FIRST AMENDMENT - FREEDOM OF RELIGION - FOUNDERS' INTENT
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FIRST AMENDMENT - FREEDOM OF RELIGION - FOUNDERS' INTENT

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There have been many interpretations of the 1st Amendment and I am here to tell you that most of those interpretations are flat-out wrong, including those of the United States Supreme Court. And I ...

There have been many interpretations of the 1st Amendment and I am here to tell you that most of those interpretations are flat-out wrong, including those of the United States Supreme Court. And I think that is what I find the most disturbing, that I, an average hard-working American with no formal college education to speak of, can read all the Founding Documents, the personal writings of the Founders, the Federalist and Anti-Federalist Papers, Essays, Debates and publications of the time and easily conclude the true meaning and intent of our Founders, yet the highly educated Justices of the highest Court in our Country have willfully misinterpreted the meaning and intent of the Constitution and rendered decisions that are flagrant infringes upon our Constitutional rights.

In 1820, Thomas Jefferson warned of the dangerous doctrine of allowing judges to have the final say on the meaning and intent of the U.S. Constitution when he said, “You seem ... to consider the judges as the ultimate arbiters of all constitutional questions; a very dangerous doctrine indeed, and one which would place us under the despotism of an oligarchy... The Constitution has erected no such single tribunal.” And Jefferson was right, just look where we are today, our Justices frequently legislate from the bench with their skewed misinterpretations of the U.S. Constitution and the rest of the country bows down and accepts their misinterpretations as 'cardinal' law. A dangerous doctrine indeed.

This editorial goes into great detail the original intent of the Founders by providing their personal writings, Congressional reports, essays and publications of the time and Supreme Court Cases to show exactly what the Founders meant by 'freedom of religion'.

I should note that initially I set out to find the truth of what the Founders' intended....I have worked many years as a paralegal and I am ashamed to admit that I was indoctrinated to believe the misguided interpretation of Jefferson's 'wall of separation' doctrine....I was wrong, and I hope to enlighten my fellow Americans to the truth. Happy reading!

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FIRST AMENDMENT - FREEDOM OF RELIGION - FOUNDERS' INTENT FIRST AMENDMENT - FREEDOM OF RELIGION - FOUNDERS' INTENT Presentation Transcript

  • FIRST AMENDMENT: THE FOUNDERS’ INTENT FOR THE FREEDOM OF RELIGION ADgenda Media Group - Annie Oakley Sunday, June 8, 2014
  • “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people to peaceably assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.” There have been many interpretations of the 1st Amendment and I am here to tell you that most of those interpretations are flat-out wrong, including those of the United States Supreme Court. And I think that is what I find the most disturbing, that I, an average hard-working American with no formal college education to speak of, can read all the Founding Documents, the personal writings of the Founders, the Federalist and Anti-Federalist Papers, Essays, Debates and publications of the time and easily conclude the true meaning and intent of our Founders, yet the highly educated Justices of the highest Court in our Country have willfully misinterpreted the meaning and intent of the Constitution and rendered decisions that are flagrant infringes upon our Constitutional rights. In 1820, Thomas Jefferson warned of the dangerous doctrine of allowing judges to have the final say on the meaning and intent of the U.S. Constitution when he said, “You seem ... to consider the judges as the ultimate arbiters of all constitutional questions; a very dangerous doctrine indeed, and one which would place us under the despotism of an oligarchy ... The Constitution has erected no such single tribunal.” Sunday, June 8, 2014
  • And Jefferson was right, just look where we are today, our Justices frequently legislate from the bench with their skewed misinterpretations of the U.S. Constitution and the rest of the country bows down and accepts their misinterpretations as 'cardinal' law. A dangerous doctrine indeed. The Founders were very clear on their meaning and intent when drafting the Founding Documents and their writings and publications of the time prove this beyond a shadow of doubt. Tragically, our liberal, progressive education system has been teaching "revisionist" history or worse, in most cases, ignoring large parts of our history which clearly explains the meaning and intent of our Founders, just so they can get away with rewriting our true history, indoctrinate millions of uninformed Americans and push through their fatally flawed ideology thereby destroying the greatest Republic in the history of the human race. When Americans are unaware of the Founders true intent, they willingly accept what is being told to them by the Courts relying on the false illusion that the Justices know the Founders' intent better than the citizens because of their higher education – this is wrong – fatally wrong. And the old adage that “once a wrong idea about reality has been formed, it becomes more difficult to discover the truth” is for Americans, a sad and tragic reality. Let's begin by breaking apart the components of the 1st Amendment. I'll start with the 1st component, the rights to religious freedom: "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof;...." What did our Founders mean and intend by this statement? Sunday, June 8, 2014
