Awareness, Feedback, Self-regulation

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Presentation held at the CELSTEC Mobile Media Retreat on 28 November 2011 in Heerlen

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Awareness, Feedback, Self-regulation

  1. 1. AwarenessFeedbackSelf-regulationAn integrating review of Butler & Winne (1995) and Endsley (2000)Christian Glahn
  2. 2. Designing Technologies forsupporting Workplace Learningrequires aGeneric Model of Learning
  3. 3. We have worked on a model onintegrating technologies and learning processesfor a long time
  4. 4. Feedback and Reflectionare essential
  5. 5. Usually I present this simplified Feedback LoopActor Monitoring / Behaviour Assessment System Experience Knowledge Judgement / Response Reflection
  6. 6. It integrates Models for designing Technologies for learningActor Monitoring / Behaviour Assessment System Experience Knowledge Judgement / Response Reflection
  7. 7. The models aremore complex thandisplayed in my diagram
  8. 8. Usually I talk about thetechnology side of the model …
  9. 9. This presentation is aboutReviewing the cognitive models
  10. 10. Butler, D. L., & Winne, P. H. (1995). Feedback And Self-RegulatedLearning: A Theoretical Synthesis. Review of EducationalResearch, 65(3), 254-281.SELF-REGULATED LEARNING
  11. 11. Feedback and Self-regulated Learning External Performance Feedback Filters Knowledge Tasks & Beliefs Tactics & Cue 1 Goals Products Domain Strategies Knowledge Cue 2 Strategy Knowledge ... Monitoring Motivational Beliefs Cognitive System
  12. 12. Concepts of Self-regulation• Outcome feedback• Task cues for performance expectations (calibration feedback)• Cognitive feedback (internal feedback)• Validity feedback (process feedback) – Task validity – Cognitive validity – Functional validity• Motivation
  13. 13. Outcome Feedback External Performance Feedback Filters Knowledge Tasks & Beliefs Tactics & Cue 1 Goals Products Domain Strategies Knowledge Cue 2 Strategy Knowledge ... Monitoring Motivational Beliefs Cognitive System
  14. 14. Calibration Feedback External Performance Feedback Filters Knowledge Tasks & Beliefs Tactics & Cue 1 Goals Products Domain Strategies Knowledge Cue 2 Strategy Knowledge ... Monitoring Motivational Beliefs Cognitive System
  15. 15. Cognitive Feedback External Performance Feedback Filters Knowledge Tasks & Beliefs Tactics & Cue 1 Goals Products Domain Strategies Knowledge Cue 2 Strategy Knowledge ... Monitoring Motivational Beliefs Cognitive System
  16. 16. Task Validity Feedback External Performance Feedback Filters Knowledge Tasks & Beliefs Tactics & Cue 1 Goals Products Domain Strategies Knowledge Cue 2 Strategy Knowledge ... Monitoring Motivational Beliefs Cognitive System
  17. 17. Cognitive Validity Feedback External Performance Feedback Filters Knowledge Tasks & Beliefs Tactics & Cue 1 Goals Products Domain Strategies Knowledge Cue 2 Strategy Knowledge ... Monitoring Motivational Beliefs Cognitive System
  18. 18. Functional Validity Feedback External Performance Feedback Filters Knowledge Tasks & Beliefs Tactics & Cue 1 Goals Products Domain Strategies Knowledge Cue 2 Strategy Knowledge ... Monitoring Motivational Beliefs Cognitive System
  19. 19. Motivation External Performance Feedback Filters Knowledge Tasks & Beliefs Tactics & Cue 1 Goals Products Domain Strategies Knowledge Cue 2 Strategy Knowledge ... Monitoring Motivational Beliefs Cognitive System
  20. 20. Example Reflective Practitioners as Self-regulated Learners
  21. 21. Schön, D. A. (1983). The Reflective Practitioner: HowProfessionals think in Action. London: Maurice Temple Smith.Concepts of reflection• Reflection for action*• Reflection in action• Reflection on action* Ertmer, P. A., & Newby, T. J. (1996). The expert learner:Strategic, self-regulated and reflective. Instructional Science, 24, 1-24.
  22. 22. Revisit Schön’s concepts from aself-regulation perspective
  23. 23. Reflection for Action External Performance Feedback Filters Knowledge Tasks & Beliefs Tactics & Cue 1 Goals Products Domain Strategies Knowledge Cue 2 Strategy Knowledge ... Monitoring Motivational Beliefs Cognitive System
  24. 24. Reflection in Action External Performance Feedback Filters Knowledge Tasks & Beliefs Tactics & Cue 1 Goals Products Domain Strategies Knowledge Cue 2 Strategy Knowledge ... Monitoring Motivational Beliefs Cognitive System
  25. 25. Reflection on Action External Performance Feedback Filters Knowledge Tasks & Beliefs Tactics & Cue 1 Goals Products Domain Strategies Knowledge Cue 2 Strategy Knowledge ... Monitoring Motivational Beliefs Cognitive System
  26. 26. Endsley, M. R. (2000). “Theoretical Underpinnings of SituationAwareness: A Critical Review”. In M.R. Endsley & D.J. Garland(Eds.). Situation Awareness Analysis and Measurement (pp. ).Mahwah, NJ & London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.SITUATIONAL AWARENESS
  27. 27. Situation Awareness State of the Environment Situational Awareness Perceive Comprehend Decision Perform Project
  28. 28. Task/ System Factors System Stress & Complexity Automation capabilities Workload Situational Awareness Perceive Comprehend Decision Perform Project Individual Factors Goals & Objectives Information Processing Preconditions Mechanisms Training Long term Memory Automacity Experience Abilities
  29. 29. Levels of Situation Awareness• Level 1: Perception of relevant information – Being able to identify a situation• Level 2: Comprehension of information – Understand the situation in context• Level 3: Forward prediction – Understand the dynamics of a context
  30. 30. Situation Awareness in Teams• Self-awareness within the team• Peer-awareness within the team• Awareness of the team as a whole• Resource-awareness within the team
  31. 31. INTEGRATING THEPERSPECTIVES
  32. 32. Situation Awarenessis aboutadjusting filters for cue perceptionand identifying goals and appropriate strategies
  33. 33. External PerformanceFeedback Tasks Situational Awareness Perception Projection Cue 1 Comprehension Cue 2 Goal Tactics & Filters Products setting Strategies ... Monitoring Cognitive System
  34. 34. The current challenge (in Salomo)Structuring interventions toimprove self-regulationthrough increasedsituation awareness • Reduce errors • Risk awareness • Task alignment
  35. 35. http://portal.ou.nl/en/web/topic-mobile-learning/http://slideshare.net/phish108http://twitter.com/phish108http://delicious.com/phish108

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