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Photography Tips and Techniques

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A beginners guide to photography tips and techniques that provides seven easy tips to start using easily.

A beginners guide to photography tips and techniques that provides seven easy tips to start using easily.

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  • 1. Beginner Pointers on PhotographyFree Report from http://phototechniques.info
  • 2. How to Teach Yourself PhotographyTo teach yourself photography you need to plan a learning processwhere you go from the basics to more advanced photo techniques.You should start with camera mechanics and photo compositionbasics and then move on to more advanced things like creativeexposure or conceptual photography.The BasicsThe first step for anybody that learned photography was learning thebasics. For photography, this basically deals with two areas:1. Learning basic visual composition2. Learning how to use all the settings on most SLR camerasThe first step of learning visual composition techniques is not difficultbut does take time. These techniques include things such as the ruleof thirds, leading lines, simplicity, etc. They are simple tips forimproving the way you take a photo.Most people new to photography just see an interesting scene andtake the shot. They don’t take the time to carefully look at what imageis in the viewfinder of the camera. By taking more time and carefullyarranging the scene in your photo you end up with a nicer image.The way to improve your compositions is to learn a few tips (likeleading lines) and go out and take hundreds of pictures with thatspecific tip. You’ll notice that the first photos were very basic uses ofthe technique.Many times they are quite ugly as well. When you look at the morerecent photos you’ll notice that the photos are much more clean andmay even use the technique in unique, less “generic” ways. Afterthis, you use a new technique and maybe even fuse the previousones you learned together.Learning Camera FunctionsWhen you teach yourself photography it is very important to becomefamiliar with the buttons and controls of an SLR camera. If you havea regular automatic camera I highly recommend getting an SLR.Even if it an old school film SLR camera it will help you learnphotography much quicker.
  • 3. The most important controls you need to know deal with exposure. They include the shutter speed,aperture, and ISO. These all affect the way that light is let into your camera. Improper use of these(or letting the camera automatically select numbers for these) often leads to under or over exposedshots.These controls are not difficult to learn. If you understand how to use them then you should have noproblem taking properly exposed images. Once you learn this, the next step is to begin gettingcreative with your exposures. You can make a normal scene over exposed and add much moreinterest. For example, if you’re taking a shot of trees in the forest you can slightly over-expose theimage to make the trees “pop” and look heavenly as the sky and surrounding background will bemuch brighter and create a halo effect on the trees.7 Tips on PhotographyIf you’re new to photography and looking for some simple tips and tricks to get your photos lookingbetter, this article will give you 7 tips on photography!These tips are all compositionally based and help you use your “eye” more when taking photos.Tips on Photography #1 – Avoid the CenterThe rule of thirds is what they call it in the photography books. Basically this advises people takingphotos to avoid the center when photographing subjects or objects. This is a great tip to startfollowing with your photos. Simply avoid placing people, animals, or anything of interested deadcenter. Instead, move it to the left or right, or even to the top or bottom.An example of this is when you take a picture of a person. The main point of interest is their eyes.So, simply avoid placing their eyes dead center. Place them somewhere else!Tips on Photography #2 – Use Lines to Lead the ViewersLines are everywhere. It’s just a matter of noticing them and using them to create dynamic and moreinteresting images. This is actually the first of two more tips just with using lines!The way to use lines to lead the viewers is simple. Simply find your subject and look for lines around.Then move to a position where the lines point to your subject. This can be subtle or obvious. Anexample of this is having your subject stand near a wall and positioning yourself so the lines of thiswall point to your subject. This prevents us from standing straight in front of the subject and taking apicture, reducing the depth. By using these lines, the depth of your shots will become much moreexpansive.Tips on Photography #3 – Use the Horizon
  • 4. Horizontal lines are very peaceful and relaxing. Just think of a sunset a flat field of grass in thesummer. The flat lines with very few vertical lines make the photo more tranquil. You can use thistechnique when you want to make your photo more “relaxing”. Simply look around and see if yourphoto has lots of vertical or horizontal lines. If it has too many vertical lines try moving back orpositioning yourself so the horizontal lines outweigh the vertical lines.There are common examples of photos with lots of vertical lines but the horizontal line is stronger,making the photo peaceful. Think of a shot of a forest with thousands of vertical trees. The horizonthat connects all the vertical lines dominates and makes the scene less “energetic”.Tips on Photography #4 – Use Vertical LinesThe opposite can also be used with vertical lines. Instead of photographing a scene where the foresthas a large horizontal line, get up close to one tree and use the height of the tree as a largedominant vertical line. Now the entire feel and energy of the picture has changed.This is also effective for skyscraper shots. A shot of many buildings with a large horizon line makesthe scene look more mellow. Get close and shoot up at one particular building (augmenting thevertical lines) and suddenly the photo has lots of energy.Tips on Photography #5 – Use Empty SpaceOne very effective technique to use for photography is empty space. Many times people that don’tknow anything about photography try to fill the entire image with stuff. This often creates clutteredand images that are not pretty.Solution: Use space. Don’t be afraid of leaving empty space around your subject.Tips on Photography #6 – IsolateVery similar to the last tip, isolating your subject also can make photos quite interesting. Most peoplethat take photos just take snapshots of everything. They don’t take time to get up close or zoom intoa particular object/subject and isolate it from the surrounding environment. Try this: next time you’retaking photos somewhere pick a few objects and isolate them. Then, be sure the background is notcluttered. This can be done by using a shallow depth of field or simply positioning yourself so thebackground has empty space. Often times getting lower works great for this as you make thebackground the clear blue sky (plenty of empty space).Tips on Photography #7 – Shoot During Sunset and SunriseOne of the most useful tips that can get your photos looking great is shooting your photos onlyduring sunset or sunrise until you start getting better. During these times the light outside is crisp.The atmosphere gets a nice atmospheric glow of colors in the sky that makes it pretty hard not totake a decent landscape shot.
  • 5. Try only taking photos in the afternoon and in the morning. Avoid shooting when the sun is directlyoverhead. This produces harsh shadows that don’t work well for most average scenes. Of course,overhead lighting is great for certain scenes and accentuates details…but that’s for another post!For more tips on photography be sure to sign up for a free ecourse here!