CONSONANTSUPDATED!
CONSONANTSDEFINEDA sound that stops or interferes with the flow of breath.Well sung consonants are precise, quick, energet...
CLASSIFICATION OFCONSONANTS1. Voicing: Are they voiced or unvoiced?2. Place of Articulation3. Manner of articulation{Think...
VOICED OR NOT?Either voiced or unvoiced – if it has pitch or not[feel your throat to know the difference]                 ...
PLACE OFARTICULATIONLabial or Bi-labial: LIPSLabio-dental: top teeth touching bottom lip (v)Dental: teeth – Italian D or I...
MANNER OFARTICULATIONManner of articulation – what happens to the structures thatare involved.                         PLO...
PLOSIVESThe airflow is prevented from passing through the mouth ornose and is suddenly releasedPairs of consonants that ar...
PLOSIVES           [p] and [b]           WHERE?????           [t] and [d]           WHERE?????           [k] and [g]      ...
PLOSIVES           [p] and [b]           BI-LABIAL           [t] and [d]           ALVEOLAR           [k] and [g]         ...
LOOK AT PAGE 133 INBOOK
[b]Sound in context: back, about, webSpellings: best1. But who may abide the day of his coming2. We are climbing Jacob’s l...
[p]Sound in context: push, depend, stopSpellings: pest1. The everlasting Father, the Prince of Peace2. Oh the deep, deep l...
[d]Sound in context: deaf, widow, sadSpellings: done1. And the ears of the deaf unstopped2. O Sacred Head, now wounded3. D...
[t]Sound in context: took, seated, brightSpellings: ton, kissed1. O thou that tellest good tidings to Zion2. Comfort, comf...
[g]Sound in context: give, begun, bigSpellings: ghost, got1. Glory to God in the highest2. God of grace and God of glory3....
[k]Sound in context: cost, become, walkSpellings: cot, chorus, sick, keep, unique1. Speak ye comfortably to Jerusalem, and...
FRICATIVES (WALL, 161)A fricative consonant is one in which the air flow is partiallyinterrupted as it passes through the ...
REMEMBERING THEMIDDLE NAME[v] vs. [f]   voiced or unvoiced   labio-dental fricative[ð] vs [ɵ] voiced or unvoiced dental fr...
[h]Voiced or Unvoiced?Place of articulation:Manner of articulation
[h]Voiced or Unvoiced?Place of articulation: ɡlottisManner of articulation: fricativeCommon problems: over aspiration; pus...
NASALSThree nasal consonants:[m][n][ŋ]
[m]Voiced or Unvoiced?Place of articulation:Manner of articulation
[m]Voiced or Unvoiced?Place of articulation: BilabialManner of articulation: NasalCommon Problems: Insufficient nasal reso...
[n]Voiced or Unvoiced?Place of articulation:Manner of articulation
[n]Voiced or Unvoiced?Place of articulation:   alveolarManner of articulation: nasalCommon problems: insufficient nasal re...
[ŋ]It has a name: [ɛŋ]Voiced or Unvoiced?Place of articulation:Manner of articulation
[ŋ]Voiced or Unvoiced?Place of articulation: back of tonɡue and soft palate (VELAR)Manner of articulation: NasalCommon pro...
Words with [ŋ](see Wall, p. 157)Hanging [hæŋ ɪŋ]Singing   [sɪŋ ɪŋ]Long       [lɔŋ]Finger    [fɪŋ ɡər]Single    [sɪŋ ɡəl]Ba...
AFFRICATIVES: COMBINATIONCONSONANTSDefined: Consonants that combine the articulation of twoconsonant sounds into a single ...
AFFRICATIVESIn English, there are four combination consonants or twopairs of cognates:[tʃ][dʒ][ts][dz]
AFFRICATIVES[tʃ]Chill, nature, much, ancient, choice, question1. For unto us a child is born2. When the church of Jesus3. ...
AFFRICATIVES[dʒ]Context: jaw, region, ageSpellings: budge, soldier, gentle, joy1. Behold a virgin shall conceive.2. Jesus ...
