Christian Baptism


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A Biblical course on Christian Water Baptism

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  • Good to see your son being baptised
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  • Baptism should be done in the name of the Father, Son and the Holy Spirit Mt. 28. 19-20 as Jesus commissioned. Though the New Testament records of baptism in Jesus name, that was to show that it was not John's baptism (Acts 19.4, 5).
    Pr. Philip, I have my baptism note in the following link, which you may go through and comment. Thanks
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  • One express command of Jesus Christ is worthy more than a ton of apostolic practice.
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  • Well, I am from Missouri, so show where a trinity (which was made up by a Greek named Tertullian in 200 AD, from Plato's work of Timaeus) in Godhead or baptism within the word of God. futhermore just because the apostles abbreviated here (if all the things that Jesus every did were written down, even the world could not contain the books thereof -John 21:25), they still used Jesus' name in all things. Here's why. (Col 3:17) And whatsoever ye do in word or deed, do all in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God and the Father by him. Paul wrote this along with 12-13 other books. He said that any other Gospel way was apostasy. Gal 1:6-12 But though we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel unto you than that which we have preached unto you, let him be accursed. As we said before, so say I now again, if any man preach any other gospel unto you than that ye have received, let him be accursed. For do I now persuade men, or God? or do I seek to please men? for if I yet pleased men, I should not be the servant of Christ. But I certify you, brethren, that the gospel which was preached of me is not after man. For I neither received it of man, neither was I taught it, but by the revelation of Jesus Christ.

    Paul Himself was baptized in the name of the Lord in Acts 22:16. Jesus is Lord of all. Acts 10:36 Zechariah 14:9 - One Lord, and His name one. One can easily see that Jesus is the name used in conjuntion with the Lord. Just as faith is needed to baptism, Mark 16:16, so the name of Jesus as well. Nobody can baptize an unbelievers (John 3:5-16). Here's another example, of man of little faith. Gal 3:26-28 For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus. For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ. There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus. Thus faith and Jesus' name is used in baptism. No other foundation will do! No mention of the father (because Jesus came in His father's name - John 5:43), the Son is called Jesus (Matt 1:21) and the Comforter or Holy Ghost/Spirit was sent in the name of Jesus (John 14:26). Jesus is the whole family name of God (Ephesians 3:14-15). Why Jesus alone is the way to God (John 14:6). He is the single door to God (John 10:9). The early church was not Catholic, but apostolic. Nobody until Greek Justin Martyr (in 145 AD) ever dared to baptize otherwise. The apostles who knew Jesus all did right. As did the first Roman converts (Romans 6:1-5). Even Pope stephen and Zarchariah said that Jesus name was the right way along with Matian Luther and many other trintarians. Prove to me by the word that anyone ever baptized into a trinity, but cannot. Show me the trinity. If not there you are one verse wonder, a distorter of the Scriptures. I can show where every single baptism in the word was in Jesus' name. Simply read Acts 2:38-22:16. I believe God and I am not here to please you or any other, but my Lord and Master Jesus Christ.
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  • In Acts, we read that the apostles and the early church 'broke bread'. Does that mean that they did not use wine? Why do you use bread and wine for communion service if the apostles used only bread?
    When the 'feet' of the wicked rush into sin (Prov 1:16), do their bodies sit at home? When the 'tongue' of the wicked parade through earth, what did the wicked do without their tongues? (Ps 73:9)
    I am asking these questions to highlight a literary device that the writers of the Bible used. When a part is mentioned to mean the whole, we see the use of a literary device called 'synechdoche' in Scripture. In 1 John 1:9, the 'blood of Jesus' is not just about the blood; it refers to all that Jesus did on the cross of the world. People who do not understand synechdoche develop doctrines about the wonders of the 'blood of Jesus'.
    In the same way, the abbreviated expression 'baptized in the name of the Lord' stand for the complete baptismal formula seen in Matthew 28:19. With increasing support for the opinion that Matthew's Gospel was written before AD 63, I have all the more reason to believe that the Matthean baptismal formula was used widely in the early church. It doesn't matter whether anyone chose to document it earlier than Justin Martyr.
