1 introduction oikoslogie slg2011

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1 introduction oikoslogie slg2011

  1. 1. OIKOSLOGY 2011 THE PLACE OF MANKIND AT GENK - SLEDDERLOArchitecture of and at the edge of Sledderlo. 1
  2. 2. A City LobeOr the place of Each studentMankind. 1 designs the ‘red’ area SledderloEdges and and architects it to the green-bluegradient which fingers and to the city.clearly indicate • has special attention in his design forThe place of the architectural edge, in terms ofmankind architectural landscape in all his depths, between “green” areas enEFFICIENT “build” areasTraffic carrier 3 designs the essential part of the buid area as far as possible in the details.Green bluefingers This makes thatRequirements: The point is the The point is to draw Architecture becomes oikos-logyWork with architecture of the architecture not only inarchitecture City of the future nature but in and with An architectural interrogationand in Under the authority nature. And the design of‘oikoslogic’ way. Of sustainability. The place of mankind 2 In and with nature
  3. 3. There is to-day an ecological crisis.This crisis will not only change our way of building but also our way of using space our way of ‘being on earth’.The spatial consequences of that are to be thought by the architect.In this studio we will deal wit the all the richness of the field of architecture.We will have to deal with “what about is architecture?“The title of this studio is OIKOSLOGYWith Oikos as a word of the field of architecture.Oikos is the place where the human being stay or remain (on earth).So we will hold our attention for the logic of how the human being has to remain on earthand how that stay has to be build.This is an architecture studio.And in this studio we think thatbuilding the city, or working on landscapesis in the field of architecture.We are not thinking that architecture is made by ‘objects’ injected in city “planning“.Building the city is architecture.And so further in this studio, which is the last before your final work,we’ll also consider as architect everythingfrom the smallest intervention,to small buildings,to bigger buildingsto public spaces,to the space of the city,to landscapeand even to ‘no mans land’. 3
  4. 4. The central preoccupation of this studio will be ‘the place of the ‘human’ beingBoth, place and human being, not considered as ‘in and in front of’ nature but ‘in and with’ natureIn other words we agree with what is human but we disagree with humanism (or anthropocentrism).The model that we’ll use for this is all the way of thinking exposed by Tsjalingii (finger and lob city)and by Ian Mac Hargh. (‘Design with nature’ here in Library)Bjoke Carron landscape architect and historian (TC) will make us understand and reflect about time structure and landscapeErik Rombaut, biologist specialised in ecology of the build world and teacher you had last year,will come to the studio for two or three synthetic scientific contributionsshowing at new how this field of eco-logy, eco-nomy, sociology and politics (building the polis)and showing us how they are intricated and what are their requirements .I’m Marc Belderbos and my task will be to maintain the pressure of the question:What has architecture, as architecture, to do with this new ecological requirements?.We hope that you understand by this first introductive words that this studio asks all your maturity as architect and human beingsand that this studio will measureThis studio had big results in the last years great result (two times the ‘laureat’ on three years)At the end of the studio we will have a full electronic document with all your works and probably we will bring it on line. 4
  5. 5. Where is Sledderlo? There! 5
  6. 6. There! 6
  7. 7. There! 7
  8. 8. There! 8
  9. 9. There! 9
  10. 10. There! 10
  11. 11. There! 11
  12. 12. There! 12
  13. 13. There! 13
  14. 14. There! 14
  15. 15. Where is Sledderlo? There! 15
  16. 16. There! 16
  17. 17. There!And the carrier of Sledderlo is SMALL! 17
  18. 18. 18
