Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
How to write the dissertation
How to write the dissertation
How to write the dissertation
How to write the dissertation
How to write the dissertation
How to write the dissertation
How to write the dissertation
How to write the dissertation
How to write the dissertation
How to write the dissertation
How to write the dissertation
How to write the dissertation
How to write the dissertation
How to write the dissertation
How to write the dissertation
How to write the dissertation
How to write the dissertation
How to write the dissertation
How to write the dissertation
How to write the dissertation
How to write the dissertation
How to write the dissertation
How to write the dissertation
How to write the dissertation
How to write the dissertation
How to write the dissertation
How to write the dissertation
How to write the dissertation
How to write the dissertation
How to write the dissertation
How to write the dissertation
How to write the dissertation
How to write the dissertation
How to write the dissertation
How to write the dissertation
How to write the dissertation
How to write the dissertation
How to write the dissertation
How to write the dissertation
How to write the dissertation
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

How to write the dissertation

318

Published on

This presentation will give you a basic out line on dissertation writing process. This was prepared for occupational therapy entry level students.

This presentation will give you a basic out line on dissertation writing process. This was prepared for occupational therapy entry level students.

0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
318
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
34
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. How to Write the Dissertation ? Mr. Phinoj K Abraham, MOTh (Neurosciences) Assistant Professor SRM University
  • 2. 2 “A Journey of thousand miles begins with a single step” - Chinese Proverb Occupational Therapy Research - PHINOJ
  • 3. 3 Effective Writing  Establish a routine  Set clear goals for each week/day  Use your outline & be organized  Use short & Simple phrases  Clear  Seek English & good grammar help from experts Occupational Therapy Research - PHINOJ
  • 4. 4 Structuring your Thesis  FRONT MATTER  Title page  Approval page  Abstract  Table of Content  List of Tables  List of Figures  List of abbreviations Occupational Therapy Research - PHINOJ
  • 5. 5 Structuring your Thesis Contd…  Ch. 1: Introduction  Ch. 2: Review of Literature  Related Literature (Descriptive literature)  Literature Review  Ch. 3: Methods  Ch. 4: Results  Ch. 5: Discussion  Ch. 6: Conclusion  Ch. 7/ 6.1: Limitations & Recommendations  Ch. 8/ 6.2: Clinical Implication Occupational Therapy Research - PHINOJ
  • 6. 6 Structuring your Thesis Contd…  END MATTER  References  Appendices  Consent form  Instrument  Master  used Chart Acknowledgement Occupational Therapy Research - PHINOJ
  • 7. 7 Anatomy of a Thesis  Introduction : Why did you do it ?  Methods : What did you do?  Results : What did you find ?  Discussion : What does it mean ? Occupational Therapy Research - PHINOJ
  • 8. 8 Formatting  Chapter  Main Heading heading 18pt Bold 14pt Bold  Subheading 14pt (Bold + Italics?)  Text 12pt  Font Arial Occupational Therapy Research - PHINOJ
  • 9. 9 Checklist for proofing  People first (Person with MS)  Grammar  Spelling, Punctuation  Abbreviations  Clarity & Organization Occupational Therapy Research - PHINOJ
  • 10. 10 Title  Make it Specific; Include key words  Avoid potentially unfamiliar acronyms & ambiguous terms.  Revise for conciseness & to rephrase In Short, make it “Short & Sweet” Occupational Therapy Research - PHINOJ
  • 11. 11 Writing Introduction  Introduce  State the broad research area & topic. the research problem or question.  Establish its significance.  Mention existing solutions & their limitations.  Outline the proposed new solution. Note: Use present tense Why did you do it ? Occupational Therapy Research - PHINOJ
  • 12. 12 Writing Introduction Contd… Gross Background Known Lacunae of research Purpose Fine of the study Un Known Occupational Therapy Research - PHINOJ
  • 13. 13 Writing Introduction Contd…  Justification & Need of the study    Carry out a thorough literature review Clearly state the research question Aims & Objectives  : What to do?   Aim Objectives : how to do? Hypothesis  Alternative (H1)  Null (H0) Occupational Therapy Research - PHINOJ
  • 14. 14 Introduction Common Mistakes  Not enough information : The reader cannot understand the rest of your thesis.  Too much information: You are not writing a textbook..!!  Too few Reference: Less legitimacy Occupational Therapy Research - PHINOJ
  • 15. 15 Ch. 2 Review of Literature 1. Descriptive Literature (Related Literature)  Theoretical backgrounds mainly from textbooks / editorials etc… 2. Literature Review  Reviewing previous research in same area Occupational Therapy Research - PHINOJ