  • For the answer we must look back at the writings of our Founders during the great debates to ratify the U.S. Constitution and even before that great event to the struggle for independence from England and monarchy rule. Some great resources to refer to are the Federalist and Anti-Federalist Papers; the writings (personal and public) of the Founders; speeches given by the Founders; the great debates to ratify the Constitution; and essays published in the newspapers of the time. Here we go: On July 9, 1776, George Washington issued Orders to his troops, “The General hopes and trusts, that every officer and man, will endeavor so to live, and act, as becomes a Christian Soldier, defending the dearest Rights and Liberties of his country.” Also on July 9, 1776, George Washington, after receiving a copy of the Declaration of Independence from the Continental Congress, issued Orders authorizing the Continental Army to appoint and pay chaplains in every regiment, “The Hon. Continental Congress having been pleased to allow a Chaplain to each Regiment, with the pay of Thirty-three Dollars and one third pr (per) month – The Colonels or commanding officers of each regiment are directed to procure Chaplains accordingly; persons of good Characters and exemplary lives...” Clearly both of these orders by Washington show religious intent. A Congressional Committee Report presented September 11, 1777 in response to a request on July 7, 1777 that Congress import or print more Bibles for Americans in response to a British embargo that created a shortage of Bibles in America,“[T]hat the use of the Bible is so universal, and its importance so great ... your Committee recommend that Congress will order the Committee of Commerce to import 20,000 Bibles from Holland, Scotland, or elsewhere, into the different ports of the States of the Union.” The Congressional Committee members were Founding Fathers Daniel Roberdeau, John Adams, and Jonathan Smith. Congress ordered that the Bibles be imported based upon the report. But if we are to believe the mantra of the left, our Founders were not pious men and our nation was not founded upon Christian principles and Biblical law. However, we know this to be “false truths” as the writings of our Founders prove that they were in fact pious men and that they did base the founding principles and documents of our great Republic on the Christian religion and God's natural law. Sunday, June 8, 2014
  • On September 12, 1782, a Congressional Resolution endorsed Robert Aiken's Bible for printing and distribution to American citizens. Yet another example and evidence proving that the early workings of our government was as a Christian Nation.  On June 28, 1787, in his address to the Constitutional Convention, Benjamin Franklin said, “I have lived, a long time, and the longer I live, the more convincing proofs I see of this truth -- that God Governs in the affairs of men. And if a sparrow cannot fall to the ground without His notice, is it probable that an empire can rise without His aid?” This was part of a larger speech where he was arguing the merits of thanking God for his Divine Providence and for opening each session of Congress with a prayer to God. On Feb. 28, 1797 in a Letter to clergyman Jedidiah Morse, John Jay said, “Providence has given to our people the choice of their rulers, and it is the duty, as well as the privilege and interest of our Christian nation to select and prefer Christians for their rulers.” John Jay made this statement AFTER the ratification of the U.S. Constitution and Bill of Rights and it clearly shows that the Founders considered the new American Republic a Christian nation based upon the Christian religion and God's ordained natural laws. On May 2, 1798, George Washington in General Orders stated, “While we are zealously performing the duties of good citizens and soldiers, we certainly ought not to be inattentive to the higher duties of religion. To the distinguished character of Patriot, it should be our highest glory to add the more distinguished character of Christian.” And, in his Farewell Address on September 17, 1798, George Washington said, “Of all the dispositions and habits, which lead to political prosperity, Religion and Morality are indispensable supports.” Sunday, June 8, 2014