  19. 19. The red lineThat you allmost not see,Is 20km thick.It has the dimension of the layerof all the life which is known in the universe ……..This layer, the biosfeer, is 150 miljard km3It is also the most important layer and by our use of petrol for example (88 millionof ‘the climate’ barils a day) we fill it with 35 billion Kg CO2/day That’s to say that each biotope small , fragile and vulnerable. 10 km above us and 10m under us is there allmost no life anymore 19
  20. 20. To build in Sledderlo is to build in a sort of chain 20
  21. 21. A City LobeOr the place of Each studentMankind. 1 designs the ‘red’ area SledderloEdges and and architects it to the green-bluegradient which fingers and to the city.clearly indicate • has special attention in his design forThe place of the architectural edge, in terms ofmankind architectural landscape in all his depths, between “green” areas enEFFICIENT “build” areasTraffic carrier 3 designs the essential part of the buid area as far as possible in the details Following the principles of sustainebility.Green bluefingers This makes thatRequirements: The point is the The point is to draw Architecture becomes oikos-logyWork with architecture of the architecture not only inarchitecture City of the future nature but in and with An architectural interrogationand in Under the authority nature. And the design of‘oikoslogic’ way. Of sustainability. The place of mankind 21 In and with nature
  22. 22. Centrum Lobe Blue green Mobility carrier Physical architectural fingers edges in place of administrative borders 22Design with the structure of a Blue-Green finger and Lobe-city
  23. 23. So no more, happy fews, in nature But a lot in and with Nature! 23
  24. 24. What has architecture to do with ecology? 24
  25. 25. The title of this studio is ‘oikoslogy’. Not only for this reasons: 25
  26. 26. The title of this studio is ‘oikoslogy’. Not only for this reasons:http://issuu.com/globalfootprintnetwork/docs/lpr2008 26
  27. 27. The title of this studio is ‘oikoslogy’. Not only for this reasons: 27
  28. 28. The title of this studio is ‘oikoslogy’. Not only for this reasons: 28
  29. 29. The title of this studio is ‘oikoslogy’. Not only for this reasons: 29
  30. 30. The title of this studio is ‘oikoslogy’. Not only for this reasons: 30
  31. 31. The title of this studio is ‘oikoslogy’. Not only for this reasons: 31
  32. 32. The title of this studio is ‘oikoslogy’. Not only for this reasons: 32
  33. 33. The title of this studio is ‘oikoslogy’. Not only for this reasons:BelgiumGermany 33
  34. 34. In the next part we’ll see thatscientific knowledge,as useful and as necessary as it is,is never enough.It builds up a scientific truthwhich is not the truth by which we live.It has to be mixed with other truthswhich are the fact of very disciplined thoughtssynthetic enough to give us real embodied convictionsWe’ll see that science can help us a lot to knowwhere the human being has to be in the future.But for an essential part of the very structure of the place of the man,each form and each figure -till in the details!-have signification which are not scientific.This is then an architectural question.And architecture is a discipline and not a science.Let’s see how on the base of the scientific contribution we, as architect,have to bring our contribution. 34
  35. 35. Each course of ‘ecology begins with this. A B C 35
  36. 36. Beware: Culture isn’t “the finest parts” Of what mankind is doeing. Culture includes a all (even unlikely)A-biotic events and behaviors That the human being ‘cutivates’ and in which he trusts Animals and plants don’t have culture So culture is To wear pull-overs.. To eat with forks... Biotic To mow grass... To sit on chairs… To produce waste…. To consume Culture ... To live in cities Or not. To live in allotments ..... To consider that that the human being is central... This is the culture which interfers with the biotic world and with the abiotic world. 36
  37. 37. A-biotic B iotic CultureTo affect one part can affect the other parts.... 37
  38. 38. A-biotic B iotic CultureTo affect one part can affect the other parts....A-biotic conditions determine human culture. 38But Human culture can influence the balance of the abiotic world.....and so on.
