presentation zen
meta presentation
presentation styles
Masayoshi Takahashi
The Takahashi Method
huge characters
easy to see
Larry Lessig
The Lessig Method
Dick Hardt @
OSCON 2005
Guy Kawasaki
The Kawasaki
top 10 format
10 slides
10 major ideas
10/20/30 rule
10 slides
20 minutes
30 point font
a contrast in styles
Steve Jobs
Bill Gates
what can we learn?
top 10 list
have a clear goal...
...for the
...and each slide.
know your message
slides are a visual aid
slides are not the
   main event...
you are the main
know your audience
context matters
not “good” or “bad”
   (or not)
be “open”
body language
attitude matters
connect with the
face the audience
apologies are bad
pauses are good
(no more than 6 to
10 words per slide)
...but not simplistic
bullet points are bad
focus on clarity
use notes...
...but don’t use your
    slides as notes.
there is no #3
(humor is good)
powerpoint is not
   good for...
...complex concepts
...lots of words
...inspiring an
(‘nuff said)
there are no rules
only you can prevent
 bad presentations.
Edward R. Tufte
The Cognitive Style of
Beautiful Evidence
Presentation Zen
Presentation Zen
Presentation Zen
Presentation Zen
Presentation Zen
Presentation Zen
Presentation Zen
Presentation Zen
Presentation Zen
Presentation Zen
Presentation Zen
Presentation Zen
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Presentation Zen


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Giving a presentation without putting your audience to sleep.

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  • Good afternoon and welcome to “Presentation Zen”.
    I am Phil Toland
    I work in IT on Customer Portal
    I will be giving today’s Lunch and Learn presentation
  • This is a presentation about presentations
    A “meta presentation”
    I will talk about using slideware as a communication tool
    I will not talk about how to create a presentation in powerpoint
  • Bad presentation anecdote: Vendor presentation
    Presenter did not know the subject matter, was reading slides
    “I don’t know what this slide is trying to say”, “I think this slide is trying to say...”
    Typical of bad presentations, we left the room annoyed with the vendor
  • We will start out by looking at some new and different presentation styles
    Different ways to approach the problem
    Mine for inspiration and ideas
  • Takahashi is a developer who was asked to give a five minute presentation
    He didn’t have powerpoint or graphics software, yet he wanted to make a good impression
    He decided to put a few carefully chosen characters on the screen for each slide
  • This style is known as the Takahashi Method
    The characters on the screen are carefully chosen to have the most impact
    Overlap of written language and art
  • Uses very large fonts
    A few characters take up the whole screen
    Audience doesn’t have to spend a long time looking at the screen to understand
  • The large characters are easy to see from all points in the room
    The simplicity of the slide does not distract from the speaker
  • Larry Lessig, attorney and law professor at Stanford
    Involved with the EFF and created the Creative Commons
    Advocate for “free culture” and copyright reforms
  • Similar to the Takahashi method
  • Lessig’s slides often contain a single word
  • quote
  • or photo
  • Best example of Lessig Method was keynote given by Dick Hardt at OSCON 2005
    We are going to watch the first three minutes
  • Hardt made good use of animations, they were subtle
    Pacing was good but difficult to maintain
    Requires lots of planning
    Talk was only 15 minutes long
  • Guy Kawasaki, venture capitalist
    Gives a lot of presentations
    Listens to a lot of business pitches
  • Tired of boring presentations
    Top 10 format gives some idea of progress
    Kawasaki uses top 10 for all of his presentations
  • 10 slides
    10 major ideas
    helps keep things simple
  • Kawasaki’s advice to people pitching business ideas to him
    the 10/20/30 rule
    Extension of top 10 format
  • Gives time for question and answer
    Padding for, eg projector failure
    People show up late and leave early
  • Easy to see
    c.f. Takahashi method
  • fonts should probably be much bigger
    I use 96pt in this presentation
  • Look at two very different presentation styles
    Consider the styles, not the individual presenting or the company they represent
  • Very dynamic and open style
    Known for his ability to hold an audience
    Every “Stevenote” is sold out
  • Simple...three main elements
    Immediately clear
    A prop, not the main message
  • Is that litter?
    Too many different colors
    Information overload
  • Simple graphic
    Supports what Steve is saying
    Doesn’t take attention away from Steve
  • Takes attention away from Bill
    Too much...doesn’t support a single point well
    Is it raining on the iMac?
  • Steve is comfortable with himself on stage
    Comes out close to the audience
    Uses blank screen to focus attention on himself
  • Bullet points as a crutch
    Bill is not as comfortable...nervous gesture of bringing hands together
    Stays back from the audience
    At least move each bullet point to a different slide
  • These are all examples to be learned from
  • Advice from Edward Tufte...
  • Edward Tufte
    “Never apologize. If you’re worried the presentation won’t go well, keep it to yourself and give it your best shot. Besides, people are usually too preoccupied with their own problems to notice yours.“
  • Edward Tufte:
    “Be sure to allow long pauses for questions.”
  • Presentation Zen

