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  • 1. Post-Partum Traditions and Concerns May 8, 2000 - © A Abdullah Lack of family support after giving birth is a common problem among women in North America. Upon departure from the hospital (often after less than only a 24 hour stay), women are oftentimes left to fend for themselves, coping with everyting from dirty diapers and a screaming baby to demanding toddlers and a messy house. Sleep-deprived and worn out from their duties, it is no wonder that so many women suffer from post-partum depression and fatigue. It is a different story in the Sudan, however, where a new mother receives treatment similar to that of a new bride, free for the most part to relax, eat well and beautify herself. For forty days after delivery, a woman can usually depend upon her own mother and other female relatives to pamper her to the point where her only responsibility is to breastfeed her baby, which will be brought to her at the appropriate times by one of her many caretakers, even at night. S Fenugreek* (helba in Arabic) is believed to increase the amount of milk a woman produces and is a must in the Sudanese woman's post-partum diet. Prepared as a sumptuous pudding, she will eat it daily as friends, neighbors and relatives provide her with a constant supply of it. Not only with this increase her flow of milk, but it will also make her fatter, something many Sudanese consider desireable. Other beautification rituals include yellowing the skin by sitting for hours each day in smoke from a special kind of tree bark which is burned like incense, applying intricate henna designs to hands and feet and removing any unwanted hair from the body, all of which mirror the preparations a woman makes before getting married. By the time her forty days are over, the Sudanese woman is feeling well-rested, clean and beautiful and is ready to begin her life as a mother to a new baby and to resume her old responsibilities as a wife. The copyright of the article Post-Partum Traditions and Concerns in Muslim Women is owned by A Abdullah. Permission to republish Post-Partum Traditions and Concerns in print or online must be granted by the author in writing. http://www.suite101.com/article.cfm/muslim_women_retired/38648/2 The Family in Islam The family, which is the basic unit of civilization, is now disintegrating. Islam’s family system brings the rights of the husband, wife, children, and relatives into a fine equilibrium. It nourishes unselfish behavior, generosity, and love in the framework of a well-organized family system. The peace and security offered by a stable family unit is greatly valued, and it is seen as essential for the spiritual growth of its members. A harmonious social order is created by the existence of extended families and by treasuring children. Source: A Brief Illustrated Guide to Islam
  • 2. http://www.jstor.org/pss/2138048 Keywords: Cultures, Non-Western, Postpartum, Practices ABSTRACT Postpartum health beliefs and practices among non-Western cultures are each distinct, but have many similarities. Two common belief systems surround 1) the importance of hot and cold, and 2) the necessity of confinement during a specific period of time after giving birth. This article describes common postpartum health beliefs among women in Guatemala, China, Jordan, Lebanon, Egypt, Palestine, India, and Mexico, and offers an exemplar from the author's experiences as a Korean woman giving birth in the United States. Cultural competence in the provision of postpartum care is essential for nurses in the healthcare world of the 21st century. http://www.nursingcenter.com/prodev/ce_article.asp?tid=408218
  • 3. Culture Care Meanings and Experiences of Postpartum Depression among Jordanian Australian Women: A Transcultural Study 1. Violeta Nahas, PhD, RN 1. Chinese University of Hong Kong 1. Nawal Amasheh, RN 1. Auburn Hospital and Community Health Services Abstract This study discovers, describes, and explains the personal experiences, perceptions, and care meanings of Jordanian women who have suffered postpartum depression. Most post-partum cases often are misdiagnosed as exclusively psychological and untreated by health care professionals without consideration to the cultural meanings of this problem. Understanding the experiences of these women is important, as their expressions often are contextually and culturally influenced. Using Leininger’s Theory of Culture Care Diversity and Universality, a purposive sample of 22 Jordanian women diagnosed with postpartum depression, living in Sydney, were interviewed. The ethnonursing research method and data analysis procedures were used. Results revealed that Jordanian mothers experienced severe loss of control over emotions of loneliness, hopelessness, and feelings of being a bad mother. Three major themes focusing on the care meanings and experiences of Jordanian women are discussed: (a) Care means strong family support and kinship during the postpartum period, (b) care is carrying out and fulfilling traditional gender roles as mother and wife, and (c) care is preservation of Jordanian childbearing customs as expressed in the celebration of the birth of the baby. http://tcn.sagepub.com/content/10/1/37.abstract The Practice of Prelacteal Feeding to Newborns Among Hindu and Muslim Families introduction The women who midwives serve are often from varying cultural backgrounds. Awareness of and respect for diverse cultural practices is an inherent part of being a culturally competent midwife. Balancing our ability to provide optimal health care while respecting and incorporating a woman's beliefs and customs is just one aspect of the art of midwifery. There are instances, however, when these are in opposition. This case offers an opportunity to explore the Hindu and Muslim traditions of feeding sweets to newborns. A midwife may embrace and respect a Hindu or Muslim woman's religious practice of feeding sweets to the newborn while also being cognizant of practices that may be harmful to the newborn or mother's health. Islam and Hinduism are the second and third largest religions in the world, respectively.[1] Women from Hindu and Muslim communities, many of whom seek the care of midwives, are a growing population in the United States. They may include recent, more established immigrant communities or first- and second-generation American citizens. Hindu and Muslim families may originate from the South Asian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, the Caribbean, South America, or Africa. Estimates from 2001 suggest that there are more than 1 million Muslims and nearly 800,000 Hindus in the United States. [2] In New York City, Asians, of which many are Hindu and Muslim, comprised 12% of the population in 2006.[3] In that same year, it was estimated that up to 10% of the births in New York City were to Hindu or Muslim women with ancestry from Guyana, Trinidad, India, Bangladesh, and Pakistan.[3] According to the US Census in 2000, there were approximately 2.3 million Asians of Indian, Bangladeshi, Indonesian, Malaysian, Maldivian, Nepalese, Pakistani, Sri Lankan, or Singaporean descent in the United States.[4] Given these diverse roots, it is recognized that Hindu and Muslim families' beliefs and practices vary from country to country, and family to family.[1,5] Therefore, it is important to ask a pregnant woman about her infant feeding preferences. This would include discussing the practice of feeding sweets or other prelacteal feeds and any other customs or practices believed to assist the newborn transition. Prelacteals, including definitions, practices, and beliefs, are explored in this article. http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/586662