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Marine Mammal Conservation  in the Caribbean Regional context Paul Hoetjes Dept. of Environment & Nature Conservation Neth...
Wider Caribbean <ul><li>Political context </li></ul><ul><li>Regional issues </li></ul><ul><li>Regional/international instr...
Political context <ul><li>13 island nations </li></ul><ul><li>12 continental nations </li></ul><ul><li>13 territories (UK,...
political context (2)  <ul><li>Island Nations </li></ul><ul><li>Antigua & Barbuda </li></ul><ul><li>Bahamas </li></ul><ul>...
Political context (3) <ul><li>Three languages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>English, Spanish, French (and Dutch) </li></ul></ul><u...
Regional issues <ul><li>One of the busiest shipping areas in the world </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oil transshipment </li></ul><...
Regional issues <ul><li>Relatively little known about Caribbean Cetaceans </li></ul><ul><li>Still targeted hunt in a few i...
Regional/international instruments <ul><li>UNEP-CEP & Cartagena Convention </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LBS Protocol  (Land-Based...
Regional/international instruments (2) <ul><li>SPAW Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>(Specially Protected Areas & Wildlife) </li...
Regional/international instruments (3) <ul><li>Few member states in Caribbean (5) </li></ul><ul><li>Protection and recover...
Regional/international instruments (4) <ul><li>Western Hemisphere Migratory  Species Initiative (WHMSI) </li></ul><ul><li>...
marine mammal conservation activities <ul><li>MMAP </li></ul><ul><li>Stranding response training  workshops and stranding ...
Socio-political considerations <ul><li>Extractive use (consumption or live capture) is a sensitive issue </li></ul><ul><li...
Recommendations <ul><li>Integrate with regional instruments, MMAP </li></ul><ul><li>Need for sustainability – incorporate ...
Thank you <ul><li>Photographs courtesy of  George Kieffer, Dolphin Academy Curaçao  </li></ul>
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Marine Mammal Conservation-Caribbean Context

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Regional considerations for marine mammal conservation in the Caribbean

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  • Good morning Thank you for invitation Representing NA gov’t, work closely with DCNA Photo : island of Saba as seen from the Saba Bank
  • Transcript of "Marine Mammal Conservation-Caribbean Context"

