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Second Coming of Jesus Christ

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The Apostles and the early Church of the first century expected to see the Second Coming of Jesus Christ in their life time. Here are a few Bible passages that reveal their belief that the Second …

The Apostles and the early Church of the first century expected to see the Second Coming of Jesus Christ in their life time. Here are a few Bible passages that reveal their belief that the Second Coming was imminent. Were they wrong to expect the Lord to return soon?

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  • 1. The Parousia Apostolic Expectation ofThe Second Coming Of Jesus Christ In their lifetime © Philip P Eapen
  • 2. Apostolic Expectation Did the apostles and the early church expect the “coming” of the Lord Jesus in their lifetime? How do we know that they believed in an imminent return of the Lord? How did they prepare themselves for such an event?
  • 3. 1Paul to the Thessalonian Church 1. The apostle Paul commended the hope of the Thessalonian church to witness the Second Coming. “… We dont need to tell them about it, 9 for they themselves keep talking about the wonderful welcome you gave us and how you turned away from idols to serve the true and living God. 10 And they speak of how you are looking forward to the coming of Gods Son from heaven-- Jesus, whom God raised from the dead.” 1 Thess. 1:8b-10a NLT
  • 4. 1Paul to the Thessalonian Church 2. The apostle Paul looked forward to rejoice with the Thessalonians at a not-so-distant Second Coming. “Dear brothers and sisters, after we were separated from you for a little while (though our hearts never left you), we tried very hard to come back because of our intense longing to see you again. We wanted very much to come, and I, Paul, tried again and again, but Satan prevented us. After all, what gives us hope and joy, and what is our proud reward and crown? It is you! Yes, you will bring us much joy as we stand together before our Lord Jesus when he comes back again.” 1 Thess. 2:17-19 NLT
  • 5. 1Paul to the Thessalonian Church 3. The apostle Paul prays that the Thessalonians may be found perfect at Jesus‟ Second Coming. There is no expectation of being found dead at the Parousia! “10 Night and day we pray most earnestly that we may see you again and supply what is lacking in your faith. ... 13May he strengthen your hearts so that you will be [found] blameless and holy in the presence of our God and Father when our Lord Jesus comes with all his holy ones*.” 1 Thess. 3:10, 13 NIV * Ref to ANGELS . Cf. Matt 16:27; 25:1; Mk 8:38; 2 Thes 1:7
  • 6. 1Paul to the Thessalonian Church 4. The apostle Paul believed that he and the Thessalonians would be alive at the time of Jesus‟ Second Coming. “16 For the Lord himself will come down from heaven, … 17 After that, we who are still alive and are left will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. And so we will be with the Lord forever. 18Therefore encourage each other with these words. 1 Thess. 3:10, 13 NIV
  • 7. 1Paul to the Thessalonian Church 5. The apostle Paul wanted the Thessalonians to be watchful about Jesus‟ Second Coming. “4 But you, brothers, are not in darkness so that this day should surprise you like a thief. 5 You are all sons of the light and sons of the day. We do not belong to the night or to the darkness. 6 So then, let us not be like others, who are asleep, but let us be alert and self-controlled.” 1 Thess. 5:1-10 NIV
  • 8. 1Paul to the Thessalonian Church 6. The apostle Paul prayed that the Thessalonians would be alive and well at Jesus‟ Second Coming. “23May God himself, the God of peace, sanctify you through and through. May your whole spirit, soul and body be kept blameless at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.” 1 Thess. 5:23 NIV
  • 9. 1 Paul to the Thessalonian Church 7. The apostle Paul believed that Jesus‟ coming – not death - would put an end to Thessalonians‟ sufferings. “6 God is just: He will pay back trouble to those who trouble you 7and give relief to you who are troubled, and to us as well. This will happen when the Lord Jesus is revealed from heaven in blazing fire with his powerful angels..” 2 Thess. 1:6, 7 NIV