    1. 1. presentation zen
    2. 2. meta presentation
    3. 3. presentation styles
    4. 4. Masayoshi Takahashi
    5. 5. The Takahashi Method
    6. 6. huge characters
    7. 7. easy to see
    8. 8. Larry Lessig
    9. 9. The Lessig Method
    10. 10. Dick Hardt @ OSCON 2005
    11. 11. Guy Kawasaki
    12. 12. The Kawasaki Method
    13. 13. top 10 format
    14. 14. 10 slides 10 major ideas
    15. 15. 10/20/30 rule
    16. 16. 10 slides
    17. 17. 20 minutes
    18. 18. 30 point font
    19. 19. (minimum)
    20. 20. a contrast in styles
    21. 21. Steve Jobs
    22. 22. Bill Gates
    23. 23. what can we learn?
    24. 24. top 10 list
    25. 25. (10)
    26. 26. have a clear goal...
    27. 27. ...for the presentation...
    28. 28. ...and each slide.
    29. 29. know your message
    30. 30. (9)
    31. 31. slides are a visual aid
    32. 32. slides are not the main event...
    33. 33. you are the main event.
    34. 34. (8)
    35. 35. know your audience
    36. 36. context matters
    37. 37. not “good” or “bad”
    38. 38. “appropriate” (or not)
    39. 39. (7)
    40. 40. be “open”
    41. 41. body language matters
    42. 42. attitude matters
    43. 43. connect with the audience
    44. 44.
    45. 45. face the audience
    46. 46. (6)
    47. 47. apologies are bad
    48. 48. pauses are good
    49. 49. (5)
    50. 50. simple...
    51. 51. (no more than 6 to 10 words per slide)
    52. 52. ...but not simplistic
    53. 53. bullet points are bad
    54. 54. m’kay
    55. 55. focus on clarity
    56. 56. (4)
    57. 57. use notes...
    58. 58. ...but don’t use your slides as notes.
    59. 59. (3)
    60. 60. there is no #3
    61. 61. (humor is good)
    62. 62. (2)
    63. 63. powerpoint is not good for...
    64. 64. ...complex concepts
    65. 65. ...lots of words
    66. 66. ...inspiring an audience.
    67. 67. (1)
    68. 68. DON’T
    69. 69. USE
    70. 70. BULLET POINTS!
    71. 71. (‘nuff said)
    72. 72. (0)
    73. 73. there are no rules
    74. 74. Remember...
    75. 75. only you can prevent bad presentations.
    76. 76. Resources
    77. 77. Edward R. Tufte
    78. 78. The Cognitive Style of Powerpoint
    79. 79. Beautiful Evidence
    80. 80.
    81. 81. finis
    1. A particular slide catching your eye?

      Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.