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The Prehistory & Evolution of Gin

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First presented in a sell-out seminar (at 1000h in the freakin' morning! On a Saturday! During Tales 2010!), the culmination of years of the definitive research into the true history of juniper ...

First presented in a sell-out seminar (at 1000h in the freakin' morning! On a Saturday! During Tales 2010!), the culmination of years of the definitive research into the true history of juniper spirits, the change from medicinal tonics to recreational drinks, and how gin has evolved and spread around the world since that first fateful recreational recipe in 1495...

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  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Alambic from the Arabic “al-anibcq” (still), which derives from the Greek “ambix” (vase) translated into Latin by translation schools of Salerno and Toledo. Cooking pot (cucurbit) with a helmet (alambic) and receiving vessel (phial). Insufficiently cooled to condense the alcohol, so unsuited to ethanol production
  • Alambic from the Arabic “al-anibcq” (still), which derives from the Greek “ambix” (vase) translated into Latin by translation schools of Salerno and Toledo. Cooking pot (cucurbit) with a helmet (alambic) and receiving vessel (phial). Insufficiently cooled to condense the alcohol, so unsuited to ethanol production
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it
  • Invented the still as we know it

The Prehistory & Evolution of Gin The Prehistory & Evolution of Gin Presentation Transcript

  • Philip Duff Tales of the Cocktail, 24 July, 2010 with the kind support of : The Prehistory & Evolution of Gin
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  • 100 A.D. (Or thereabouts) University of Alexandria Maria the Jewess
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  • Paracelsus ( 1493 – 1541) “ Alcohol”= ethanol
  • 1269, Holland Jacob van Maerlant Der Naturen Bloeme
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  • "He who wants to be rid of stomach pain Should use juniper cooked in rainwater. He who has cramps Cook juniper in wine It's good against the pain"
  • 1495, Arnhem/Apeldoorn (The Sloane Manuscripts) Folio 345, 51r – 51v “ Making Burned Wine ”
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    • Making Burned Wine , 1495
    • Lees-fermented wine
    • Making Burned Wine , 1495
    • Lees-fermented wine
    • Cut with “ clean water or Hamburg beer ”
  • The Sloane Manuscripts
      Making Burned Wine , 1495
    • Lees-distilled wine
    • Cut with “ clean water or Hamburg beer ”
    • The Botanicals! Cardamom
                      • Cinnamon
                      • Cloves
      Galanga
                      • Ginger
                      • Grains of Paradise
                      • Gorse bush
                      • Nutmeg
  • The Sloane Manuscripts
      Making Burned Wine , 1495
    • Lees-distilled wine
    • Cut with “ clean water or Hamburg beer ”
    • The Botanicals! Cardamom
                      • Cinnamon
                      • Cloves
      Galanga
                      • Ginger
                      • Grains of Paradise
                      • Gorse bush Juniper!
                      • Nutmeg
  • The Sloane Manuscripts
      Making Burned Wine , 1495
    • Lees-distilled wine
    • Cut with “clean water or Hamburg beer”
    • The Botanicals! Cardamom
                      • Cinnamon
                      • Cloves
      Galanga
                      • Ginger
                      • Grains of Paradise
                      • Gorse bush Juniper!
                      • Nutmeg
  • 1582, Holland
  • 1582, Holland A Guide To Distilling, Casper Jansz. Coolhaes.
  • 1582, Holland A Guide To Distilling, Casper Jansz. Coolhaes. Korenbrandewijn... “ in aroma and taste is almost the same as brandy-wine ” and is “ not only named brandywine but also drunk and paid for as brandywine ”
  • 1582, Holland A Guide To Distilling, Casper Jansz. Coolhaes. Korenbrandewijn... “ in aroma and taste is almost the same as brandy-wine ” and is “ not only named brandywine but also drunk and paid for as brandywine ”