  39. 39. A-biotic B iotic CultureTo affect one part can affect the other parts....Culture is not only ‘in’ nature and at distance face to face with it. 39Culture has to be considered as ‘in and with’ nature
  40. 40. A B C 40
  41. 41. In an architecture school we have to consider:Where is architecture in this scheme? A B C 41
  42. 42. In an architecture school we have to consider:Where is architecture in this scheme?What has architecture to do with ecology? A B C 42
  43. 43. The answer to this question-What has architecture , -as architecture-, to do with ecology…?differs from place to place.The answer will be different.in an architecture schoolorfor industrial engineers.orfor developersorfor politicians or urban officialsor evenfor an urban design school.And so also the answer can be differentfor a scientist in ecology or an architect.because a scientist will verifyhow the buildings are build and how the areas are locatedBut we, architects, are looking how the places and the spaces are build.Therefor the main theme of this studio isThe place of mankind in the future 43
  44. 44. Also very important is thatthe answer to this question-What has architecture , as architecture, to do with ecology…? –in an architecture school,differs followingthe views on architecture….. 44
  45. 45. 1 2Architecture Architectureis establishthe correct, savant of in the realand magnificent A disposition of mattersgame Called ‘space’of the volumes For the well-beingassembled Of the ones who are thereunder the light.CHARLES L’ÉPLATTENIERresumedby Corbusier3 For most people without culture architecture is mainly considered as a sort of planning or ‘ distribution of functions’ + aestheticizing beauty. This view is not considered here. 45
  46. 46. Following the first viewArchitectureisthe correct, savantand magnificentgameof the volumesassembliedunder the light.is ‘architecture’ a game of forms in culture,or: architecture is ‘a part of’ culture,Or: architecture something in ‘nature’ to look atand in confrontation with it.(it is the case of our allotments building) Following this view, architecture is just something added to technical , scientifical, political, economical, sociological solutions and beauty is something aestheticizing . In that case ‘ecology’ would just pronounce some new requirements for the city-, landplanning and architecture world. 46
  47. 47. Following the second viewArchitectureestablishin the realA disposition of mattersCalled ‘space’For the well-beingOf the ones who are there.Which can be read:ArchitectureEstablishIn the realThe place of mankind.Is architecture ‘first’. (a thing without place doesn’t exist)Is architecture the first cultural fact.(therefor not good of bad.... or beter ...or more important or before all the rest.....)Architectuur is arke and tekton: first structure.Architecture is oikos and means the first structured dwelling place. 47
  48. 48. Following the second viewArchitectureestablishin the realA disposition of mattersCalled ‘space’For the well-beingOf the ones who are there.Is ‘architecture’ the first cultural factWhich is making space of emptyness.‘Space’ as emptyness connotated by a law culturaly formulatedSpace as OIKOS:Who is organizing ‘first’ or as ‘arke’ space and time.Following this view, architecture is not something added toTechnical or scientifical…. ...solutions…and ‘beauty’ is the eradiation of a rich logic with the maturity of a law, of the place.In that case we have to answer to the question:’Where is architecture? en ’Where has the human being to stay?’….....And where are they not or less ...This view over architecture is bound to an Ethic. 48
  49. 49. WHERE IS ARCHITECTURE in the authority of the second point of view? A B C 49
  50. 50. WHERE IS ARCHITECTURE in the authority of the second point of view? A B CFirst we have to understand rapidly that this sheme is not designed in proportion. 50
  51. 51. WHERE IS ARCHITECTURE in the authority of the second point of view?There somewhere C 51
  52. 52. Where...? C 52
  53. 53. CArchitecture is at the edge of culture andso at the edge of nature.Architecture is ‘first’. Arke and tekton(therefor not good or bad ........therefornnot ‘first’ alone)Culture has his place in architecture. 53
  54. 54. C But the scheme is circular And it hasn’t to be so 54 It can be open
  55. 55. C It is also not a line without thickness... 55
  56. 56. C B A It has not to be ‘one’... It has not to be continue... 56
  57. 57. C B A 57
  58. 58. So, if architecture is Oikoslogy,Ecology is not only an environmental knowledgeIt is also a ethical position over het humanbeing.Oikoslogy is not only knowledge of ‘nature’But knowledge of our abodein and with natureWith a specific attentionFor the open edge between our abode (the city lobs)and ‘nature’ (the blue and green fingers). 58
