Ahcohs201 a contridute oh&s process
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Ahcohs201 a contridute oh&s process



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    Ahcohs201 a contridute oh&s process Ahcohs201 a contridute oh&s process Presentation Transcript

    • AHCOHS201A1
    •  OHS&W Regulations Division 2.9 Code of Practice2
    •  Main Objectives Effective from January 1991 To prevent the occurrence of INJURY and toREDUCE the severity of injuries resulting frommanual handling tasks in the workplace3
    • 4
    •  An activity requiring the use of force exertedby a person to:◦ Lift or Lower◦ Push or Pull◦ Carry◦ Otherwise move◦ Hold or restrainA person, animal or thing58 5
    •  TO REDUCE :◦ Pain and Suffering◦ Injury Costs◦ Medical Costs◦ Lost Worker Hours◦ Worker Replacement6
    •  TO REDUCE :◦ Work cover Levy◦ Damaged Equipment◦ Investigation Costs◦ Lost Productivity7
    • 8
    • 9
    • Posture Compressive Load on the Spine(kg)Standing 50kgsBending downwith out bendinglegs200 – 300kgsBending downwith out bendinglegs to pick up10kgs350 – 600kgs10
    • 11
    • 12
    •  Everyone working in allindustries High Risk Occupations◦ Construction◦ Product assemblers◦ Process workers◦ Office workers – data entry13
    •  Long term Pain and Suffering The Stigma associated with back and otherinjuries which cannot be seen Emotional Distress to the individual Loss of Morale of fellow workers Tension within families and relationships14
    •  Direct Cost◦ Compensation◦ Wages◦ Medical15
    •  Many hidden financial costs Indirect Cost◦ Production losses◦ Retraining staff◦ Training new staff◦ Fine◦ Increased work cover levy16
    •  Require employers to :◦ Identify Risks◦ Assess the Risk◦ Control Risks◦ Monitor and Review Arising from Manual Handling tasks17
    • 18
    •  A hazard is anything that has the potential tocause injury or illness Can be present or potential danger May or may not be visible - emerging19
    •  Anything that has the potential to causeinjury or illness20
    •  Methods being used to perform a task Machines in use Substances in use - package size Storage and transport Workplace practices and procedures Repetitive use of muscles Static loads21
    •  The probability or likelihood of the hazardresulting in an injury, illness or disease The likelihood of sustaining and injury orillness because of the exposure to the hazard28 22
    •  The likelihood or the chance that the hazardwill result in injury23
    •  Hazard Risk Outcome Heavy Object Lifting heavy objects Sprains /stains Sharp Surface Handling sharp object Cuts /abrasions Small forces Pruning for long periodInflammation of jointsrapid and continuously Bending Excessive Bending Sprains andstrains Twisting Excessive Twisting Sprains andstrains Vibration Holding Pneumatic Drill Loss ofFeeling19 24
    •  Minimum Effort is required to do the task25
    •  Recommended Weight:◦ 16kgs – 20kgs Depends upon the physical capabilities of theindividual26
    •  Leverage effects the load on the body27
    •  Undue stress on the back and spine28
    •  Extreme range movements Twisting while lifting Bending the spine Jerky, uncontrolled movements Jumping from heights70 29
    •  Results in discomfort or persistent pain:◦ tendons◦ muscles◦ soft tissue30
    •  Usually caused and / or aggravated by work Repetitive movement over extended periods Static muscular load31
    •  Contributing Factors:◦ Poor work station design◦ Badly designed equipment◦ Poorly designed tools◦ Poorly maintained tools◦ Lack of training◦ Lack of Administrative control measures32
    •  Risk Identification Risk Assessment Risk Control Review and Evaluate21 33
    •  Analysis of workplace injury records Consultation with employees Direct Observation◦ use a checklist as per Code - p 10 -12◦ conduct site inspections◦ inspect new equipment◦ analyze new systems21 34
    •  Risk Rating - How bad is the risk Consequences - catastrophic to negligible Probability - frequent to improbable Severity - extremely serious to low Priority - urgent to none Risk Assessment Sheet - p 13 - 2035
    • 36
    •  What can be changed to make improvements21 37
    •  Elimination Substitution Engineering Controls Administrative Controls Personal Protective Equipment Monitor and Evaluate29 38
    •  Elimination completely removes the hazard orrisk of exposure to the hazard Eliminate the hazard or risk29 39
    •  Substitution involves replace a hazardoussubstance, machinery or work process with aless hazardous one Substitute the hazard or risk29 40
    •  Engineering controls may involveisolation,guards, shields or modification todesign Engineer out the problem30 41
    •  Administration controls involve introducingwork practices and procedures job rotation, regular breaks , signs Introduce administrative control30 42
    •  PPE is a last resort measure to risk control PPE may include glasses, gloves, hats earprotection Provide personal protective equipment43
    •  Are the changes effective Have any new hazards be introduced Is there a need to make changes Continuos improvement44
    • 45
    •  Plan - Assess - Think Maintain the “ S “ curve in the back Maintain Balance◦ A solid stance that avoids discomfort Keep the Load Close to the Body70 46
    •  Comfortable work position47
    •  Comfortable and more Relaxed48
    •  Less strain on the back49
    •  What changes can you make to improvemanual handling What changes will you make to improvemanual handling50