  • Also in 1798, John Adams, Founding Father and 2nd President to the new Republic of the United States, said in his address to the Militia of Massachusetts, “We have no government armed in power capable of contending in human passions unbridled by morality and religion. Our constitution was made only for a moral and religious people. It is wholly inadequate for the government of any other.” The writings of the Founders prove that they founded the new Republic of America upon Christian principles and fully believed that the U.S. was a "Christian" nation. For decades now, the Courts have made many erroneous decisions interpreting the Founders intent regarding the religious freedom clause in the 1st Amendment. Those decisions have been instrumental in undermining religious freedom and morality in America. The Courts have been consistently wrong; their decisions are wrong; and to clarify and prove the true intent of the Founders, I will refer directly to some of the writings  and speeches given by the Founding Fathers: (1) James McHenry said “[T]he Holy Scriptures. ... can alone secure to society, order and peace, and to our courts of justice and constitutions of government, purity, stability, and usefulness. In vain, without the Bible, we increase penal laws and draw entrenchments [protections] around our institutions." He also said, "Bibles are strong entrenchments. Where they abound, men cannot pursue wicked courses.” McHenry was also a Signer of the U.S. Constitution. See: James McHenry, Steiner, One Hundred and Ten Years of Bible Society Work in Maryland (Baltimore: Maryland Bible Society, 1921), p. 14. Sunday, June 8, 2014
  • (2) On June 28, 1787, in his speech at the Constitutional Convention, Benjamin Franklin made a request that prayer open every secession of Congress, “We have been assured, Sir, in the Sacred Writings that except the Lord build the house, they labor in vain that build it. I firmly believe this; and I also believe that without His concurring aid, we shall succeed in this political building no better than the builders of Babel." He went on further to say, "I therefore beg leave to move that henceforth prayers imploring the assistance of heaven and its blessings on our deliberations be held in this assembly every morning before we proceed to business and that one or more of the clergy of this city be requested to officiate in that service.” Franklin was also a Signer of the Declaration of Independence and a Signer of the U.S. Constitution. See: Benjamin Franklin, James Madison, "The Papers of James Madison", Henry D. Gilpin, editor (Washington: Langtree & O'Sullivan, 1840), Vol. II, p. 985. (3) James Wilson said, “Human law must rest its authority ultimately upon the authority of that law which is divine. ... Far from being rivals or enemies, religion and law are twin sisters, friends, and mutual assistants. Indeed, these two sciences run into each other.” Wilson was also a Signer of the U.S. Constitution and a U.S. Supreme Court Justice. See: "The Works of the Honourable James Wilson", Bird Wilson, editor (Philadelphia: Bronson and Chauncey, 1804), Vol. I, pp. 104-106, of the General Principles of Law and Obligation. Had our Founders not founded our Country upon Christian principles, why then did they pay homage to God in the Declaration of Independence? Why did they ensure us "freedom of religion" in the 1st Amendment? Why did their speeches and personal writings include endless homages to God, Christianity, Divine Providence, natural law and morality?  Had our Founders not founded this nation upon Christian principles, why then was it the practice to hold Christian Mass in the Rotunda (U.S. Capitol) for more than 80 years? Sunday, June 8, 2014
  • The practice of Christian Masses in the Capitol started in 1795 and continued on until well after the Civil War and Reconstruction period ended. The "official approval" to use the Capitol for holding Christian Masses was given in 1800 by Speaker of the House, Theodore Sedgwick, and Senate approval being given by the President of the Senate, Thomas Jefferson, yes the Founding Father Thomas Jefferson, who liberal and progressives vehemently claim was a deist, agnostic or in some cases an atheist. Historical records show that Jefferson routinely attended Christian mass in the Rotunda since he was Vice President and all throughout his Presidency. The first Christian mass service attended by Jefferson in the Capitol after being elected President of the United States, was given by his friend Rev. John Leland on January 3, 1802. It is significant to note, that 2-days later Jefferson penned his now infamous letter containing the "wall of separation between church and state" metaphor. In his diaries, John Quincy Adams wrote, “[R]eligious service is usually performed on Sundays at the Treasury office and at the Capitol. I went both forenoon and afternoon to the Treasury.” Adams first served as a U.S. Senator, then President and finally a Representative of Congress. His extensive diaries cover decades of politics in Washington and meticulously recorded all church services in the Capitol building and all those in attendance who were of significant importance. Jefferson and Adams were not the only U.S. Presidents to attend Christian Masses in the Capitol, James Madison, one of the authors of the Federalist Papers, attended regular church masses in the Capitol arriving in a carriage drawn by 4 white horses, unlike his predecessor, Jefferson, who always arrived on horseback. Many U.S. Presidents from Jefferson to Lincoln attended Christian church masses in the Rotunda, and it was common practice for Members of Congress to attend those services as well. In fact, the church masses were often so crowded, one attendee reported that since “the floor of the House offered insufficient space, the platform behind the Speaker's chair, and every spot where a chair could be wedged in” was filled with attendees.  It is interesting the true historical facts one can find when we open our minds to process and acknowledge our true history, instead of disabling and crippling our gray matter with progressive leftists' revisionist history. Sunday, June 8, 2014