  59. 59. De Lobe-city is aBundle of recommendationsTjallingii wrote the scientific bundleOf recommendations.But architecture and ‘to architect’Are not sciences.Architecture and ‘to architect’are disciplinesArchitecture and ‘to architect’Are operations accompaniedBy all a system of thoughtsBy an ethicAnd alsoBy scientifical recommendations. It is so that in the ‘Lobe-city’One can read the signsof a system of thoughtsAnd of an ethic.So, now follows hereunder a synthesisOf the scientific recommendationsAndA synthesis of a disciplinarianinterpretation of the ’Lobe-city’ 59
  60. 60. ScientificallyThe main issue of a ecologic way if thinking,Is to know that life is in a chainor in a system of strong interdependencewith the biotic and abiotic conditions.In life, nothing is independent..To deny this, or to forget this ,Like our way of life is still doing,Creates tensionsOf course in eco-logic field,But also in the eco-nomic fieldAnd further in the political fieldIt brings us to disasters and to war.To built without necessity like there is now a projectIn Genk in a ‘blue-green’ finger dividing it, is in an other scale of course is something similarTo destroy the tropical forest,Because it is still more and more diminishingThe capacity of interdependence of nature. 60
  61. 61. Scientifically5 PARTS1 The structure of the ‘build’ areas (City lobs) in good relation to the unbuild areas (City blue green fingers)2 The stucture of the water system3 The energy chain 4 The structure of the mobility chain 5 Materials and waste 61
  62. 62. Scientifically1 The structure of the ‘build’ areas (City lobs) in good relation to the unbuild areas(City blue green fingers)The cities hasn’t to grow, -beyond a certain scale-,in a concentric way,Beyond a certain scale they have to grow in a radialway with we well defined build areas (City lobs).Between this city lobs we have to preserve or todevelop big blue-green areas where the ground, theair, water and the non-human biotic world can worktogether with the build city. (This are the blue-greencity-fingers)So it very important to know and to sustain in aproject that the city blue-green fingers an city lobshave to ‘work’ together.So a blue-green finger makes part of the city. 62
  63. 63. Scientifically 1 The structure of the ‘build’ areas (City lobs) in good relation to the unbuild areas (City blue green fingers) The lobe city is not a pure theory. It is a bundle of recommendations based on very practical examples No polarity between city and nature But a real multiplicity of links between city and nature. A real network between both. An so the city is alone anymore in nature (with nature out of her) But the city has now to be and to live in and with the nature. And so nature is not alone out of the city but also in and with the city around her . In that sense we repeat the blue-green fingers are part of the city. No apartheid between City and Nature. Particularisms of the allotments cannot be allowed anymore. The new city knows also that the subject who lives in the city is not a pure particular . The subject is the ‘crossing ‘of the other subjects. The subject is also made by the city and made by the other subjects… I remember: this is scientific: Read Henri Laborit (neurolog) So in the future if we want to live then we’ll live in cities and not in allotments. The city is not the sum of particularisms but a great crossing of subjects.To deny that or to forget that 63 So we have to imagine a city responsible of all that and anis harmful for mankind and attractive city of participation from where subjects are happy tonature. share the same place.
  64. 64. Scientifically1 The structure of the ‘build’ areas (City lobs) in good relation to the unbuild areas(City blue green fingers)No small worlds apart .Mankind in future lives in cities and not in allotments.Flanders is the most fragmented and parcelled region inEurope (EEA, 2006).Moreover and despite good resolutions of the ‘spatial structureplan’ (Ruimtelijk Structuurplan Vlaanderen (RSV,1997) ) thesituation is always going worse. p (MIRA-T, 2004en BBL,2006) 64
  65. 65. Scientifically1 The structure of the ‘build’ areas (City lobs) in good relation to the unbuild areas(City blue green fingers)Centrum: size and functionsSize : Each entity has the size of human locomotion Bike or walking. so: less energy use. So also: less cars more pleasant city)Functions : Fundamental is also that one find In all the build area mixed functions. Work and housing together and recreation not far. Social diversity Work diversity …. 65