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Christian Baptism

  1. 1. Christian Baptism © Corpus Christi Communications © Philip P Eapen 2008  Corpus Christi Communications    
  2. 2. Christian Baptism • Ritual washings, proselyte baptism • John the Baptist’s work • Jesus’ baptism • Christian baptism: Symbolism and  significance © Corpus Christi Communications • Historical issues and debates
  3. 3. Baptism: The Jewish Rite of  Conversion and Cleansing Christian baptism has its roots in  Jewish baptisms © Corpus Christi Communications
  4. 4. Baptism = A washing • The word ‘baptisma’ in the New Testament  means ‘washing.’ • “When they [Pharisees] come from the marketplace they  do not eat unless they wash. And they observe many  other traditions, such as the washing of cups, pitchers  and kettles.” – Mark 7:4 • “They [Jewish rituals] are only a matter of food and drink  © Corpus Christi Communications and various ceremonial washings­­ external regulations  applying until the time of the new order.” – Heb 9:10
  5. 5. Jewish ritual immersions • Jews used to immerse themselves at  certain times to be ritually clean.  • Rich Jews had private pools for ritual  immersions. © Corpus Christi Communications • The Temple too had several pools
  6. 6. OT basis for ritual cleansing • The OT prescribed ritual cleansing for the  individual, the priests and Levites, and for the  nation.  • Washing of clothes (Ex 19:10­11) • Purification of battle plunder (Num 31:21) • Bathing after defilement by dead bodies, an  unclean person, or by bodily discharges, etc. • Ritual cleansing after recovering from skin  © Corpus Christi Communications diseases (Lev. 14:8­10) • Frequent cleansings for priests and levites
  7. 7. Jewish washings Jewish rituals washings "were almost always for those of  the already believing community.  They symbolized cleansing from sin and guilt.  Whereas sacrifices were to atone for acts of sin,  washing or bathing seems generally associated with  cleansing from a sinful or otherwise unholy condition.” © Corpus Christi Communications Robinson, Rich. "Ritual Washings and Baptism". Jews for Jesus Newsletter, Feb. 1991.   Cited by Lynellen Perry
  8. 8. ‘Hemerobaptists’ (Tovelei Shaharit ­ Dawn bathers) • Some Jewish groups practiced daily  immersion to be ready for the Messiah; The  Essenes were one of them • The Essenes baptized those who joined their  community. • After this initial baptism, the Essenes cleaned  themselves frequently to remain ritually pure. © Corpus Christi Communications
  9. 9. Occasions for Essene Immersion Tamasha baptism  Before sunrise, before performing religious  duties (Rishama)  After any ritual defilement – from dead  bodies, coitus, etc.   After a woman has had her monthly period of  ritual impurity.  Before praying or studying the Law © Corpus Christi Communications
  10. 10. Essene Masbuta baptism  This is the full baptism – given by a priest or  priestess   Usually given on first day of week   Is associated with major initiations  Is given after repentance from major shameful  sins   Theft, murder, and adultery require more than  one baptism! © Corpus Christi Communications  John’s baptism was very similar to the Essene  Masbuta baptism
  11. 11. Rabbinic Self­immersions “[Self] Immersion was so important that it occurred   before the high Priest conducted the service on the Day  of Atonement,   before the regular priests participated in the Temple  service  before each person entered the Temple complex,   before a scribe wrote the name of God, as well as several  other occasions.”*  Before praying or studying the Law (ascribed to Ezra) © Corpus Christi Communications
  12. 12. Rabbinic Baptisms contd. • A woman had to immerse herself fully (mikvah) after she has  had her monthly period of ritual impurity and after childbirth. • For cleansing after bodily discharge of fluids or after contact  with such a person (Lev 15:16; 15:5­27) • After recovering from certain skin diseases • After pollution from corpses or graves (Num 19:19) • After eating meat of animals that died naturally (Lev 17:15) • Before the observance of Sabbath, people had to immerse  themselves in water • Immersion was required for every pot or vessel made by a  © Corpus Christi Communications non­Jew* (Cf. Numbers 31:21ff) • As a final step in conversion >>
  13. 13. Rabbinic Baptism for proselytes • Full immersion, coupled with circumcision (for males),  performance of a sacrifice, and a sincere heart meant  conversion. • According to Jewish teachers, the baptism had to be a  complete immersion in water. • Proselyte baptism was introduced after the compilation  of Old Testament and before the writing of Mishnah • Although the two Rabbinic schools – that of Shammai  and Hillel – differed about the importance of baptism in  conversion, Hillel prevailed.  Hillel emphasised baptism  © Corpus Christi Communications as a turning point because “it portrayed spiritual  cleansing and the beginning of a new life.”  (Rosen, Ceil. "Baptism­­Pagan or Jewish?". Issues Vol. 2:10. )
  14. 14. Women’s Mikvah in USA © Corpus Christi Communications
  15. 15. © Corpus Christi Communications
  16. 16. A shower is a must before immersion © Corpus Christi Communications
  17. 17. Lounge in a Women’s Mikvah © Corpus Christi Communications
  18. 18. “Living Waters” The highest order of baptism • There are 6 descending orders for baptism • The highest one is baptism in a flowing river/spring • This highest order of baptism was called the “Living  Water,” illustrating the forgiveness of sins • Jesus’ reference to the “living waters” in John 4 to  the Samaritan woman most probably referred to  baptism.  © Corpus Christi Communications
  19. 19. “Living Waters” The highest order of baptism Even today, Jews are careful to immerse themselves in a body of natural water or  in a pool that gets water from a spring “A mikvah (Jewish tank for ritual immersion) must be  filled with living waters from a flowing source that  has never been dormant, such as fresh spring water,  © Corpus Christi Communications rainwater, or even melted snow.”
