Green Photonics Trends and Opportunities


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Presentation to the Board of Directors of the Optoelectronic Industry Development Association (OIDA), November 18, 2008

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Green Photonics Trends and Opportunities

  1. 1. Green Photonics Trends and Opportunities Phil Wright Consultant and Analyst OIDA 11/18/2008 OIDA: Optoelectronics Industry Development Association
  2. 2. 15 mins and <<100 slides What is Green Photonics? Why is it Green? Why is it important? Is it a large market? What are the technologies and markets? Where is it going through 2020?? What needs to be done? OIDA: Optoelectronics Industry Development Association
  3. 3. What is Green Photonics? Contribution of Photonics is considered “green” if it Generates or conserves energy Reduces greenhouse gas emissions Reduces pollution Yields a more environmentally sustainable outcome Examples of Green Photonics Photovoltaic (PV) power generation High efficiency solid state lighting (SSL) Displays with reduced power consumption High efficiency optical data transceivers (lower mW/Gb/s) Ultraviolet water (UV) purification Phil Wright ( Green awareness is there
  4. 4. What difference will it make? Renewable energy sources Reductions in energy consumption Reductions in carbon dioxide emissions Reduced pollution Improved human health Phil Wright ( Big problems, Big impacts
  5. 5. What difference will it make? Beneficial Impacts Optoelectronic Applications Renewable Electricity Generation Photovoltaic generation, Optical sensing to maximize wind turbine performance Energy Conservation and Photovoltaic energy supplies displace fossil Efficiency fuel consumption, Solid state lighting is more efficient reducing energy consumption Public Health UV disinfection of drinking water, waste water, industrial water, food, air Energy Extraction Optical sensing to optimize oil and gas recovery Pollution Reduction Mercury discharge reduction as solid state lighting displaces mercury lamps and fluorescent lighting for illumination, disinfection and display backlighting Environmental Monitoring Optical sensors for air and water monitoring Reducing Greenhouse Gas Displace fossil fuels with renewable energy Emissions sources incorporating optoelectronics Source: OIDA Phil Wright ( Big problems, Big impacts
  6. 6. Where is it going? Green solutions will drive optoelectronics industry growth Growth in investment Government policies promoting green tech objectives Optoelectronics industry is responding Adopting green design goals Green manufacturing practices resulting in further green outcomes Markets are large, underpin world economy and sustainability Investors creating a new bubble Green Photonics revenues already large and growing rapidly Phil Wright ( Big opportunities
  7. 7. Green Photonics Market Segments Underlying Technology Application Impact Technology xSi, pSi, aSi, CdTe, Renewable energy, reduced carbon Photovoltaics Power generation CIS, CIGS emissions, reduced pollution Reduced energy consumption, reduced Solid State Lighting LEDs, OLEDs Illumination, Displays mercury pollution Improved drinking water quality, reduced Ultraviolet Disinfection UV LEDs Water purification mercury pollution VCSELs, PIN High Efficiency Optical IT data centers Reduced energy consumption detectors, Si Transceivers electronics Energy extraction, Gas Reduced energy consumption, Reduced Fiber optics, Bragg Optical Sensors sensing, environmental pollution, Reduced green house gas gratings, Detectors monitoring, emission OLEDs, LEDs, MEMs, Information and Low Power Displays Reduced energy consumption Electrophoretics, LCDs Entertainment Display Reduced energy consumption, reduced Green Optoelectronic Many Many water consumption, Reduced pollution, Manufacturing Reduced green house gas emission Source: OIDA Phil Wright ( Strong growth in all segments
  8. 8. World Energy Sources Photovoltaics have been a very small portion of world energy supplies Source: REN21 2006, BP2006 Statistical Review Phil Wright ( Solar PV <0.1% of Global Energy 2006
  9. 9. Forecast Photovoltaic Capacity Source: McKinsey Phil Wright ( Photovoltaic capacity 160 GWp in 2020
  10. 10. Solid State Lighting SSL is available, becoming acceptable in more applications, offers potential for very large electricity savings Specific US market applications - 2 % US Consumption, 25 coal-fired plants Sources: US DOE, Cree Phil Wright ( 100% Conversion saves 212 TWh/yr
  11. 11. Solid State Lighting SSL has the potential to reverse the upward trend in US energy consumption for lighting Source: US DOE Phil Wright ( Lighting energy down 15-20% in 2020