AFFRICATIVES[ts]Context: ______, _______, sitsSpellings: eats, waltz, lets1. The lord of hosts.2. Christian hearts in love...
AFFRICATIVES[dz]Context: _______, ______, wedsSpellings: sends, God’s, solitudesThere were shepherds abiding in the field.
SPELLINGS FOR ‘QU’AND ‘X’QuTwo possible sounds in English:[k] quiche, conquer, baroque[kw] quite, require
SPELLINGS FOR ‘QU’AND ‘X’xIn initial position, like “xylophone”[z]In medial position, like the word “excuse”[ks]
IN EXCELSIS DEOHow do you say it?
IN EXCELSIS DEOCorrect:[in ɛkʃɛlsis dɛɔ]
PRACTICE!ChoseJamChinaBridgeMatchBreech
PRACTICE!Chose [tʃ]Jam   [dʒ]China [tʃ]Bridge [dʒ]Match [tʃ]Breech [tʃ]
PRACTICE!ShareChairBeigeHedgeShipChipMatchBreech
PRACTICE!Share [ʃ]Chair      [tʃ]Beige   [ʒ]Hedge [dʒ]Ship [ʃ]Chip [tʃ]Match [tʃ]Breech [tʃ]
TRANSCRIBE    In the scented bud of the morning – O    When the windy grass went rippling far,       I saw my dear one wal...
[ɪn ðə sɛntəd bʌd əv ðə mɔ3nɪŋ oʊhwɛn ðə wɪndɪ ɡræs wɛnt rɪplɪŋ fa3ɑɪ sɔ mɑɪ dɪ3 wʌn wɔkɪŋ sloʊɪn ðə fild hwɛ3 ðə dɛɪzɪz ɑ3]
We did not lauɡh and we did not speak As we wandered happily to and fro;  I kissed mydear on either cheek,    In the bud o...
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Consonants for diction 2011 updated̘̙ 12-6

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Consonants in Diction for Samford University, Fall 2011.

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Consonants for diction 2011 updated̘̙ 12-6

  1. 1. CONSONANTSUPDATED!
  2. 2. CONSONANTSDEFINEDA sound that stops or interferes with the flow of breath.Well sung consonants are precise, quick, energetic, andprovide definition of the vocal line
  3. 3. CLASSIFICATION OFCONSONANTS1. Voicing: Are they voiced or unvoiced?2. Place of Articulation3. Manner of articulation{Think of consonants as having three names –first, middle, last}
  4. 4. VOICED OR NOT?Either voiced or unvoiced – if it has pitch or not[feel your throat to know the difference] z vs. s b vs. p d vs. t
  5. 5. PLACE OFARTICULATIONLabial or Bi-labial: LIPSLabio-dental: top teeth touching bottom lip (v)Dental: teeth – Italian D or Italian TAlveolar: gum ridgePalatal: Hard palateVelar: soft palateGlottis: Space between vocal folds
  6. 6. MANNER OFARTICULATIONManner of articulation – what happens to the structures thatare involved. PLOSIVES FRICATIVES NASALS LATERALS GLIDES AFFRICATIVES See text book on page 130
  7. 7. PLOSIVESThe airflow is prevented from passing through the mouth ornose and is suddenly releasedPairs of consonants that are only differentiated by theirvoicing: [p] and [b] [t] and [d] [k] and [g]
  8. 8. PLOSIVES [p] and [b] WHERE????? [t] and [d] WHERE????? [k] and [g] WHERE?????
