Ph speaking ppt


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Ph speaking ppt

  1. 1. Speak to Me! Phil Holland September 1, 2013 IP Exhibition, Met Hotel
  2. 2. “Speak to me!”
  3. 3. • Please tell us who you are • the ages or stages of the students you teach • in what setting or settings you teach them • and what has brought you here today to invest in self-improvement
  4. 4. “traditional”
  5. 5. First things first • The primacy of speaking, the skill that matters most • In Greece, the skill that often lags behind the others.
  6. 6. Greek challenges • The cult of ‘the material’ • The dominance of grammar • The climate of exams
  7. 7. • To speak effectively, grammar, vocabulary, register, pronunciation, and of course listening ability must come together seamlessly and almost automatically.
  8. 8. • Then and now • Your students are ready to speak • Are you?
  9. 9. Getting students to speak in class • Speaking time: do the math • Now, redo the math – Choral work – Pair and group work
  10. 10. Speaking across the curriculum
  11. 11. Glossophobia • Overcoming the fear factor • The King’s Speech
  12. 12. Monologues: • Presentations, storytelling, speeches, giving directions, instructions, or our opinions, narrating a sequence of events Dialogues • listening and rapid strategic response
  13. 13. Monologues: • ‘the art of invention’ • ‘the art of arrangement’
  14. 14. “Conference maketh a ready man.” -- Francis Bacon
  15. 15. • Teaching speaking is a way of enabling students to own English for themselves. Their ultimate goal in acquiring the language should be for them to find their own voice in it, literally. Every class you teach should help them down that path.
  16. 16. What is the right age to speaking activities? • Younger learners • Teenagers • Adults
  17. 17. Speech vs. writing • Speech is oral and aural. It is phonetic. It’s all about how we make air vibrate, and how those vibrations are decoded by listeners. • Speech has intonation! Emphasis, color, pauses, so much may be conveyed by tone of voice and other strictly oral features. • Speaking is accompanied (in person) by non-linguistic features such as facial expression and body language. • Speech often employs a less formal register. Spoken English uses more Germanic phrasal verbs vs. their single-word Latin-French equivalents, for example.
  18. 18. • Spoken English uses far more contractions than written English. • Speech is less tightly structured than writing – more ‘ands’ and ‘buts’, for example, more hesitations and changes of direction. • Speech has no punctuation, no paragraphs, no visible shape or end. The shape is supplied by ‘discourse markers’ and other spoken signposts. • Speech includes many more questions and other linguistic features characteristic of interaction. • Speakers adjust their speech in response to what their interlocutors say back to them or in response to their facial expressions and body language.
  19. 19. Contractions • Don’t you agree? Isn’t what I’m saying making sense. Hadn’t you thought of that before? Maybe you should’ve been teaching more contractions all along. By now you’ve caught on to the fact that I’m using a contraction for every verb I’m saying. Or maybe you hadn’t even noticed. You wouldn’t’ve noticed if you were used to hearing everyday English. So, you ask, what’s the problem? And if there is a problem, what are we gonna do about it? • Of course, I can take it one step further. Doncha ‘gree? Hadn’tja thoughta that before? I dunno, maybe you shoulda been teachin’ more contractions…
  20. 20. • Translation • Correction
  21. 21. Pronunciation • If George VI could do it…
  22. 22. Sample pronunciation activities • s/z • • a small child; a heavy smoker; a basic requirement; a large increase; • a close friend; close the door; use a spoon; user-friendly; what’s the use? • • silent letters • • an honest man; a great honor; farm-raised salmon; an ancient castle; • fasten your seat belts; a double-edged sword • • the ‘sh’ • • You should have no trouble with it. • I was shocked to see him there. • Which Michigan exam are you taking, the lower or the proficiency? • Are you anxious about it? • Do you collect seashells? • Did you hurt your shoulder? • She married a soldier, a sergeant, in fact.
  23. 23. • ‘ui’ • You should eat at least one piece of fruit every day. • He bought a new suit for the interview. • “Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness” • • “oo” • What a good book! • You’re stepping on my foot, you fool. • Don’t look now, but he’s coming back. • Oh no, the tub has overflowed and flooded the floor! • • “uh” • What country is she from? • Above all, be on time. • I plan to study multimedia in London. • It takes courage to start your own company under current conditions. • That’s the one I wanted, because it was the only color I liked. • • short “i” vs. “ee” • I’ve been living in this house in the village since I was six years old. • It’s time to leave for the airport. • At Christmastime we decorate a ship. • I’m in the video business.
  24. 24. Enhanced speaking for exams “Sure, why not? Everybody wants to be famous now. You get much money, everybody is talking for you, they see you on the street and they know you. I would like to be a famous football player and play for PAOK.” vs. “Famous? Yes, but on my own terms. Fame is great, we all want our share of glory, to earn a lot of money, to be recognized on the street, but not at the expense of…”
  25. 25. Some exam resources • ESOL (Cambridge) FCE speaking ‘actual test’ videos: • etails?resId=7186 • • The MSU exam website has useful sets of sample exam speaking prompts and videos: • • http://www.msu- • • • But the essence of preparation is simply comfort and skill in speaking, which comes with free practice.
  26. 26. Discourse markers and handy phrases to connect and contrast… • Actually, • In fact, • As a matter of fact, • Well, • For one thing,…. and for another,…. • On (the) one hand,… (but) on the other,… • • Let me say first of all that… • The first thing I want to say is that… • I want to add that… • Let me point out that… • I want to stress the fact that…
  27. 27. (a few more) • Formerly…but now • In the past…but now • Whereas… • Instead of… • Although… • In spite of the fact that… • Despite… • Contrary to what you might expect, • In contrast to…
  28. 28. Expressing opinion • I think that... • I believe that… • I strongly/ firmly believe that… • It is my belief that… • Personally, I feel that… • In my opinion,… • In my view,… • To my way of thinking,… • As I see it,… • The way I see it,… • As far as I can see,… • I would argue that... • I am of the opinion that… • I agree with those who think that… • I support the view that… • I have come to the conclusion that…