  12. 12. Ultraviolet Disinfection/Purification Applications Water purification – Municipal drinking water – Municipal waste water – Private potable water – Industrial process water – Industrial waste water – Consumer drinking water – Chemical destruction – Organics destruction Air purification – Deactivation of airborne viruses, bacteria, spores, fungi – Deactivation of viruses, bacteria, spores, fungi in HVAC equipment Food preparation and purification – Disinfection in packaged food manufacturing – Elimination grease, oil and odors in cooking hoods Current UV disinfection units employ mercury lamps - limited lifetime, mercury pollution Sources: Hydro-Photon, Aqua Sun Intl, Atlantic Ultraviolet Phil Wright ( Market opportunity for UV HB-LEDs
  13. 13. Data Transport and Processing In 2006 servers and data centers consumed 1.5 percent of US electricity (61 billion kWh) May double by 2011 <2006 Source: US EPA Phil Wright ( Action needed to rein in data center power
  14. 14. Optical Data Transport and Processing Important roles for Green Photonics in reducing power consumption in communications and computing Short term – further deployment and upgrading of optical communications links with lower mW/Gb/s, also leads to reduced cooling requirements and improved cooling capability Medium and Long term – new computing hardware architectures employing optical interfaces between processing, logic, and memory will lead to higher flops/W Sources: Lightwire, IBM Phil Wright ( Tighter integration leads to lower power
  15. 15. Optical Sensor Examples Application Property Sensed Technology Impact Maximizing wind turbine Fiber Bragg Grating More efficient and reliable wind Strain performance (FBG) power Distributed fiber Rapid and accurate detection of Pipeline leakage detection Temperature, Strain optic Brillouin and pipeline leakage minimizing Raman analyzers environmental damage Water pressure, Turbidity, Various optical Improved water quality and Ground water monitoring Chlorophyll, Blue Green sensor technologies availability Algae, Contaminants, etc. Temperature, Strain, Fiber Bragg Grating Intelligent oil well systems Improved oil and gas recovery Pressure, Seismic activity, Oil, gas and water flow Optical absorption in More efficient and reliable fiber coupled Electrical transformers Hot spot temperature electrical transmission semiconductor material Dissolved oxygen Phase fluorometry Monitoring dissolved oxygen in Oxygen concentration monitoring marine/freshwater ecosystems Sources: OIDA, David Krohn Phil Wright ( Many and diverse applications
  16. 16. Optical Sensors Pipe Line Leakage Monitoring Fiber Optic Sensors for Oil Extraction LIDAR for Wind Turbine Control Fiber Optic Sensors for Wind Turbine Control Sources: Smartec, Opsens, Catch the Wind, Insensys Phil Wright ( Market is broad and growing
  17. 17. Energy Efficient Displays US TVs consumed 46 billion kWh in 2004, ~4% residential electricity use Forecast to grow to more than 70 billion kWh by 2009 TV power consumption scales with screen size – projection lower power than plasma Sony XEL-1 OLED TV power consumption matches trend Laser projection TVs offer major power savings For 60”-65” class TV – Plasma 524W, LCD 525W, Laser projection 135W Mature but rapidly disappearing CRT TVs are relatively efficient Source: NRDC Phil Wright ( Projection and OLED TVs save power
  18. 18. Energy Efficient Displays OLED and LCD displays have potential for power savings Sony XEL-1 OLED TV Sources: Sony, Chi Mei Opto Phil Wright ( Room for improvements
  19. 19. Green Optoelectronics Manufacturing One company’s commitment Source: AU Optronics Phil Wright ( Improving product design
  20. 20. Green Optoelectronics Manufacturing Improvement in Product or Element Impact Process Backlight efficiency, Pixel Light Efficiency Improvement 50 % reduction in power consumption transmittance Low Hg lamp, Fewer backlight Backlight 30-50 % reduction in Hg content lamps Glass, printed circuit board, liquid Eliminate arsenic from glass, Eliminate Green component selection crystal material, integrated circuits, halogens, Eliminate brominated fire sealing materials, etc. retardant Reduce water consumption per glass area Water consumption Low water processing by 70% Reduce green house gas emissions per Greenhouse gas Low emission processes glass area by 70% Save 21,000 trees, 48,000 tons water, Shipping packaging material Redesign shipping packaging 3,000 MWhr electricity, 2,000 ton CO2 Maximize shipping container Save 6,300 ton CO2 , 13,000 MWhr Shipping transportation loading electricity Recycle glass, Reuse solvents, Waste production 80 % waste recovery rate Reduce sludge, Reuse sludge Source: AU Optronics Phil Wright ( Improving processes across the board
  21. 21. Conclusions Green Photonics market segments including Photovoltaics, Solid State Lighting, Sensors are gaining traction in the market and are making good progress Other segments not as far along, e.g. Data center power consumption – problem is well documented, solutions are not Display efficiency Ultraviolet HB-LEDs Green optoelectronic manufacturing Are these opportunities for OIDA to actively coordinate and promote industry efforts to advance optoelectronic technology and market development? Phil Wright (