 the
legs
propel
the
animal
forward.

 The crocodile (top) and the alligator (bottom) When
swimming
they
mostly
use
their
 tails
to
steer
and
move.

Reptiles
 both swim in very similar ways. transport
nutrients
and
blood
in
their
 Top photo taken by Flicker user Sue Waters. body
through
the
use
of
a
circulatory
 Bottom photo taken by Flicker user Joe system.

They
have
a
three
or
four‐ Shiabotnik chamber
heart. 2 The Collector, 1234 Main Street, Any Town, State 54321 | 123-456-7890 | www.apple.com/iwork
  • 2. REPTILES-THE BASICS! PAGE 2 This is a common lizard that shows thegeneral structure of most reptiles covered in this newsletter. To the right is of a painted turtle. Photo by Flicker user suchitra prints and Zevotron Rhoncus tempor placerat. WHAT DO REPTILES EAT? Reptiles
use
lungs
to
 Reptiles
eat
anything
 breathe.

The
muscles
between
 from
meat
to
insects
to
plants.

 the
reptile’s
ribs
expand
which
 Most
reptiles
are
carnivores.

They
 allows
the
reptile
to
inhale
and
 Interesting Facts can
eat
mammals,
birds,
@ish,
 then
the
muscles
contract
which
 The Blanding Turtle crustaceans,
amphibians,
insects,
 forces
the
air
out
of
the
lungs
 was found and
other
reptiles
as
part
of
their
 causing
the
reptile
to
exhale.

 daily
diet.

These
prey
animals
can
 Reptiles
regulate
their
body
 swimming and alive be
as
small
as
mice
or
as
large
as
 temperature
by
moving
into
or
 under the ice in the water
buffalo.


Reptiles
that
are
 out
of
the
sun.

When
a
lizard
 Great Lakes. This is herbivores
eat
greens,
vegetables,
 becomes
too
cold
it
moves
into
 really unusual fruits,
and
grasses.

Omnivorous
 the
sun
to
warm
up.


When
a
 reptiles
eat
both
meat
and
plants. reptile
gets
too
hot
it
moves
out
of
 because reptiles are the
sun
and
burrows
underground
 cold-blooded which HOW DO REPTILES REPRODUCE? or
goes
for
a
swim
to
cool
off
and
 means that they can Most
reptiles
reproduce
 get
the
perfect
body
temperature. sexually
and
produce
eggs.

Some
 let themselvees get lizards
reproduce
through
 WHAT IS THE GENERAL STRUCTURE OF to cold or they wil parthenogenesis,
which
is
 REPTILES? die! reproduction
without
fertilization.

 The
general
structure
of
a
 Among
these
lizards
are
the
 reptile
is
that
it
has
scaly
skin
and
 Komodo
Dragon,
the
Whiptail
 a
three
or
four
chambered
heart.

 Lizard
family,
some
rock
lizards,
 They
all
breathe
through
lungs
 and
some
geckos.

In
addition,
 and
they
are
all
cold‐blooded.

The
 some
reptiles
give
birth
to
live
 types
of
reptiles
that
I
am
 young,
including
some
of
the
 studying
all
have
four
limbs.

They
 skink
family. also
have
tails.

Their
skeletons
 are
like
most
other
animals
with
 backbones.

They
have
a
spine,
a
 HOW DO REPTILES BREATHE AND REGULATE skull,
and
ribs. TEMPURATURE? The Collector, 1234 Main Street, Any Town, State 54321 | 123-456-7890 | www.apple.com/iwork
  • 3. REPTILES-QUESTIONS! PAGE 3 Ask the Experts- Anwsers to questions that you the readers sent in! DEAR EXPERTS, WHAT ARE REPTILES PLACE IN shells
to
protect
themselves,
and
 THE FOOD CHAIN? snapping
turtles
have
tongues
that
 Reptiles
are
an
important
 are
shaped
like
worms
that
are
 part
of
the
food
chain.

They
tend
to
 used
to
attract
prey. be
predators,
but
there
are
also
 plant
eating
lizards.

Reptiles
tend
 DEAR EXPERTS, I NEED TO not
to
be
at
the
top
of
the
food
 KNOW HOW REPTILES chain,
but
they
can
be.