  • 10. 2 Paul to the Corinthian Church 1. The Corinthians expected to be alive at Jesus‟ coming. Paul affirmed their hope. “7 Therefore you do not lack any spiritual gift as you eagerly wait for our Lord Jesus Christ to be revealed. 8 He will keep you strong to the end, so that you will be blameless on the day of our Lord Jesus Christ. 1 Cor 1:7,8 NIV
  • 11. 2 Paul to the Corinthian Church 2. Apostle Paul portrayed the Lord‟s coming as an event that was imminent. The Corinthians could wait for that event. “5 Therefore judge nothing before the appointed time; wait till the Lord comes.” 1 Cor 4:5 NIV
  • 12. 2 Paul to the Corinthian Church 3. Is this command for us Or for the Corinthians? “27 Are you married? Do not seek a divorce. Are you unmarried? Do not look for a wife. 28 But if you do marry, you have not sinned; and if a virgin marries, she has not sinned. But those who marry will face many troubles in this life, and I want to spare you this. 29 What I mean, brothers, is that the time is short. From now on those who have wives should live as if they had none; 1 Cor 7:27-29 NIV
  • 13. 2 Paul to the Corinthian Church 4. Paul said that „the ends of the age‟ had arrived upon the Christians of his time. “11 Now these things happened to them [Israel] as an example, and they were written [in the OT] for our instruction, upon whom the ends of the ages have come. 1 Cor 10:11 NAU
  • 14. 2 Paul to the Corinthian Church 5. Even if Paul should die before the Corinthians, he believed the Lord would raise him up and present him along with the Corinthians whom he thought would live right up to the rapture. “13 we also believe, therefore we also speak, 14 knowing that He who raised the Lord Jesus will raise us also with Jesus and will present us with you. 2 Cor 4:13-14 NAU
  • 15. 2 Paul to the Corinthian Church 6. Paul doesnt desire to die; instead he wants to put on the immortal body on top of his mortal body so that what is mortal may be swallowed up by what is immortal. “1 For we know that if the earthly tent which is our house is torn down, we have a building from God, a house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens. 2For indeed in this house we groan, longing to be clothed with our dwelling from heaven, ... 4 For indeed while we are in this tent, we groan, being burdened, because we do not want to be unclothed but to be clothed, so that what is mortal will be swallowed up by life. 2 Cor 4:13-14 NAU
  • 16. 3 Paul to the Philippian Church 1. Paul expected the sanctification/perfection of his Philippian readers to continue till the day of Christ‟s return 1:6 For I am confident of this very thing, that He who began a good work in you will perfect it until the day of Christ Jesus. 1:9-10 And this is my prayer ... so that in the day of Christ you may be pure and blameless NAU
  • 17. 3 Paul to the Philippian Church 2. Paul expected to be alive at the time of Christ‟s return 20 But our citizenship is in heaven, and it is from there that we are expecting a Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ. 21 He will transform the body of our humiliation that it may be conformed to the body of his glory, by the power that also enables him to make all things subject to himself. Philippians 3:20-21 NAU
  • 18. 3 Paul to the Philippian Church 3. Paul can‟t be clearer than this! 1:5. Let your gentleness be known to everyone. THE LORD IS NEAR. “Here the apostle repeats the well-known watchword of the early church, „The Lord is at hand:‟ ̶ equivalent to the „Maran-atha‟ of 1 Cor. xvi. 22. To doubt his full conviction of the nearness of Christ‟s coming is incompatible with a due respect for the plain meaning of words; to set down this conviction as a mistake is incompatible with a due respect for his apostolic authority and inspiration.” - Russel
  • 19. 4 Paul to the Roman Church 1. Paul doesnt desire to die; instead he wants to put on the immortal body on top of his mortal body so that what is mortal may be swallowed up by what is immortal. “11 Do this, knowing the time, that it is already the hour for you to awaken from sleep; for now salvation is nearer to us than when we believed. 12 The night is almost gone, and the day is near. Therefore let us lay aside the deeds of darkness and put on the armor of light. Rom 13:11-12 NAU
  • 20. 4 Paul to the Roman Church 2. Paul believed that God would “crush” the already defeated Satan under the feet of His people shortly. “20 The God of peace will soon crush Satan under your feet. Rom 16:20 NAU This verse refers to the relief Christians of those days would get from persecutions after the Parousia.