  66. 66. Scientifically1 The structure of the ‘build’ areas (City lobs) in good relation to the unbuild areas(City blue green fingers) Lobs : size and functions Size : each entity on size of human locomation. Maximum 15 minutes by biking Maximum 300 m walking to public transportation. So public transportation has to be designed first And not added at the end. Public transportation has to be very efficient. So: the lobs have a size The blue-green fingers can be so bigger Functions: It is fundamental to understand that Only build areas with high density (at least 150 Inh/hect) can guarantee a diversity of functions for example commercial. And all this functions has to be reached walking or biking. So: less cars, less noise, better air, less energy waste….to buid in nature we have first Before to enhance the density of a Lob To affect a blue-green finger is harmfull And not to densify a lob is also harmful 66
  67. 67. Scientifically1 The structure of the ‘build’ areas (City lobs) in good relation to the unbuild areas(City blue green fingers)Junction Centrum /lobMainly with quick and efficient public transport ,Than biking Than enventually cars..A bus of 20tons is less pollutantthan tens of cars of 1500 kg for 1person on board1L fuel is 2,5 kg C02 + ….Each day we use in the world135 billions liters petroleumTo move with a car is harmful. 67
  68. 68. Scientifically1 The structure of the ‘build’ areas (City lobs) in good relation to the unbuild areas(City blue green fingers) Need of mixed functions and Mixed social structure Housing – work- recreation ‘participation’ means To live not apart So: not some people who decide for all the the others So: not an oligarchy who takes the decisions Of the politicians So: everybody works and take part of the decisions In the interest of everybody So Everybody sees also everybody. And thereof architecture gives clear signs So no apartheid: People live also in and with the others. This is a very common thought in non humanist civilisation (Buddhist) Apartheid makes the city less pleasant and creates distances 68 And is so polluting and harmful
  69. 69. Scientifically1 The structure of the ‘build’ areas (City lobs) in good relation to the unbuild areas(City blue green fingers) BLUE GREEN FINGERS City meets nature. So: pleasant and healthy city So: more people in the city So: less transportation So: less energy waste So: less harmful 69
  70. 70. Scientifically1 The structure of the ‘build’ areas (City lobs) in good relation to the unbuild areas(City blue green fingers)RELATIONBETWEEN CITY-LOBS ANDCITY BLUE GREEN FINGERSThe city becomes more attractive.Fresh air by natural ventilation of the cityFingers are parts of the city therefor.They are parts of the city which are nature.They clean waterThey bring natural life to the cityThey can be used for well controlled recreation.The blue green fingers give alsoMoe density to the lobsAnd so make public transportation possible.The lob city is compact and of high densityAnd her entities are radial in structure. 70
  71. 71. Wetenschappellijk bekeken 1 The structure of the ‘build’ areas (City lobs) in good relation to the unbuild areas(City blue green fingers)Edge/borderLong edges between lobs and fingers.Longe edges between ‘man’ and‘nature’.This edges are not closed borders.But to secure them firmlyThey should be indentified in an real architectural way.(with landscape elements or buildings)We have to fing a new architecture of the edgeBetween nature and the place of mankind.In Genk we have a beautyful possibility for this.So, open edges but firm edgesWith a gradient betweenThe place of man : the cityAnd the place of relative absence of man: the natureA, administratif line or border is not enoughAn architecture of the open edge can be a guaranteeAgainst harmful invasion of nature, 71
  72. 72. Scientifically 1 The structure of the ‘build’ areas (City lobs) in good relation to the unbuild areas(City blue green fingers)Density: a dens but not concentric cityPublic transport asks 150 inh/hectThis is a minimal densityFor rentability of public transport(a public bus cost +/- 1.700€/day)But dens city doesn’t mean a closed and somber city.A good tip: a lot of common ‘green areas’ intricated in theAnd so also for everybodyViews for everybody on common green areas.(also 3 or 4 levels buildings)Less particular green areas.No gardencity allotments!This is really a question of land policy!Density is also efficientyFor the commercial functions (a lot of clients not far)And it results of course in radical reduction of transport. 72
  73. 73. Scientifically 1 The structure of the ‘build’ areas (City lobs) in good relation to the unbuild areas(City blue green fingers)High/low dynamic gradient :Density of the Lobs-contrast at the edge-gradient with nature. In The blue green fingers are we will find only low-dynamic functions, as biking and walking path, gentle recreation, city farms. City woods, and of course just nature and water infiltration facilities … In the city lobs you find the high dynamic functions: Industries, commercials, service, intense and mass recreation … Housing is between high- dynamic activities and the low-dynamic blue-green Fingers. 73