  20. 20. The method of Jewish baptism • The candidate had to repent of his sins • The candidate had to immerse himself/herself  completely in water – no contact with the baptist  or even clothes • The candidate made a profession of faith • The candidate would be blessed and exhorted • There had to be witnesses – “in the name of” in  baptismal formula indicated the name(s) of  © Corpus Christi Communications witnesses • At least three qualified leaders had to witness  certain baptisms; secret baptisms were invalid 
  21. 21. Baptism ­ A new birth • Rabbinic literature referred to Baptismal  waters as the “womb of the world.” Baptism  of a repentant sinner was like a new birth;  the candidates become “born anew” or  “born again” to be separated from the  pagan world.  © Corpus Christi Communications • “The mikvah personifies both the womb and the grave; the portals to life and afterlife.”  ­ Rivkah Slonim, “Mikvah” from  article_cdo/aid/1541/jewish/The­Mikvah.htm
  22. 22. Jewish concept of new birth According to Dr. Arnold Fruchtenbaum rabbinic  literature uses the term "born again" to refer to  at least six different occurrences. Note each of  these are life changing experiences:  (a) When a Gentile converts to Judaism.  (b) When an individual is crowned king.  (c) At age 13 when a Jewish boy chooses to embrace God's  covenant and be numbered with the believers.  (d) When an individual gets married.  © Corpus Christi Communications (e) When an individual becomes a rabbi.  (f) When an individual becomes the head of a rabbinical school. 
  23. 23. John’s Baptism (Masbuta) God sent John the Baptist to prepare the way for Jesus  John preached against the sins of people: the  rich; tax collectors; soldiers …  He warned against God’s judgment  He demanded that people live new lives after  their repentance. © Corpus Christi Communications  People confessed their sins, took baptism, and  were cleansed from sins
  24. 24. John’s Baptism • The Jews or their leaders were familiar with  repentance and baptism (ritual immersions) • John’s preaching and baptism were pointers to the  Messiah. • He introduced the Messiah as the One who would  baptize with the Holy Spirit and with fire.  John 1:5­8, 31; John 5:31­32 © Corpus Christi Communications • He wanted his followers to follow Jesus; he desired  that Jesus should become more popular and greater  than him. (John 3:30)
  25. 25. © Corpus Christi Communications
  26. 26. Christian Baptism Christian baptism has a continuity as well as  discontinuity with the Jewish baptisms seen thus far.  It  retains the symbolism of ‘cleansing’ and ‘new birth’  while the ‘resurrection’ aspect is added to it through the  Jesus event. Shared with Judaism’s baptisms Death to Life Uncleanness to Purity Old life to New Life (new birth) © Corpus Christi Communications Distinctly Christian Faith in Jesus & Identification with His     Death, Burial  & Resurrection of Jesus Become a child of God, by the Word & Holy Spirit
  27. 27. Christian baptism: Summary • Instituted by Jesus Christ • Performed only once in a believer’s life • Witnessed by the Father, Son & Holy Spirit • Significance: – Atonement for sins through Jesus’ blood;  Cleansing from one’s sinful condition – A clean break from past sinful life; A ‘new birth’  into God’s kingdom © Corpus Christi Communications • Powered by one’s identification with Jesus’  death, burial and resurrection • Essential condition to enter the kingdom of  God
  28. 28. Jesus began baptizing and gaining disciples from the earliest  times of his public ministry. • ‘Afterward Jesus and his disciples left Jerusalem,  but they stayed in Judea for a while and baptized  there.’ John 3:22 • Jesus learned that the Pharisees had heard, "Jesus  is baptizing and making more disciples than John"  (though Jesus himself didn't baptize them­­ his  © Corpus Christi Communications disciples did). So he left Judea to return to Galilee.  John 4:1­2
  29. 29. Before he had left Judea, Jesus met Nicodemus, a Rabbi and  shocked him by saying,  • “I assure you, unless you are born again, you can  never see the Kingdom of God..” John 3:3 • “The truth is, no one can enter the Kingdom of God  without being born of water and the Spirit. Humans  can reproduce only human life, but the Holy Spirit  gives new life from heaven. ” v 5,6 © Corpus Christi Communications • Jesus replied, "You are a respected Jewish teacher,  and yet you don't understand these things?