  • 21. 5 The Hebrew Church 1. The writer of Hebrews knew that the Second Coming was very near! 24 And let us consider how to provoke one another to love and good deeds, 25 not neglecting to meet together, as is the habit of some, but encouraging one another, and all the more as you see the Day approaching. ... 37 For yet "in a very little while, the one who is coming will come and will not delay; Heb 10:24-25; 37 NAU
  • 22. 5 The Hebrew Church2. The writer of Hebrews knew that he lived in the lastdays! 1 Long ago God spoke to our ancestors in many and various ways by the prophets, 2 but in these last days he has spoken to us by a Son, whom he appointed heir of all things, through whom he also created the worlds. Heb 1:1-2 NAU
  • 23. 6 James’ exhortation 1. James consoled his poor and exploited readers with the news of the Lord‟s imminent coming. 7 Be patient, therefore, beloved, until the coming of the Lord. The farmer waits for the precious crop from the earth, being patient with it until it receives the early and the late rains. 8 You also must be patient. Strengthen your hearts, for the coming of the Lord is near. 9 Beloved, do not grumble against one another, so that you may not be judged. See, the Judge is standing at the doors! James 5:7-9 NAU
  • 24. 7 Peter’s clock1. Peter believed that he lived in the last days. 7 The end of all things is near; therefore be serious and discipline yourselves for the sake of your prayers. 1 Peter 4:7 NAU Peter has quoted Joel‟s prophecy on “last days” on the day of Pentecost. Acts 2:17ff
  • 25. 7 Peter’s defense2. Peter knew that he was living in the “last days.” 3 First of all you must understand this, that in the last days scoffers will come, scoffing and indulging their own lusts 4 and saying, "Where is the promise of his coming? For ever since our ancestors died, all things continue as they were from the beginning of creation!" 2 Peter 3:3-4 NAU
  • 26. 7 Peter’s defense3. The scoffers scoffed because they, along with thechurch expected the Second Coming in their lifetime. 3 First of all you must understand this, that in the last days scoffers will come, scoffing and indulging their own lusts 4 and saying, "Where is the promise of his coming? For ever since our ancestors died, all things continue as they were from the beginning of creation!" 2 Peter 3:3-4 NAU
  • 27. 7 Peter’s defense4. Peter‟s answer to the scoffers is NOT that the Lordmay take thousands of years to come! 8 But do not ignore this one fact, beloved, that with the Lord one day is like a thousand years, and a thousand years are like one day. 9 The Lord is not slow about his promise, as some think of slowness, but is patient with you, not wanting any to perish, but all to come to repentance. 2 Peter 3:3-4 NAU God is not confused about time! God transcends time. He isn‟t slow to fulfill promises.
  • 28. Were the apostles wrong?Were the apostles wrong to expect the Second Coming of Jesus Christ in their lifetime?Let‟s see where they got this expectation from!
  • 29. 8 Jesus’ Promises about Second ComingJesus promised to return before the apostles would runof options, as they fled persecution 23 "But whenever they persecute you in one city, flee to the next; for truly I say to you, you will not finish going through the cities of Israel until the Son of Man comes..” Matt 10:23 NAU In other words, Jesus said, he would come back during the life time of his apostles.
  • 30. 8 Jesus’ Promises about Second ComingJesus promised to return in glory before all his apostlesdied. 27 " For the Son of Man is going to come in the glory of His Father with His angels, and WILL THEN REPAY EVERY MAN ACCORDING TO HIS DEEDS. 28 "Truly I say to you, there are some of those who are standing here who will not taste death until they see the Son of Man coming in His kingdom...” Matt 16:27-28 NAU It is foolish to say that this was fulfilled on the Mt of Transfiguration (Matt 17).
  • 31. 8 Jesus’ Promises about Second ComingJesus spoke about a tribulation, the destruction of the Temple andthe Second coming – and said that all these would take place inthat generation. 34Truly I say to you, this generation will not pass away until all these things take place. Matt 24:34 NAU The tribulation for 3 ½ years was fulfilled as the Siege of Jerusalem from AD 66 to AD 70. The Temple fell in AD 70. Read Josephus for details.
  • 32. 8 Jesus’ Promises about Second ComingJesus consoled his apostles by promising to come back and takethem to be with him. This consolation was useless if he did notintend to come back in their lifetime! 1 "Do not let your heart be troubled; believe in God, believe also in Me. 2 "In My Fathers house are many dwelling places; if it were not so, I would have told you; for I go to prepare a place for you. 3 "If I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and receive you to Myself, that where I am, there you may be also. John 14:1-3 NAU .
  • 33. 8 Jesus’ sayings“Revelation” predicted things that should have happenedSOON after the book was written. 1 The revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show his servants what must soon take place. Rev 1:1a NAU And he said to me, "These words are trustworthy and true, for the Lord, the God of the spirits of the prophets, has sent his angel to show his servants what must soon take place." Rev. 22:6
  • 34. 8 Jesus’ sayingsJesus said that he would come SOON. Revelation waswritten in AD 65-66. 7 See, I am coming soon! Blessed is the one who keeps the words of the prophecy of this book. Rev 22:7 12 See, I am coming soon Rev 22:12 NAU 20Surely I am coming soon Rev 22:20
  • 35. Was Jesus mistaken?Dr. Albert Schweitzer found many New Testament references toapparently show that 1st-century Christians believed literally inthe imminent fulfillment of the Second Coming of Jesus Christ.But he confused the Second Coming with the “end of the world.”As a result, he questioned the credibility of Jesus‟ words.Schweitzer concluded that Jesus was mistaken about His SecondComing.What do you think? Was Jesus a liar? Was Jesus mistaken?Or, did we go wrong somewhere?