  • Another glaring fact that liberals love to ignore is that the Founders never intended for God and Christianity to be removed from the education of our youth and for proof of that I make reference yet again to the writings of the Founders:  (1) On August 19, 1772, in a letter to James Lawrenson Henry Laurens said, “[T]he Bible. ... [is] a book containing the history of all men and of all nations and ... [is] a necessary part of a polite education.” Laurens was a Founding Father, President of the Continental Congress, U.S. Diplomat, and selected as a Delegate to the Constitutional Convention. See: "The Papers of Henry Laurens", George C. Rogers, Jr., and David R. Chesnutt, editors (Columbia, S. C.: University of South Carolina Press, 1980), Vol. VIII, pp. 426-427. (2) On May 12, 1779 in a Speech to the Delaware Chiefs, George Washington said, “You do well to wish to learn our arts and way of life, and above all, the religion of Jesus Christ... Congress will do everything they can to assist you in this wise intention.” (3) On April 8, 1784, Founding Father John Jay in a letter to Peter Augustus Jay said, “The Bible is the best of all books, for it is the word of God and teaches us the way to be happy in this world and in the next. Continue therefore to read it and to regulate your life by its precepts.” Jay was also the Original Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court and Co-author of the Federalist Papers. See also, "John Jay: The Winning of the Peace. Unpublished Papers 1780-1784", Richard B. Morris, editor (New York: Harper & Row Publishers, 1980), Vol. II, p. 709. Sunday, June 8, 2014
  • (4) In The Letters of Benjamin Rush to Jeremy Belknap on July 13, 1789, Rush said, “In contemplating the political institutions of the United States, I lament that we waste so much time and money in punishing crimes, and take so little pains to prevent them. We profess to be Republicans and yet we neglect the only means of establishing and perpetuating our republican forms of government; that is, the universal education of our youth in the principles of Christianity by means of the Bible." Rush went on further to say, "The great enemy of the salvation of man, in my opinion, never invented a more effectual means of extirpating [extinguishing] Christianity from the world than by persuading mankind that it was improper to read the Bible at schools. [T]he Bible, when not read in schools, is seldom read in any subsequent period of life. ... [It] should be read in our schools in preference to all other books from its containing the greatest portion of that kind of knowledge which is calculated to produce private and public temporal happiness.” Rush was a Founding Father and a Signer of the Declaration of Independence. See: "Letters of Benjamin Rush", L. H. Butterfield, editor (Princeton, New Jersey: American Philosophical Society, 1951), Vol. 1, p. 521 and "Essays, Literary, Moral and Philosophical", (Philadelphia: Thomas and Samuel F. Bradford, 1798), pp. 94, 100 and 112, "A Defence of the Use of the Bible as a School Book." All of America's legal documents, including the Declaration of Independence, the U.S. Constitution and the Bill of Rights, are founded upon the God-ordained principles of Natural Law. And no where in the Constitution does it state or infer "a separation of church and state" and I challenge anyone to prove otherwise. In reading the writings of the Founders, we can easily dispel the wildly liberal myth that our Founding Fathers were agnostics, deists or atheists and had intended to erect a "fire-wall" between governance and theist principles. Our Founders were pious men, deeply religious and their writings clearly prove that fact. They intended for God and Christianity to be a part of our every day lives including a part of our government and a part of our education. Sunday, June 8, 2014