  • 16. 16 Ch. 2 Review of Literature Contd..  Literature  Review Contd.. Critical Analysis of key studies  Point out the flaws or gaps in research  Cite every article or book  Avoid plagiarism  Use summaries  Quotations  Broad  highly relevant work/ known  unknown Occupational Therapy Research - PHINOJ
  • 17. 17 Ch. 2 Review of Literature Contd..  Some  Additional Points If possible / relevant, Select article from various related professional literature sources about the same topic of interest.  Categorize your search under various sections  Add a summery of review at the end of each section or at the end of review. Occupational Therapy Research - PHINOJ
  • 18. 18 Reviewing the Literature Use appropriate Tenses;  Researchers  Smith (2012) studied…; Pell (2004)found….  Research  action – past tense in general – present perfect Research has shown…; has been studied… Occupational Therapy Research - PHINOJ
  • 19. 19 Ch. 3 Methodology  Describe how the experiment was planned  Sufficient details to allow repetition. What did you do ? Occupational Therapy Research - PHINOJ
  • 20. 20 Methodology  Summarize  Qualitative / Quantitative  Describe  the research findings the research setting & sample Sample population, sample size, sampling method & recruitment etc…  Explain the intervention, procedures and tools for data collection & analysis. Occupational Therapy Research - PHINOJ
  • 21. 21 Methodology Key Points  Past tense  Follow a logic order  Include relevant details  Reference  Refer standard methods to manufacturer’s instructions  Describe additional steps / Changes Contd… Occupational Therapy Research - PHINOJ
  • 22. 22 Methodology Key Points Contd…  Detail  use correct abbreviations  Leave  Use experimental controls a space between numbers & Units appendices when appropriate Occupational Therapy Research - PHINOJ
  • 23. 23 Methodology Common Mistakes  Essential details are missing  Incorrect word usage  Providing a recipe list Occupational Therapy Research - PHINOJ
  • 24. 24 Ch. 4 Results  Results are the core of you thesis  What Happened ?  What did you learn ? What did you find..? Occupational Therapy Research - PHINOJ
  • 25. 25 Results - Organization  Clarify  What your aims have you been trying to do ?  Connect findings to your research question, objectives & hypothesis Occupational Therapy Research - PHINOJ
  • 26. 26 Results – Key Points  Past Tense  Arrange  Make your results logically use of graphs & tables to summarize your data  Give facts no opinions Occupational Therapy Research - PHINOJ
  • 27. 27 Results – Common Mistakes  Including Methods  Including irrelevant results  Writing results in a chronological not logical order Occupational Therapy Research - PHINOJ
  • 28. 28 Ch. 5 Discussion  Present principles, relationship & generalization shown by the results  Agreement or contrast with the previous research.  Point out lack of correlation  State your conclusions  Give reasons for your conclusions  Discuss implications of your results. What does it Mean ? Occupational Therapy Research - PHINOJ
  • 29. 29 Discussion Key Points  Past tense  Restart your aims  Focus then discuss the bigger picture  be critical of the literature Occupational Therapy Research - PHINOJ
  • 30. 30 Discussion Common Mistakes  Repetition : Introduction & Results  Lack of organization, no logical flow  Not addressing the key points Occupational Therapy Research - PHINOJ
  • 31. 31 Ch. 6 Conclusion Key Points  Limitation of your work  Suggestion for future research Occupational Therapy Research - PHINOJ
  • 32. 32 Reference  Referencing is a standard method of acknowledging source of information & ideas that you have used in your text in a way that uniquely identifies their sources. -APA  Direct quotations, facts & figures, as well as ideas & theories, from both published & unpublished works, must be referenced - APA Occupational Therapy Research - PHINOJ
  • 33. 33 Reference Style  Vancouver Style  Ref:  APA (American Psychological Association) Style  Ref: Occupational Therapy Research - PHINOJ
  • 34. 34 Vancouver Style  It is commonly used in medical & scientific journals  References are listed in numerical order in the reference list at the end of the paper  Ex: Occupational Therapy Research - PHINOJ
  • 35. 35 Steps involved in Referencing Note down the full bibliographic details including the page number(s) from which the information taken TEXT BOOKS  Author  Title  Edition  Place of publication  Publisher  Date (Year) JOURNALS  Author  Title of Article  Journal Title  Date  Volume number  Issue number  Page number Occupational Therapy Research - PHINOJ
  • 36. 36 Example of citing book  Vancouver Style Occupational Therapy Research - PHINOJ
  • 37. 37 Example of citing Journals  Vancouver Style Occupational Therapy Research - PHINOJ
  • 38. 38 Appendices  Consent  Master form Chart – Data  Permission Letter  Questionnaire / Scales  Acknowledgement (?) Occupational Therapy Research - PHINOJ
  • 39. 39 When in doubt…ask ! Occupational Therapy Research - PHINOJ
  • 40. 40 Occupational Therapy Research - PHINOJ Occupational Therapy Research - PHINOJ

×