  30. 30. ” r l d o   w e f   t h   o b m o “ W © Corpus Christi Communications
  31. 31. The “new birth” is not effected just by a verbal acceptance of  Jesus as one’s personal Saviour!  All who “accepted” Jesus  during his ministry submitted themselves to water baptism. John 1:12­13: “But to all who believed him and  accepted him, he gave the right to become children  of God. They are reborn! This is not a physical birth  resulting from human passion or plan­­ this rebirth  comes from God.” © Corpus Christi Communications This “rebirth” is through “water and the Spirit” as in John 3:5
  32. 32. • KJV Titus 3:5 he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and  renewing of the Holy Ghost; (ASV, NAS, NAU, NKJV, WEB, RWB) • NIV Titus 3:5 He saved us through the washing of rebirth and  renewal by the Holy Spirit, • BBE Titus 3:5 he gave us salvation, through the washing of the new  birth and the giving of new life in the Holy Spirit, • YLT Titus 3:5 He did save us, through a bathing of regeneration, and  a renewing of the Holy Spirit, © Corpus Christi Communications • NAB Titus 3:5 he saved us through the bath of rebirth and renewal  by the holy Spirit, • NJB Titus 3:5 he saved us, by means of the cleansing water of  rebirth and renewal in the Holy Spirit
  33. 33. On his way to Galilee, he went through Samaria and spoke to the  Samaritan woman … • “If you only knew the gift God has for you and who I  am, you would ask me, and I would give you living  water.” John 4:10 (Living water = baptism in a running stream; forgiveness of sins) Jesus led the Samaritan woman to repentance. And later, her  village believed in Jesus (John 4:42) © Corpus Christi Communications Jesus stayed in Samaria for two days with the new ‘believers’ of  Samaria. Probably (judging by the context of John 3), he even  baptized them! 
  34. 34. Apostle Paul refers to the cleansing of the Church by Jesus Christ  through baptism and the accompanying Word of God • “[Christ] gave up his life for her [Church] to make her  holy and clean, washed by baptism and God's word.  He did this to present her to himself as a glorious  church without a spot or wrinkle or any other blemish.  Instead, she will be holy and without fault.” Ephesians 5: 25b­27 NLT © Corpus Christi Communications
  35. 35. Exhortation to the Hebrews (10:21­22): “And since we have a great High Priest who rules  over God's people, let us go right into the  presence of God, with true hearts fully trusting  him.  For our evil consciences have been  sprinkled with Christ's blood to make us clean,  and  © Corpus Christi Communications our bodies have been washed with pure water.”