  • However, with that said, the Founders did not want the government establishing a "national" religion as was the practice in England where English Monarchs dictated specific religious worship and harshly punished those who refused to comply. The Founders wanted the government to stay out of religion, not for religious principles to be eliminated from our government entirely. Their desire was for the United States to be a nation with it's values and laws based upon Christian principles, but did not want the government choosing one denomination of religion (Baptist, Catholic, Methodist, Lutheran, Judaism, etc.) over another and establish it as its "official" national religion. The Founders wanted to protect the citizens from any potentially oppressive theocracy like they had under Great Britain's monarchy rule in which the sitting monarch (King or Queen) would punish those who were not of the same religious denomination. The monarchs would confiscate titled lands, inheritances, bar subjects from serving in Parliament, take away their birthright titles (Lords, Dames, Barons, Baronesses, etc.), imprison them on false charges and in many cases execute them, all for being of a different religious denomination than the then sitting monarch. Could you imagine such theocratic rule in America today? No, you cannot because our Founders protected us with the inclusion of religious freedom in the Bill of Rights amended to the U.S. Constitution.  That is "why" they included the 1st Amendment right to freedom of religion in the U.S. Constitution.  But the Founders never intended for a 'wall of separation' as progressives and liberals incessantly cite in their mythical and intentional misinterpretations and distortions of Thomas Jefferson's letter to the  Baptist Association of Danbury, CT on January 1, 1802. In his letter,  Jefferson thanked the Baptist Association for their support and assured them that all religious denominations, even the minority ones like theirs, would be protected from encroachment by the government and that no particular religious denomination would ever be established as a "dominant national religion" nor would it infringe upon an individual's right to religious freedom. Jefferson said, “Adhering to this expression of the supreme will of the nation in behalf of the rights of conscience, I shall see with sincere satisfaction the progress of those sentiments which tend to restore to man all his natural rights,...” This part of the letter is conveniently omitted by liberals and progressives in their assaults against our rights to religious freedom. Jefferson was stating that the 1st Amendment prevented the government from infringing upon the rights of all citizens to religious freedom, which he considered a "natural right" given by God. Sunday, June 8, 2014
  • Jefferson ended his letter to the Danbury Baptist Association:  “I reciprocate your kind prayers for the protection and blessing of the common Father and Creator of man, and tender you for yourselves and your religious association, assurances of my high respect and esteem. Thomas Jefferson President of the United States” Jefferson was not the agnostic, deist or atheist that liberals love to claim he was, but rather a religious man with a strong and unshakable belief in God and Christianity.  In the Congressional records from June to Sept. 1789, are the discussions and debates of the 90 Founding Fathers who framed the First Amendment. It is significant to note that not one of the framers ever mentioned the now infamous phrase, "separation of church and state." In fact, the phrase, "separation of church and state" is not found in the U.S. Constitution, the First Amendment, nor any of the notes and debates from the Constitutional Convention.  The application of the "separation of church and state" doctrine is a 20th Century concept that goes against the intent of the 1st Amendment; instead of the courts upholding long-held constitutional principles, it incorrectly recites and relies solely on a snippet from Jefferson's letter to The Baptist Association of Danbury, CT, in 1802. This is not only a wrong interpretation but as we have seen, a dangerously wrong doctrine by the courts. In its infancy, the NY Supreme Court ruled in People v. Ruggles (1811) that blasphemy was against the moral precepts of a Christian nation and that Christianity is in fact part of the very fabric that makes up this nation. In his Opinion, Chief Justice Kent said, “Christianity was parcel of the law…that whatever strikes at the root of Christianity tends manifestly to the dissolution of civil government…The people of this State, in common with the people of this country, profess the general doctrines of Christianity…We are a Christian people, and the morality of the country is deeply engrafted upon Christianity, and not upon the doctrines or worship of those impostors.” Sunday, June 8, 2014
  • And further in that Decision he stated, “The object of the 38th article of the constitution, was, to "guard against spiritual oppression and intolerance," by declaring that "the free exercise and enjoyment of religious profession and worship, without discrimination or preference, should for ever thereafter be allowed within this state, to all mankind." This declaration, (noble and magnanimous as it is, when duly understood,) never meant to withdraw religion in general, and with it the best sanctions of moral and social obligation from all consideration and notice of the law.” In 1838, the New York State Legislature wrote: “No people on the face of the globe are without a prevailing national religion….With us it is wisely ordered that no one religion shall be established by law, but that all persons shall be left free in their choice and in their mode of worship....Still, this is a Christian nation. Ninety-nine hundredths, if not a larger proportion, of our whole population, believe in the general doctrines of the Christian religion....Our Government depends for its being on the virtue of the people, – on that virtue that has its foundation in the morality of the Christian religion.” In the New York State Constitution, in 1846, 1894, and 1938, stated in its Preamble: “We, the People of the State of New York, grateful to Almighty God for our freedom, in order to secure its blessings, do establish this Constitution.” Sunday, June 8, 2014