  • Genever 101
  • Genever 101
    • Protected by EU 110/2008
  • Genever 101
    • Protected by EU 110/2008
    • Must be made in Holland, Belgium, 2 west German provinces or 2 north French ones.
  • Genever 101
    • Protected by EU 110/2008
    • Must be made in Holland, Belgium, 2 west German provinces or 2 north French ones.
    • Must contain juniper, does not have to be discernible.
    • Jonge (young):
    • Jonge (young): min. 35%, max. 15% maltwine, max. 10g/sugar per liter
    • Jonge (young): min. 35%, max. 15% maltwine, max. 10g/sugar per liter
    • Oude (old):
    • Jonge (young): min. 35%, max. 15% maltwine, max. 10g/sugar per liter
    • Oude (old): min. 35%, min. 15% maltwine, max. 20g/sugar per liter
    • Jonge (young): min. 35%, max. 15% maltwine, max. 10g/sugar per liter
    • Oude (old): min. 35%, min. 15% maltwine, max. 20g/sugar per liter
    • Korenwijn :
    • Jonge (young): min. 35%, max. 15% maltwine, max. 10g/sugar per liter
    • Oude (old): min. 35%, min. 15% maltwine, max. 20g/sugar per liter
    • Korenwijn : min. 38%, min. 51% maltwine, max. 20g/sugar per liter
    • Jonge (young): min. 35%, max. 15% maltwine, max. 10g/sugar per liter
    • Oude (old): min. 35%, min. 15% maltwine, max. 20g/sugar per liter
    • Korenwijn : min. 38%, min. 51% maltwine, max. 20g/sugar per liter
    • No aging requirement, but if mentioned on label, min. 1 year in barrels of 700l or less
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  • 1585, Antwerp Holland Ass-Kicked By Spain
  • 1585, Antwerp Holland Ass-Kicked By Spain
  • 1623, London “ The Duke of Milan ” by Philip Massinger
  • BULLSHIT WARNING!!! BULLSHIT WARNING!!! BULLSHIT WARNING!!! BULLSHIT WARNING!!! BULLSHIT WARNING!!!BULLSHIT WARNING!!!BULLSHIT WARNING!!!BULLSHIT WARNING!!!BULLSHIT WARNING!!!BULLSHIT WARNING!!!BULLSHIT WARNING!!!BULLSHIT WARNING!!!BULLSHIT WARNING!!!BULLSHIT WARNING!!!BULLSHIT WARNING!!!BULLSHIT WARNING!!!BULLSHIT WARNING!!!BULLSHIT WARNING!!!BULLSHIT WARNING!!!BULLSHIT WARNING!!!BULLSHIT WARNING!!!
  • “ I Did Not Have Sex With That Woman”
  • “ I Did Not Have Sex With That Woman”
  • The American Bartending School
  • The American Bartending School
  • “ I'm What You Call A Mixologist”
  • “ I'm What You Call A Mixologist”
  • Franciscus Sylvius de la Boe “ Dr. Sylvius” 1614: Born (Hanover) 1658: Professor (Leiden) iatrochemist
  • 1606: “ Distilled wine, genever water, fennel & anise water ” taxed in Amsterdam 1608: Sylvius born. 1623: Word “genever” In common use
  • 1689, England King William III (King Billy)
  • 1715 – 1751, England The Gin Craze
  • 1708, Menorca Mahon Gin
  • The Many Lives of Old Tom
  • 1820s – on England, Gin Palaces
  • 1769 – 1876 England, The Gin Dynasties
  • 1769 – 1876 England, The Gin Dynasties
    • 1769: Gordon's
    • 1793: Plymouth
    • 1830: Tanqueray
    • 1876: Beefeater
  • 1830, London Never Trust A Man Named...
  • Phylloxera 1860, Europe
  • 1920, USA Prohibition, yay!
  • 1950s: Gin Takes Over The World
  • 1950s: Gin Takes Over The World
  • 1960s: James Bloody Bond
  • 1988:
  • 1988: Bombay Sapphire
  • 1995, London The Atlantic Bar & Grill
  • New York The Rainbow Rooms
  • 1997, London & New York Cool Britannia
  • 2008: What is Gin?
  • 2008: What is Gin? 37.5% Alcohol and...
  • 2008: What is Gin? 37.5% Alcohol and... “ Gin”= Ethyl alcohol + flavouring, predominant juniper taste.
  • 2008: What is Gin? 37.5% Alcohol and... “ Gin”= Ethyl alcohol + flavouring, predominant juniper taste. “ Distilled gin” = Ethyl alcohol redistilled with juniper and/or flavourings.
  • 2008: What is Gin? 37.5% Alcohol and... “ Gin”= Ethyl alcohol + flavouring, predominant juniper taste. “ Distilled gin” = Ethyl alcohol redistilled with juniper and/or flavourings. “ London gin” = Ethyl alcohol redistilled with all natural botanicals present, no flavourings.
  • Thank you for your attention! The Prehistory & Evolution of Gin Philip Duff Tales of the Cocktail, 24 July 2010 [email_address] www.slideshare.net/philipduff