The
 RESPOND TO STIMULI FOR Komodo
Dragon,
the
largest
lizard
 SCHOOL. CAN YOU HELP ME? in
the
world,
is
at
the
top
of
it’s
own
 food
chain
because
nothing
eats
it. How
do
reptiles
 respond
to
stimuli?

Well
 DEAR EXPERTS, MY KIDS WNAT TO KNOW WHERE they
are
cold‐blooded
 REPTILES CAME FROM. CAN YOU HELP? animals,
which
means
 Reptiles
have
a
rich
history.
 
 that
when
they
get
cold
 The tuatara lizard. Photo by Flicker user PhillipC Reptiles
developed
during
the
 they
slow
down.
They
 carboniferous
period.

They
are
the
 respond
to
the
cold
 basis
from
which
birds
evolved
and
 stimuli
by
moving
into
the
 share
many
things
in
common
with
 sun.

Jacky
Dragon,
a
type
of
lizard
 Interesting Fact! birds.

They
set
the
stage
for
the
 that
can
glide,
responds
to
the
 Encomically,

 
 dinosaurs
and
were
the
@irst
 shape
of

looming
aerial

predators
 vertebrates
to
live
on
land.

Now,
 reptiles
are
used,
by
 by
gliding
away
from
the
shape.
I
 Reptiles
can
be
found
on
every
 hope
this
helps! humans,
for
food,
 continent
except
Antarctica.

They
 leather
products,
 also
live
in
both
fresh
and
salt
 and
pets. water.

 DEAR EXPERTS, CAN YOU NAME AN “ODDBALL” REPTILE THAT SEEMS DIFFERENT THAN THE Interesting Fact! DEAR EXPERTS, WHAT ADAPTATIONS DO REPTILES REST? All
members
 HAVE? An
oddball
of
the
reptile
 of
the
reptile
family
 family
is
the
Tuatara
lizard.

There
 have
bilateral
 Reptiles
have
many
 are
only
two
types
of
this
lizard
left.

 symmetry.

This
 adaptations.

Most
of
these
make
it
 It
lives
in
New
Zealand.

They
have
 means
that
they
 possible
for
reptiles
to
live
on
land
 no
outside
ear,
but
are
able
to
hear.

 have
one
line
of
 since
they
were
evolved
from
 They
also
have
a
“third
eye”
which
 amphibians.

Some
of
these
 no
one
seems
to
know
the
reason
 symmetry,
from
 adaptations
are
skin
that
does
not
 for.

The
Tuatara
also
has
several
 their
head
to
their
 dry
out
when
the
animal
is
out
of
 distinct
parts
of
its
skull
that
other
 tail. water,
legs
that
can
be
used
to
walk
 reptiles
don’t
tend
to
have.

They
 on
land
for
long
periods
of
time,
 are
classi@ied
as
reptiles
because
 and
having
eggs
that
can
be
laid
on
 they
are
cold‐blooded,
have
scaly
 land.

Other
adaptations
that
 skin,
lay
eggs,
and
are
related
to
 reptiles
have
are
that
turtles
have
 lizards. The Collector, 1234 Main Street, Any Town, State 54321 | 123-456-7890 | www.apple.com/iwork
  • 4. REPTILES-ENDANGERED!! PAGE 4 This is an article of reptiles that have become Endangered! PLEASE HELP US TO MAKE THEIR PLIGHT KNOWN! Many
reptiles
are
 the
Hawksbill
Turtle
which
 us
because
they
are
 extinct
or
endangered.

 is
endangered
because
it
is
 indicator
animals.

Indicator
 Some
examples
of
these
 hunted
to
make
cosmetic
 animals
are
animals
that
 reptiles
are
the
Burmese
 products,
the
Leatherback
 indicate
how
environment
is
 Peacock
Turtle
which
has
 Turtle
which
is
endangered
 doing.

If
the
reptiles
are
 become
endangered
due
to
 because
of
loss
of
habitat
 sick,
then
the
environment
 loss
of
habitat
and
over
 and
hunting,
and
the
Olive
 has
something
wrong
with
 capturing,
the
Logger
Head
 Ridley
Turtle
which
has
 it.

