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1606 And All That
 

1606 And All That

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Presentation by Philip Duff at Sydney Bar Show 2010 about the role of the gigantic medieval Dutch East India Company and the Dutch West Indies trading companies in spreading distilling around the ...

Presentation by Philip Duff at Sydney Bar Show 2010 about the role of the gigantic medieval Dutch East India Company and the Dutch West Indies trading companies in spreading distilling around the world. Oh yes, and discovering Australia in 1606!

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  • From Dublin, Ireland. Jet-set drinks consultant, trainer, writer and speaker. Founded Liquid Solutions in 1999. Was once deported from Yugoslavia (not in handcuffs though). Opened door 74 Nov. 2008
  • From Dublin, Ireland. Jet-set drinks consultant, trainer, writer and speaker. Founded Liquid Solutions in 1999. Was once deported from Yugoslavia (not in handcuffs though). Opened door 74 Nov. 2008
  • From Dublin, Ireland. Jet-set drinks consultant, trainer, writer and speaker. Founded Liquid Solutions in 1999. Was once deported from Yugoslavia (not in handcuffs though). Opened door 74 Nov. 2008
  • From Dublin, Ireland. Jet-set drinks consultant, trainer, writer and speaker. Founded Liquid Solutions in 1999. Was once deported from Yugoslavia (not in handcuffs though). Opened door 74 Nov. 2008
  • From Dublin, Ireland. Jet-set drinks consultant, trainer, writer and speaker. Founded Liquid Solutions in 1999. Was once deported from Yugoslavia (not in handcuffs though). Opened door 74 Nov. 2008
  • From Dublin, Ireland. Jet-set drinks consultant, trainer, writer and speaker. Founded Liquid Solutions in 1999. Was once deported from Yugoslavia (not in handcuffs though). Opened door 74 Nov. 2008
  • Augier Freres, Elizabeth Janssen Robert Stein documented as having stayed in Schiedam First continual stills in Holland in 1860 Very strong links with British royal families, exiled courts, Protestant nobility; links also cultural, musical, societal
  • Augier Freres, Elizabeth Janssen Robert Stein documented as having stayed in Schiedam First continual stills in Holland in 1860 Very strong links with British royal families, exiled courts, Protestant nobility; links also cultural, musical, societal
  • King Philip ordered confiscation of all foreign ships in Spanish and Portuguese harbours British East India Company started after observing the Early Voyages, but never established a permanent trading base abroad
  • Most powerful corporation the world has ever seen. Chartered to conduct military operations, acquire territories, sign treaties and trade. 50,000 employees, global spice-trade monopoly, 40% dividend return at peak. Wrested spice trade from Portuguese, all spice now flowed to Amsterdam
  • 6 chambers (Amsterdam, Delft, Rotterdam, Hoorn, Enkhuizen, Middelburg Board of 17 Directors Rotated chairmanship, split shipbuilding contracts, awarded dividends of up to 399%, amounting to 50 million euros between 1700 and 1780. Chartered to build forts, appoint governors, sign treaties and billet soldiers by the State of the Netherlands. World's first joint-stock company, in which you could buy shares which were trade-able (which is why the book The Dutch East India Company was brought out by the Amsterdam stock exchange). Shares gave no influence in the doings of the VOC At one stage had 50,000 employees, of whom 80% f soldiers and 35% of sailors were foreign: Baltic and Scandinavian states, East Europe and UK (Henry Hudson) 300 year trade monopoly with Japan from 1600s onwards in Deshima (Delft), similar monopolies with Siam (Thailand) The rise of punch! And the spread of genever
  • Willem Janszoon and Jan Roosengijn take Duyfken southeast from Banda to the Kei Islands, then along the south coast of New Guinea, skirting south of the shallow waters around False Cape and then continuing east-southeast until they reach and chart the shores of Australia's Cape York Peninsula.
  • North & South America, West Indies (incl. ABC islands Aruba, Bonaire & Curacao), plus west Africa. Slave trade – also to West Indies, also to other countries’ islands Genever on west coast Africa Ray Charles example
  • North & South America, West Indies (incl. ABC islands Aruba, Bonaire & Curacao), plus west Africa. Slave trade – also to West Indies, also to other countries’ islands Genever on west coast Africa Ray Charles example
  • North & South America, West Indies (incl. ABC islands Aruba, Bonaire & Curacao), plus west Africa. Slave trade – also to West Indies, also to other countries’ islands Genever on west coast Africa Ray Charles example
  • North & South America, West Indies (incl. ABC islands Aruba, Bonaire & Curacao), plus west Africa. Slave trade – also to West Indies, also to other countries’ islands Genever on west coast Africa Ray Charles example Ghana, Angola Slave cost 90 euros, swapped for sugar in Caribbean Rituals genever
  • 1630 New Holland in Recife Brazil
  • 1624: Nieuw Nederland, Niewu Amsterdam Delaware, jersey, Pennysylvania Willem Kieft, governor general of New Amsterdam, before Stuyvesant 1 st US grain distillery on Staten Island in 1644. Rye!
  • Willem Kieft, governor general of New Amsterdam, before Stuyvesant 1 st US grain distillery on Staten Island in 1644. Rye!
  • Willem Kieft, governor general of New Amsterdam, before Stuyvesant 1 st US grain distillery on Staten Island in 1644. Rye!
  • Willem Kieft, governor general of New Amsterdam, before Stuyvesant 1 st US grain distillery on Staten Island in 1644. Rye!
  • Willem Kieft, governor general of New Amsterdam, before Stuyvesant 1 st US grain distillery on Staten Island in 1644. Rye!
  • From “King of Drinks”. Belgians had been using continual stills since 1832.