  74. 74. Scientifically2 The structure of the water-systemWater is in a chain.Integral water management meansThe alignment of all water water plansOn all levelsWith a vision each time to all lower levels.Dirty water in clean water gives dirty waterAnd clean water in dirty water gives also dirty water 74
  75. 75. Scientifically 2 The structure of the water-systemWater is in a chain4 types of water which have their own route:• Rainwater (white water) is used as much as possible.Superfluous rainwater flows to the blue green fingersIt is first retained in ponds andThan goes slowly further.Water have to flow slow. • ‘Street’-water flows to wadi’s and slowly infiltratesthe ground• Grey water is ‘cleaned almost immediately byhelophytes filter• Black water can be used by biogas installation…… 75
  76. 76. Scientifically 2 The structure of the water-systemWater is in a chainWater remains first where it isAnd flows slow.Specially in cities water has to slowdownAnd that to avoidto bring the water further to quickin the countrysideor to loose it.Water is considered asAn ordering principleAnd ground is considered as a spongeRainwater is used, is retained, is infiltrated as quickas possible, and slow down by ’buffer’ poundsNo dirty water flows to clean water. 76
  77. 77. Scientifically 2 The structure of the water-systemWater is in a chainWater remains where it is if possibleIn any case water flows slow..You have to ‘design’ a water neutral area:You work with water you have there.By this, dehydration of countryside is avoided.And dehydration under the cities.By this also submersion of countryside is prevented.By this exhaustion of water reserve is prevented.A lot of space so for water in the cityTo deny this is to create the conditions of war…. 77
  78. 78. Scientifically3 The energy chain No energy has to be wasted So : passive buildings City heating with heat an power plants. Energy which falls from the sky is used immediately -Energy saving buildings (or even energy producing buildings) - renewable energy - as less as possible ‘un’renewable energy (TRIAS ENERGETICA) SUSTAINABILITY 78
  79. 79. Scientifically 4 Traffic structureTraffic carrierFirst of all the traffic carrier has to guaranteeEfficient and fluent public transport and bike traffic.So: priority to public transports and to bikes.Public transport is not rentable without densityAnd has to reachable easily (max 300m walking)This define also the dimension of a lob.We build in function of public transportAnd not the opposite!Optimalisation of public transportAnd minimalisation of particular polluting transportConnection walk-bike-public transport has to be wellorganised and so on between public transports (bus/train)Dens housing districts (with parkings on the edge (3minwalk ) and so districts with a low level of car trafficAnd so more pleasant districts ….. 79
  80. 80. Scientifically 4 Structure of trafficMOBILITY RULES:There is to be thought aboutWhat are we doingWalking?Biking?By public transport?With particular car ?And soWhere are the resources of our transport?And so alsoWhere is the man with this rules of mobilityTRANSPORTTransport is reduced as much as possibleNo beans from Kenya!......So city farms(a farm skyscraper is already designed…)…. 80
  81. 81. Scientifically 5 MATERIAL AND WASTE We try to understand how a material in al the cyclus of his ‘life’ Is more or less polluting Cfr E Rombaut lectures and course. This is also a question sustainebility. Cradle to cradle is the principle. 81
  82. 82. But!The lobe city is not only a scientific modelThe lobe city is also linked toa way of thinking.…. 82
  83. 83. The lobe-city is also linked toa way of thinking.The Lobe city in not only the resultOf techno-scientific requirements.Why is it importantto understand and to assimilate that way of thinkingBecause scientific knowledge is never enough.The greenhouse effect is known scientifically since 1896.........(Svante Arrhenius, Swedish scientist Nobel price 1903)Techniques to resolve the ecological problem areavailable quite a long timeBut techniques are not enough.Scientific and technical certaintiesAre never convincing enough in life.Man has also to ‘believe’ or to be ‘physically convinced’.It is a way of life and a way of thinkingWhich will have to change.Thereby we know also that“architecture” and to architect” are not sciencesbut are disciplines which operatewith a ‘artistic’ rationality.This artistic rationality cannot bebuild up by scientific knowledgeBut has to be accompanied by different sciencesand disciplines.Therfor this studio has as title OIKOS-LOGYAnd not ecology and architecture 83Or ‘philosophy’ and architecture.