  • The following, are U.S. Supreme Court Decisions in favor of Christianity, just as our Founders intended: Vidal v Girard's Executors, 2 How. 127 (1844) “Why may not the Bible, and especially the New Testament be read and taught as a divine revelation in the school? Where can the purest principles of morality be learned so clearly or so perfectly as from the New Testament?” Church of the Holy Trinity v. United States, The United States Supreme Court, 143 U.S. 457, 12 S.Ct. 511, 36 L.Ed. 226 (1892) “The happiness of a people and the good order and preservation of civil government essentially depend upon piety, religion and morality.....Religion, morality, and knowledge are necessary to good government, the preservation of liberty, and the happiness of mankind.....Our laws and our institutions must necessarily be based upon and embody the teachings of The Redeemer of mankind. It's impossible that it should be otherwise; and in this sense and to this extent our civilization and our institutions are emphatically Christian... This is a religious people. This is historically true. From the discovery of this continent to the present hour, there is a single voice making this affirmation... we find everywhere a clear recognition of the same truth... These, and many other matters which might be noticed, add a volume of unofficial declarations to the mass of organic utterances that this is a Christian nation.” Sunday, June 8, 2014
  • Supreme Court Justice Joseph Story, Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States. 3 vols. Boston, 1833: § 1869. It yet remains a problem to be solved in human affairs whether any free government can be permanent where the public worship of God, and the support of religion, constitute no part of the policy or duty of the state in any assignable shape. § 1871. The real object of the amendment was, not to countenance, much less to advance Mahometanism (Islam), or Judaism, or infidelity, by prostrating Christianity; but to exclude all rivalry among Christian sects, and to prevent any national ecclesiastical establishment, which should give to an hierarchy the exclusive patronage of the national government. It thus cut off the means of religious persecution, (the vice and pest of former ages,) and of the subversion of the rights of conscience in matters of religion, which had been trampled upon almost from the days of the Apostles to the present age. In 1854, the House Judiciary Committee (Congress) stated,  “In this age, there is no substitute for Christianity. That was the religion of the founders of the republic, and they expected it to remain the religion of their descendants. The great, vital and conservative element in our system is the belief of our people in the pure, doctrines and divine truths of the Gospel of Jesus Christ.” “Religion must be considered as the foundation on which the whole structure rests. In this age there can be no substitute for Christianity; the great conservative element on which we must rely for the purity and permanence of free institutions....The great vital and conservative element in our system is the belief of our people in the pure doctrines and divine truths of gospel of Jesus Christ.” Sunday, June 8, 2014
  • And in Joint Resolution of Congress on Oct 4, 1982,  “Whereas the Bible, the Word of God, has made a unique contribution in shaping the United States as a distinctive and blessed nation of people. Whereas Biblical teachings inspired concepts of civil government that are contained in our Declaration of Independence and the Constitution of The United States ... Whereas that renewing our knowledge of, and faith in God through Holy Scriptures can strengthen us as a nation and a people. Now therefore be it resolved ... that the President is authorized and requested to designate 1983 as a national "Year of the Bible" in recognition of both the formative influence the Bible has been for our nation, and our national need to study and apply the teachings of the Holy Scriptures.” It’s of no surprise to me that this measure was passed during the glorious Reagan years. Tragically, successive Court decisions by progressive Justices completely subverted and perverted the context of the 1st Amendment and the Founders' original intent by rendering the following Decisions: Everson v. Board of Education, 330 U.S. 1 (1947), was the 1st case to apply the "wall of separation between church and state" doctrine. This was the case that opened the door for the progressives to pave the way for subsequent cases that would prohibit Christianity and God in America. McCollum v. Board of Education, 333 U.S. 203 (1948), the 2nd case to apply the "separation of church and state" doctrine banning religious instruction in public schools. “...in the words of Jefferson, the clause against establishment of religion by law was intended to erect 'a wall of separation between church and state.'” Engel v. Vitale, 370 U.S. 421 (1962), the 1st case to ban prayer in school again applying the dangerously flawed and misinterpreted "wall of separation between church and state" doctrine. Sunday, June 8, 2014