1606 And All That 1606 And All That Presentation Transcript

  • 1606 And All That The World's Most Ruthless Trading Corporation and The Spread of Distilling Philip Duff Sydney Bar Show, 21 September 2010
  • Philip Duff
    • Philip Duff
    • Irishman, fluent Dutch speaker & drinker
    • Philip Duff
    • Irishman, fluent Dutch speaker & drinker
    • Consultant
    • Philip Duff
    • Irishman, fluent Dutch speaker & drinker
    • Consultant
    • Globetrotting trainer, presenter
    • Philip Duff
    • Irishman, fluent Dutch speaker & drinker
    • Consultant
    • Globetrotting trainer, presenter
    • Owner: door 74 (Amsterdam)*
    • * Nominated “World’s Best Cocktail Bar,
    • Tales of the Cocktail Spirit Awards, 2009
    • Philip Duff
    • Irishman, fluent Dutch speaker & drinker
    • Consultant
    • Globetrotting trainer, presenter
    • Owner: door 74 (Amsterdam)*
      • Liquid Solutions Limited
    • Before The Company:
    • Gin
    • 1269: First reference to juniper spirits
    • 1495: First recipe for recreational juniper spirits
    • Before The Company:
    • Brandy
    • 1585: Fall of Antwerp
    • 1604: 50% distillers in Charente Dutch
    • Netherlands: open, peaceful, literate
            • multi-lingual
  • 1595 – 1602 The Early Voyages Breaking The Portuguese Monopoly 400% Profits
  • 1602
  • 1602 The Honourable Company V erenigde O ost-Indische C ompagnie (United East Indies Corporation)
  • 1606 Sent Forth A Dove... Yacht Duyfken makes landfall on Australia
  • 1621 G eoctroyeerd W est- I ndische C ompagnie (Chartered West Indies Corporation)
  • 1628
  • 1628 Spanish fleet captured near Cuba– $7,000,000 booty
  • 1630 – 1648 West Africa & The Triangular Trade
  •  
  • 1637 Rum:
  • 1637 Rum: Pieter Blower
  • 1637 Rum: Pieter Blower Barbados
  • 1637 Rum: Pieter Blower Barbados
  • 1644
  • 1644 American Whisky:
  • 1644 American Whisky: Willem Kieft
  • 1644 American Whisky: Willem Kieft Staten Island - First US grain distillery.
  • 1644 American Whisky: Willem Kieft Staten Island - First US grain distillery.
  • 1672 Brandy:
  • 1672 Brandy: South Africa
  • 1672 Brandy: South Africa 19 May: First brandy distilled in South Africa on ship De Pijl, anchored Cape Town.
  • 1800 VOC bankrupt, dissolved
  • 1791 WIC bankrupt, dissolved
  • 1827 Continual distilling invented 1860 First continuous still in The Netherlands. 1862 “ In the nineteenth century, Holland or genever gin was imported [to the USA] at a ratio of 5 or 6 gallons to every gallon of English gin.” David Wondrich
  • Thank you for your attention! This presentation: www.slideshare.net/philipduff [email_address] 1606 And All That