English Vowel Triangle          It’s not as easy as you think.
Description of Vowels They are unrestricted            They can be sustained    The teeth, tongue, and lips       As lon...
Four Factors thatAffect Shaping andCoupling ofResonators1. Jaw position – opening of mouth and   throat2. Lip position – s...
Raised soft palate1. Resonates: enhances the vibration and   magnifies the sound2. Resonator of Human voice is oral   cavi...
 Back pure vowels: tongue  is thickened in the back  while producing these  sounds
 Back pure vowels: tongue  is thickened in the back  while producing these  sounds Front pure vowels: tongue  is thicken...
English Pure Vowels    i                     u     I                    Ʊ         e            o             Ɛ        Ɔ   ...
English Back Pure Vowels                                  u                              Ʊ                          o     ...
English Back Pure Vowels                           u blue                       Ʊ  Brown                          sugar   ...
English Front Pure Vowelsgreen iindigo   I             e         red Ɛ         black æ
[u]   Spellings:                           Potential Problems     1.   Grew                                (see p. 56 i...
[ʊ]   Spellings:                         Potential Problems    1.   sugar                           Substitution (dipht...
[o]   Spellings:                          Potential Problems     1.   Violet                          Substitution (dip...
[Ɔ]   Spellings:                           Potential Problems     1.   Auburn                           Insertion of di...
[ɑ]                        Potential Problems                            Insufficient lowering of jaw   Spellings:     ...
English Front Pure Vowels    i                       u     I                      Ʊ         e             o             Ɛ ...
[i]   Spellings:                           Potential Problems     1.   Quay                              Diphthongs:   ...
[I]   Spellings:                           Potential Problems                                           Substitution:  ...
Vowel Reduction  Vowel reduction: This sound is typically a schwa   [ə], although there are other vowels that can be   un...
ʌ   ɛƏ
[ʌ] This sound occurs only in stressed syllables. This includes those  instances where “un” is a prefix emphasizing negat...
[Ə]   This sound occurs only in unstressed syllables. This includes those instances where “un”    is a prefix emphasizing...
Angel and Evil Angel: Evil:
[3] Spellings:  bird, purple, ever, counselor, forward, earth, journey, timbre, m  artyr Potential problems: Some author...
Words from Textbook Bill     Lent       Twenty Pit      Lint       Rinse Pet      Ten        rents Hid      Ten...
Words from Textbook Bill     Lent       Twenty Pit      Lint       Rinse Pet      Ten        rents Hid      Ten...
Words from Textbook Ed       Bad Add      Sad Pest     Said Past     Then Men      Than Man Bed
Words from Textbook Boot      Pole Book      Paul Boat      pot Bought Box Pool Pull
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Overview: English vowels- Diction

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Overview: English vowels- Diction

  1. 1. English Vowel Triangle It’s not as easy as you think.
  2. 2. Description of Vowels They are unrestricted  They can be sustained The teeth, tongue, and lips As long as you have do not prevent airflow breath, you can sustain a vowel sound They are normally voiced  They have shape or form It has pitch – and can be And they are the core of whispered. the syllable
  3. 3. Four Factors thatAffect Shaping andCoupling ofResonators1. Jaw position – opening of mouth and throat2. Lip position – spreading or rounding3. Tongue position – arching forward or backward4. Raised Soft Palate
  4. 4. Raised soft palate1. Resonates: enhances the vibration and magnifies the sound2. Resonator of Human voice is oral cavity, pharynx, throat, and chest3. (resonator of violin is the box)
  5. 5.  Back pure vowels: tongue is thickened in the back while producing these sounds
  6. 6.  Back pure vowels: tongue is thickened in the back while producing these sounds Front pure vowels: tongue is thickened in the front while producing these sounds
  7. 7. English Pure Vowels i u I Ʊ e o Ɛ Ɔ æ ɑ
  8. 8. English Back Pure Vowels u Ʊ o Ɔ ɑ
  9. 9. English Back Pure Vowels u blue Ʊ Brown sugar o opaque Ɔ auburn ɑ aqua
  10. 10. English Front Pure Vowelsgreen iindigo I e red Ɛ black æ
  11. 11. [u]  Spellings:  Potential Problems 1. Grew  (see p. 56 in book) 2. You  Nasal 3. Too  Insufficient lip rounding 4. To  Insertion [kul] vs. [kuəl] 5. Two 6. Blue  Practice phrases:  Were you there when they crucified my Lord?  I love you, truly.  Fools, through and through.English Pure Back Vowels