That
is
why
it
is
so
 Turtle
which
is
endangered
 become
endangered
due
to
 important
that
we
do
not
let
 because
of
loss
of
habitat,
 over
capture.
 these
beautiful
animal
 the
Green
Turtle
is
 Reptiles
are
 become
extinct! endangered
because
of
egg
 important
to
other
 poaching
and
loss
of
habitat,
 organisms,
the
planet,
and
 Some organisms found in the Class Reptilia There are many animals found in the Class Reptilia. Some of the common ones are napping and box turtle, American alligators, Inguanas, and spiny lizards. Other not so known mambers of this extensive family are he gopher tortoise, the Ground skink, Five-lines skink, and many others. Rhoncus tempor placerat. The loggerhead turtle (above) and the Green turtle (above and left) are both endangered. Photos by Flicker user coda and Paul and Jill. The Collector, 1234 Main Street, Any Town, State 54321 | 123-456-7890 | www.apple.com/iwork
  • 5. REPTILES-FACTS! PAGE 5 Fun Facts about Reptiles SOME RANDOM THINGS YOU NEVER KNEW ABOUT REPTLES! •There are reptiles on very continent except Anarctica because it is much to cold •Reptile skin is waterproof •The gender of baby reptiles is often determines by the temperature of the nest. If the nest is very warm then most of the eggs will hatch female reptiles. •Reptiles have been on Earth for 300 million years! •Some reptiles can regenerate lost limbs. Thak you for reading! The Collector, 1234 Main Street, Any Town, State 54321 | 123-456-7890 | www.apple.com/iwork
  • 6. REPTILES-BIBLIOGRAPHY! PAGE 6 The Bibliography SPECIAL THANKS TO ALL THE SITES THAT PROVIDED INFORMATION http://www.ehow.com/about_5436196_reptiles.html http://natl.ifas.ufl.edu/Reptile.htm http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/Alligator.shtml http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turtles http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/cnhc/cbd-gb4.htm http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/cnhc/cbd-gb7.htm http://bio.edu.ee/animals/Roomajad/roalgus.htm http://www.petplace.com/reptiles/reptile-nutrition/page2.aspx http://www.petplace.com/reptiles/reptile-nutrition/page3.aspx http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parthenogenesis http://www.helium.com/items/952122-how-do-reptiles-reproduce http://www.akatoo.com/question.html?question_id=1460675 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science? _ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6W9W-4KCHD6G-2&_user=10&_rdoc=1&_fmt=&_orig=search&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_searchStr Id=1072684971&_rerunOrigin=google&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=54bab039e88dd6069cc0a0 bc0c63514a http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/publications/nonpwdpubs/young_naturalist/animals/warm_and_cold_blooded_animals/index.phtml http://videos.howstuffworks.com/hsw/17891-animals-with-backbones-reptile-adaptations-video.htm http://x-reptiles-x.net/viewtopic.php?t=0995940299323 http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/345004/lizard/38378/Natural-history# http://www.britannica.com/facts/5/997955/skeleton-as-discussed-in-reptile-animal http://www.essortment.com/all/reptilessnakes_rhus.htm http://www.suite101.com/article.cfm/reptilia/44758 http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Where_do_reptiles_usually_live http://science.jrank.org/pages/5813/Reptiles.html http://www.stoller-eser.com/trial/colorbook/food_web.html http://www.eduscapes.com/nature/lizad/index1.htm https://biomesfirst.wikispaces.com/Tropical+Rainforest+Food+Web http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_kind_of_symmetry_do_reptiles_have http://www.earthsendangered.com/profile.asp?ID=3&sp=475 http://library.thinkquest.org/19689/data/reptiles/leatherback_turtle_frame.html http://library.thinkquest.org/19689/data/reptiles/olive_turtle_frame.html http://library.thinkquest.org/19689/data/reptiles/green_turtle_frame.html http://library.thinkquest.org/19689/data/reptiles/hawksbill_turtle_frame.html http://library.thinkquest.org/19689/data/reptiles/loggerhead_turtle_frame.html http://wiki.answers.com/Q/ How_are_reptiles_and_amphibians_an_important_component_of_a_natural_environment  http://ezinearticles.com/?Interesting-Facts-About-Reptiles&id=1069925 The Collector, 1234 Main Street, Any Town, State 54321 | 123-456-7890 | www.apple.com/iwork

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