Fundamental Principles of Analytical Design (Tufte)1 - Comparisons2 - Causality, mechanism, structure, explanation3 - Multivariate analysis4 - Integration of evidence5 - Documentation6 - Content counts most of all Source: Edward Tufte - Beautiful Evidence
Charles Minard’s data-map describes the successive lossesin men of the French army during the French invasion of Russia in 1812 Source: Edward Tufte - Beautiful Evidence
3 - Show multivariate data; that is, show more than 1 or 2 variables.
Channel Ranking vs. Data TypeQuantitative Ordinal Nominal Position Position Position Length Density Hue Angle Saturation Texture Slope Hue Connection Area Texture Containment Volume Connection Density Density Containment Saturation Saturation Length Shape Hue Angle Length Texture Slope Angle Connection Area Slope Containment Volume Area Shape Shape VolumeSource: Tamara Munzner. Chapter 27, p 675-707, of Fundamentals of Graphics, Third Edition, by Peter Shirley et al. AK Peters, 2009
Maps for height, hair color and cephalic index distribution Source: Semiology of Graphics - Jacques Bertin
Map for height, hair color and cephalic index distribution Source: Semiology of Graphics - Jacques Bertin