  12. 12. [ʊ]  Spellings:  Potential Problems 1. sugar  Substitution (diphthong) 2. took [ə, u] 3. could  Practice phrases:  The crooked straight.  My faith looks up to Thee.  Man is made for the woman and the woman for the man.English Pure Back Vowels
  13. 13. [o]  Spellings:  Potential Problems 1. Violet  Substitution (diphthong) 2. Opaque  Practice phrases:  For the Lord God omnipotent reigneth  Come, every soul by sin oppressed.  Memory, hither come and tune your merry notes. In American English, the sound [o] is only used in unstressed, rhythmically short syllables.  “Soul” and “notes” do not contain the [o] sound because they only have one syllable, and therefore, are stressed.English Pure Back Vowels
  14. 14. [Ɔ]  Spellings:  Potential Problems 1. Auburn  Insertion of diphthong 2. Moss  Inadequate mouth opening 3. Fall 4. Awkward  Practice phrases:  That they may offer unto the Lord an offering in righteousness  I saw the cross of Jesus  Autumn leaves are now fallingEnglish Pure Back Vowels
  15. 15. [ɑ]  Potential Problems  Insufficient lowering of jaw  Spellings:  Spreading lips, as in a grin 1. aqua  Retracting the body of tongue 2. got  Substitution of briɡht [a] for back [ɑ]  Practice phrases:  Sing alleluia to the Lord  Stir thy church, O God, our Father  Tis the season to be jolly, fa la la la la . . . . .English Pure Back Vowels
  16. 16. English Front Pure Vowels i u I Ʊ e o Ɛ Ɔ æ ɑ
  17. 17. [i]  Spellings:  Potential Problems 1. Quay  Diphthongs: 2. She we’ll, heeled, yield, seal 3. Breathe 4. Green 5. Conceive 6. People  Practice phrases: 7. Key  He shall speak peace unto the heathen 8. believe  Free to be me, God, I really am free.  Beautiful dreamer, wake unto meEnglish Pure Front Vowels
  18. 18. [I]  Spellings:  Potential Problems  Substitution: 1. indigo been, beautiful, pretty, eternal, 2. Busy women  Vowel reduction: This sound is 3. behold typically a schwa [Ə], although there are other vowels that can be unstressed or reduced. A reduced vowel is a vowel that Practice phrases: can only occur in unstressed syllables, like schwa, and an  Because I have been given much, I unstressed vowel is a vowel that too must give can be stressed but is not. Before “ng”, “I” {I} is pronounced  That her iniquity is pardoned [I], as in bring, sing, and think  Sure on this shining night  Typical spellings for vowel reduction of [I} is ly, -y, -ies, and –ing.  Any words with these suffixesEnglish Pure Front Vowels have reduced vowels
  19. 19. Vowel Reduction  Vowel reduction: This sound is typically a schwa [ə], although there are other vowels that can be unstressed or reduced. A reduced vowel is a vowel that can only occur in unstressed syllables, like schwa, and an unstressed vowel is a vowel that can be stressed but is not. Before “ng”, “I” {I} is pronounced [I], as in bring, sing, and think  Typical spellings for vowel reduction of [I] is -ly, -y, - ies, and –ing.  Any words with these suffixes have reduced vowels
  20. 20. ʌ ɛƏ
  21. 21. [ʌ] This sound occurs only in stressed syllables. This includes those instances where “un” is a prefix emphasizing negation of the root word Spellings: above, us, plum, fuzzy, undone, blood, trouble Potential problems: substitution of [ɑ] ̤ fuzzy/fozie, was, love, one, son PRACTICE PHRASES  Unto us a Son is given  What wondrous love is this  I wonder as I wander out under the sky  Above = [Ə.bʌv] 
  22. 22. [Ə] This sound occurs only in unstressed syllables. This includes those instances where “un” is a prefix emphasizing negation of the root word Spellings: magenta, angel, evil, a, of the, cotton, passion, upon The sound only occurs in unstressed syllables or words Because in singing every syllable must have a vowel sound, [Ə] is used in singing certain syllables which are spoken without a vowels sound, as in little and people The schwa is a variable, weakly-defined sound. Other sounds in unstressed ɪ syllables: [ ] happiness, prepare, remember, receive, rejoice PRACTICE PHRASES  Unto us a Son is given  Hark! The herald angels sing  When I think upon the maidens
  23. 23. Angel and Evil Angel: Evil:
  24. 24. [3] Spellings: bird, purple, ever, counselor, forward, earth, journey, timbre, m artyr Potential problems: Some authorities avoid this sound, preferring [ʌ] in stressed syllables and [Ə] in unstressed syllables: Bud-bird; but-Bert Bird = [b3d] vs. bud = [bʌd] Bert = [b3t] vs. but [bʌt] Practice phrases:  Wonderful Counselor, the everlasting Father  Let all the world in every corner sing  I wonder as I wander out under the sky
  25. 25. Words from Textbook Bill  Lent  Twenty Pit  Lint  Rinse Pet  Ten  rents Hid  Tent Head  Tin Pin  Tint Pen  Twin
  26. 26. Words from Textbook Bill  Lent  Twenty Pit  Lint  Rinse Pet  Ten  rents Hid  Tent Head  Tin Pin  Tint Pen  Twin
  27. 27. Words from Textbook Ed  Bad Add  Sad Pest  Said Past  Then Men  Than Man Bed
  28. 28. Words from Textbook Boot  Pole Book  Paul Boat  pot Bought Box Pool Pull
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