  36. 36. Peter: “Repent and be baptized, every one of  you, in the name of Jesus Christ  for the forgiveness of your sins. And you  will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. …” “Those who accepted his message were  baptized, and about three thousand  © Corpus Christi Communications were added to their number that day.” Cf. John 1:12
  37. 37. Ananias to Paul: ‘And now what are you waiting for? Get up,  be baptized and wash your sins away,  calling on his name.’ Acts 22:16 © Corpus Christi Communications
  38. 38. Does baptism ‘save’ us? “… Noah was building his boat. Only eight people were  saved from drowning in that terrible flood. And this is a picture of baptism,  which now saves you by the power of Jesus Christ's resurrection.  Baptism is not a removal of dirt from your body; it  © Corpus Christi Communications is an appeal to God from a clean conscience.” 1 Peter 3:20­21
  39. 39. How baptism ‘works’ S I N © Corpus Christi Communications Every person is a slave to sin.  Sin rules our lives; we obey its desires. There is no escape …
  40. 40. How baptism ‘works’ S I N © Corpus Christi Communications There is no escape from this slavery except through death
  41. 41. How baptism ‘works’ S I N © Corpus Christi Communications In baptism, one ‘dies’ with Christ and is set free from sin. ‘Anyone who has died has been freed from sin’ Rom 6:7
  42. 42. How baptism ‘works’ H e y ! W h a t ’s   t H o w   a b o u t   I   t h o u g h s i n n in g ? s a v e d   f r I   a m   s t i l l  a r o u n d ! S I N © Corpus Christi Communications The sinful nature or “flesh” continues to reside in us.  It urges to sin every moment.
  43. 43. How baptism ‘works’ I   r e c k o n   m y s e lf   d e a d   t o   s i n ! S in   i s   n o   m o r e m y   m a s t e r ! S I N © Corpus Christi Communications “Consider yourself to be dead to sin” – Rom 6:11a “Do not let sin to rule your mortal bodies” – v.12 “Sin will not have dominion over you” v.14 – unless you permit it
  44. 44. How baptism ‘works’ S I N © Corpus Christi Communications But now that you have been set free from sin and have become slaves to  God, the benefit you reap leads to holiness, and the result is eternal life.  For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ  Jesus our Lord. Rom 6:22­23
  45. 45. I   w a l k   i How baptism ‘works’ p H o w e r   o ly   S d o in g   w H e   w a n t o   d o ! S I N © Corpus Christi Communications The fruit (work) of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness,  goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, and self­control. Gal 5:22.
  46. 46. Jesus was not a sinner. Why then  did he get baptized?  How is Jesus’ baptism different from Christian baptism? © Corpus Christi Communications
  47. 47. Jesus’ baptism • Matt. 3:13­17; Mk 1:9­11; Luke 3: 21­22 13 Then Jesus arrived from Galilee at the Jordan coming to John,  to be baptized by him.  14 But John tried to prevent Him, saying, "I have need to be  baptized by You, and do You come to me?"  15 But Jesus answering said to him, "Permit it at this time; for in  this way it is fitting for us to fulfill all righteousness." Then he  permitted Him.  16 After being baptized, Jesus came up immediately from the  water; and behold, the heavens were opened, and he saw the  Spirit of God descending as a dove and lighting on Him, © Corpus Christi Communications  17 and behold, a voice out of the heavens said, "This is My  beloved Son, in whom I am well­pleased."
  48. 48. Jesus’ baptism Jesus, through his baptism, publicly  declared his intent to obey God – to be  a ‘lamb of God’, to die and come back  to life in order to save humanity from  their sins.  © Corpus Christi Communications Before the “cross” event
  49. 49. Christian baptism In Christian baptism, the candidate accepts  Jesus’ death, burial and resurrection his own.  In other words, he unites himself with Christ’s  death and resurrection.  © Corpus Christi Communications After the “cross” event
  50. 50. Christian baptism God considers this as the Christian’s  death and gives him a “new” life in  Christ as he comes out of water.  After the “cross” event  © Corpus Christi Communications For we died and were buried with Christ by baptism. And just as Christ was raised  from the dead by the glorious power of the Father, now we also may live new lives. Since we have been united with him in his death, we will also be raised as he was.  Romans 6: 4­5 NLT
  51. 51. Jesus’ words: Go ‘Go and make disciples  Preach  of all nations  • forgiveness of sins baptizing them • eternal life in Jesus  Christ in the name of the Father, Baptize  and of the Son, • the repentant believer and of the Holy Spirit …’ ‘Whoever believes and  Teach/train © Corpus Christi Communications is baptized will be  • In obedience to Jesus saved …
  52. 52. Christian baptism: Summary • Christian baptism Instituted by Jesus Christ • ~ is performed only once • ~ is witnessed by (in the name of) the Father, Son &  Holy Spirit • ~ is the occasion for regeneration (new birth)  effected by the Spirit and water • Symbolizes – Forgiveness of sins through Jesus’ blood – A clean break from past sinful life © Corpus Christi Communications • ~ identifies a person with Jesus’ death, burial and  resurrection, thus saving him • ~ provides an official entry into the Kingdom of God