  84. 84. The lobe-city is also linked toa way of thinking.A science aims to a knowledgeOver how ‘reality’ operatesA discipline aims to a truthoverA structure in the ’real.It is so than manHasn’ta desire to know everythingBut much morea desire to believe enough to It’s important to know that and to manage with that .84
  85. 85. The lobe-city is also linked toa way of thinking.At this time stillMan believe thatThe human beingIs central in natureIs of a higher level of importance,Or that his position is finnaly out of natureHe is not thinking that he is a part of nature.That is the humanistic philosophy.That wasInitialisedIn the second part of the Greek philosophyFormalised in the renaissanceAccentuated with the French enlightenmentpathologised by the romanticshypertrophied under the idealismen en brought to a horrible endBy hyper-humanism in the XX th century.The lob city is the expressionof a human philosophy.Where man knows that he is a part of natureWith specific properties. 85
  86. 86. The lobe-city is also linked toa way of thinking.The lob city is the expressionof a human philosophy.Humanism believesThat there is nothing better than the human being.A humane way of thinkingBelieves that the human being can improve-even structurally !-And that so,Man has to live with open edges in and with naturein open, intense, nuanced and graduatedInterference.Or that the human being cantake in itself something of the other(More than to build it uponly with his own ‘intelligence’ only). 86
  87. 87. The lobe-city is also linked toa way of thinking.The lobe-city is the expressionof a human philosophy.It is an architect who synthesizeA human way of thinkingLouis Kahn:Purity lies in the incompletion.The humanistic thinker would sayPurity lies in the completionOr mankind is sufficient in itself.But in facts it is flagrantMankind is not sufficient in itself.In the lobe-city we can seeThat difference between human and humanismBy a not centralistic cityBut by an open radial city workingin and with nature. 87
  88. 88. The lobe-city is also linked toa way of thinking.The lob city is the expressionof a human philosophy.Man is not central anymore...Man is not the only master anymore…..Man is not everywhere anymore.....Man is not spread every where anymore....Man is not parcelling the world anymore.Man lives not anymore as a particleoutside the cityMan lives in the city.The Lobe-city is a city.The lobe-city is a city but in a new type of cityWhere man needs the man and nature.The lobe city is a city inopen, intense, nuanced, graduateden well controlled interferencewith all his environment. 88
  89. 89. The lobe-city is also linked toa way of thinking.The lobe-city is a cityWhere man needs the man and nature.The lobe-city is a city inopen, intense, nuanced, graduateden well controlled interferencewith all his environment.OPENthe hedgesof the lobs or fingersAre without border lineIn mathematics this is called anopen ensemble.And by thisThe city comes in the natureand with nature in well controlled contactAnd nature is coming in the cityAnd with the city in well controlled contact.But both are absolutely identifiable. 89
  90. 90. The lobe-city is also linked toa way of thinking.The lobe-city is a cityWhere man needs the man and nature.The lobe-city is a city inopen, intense, nuanced, graduateden well controlled interferencewith all his environment.Intense:Very long borders till in de heart cityWho remains still very dens. 90
  91. 91. The lobe-city is also linked toa way of thinking.The lobe-city is a cityWhere man needs the man and nature.The lobe-city is a city inopen, intense, nuanced, graduateden well controlled interferencewith all his environment.Nuanced:Form of lobs has really to dowith what is given by the environmentWe see different types of lobsArticulated in diverse mannersWith and in the city. 91
  92. 92. The lobe-city is also linked toa way of thinking.The lobe-city is a cityWhere man needs the man and nature.The lobe-city is a city inopen, intense, nuanced, graduateden well controlled interferencewith all his environment.graduatedThe edges of the lobswhich are also the edges of the fingersHave a width in gradientFrom high to low dynamic functionsAnd even to no-function 92
  93. 93. The lobe-city is also linked toa way of thinking.The lobe-city is a cityWhere man needs the man and nature.The lobe-city is a city inopen, intense, nuanced, graduateden well controlled interferencewith all his environment.Well controlledThe Lobe-city has a scale and has sizesin each of her entities. 93
  94. 94. The lob city is also linked toa way of thinking.The lobe-city is a cityWhere man needs the man and nature.The lob city is a city inopen, intense, nuanced, graduateden well controlled interferencewith all his environment.interferenceThe lobs and the fingersHave the same morphologyThe lobs and the fingersAre in con-versationThe fingers bring the nature to the city andThe lobs bring the human being to the natureBut all that ina clear distinction between city and nature. 94
  95. 95. The lobe-city is also linked toa way of thinking:Architecture is‘in and with’nature,OrArchitectureTakes in herSomething of the nature 95