  • Justice Hugo Black delivered the High Court's Decision in the three cases noted on the previous page. Who was Justice Hugo Black, you ask? Justice Black was a progressive democrat appointed by the BIGGEST of progressive democrats at that time, Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt. During Black's political career, he was regarded as a staunch supporter of liberal policies and civil liberties (affirmative action). And this my fellow Patriots, was the beginning of the end for the Republic that our Founders had envisioned.  However, some of the Justices fundamentally disagreed with what their colleagues had done and in the 1962 Engel v. Vitale Decision,  Justice Potter Stewart dissented complaining that jurisprudence was not “aided by the uncritical invocation of metaphors like the 'wall of separation,' a phrase nowhere to be found in the Constitution.” In 1985, Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist, addressing the issue again, lamented that “unfortunately the ‘Establishment Clause’ has been expressly freighted with Jefferson's misleading metaphor for nearly 40 years.”   Had the Founders never intended for God to be a part of our daily life and a part of our Government, why then did the Founders include God and His natural law in the Declaration of Independence, the U.S. Constitution, the Bill of Rights, on our currency, in the oaths for public office and why are we required to swear on a Bible prior to giving testimony in a Court of law? It was a given in both camps, the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists, that if a Federal Republic of and by the people were to succeed, then the people had to be of sufficient character and moral stature with a strong belief in the Divine Providence of God. William Penn, the Founder of the Province of Pennsylvania (now the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania) rightly said, “Those who will not be governed by God, will be ruled by Tyrants.” And today, we are seeing exactly what Penn was warning us about. We are ruled not by just one tyrant, but by a host of tyrants who reside in D.C. away from their constituents passing laws that benefit themselves and their benefactors while their dearest leader, the narcissistic sociopath, is taking up valuable real estate in our White House as he systemically destroys our Republic. Sunday, June 8, 2014
  • There is a wealth of evidence in the writings, debates, essays, and publications of the time when our Founders were creating our great Republic, to prove beyond a shadow of doubt that our Founders fully intended for God and Christianity to be a part of our daily lives, our Republic, our government and our education. But liberals and progressives have nearly destroyed our Republic by indoctrinating generations of uninformed Americans when they rewrote our history and eliminated the reading and teaching of the Founding Documents and the writings of the Founders. It is a sad state of affairs that we've allowed the great gift of our Founders to fall into....a Godless society that will falter under the weight of its depravity just as Rome did. In closing, I will leave you with the words of Founding Father, Revolutionary War soldier and Legislator, Noah Webster, “The Bible is the chief moral cause of all that is good and the best corrector of all that is evil in human society. . . . All of the miseries and evils which men suffer from vice, crime, ambition, injustice, oppression, slavery and war, proceed from them despising or neglecting the precepts contained in the Bible.” Oh, and to anyone who is contemplating an attack to counter this editorial with the inaccurate "notion" that the Treaty of Tripoli in 1797 proves that the Founders did not consider the new American Republic as a "Christian Nation", to that I say, "have at it." I have a wealth of documentation in my possession and access to countless historical documents and writings of the time that will shoot so many holes through that historical revisionist claim that the Tripoli Treaty theory will look like Swiss Cheese....in other words, bring it on. To our faithful readers, I apologize for the length of this editorial but it was absolutely necessary in order to dispel the "false truths" that progressive and liberal revisionist history has been perpetuating for decades "that the Founders were not religious, that the U.S. was not founded upon Christian principals and finally that the U.S. is not a Christian Nation", we know this to be all flagrant lies as the left attempts to destroy what our Founders fought so hard to secure for us: a free Republic based upon Christianity and God-ordained natural law. I will address the meaning and intent of the Founders in the three remaining parts of the 1st Amendment in my next editorials.  ~Annie Oakley, reporting from behind enemy lines in liberal-lunacy-land Sunday, June 8, 2014