    1. 1. Marine Mammal Conservation in the Caribbean Regional context Paul Hoetjes Dept. of Environment & Nature Conservation Netherlands Antilles
    2. 2. Wider Caribbean <ul><li>Political context </li></ul><ul><li>Regional issues </li></ul><ul><li>Regional/international instruments </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation activities </li></ul><ul><li>Socio-political considerations </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations </li></ul>
    3. 3. Political context <ul><li>13 island nations </li></ul><ul><li>12 continental nations </li></ul><ul><li>13 territories (UK, France, Netherlands, US) </li></ul><ul><li>38 political unities </li></ul>
    4. 4. political context (2) <ul><li>Island Nations </li></ul><ul><li>Antigua & Barbuda </li></ul><ul><li>Bahamas </li></ul><ul><li>Barbados </li></ul><ul><li>Cuba </li></ul><ul><li>Dominica </li></ul><ul><li>Dominican Republic </li></ul><ul><li>Grenada </li></ul><ul><li>Haiti </li></ul><ul><li>Jamaica </li></ul><ul><li>St. Kitts & Nevis </li></ul><ul><li>St. Lucia </li></ul><ul><li>St. Vincent and the Grenadines </li></ul><ul><li>Trinidad & Tobago </li></ul><ul><li>Continental Nations </li></ul><ul><li>Belize </li></ul><ul><li>Colombia </li></ul><ul><li>Costa Rica </li></ul><ul><li>Guatemala </li></ul><ul><li>Guyana </li></ul><ul><li>Honduras </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Nicaragua </li></ul><ul><li>Panama </li></ul><ul><li>Surinam </li></ul><ul><li>US </li></ul><ul><li>Venezuela </li></ul>Territories <ul><li>Aruba </li></ul><ul><li>Netherlands Antilles </li></ul><ul><li>Anguilla </li></ul><ul><li>Cayman Islands </li></ul><ul><li>Monserrat </li></ul><ul><li>Turks & Caicos Islands </li></ul><ul><li>British Virgin Islands </li></ul><ul><li>French Guyana </li></ul><ul><li>Guadeloupe </li></ul><ul><li>St. Martin – St. Barth </li></ul><ul><li>Martinique </li></ul><ul><li>Puerto Rico </li></ul><ul><li>US Virgin Islands </li></ul>
    5. 5. Political context (3) <ul><li>Three languages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>English, Spanish, French (and Dutch) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Two law systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Common Law (English speaking countries) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Civil Law (everyone else) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wealthy and poor </li></ul><ul><li>Nevertheless, active regional cooperation </li></ul>
    6. 6. Regional issues <ul><li>One of the busiest shipping areas in the world </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oil transshipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cruise tourism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>General cargo </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tourism economic mainstay </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiversity hotspo t </li></ul>
    7. 7. Regional issues <ul><li>Relatively little known about Caribbean Cetaceans </li></ul><ul><li>Still targeted hunt in a few islands </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing popularity of captive facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing marine mammal watching industry </li></ul><ul><li>High ship traffic volume with unknown effects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(noise) pollution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collisions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pollution </li></ul>
    8. 8. Regional/international instruments <ul><li>UNEP-CEP & Cartagena Convention </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LBS Protocol (Land-Based Sources of Marine Pollution) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SPAW Protocol (Specially Protected Areas & Wildlife) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Western Hemisphere Migratory Species Initiative (WHMSI) </li></ul><ul><li>Convention on Migratory Species </li></ul><ul><li>International Whaling Commission (IWC) </li></ul><ul><li>Marpol Annex I-V </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Caribbean Special Area – need for implementation </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Regional/international instruments (2) <ul><li>SPAW Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>(Specially Protected Areas & Wildlife) </li></ul><ul><li>14 member countries </li></ul><ul><li>Total protection and recovery all cetaceans (Annex 2) </li></ul><ul><li>Protection of areas critical to endangered species </li></ul><ul><li>Protected Area guidelines  PA network </li></ul><ul><li>Marine Mammal Action Plan (MMAP) </li></ul>
    10. 10. Regional/international instruments (3) <ul><li>Few member states in Caribbean (5) </li></ul><ul><li>Protection and recovery of endangered species (appendix I) </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperation for protection and m anagement of species (appendix II) </li></ul><ul><li>Caribbean cetaceans protected under SPAW </li></ul><ul><li>MoU with SPAW </li></ul>
    11. 11. Regional/international instruments (4) <ul><li>Western Hemisphere Migratory Species Initiative (WHMSI) </li></ul><ul><li>Supported by OAS </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperation for the conservation of migratory species of the Americas </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening communication and cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>Open, informal partnership, not a legal instrument </li></ul>
    12. 12. marine mammal conservation activities <ul><li>MMAP </li></ul><ul><li>Stranding response training workshops and stranding network </li></ul><ul><li>Manatee reintroduction (Fr) </li></ul><ul><li>MPA network </li></ul><ul><ul><li>French Whale sanctuary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Silver Bank sister sanctuary (Dom. Rep.-US) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Marine Mammal expert network </li></ul>
    13. 13. Socio-political considerations <ul><li>Extractive use (consumption or live capture) is a sensitive issue </li></ul><ul><li>(perceived) tourism competitiveness is a driving force </li></ul><ul><li>SIDS: lack of capacity, lack of capacity, lack of capacity (people, money, facilities ) </li></ul>
    14. 14. Recommendations <ul><li>Integrate with regional instruments, MMAP </li></ul><ul><li>Need for sustainability – incorporate economic and social aspects </li></ul><ul><li>Communicate results </li></ul>
    15. 15. Thank you <ul><li>Photographs courtesy of George Kieffer, Dolphin Academy Curaçao </li></ul>
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