  96. 96. ‘in and with’We will so design not in the nature or ‘outside’ or ‘op den buiten’ as….But in and with nature. 96
  97. 97. The lobe-cityAs unique referenceNot as a modelTo copy in a formalistic way.But to be consideredAs a unique bundle ofrecommendations 97
  98. 98. The lobe-cityAsks usWhere can the human being stayAnd that with high level of nuanceGood place toHigh and low dynamic function((also with no-function spaces)Good place forCity and social facilitiesTo enhance contact between peopleDensity and size of the build areasGradient and architectural structure of the edgeOf the finger and the lob.Transportation structure (all type)Water structureProduction of energyMaterialsBut before allArchitecture of this new type of city for an openHuman being lying in incompletion 98
  99. 99. OiKOS LOGY : De place of man.What about is architecture? 99
  100. 100. OiKOS LOGY : De place of man.What about is architecture? Generally A good project answers with richness to this five questions Where is the project in space and time? Where is the human being? What about is your project? What is the architecture of the project? What are the instruments of your project? What about is architecture? 100
  101. 101. OiKOS LOGY : De place of man.What about is architecture? Where is the project? Please answer as an architect. Physiography (Ian Mac Harg) of the place and the environment History Sizes , distances Ground Levels Water climate Transport and traffic ecology Spatial structure ... ... 101
  102. 102. OiKOS LOGIE : De plaats van de mens.OM WAT GAAT HET IN ARCHITECTUUR? A good project answers with richness to this five questions Where is the project in space and time? Where is the human being? What about is your project? What is the architecture of the project? What are the instruments of your project? What about is architecture? 102
  103. 103. OiKOS LOGIE : De plaats van de mens.OM WAT GAAT HET IN ARCHITECTUUR? A good project answers with richness to this five questions What about is your project? Arké-tectonic of Oikos-logic answers To the question where and how will man be there? 103
  104. 104. OiKOS LOGIE : De plaats van de mens.OM WAT GAAT HET IN ARCHITECTUUR? A good project answers with richness to this five questions Where is the project in space and time? Where is the human being? What about is your project? What is the architecture of the project? What are the instruments of your project? What about is architecture? 104
  105. 105. OiKOS LOGIE : De plaats van de mens.OM WAT GAAT HET IN ARCHITECTUUR? A good project answers with richness to this five questions What is the architecture of the project? ARKE TEKTON OIKOS LOGOS Back to the earth….. Or open architecture.... Transparent architecture? Architecture of the building as aarchitectre of the nature?... Reflection of the nature in the architecture. A rich idea for all your project... Be carefull the name your concept can come at the end of your all the design… 105
  106. 106. OiKOS LOGIE : De plaats van de mens.OM WAT GAAT HET IN ARCHITECTUUR? A good project answers with richness to this five questions Where is the project in space and time? Where is the human being? What about is your project? What is the architecture of the project? What are the instruments of your project? What about is architecture? 106
  107. 107. OiKOS LOGIE : De plaats van de mens.OM WAT GAAT HET IN ARCHITECTUUR? A good project answers with richness to this five questions What are the instruments of your project? Answer has tocoherent with the answer to the previous question What is the architecture of your project?... 107
  108. 108. OiKOS LOGIE : De plaats van de mens.OM WAT GAAT HET IN ARCHITECTUUR? A good project answers with richness to this five questions Where is the project in space and time? Where is the human being? What about is your project? What is the architecture of the project? What are the instruments of your project? What about is architecture? 108
  109. 109. OiKOS LOGIE : De plaats van de mens.OM WAT GAAT HET IN ARCHITECTUUR? A good project answers with richness to this five questions What about is architecture? Is the question which an architect has to hold all his life arke en tekton‘, ‘oikos’ en ‘logos’ but further..... 109
  110. 110. OiKOS - LOGY 2011The place of man inWhat about is architecture? 110
  111. 111. A City LobeOr the place of Each studentMankind. 1 designs the ‘red’ area SledderloEdges and and architects it to the green-bluegradient which fingers and to the city.clearly indicate • has special attention in his design forThe place of the architectural edge, in terms ofmankind architectural landscape in all his depths, between “green” areas enEFFICIENT “build” areasTraffic carrier 3 designs the essential part of the buid area as far as possible in the details.Green bluefingers This makes thatRequirements: The point is the The point is to draw Architecture becomes oikos-logyWork with architecture of the architecture not only inarchitecture City of the future nature but in and with An architectural interrogationand in Under the authority nature. And the design of‘oikoslogic’ way. Of sustainability. The place of mankind 111 In and with nature
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