Non-liturgical compositions• lauda - composed for use in private devotional• mainly simple syllabic change set in verse/refrain format to Italian texts• good example: Gloria in cielo e pace in terra
Gloria in cielo e pace in terra http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yRBkXnZoBOg
church dramas• often called liturgical dramas because of association ith liturgical feasts• biblical stories set to monophonic melodies for soloists and chorus
Monophonic compositions• Divided into four separate periods: • St. Martial 1100-1180 • Notre Dame (1180-1260) • Ars Antiqua (1260-1320) • Ars Nova (1320-1500)
St. Martial• St. Martial: characterized by monophonic tropes and sequences and two-voced compositions in discant and organum styles -• the organum style was especially important to development of polyphony.• Lower part was a portion of chant melody with original latin text set to very slow-moving rhythms while upper part had a different latin text and a freely composed and faster moving rhythm.
Notre Dame• Known for a large body of repertoire that was written for liturgical services at Notre Dame in Paris.• Two composers: Léonin 1180-1190 and Pérotin, active around 1200
Ars Antiqua• continued with rhythmically active upper parts set to their own text over a slower moving chant based lower part.• upper parts often set to French texts - each part had individual rhythmic characteristics (one faster than the other)