  9. 9. PLOSIVES [p] and [b] BI-LABIAL [t] and [d] ALVEOLAR [k] and [g] VELAR
  10. 10. LOOK AT PAGE 133 INBOOK
  11. 11. [b]Sound in context: back, about, webSpellings: best1. But who may abide the day of his coming2. We are climbing Jacob’s ladder3. Brett burned Brian’s buttered breakfast biscuits
  12. 12. [p]Sound in context: push, depend, stopSpellings: pest1. The everlasting Father, the Prince of Peace2. Oh the deep, deep love of Jesus3. Perky Patty picks pretty pink posies
  13. 13. [d]Sound in context: deaf, widow, sadSpellings: done1. And the ears of the deaf unstopped2. O Sacred Head, now wounded3. Doleful David disavows dapper Dan’s disclaimer
  14. 14. [t]Sound in context: took, seated, brightSpellings: ton, kissed1. O thou that tellest good tidings to Zion2. Comfort, comfort ye my people3. Tiny tots attain terribly tattered mittens
  15. 15. [g]Sound in context: give, begun, bigSpellings: ghost, got1. Glory to God in the highest2. God of grace and God of glory3. Good girls get great gag gifts
  16. 16. [k]Sound in context: cost, become, walkSpellings: cot, chorus, sick, keep, unique1. Speak ye comfortably to Jerusalem, and cry unto her2. Come, all Christians, be committeed3. Ken’s calm cow comforted Kathie’s kicking, crying calvesCommon problem: substitution of unvoiced [k] for voiced[g]. “Vigor” should now sound like “vicar”
  17. 17. FRICATIVES (WALL, 161)A fricative consonant is one in which the air flow is partiallyinterrupted as it passes through the vocal tract, thus producinga noisy sound. Because they can be sustained, they are calledcontinuants. There are four pairs of cognates plus [h]. [v] vs. [f] [ð] vs [ɵ] [z] vs [s] [ʒ] vs [ʃ] [h]
  18. 18. REMEMBERING THEMIDDLE NAME[v] vs. [f] voiced or unvoiced labio-dental fricative[ð] vs [ɵ] voiced or unvoiced dental fricative[z] vs [s] voiced or unvoiced alveolar ridge fricative[ʒ] vs [ʃ] voiced or unvoiced palatal fricative
  19. 19. [h]Voiced or Unvoiced?Place of articulation:Manner of articulation
  20. 20. [h]Voiced or Unvoiced?Place of articulation: ɡlottisManner of articulation: fricativeCommon problems: over aspiration; pushing too much airthrough the glottis, resulting in breathiness.
  21. 21. NASALSThree nasal consonants:[m][n][ŋ]
  22. 22. [m]Voiced or Unvoiced?Place of articulation:Manner of articulation
  23. 23. [m]Voiced or Unvoiced?Place of articulation: BilabialManner of articulation: NasalCommon Problems: Insufficient nasal resonance. The [m]sound should be well hummed up through the nose in speechand singing. Also – inadequate duration. (causes muffledness)
  24. 24. [n]Voiced or Unvoiced?Place of articulation:Manner of articulation
  25. 25. [n]Voiced or Unvoiced?Place of articulation: alveolarManner of articulation: nasalCommon problems: insufficient nasal resonance;inadequate duration
  26. 26. [ŋ]It has a name: [ɛŋ]Voiced or Unvoiced?Place of articulation:Manner of articulation
  27. 27. [ŋ]Voiced or Unvoiced?Place of articulation: back of tonɡue and soft palate (VELAR)Manner of articulation: NasalCommon problems: insufficient nasal resonance;inadequate duration; substitution of [n] for [ŋ]
  28. 28. Words with [ŋ](see Wall, p. 157)Hanging [hæŋ ɪŋ]Singing [sɪŋ ɪŋ]Long [lɔŋ]Finger [fɪŋ ɡər]Single [sɪŋ ɡəl]Bank [bæŋk]Drunk [drʌŋk]
  29. 29. AFFRICATIVES: COMBINATIONCONSONANTSDefined: Consonants that combine the articulation of twoconsonant sounds into a single speech unit.“A composite speech sound consisting of a stop and africative articulated at the same point (as “ch” in chair and “j”in joy)
  30. 30. AFFRICATIVESIn English, there are four combination consonants or twopairs of cognates:[tʃ][dʒ][ts][dz]
  31. 31. AFFRICATIVES[tʃ]Chill, nature, much, ancient, choice, question1. For unto us a child is born2. When the church of Jesus3. But they still got an itch for heavenly graces
  32. 32. AFFRICATIVES[dʒ]Context: jaw, region, ageSpellings: budge, soldier, gentle, joy1. Behold a virgin shall conceive.2. Jesus loves me3. I shall imagine life.
  33. 33. AFFRICATIVES[ts]Context: ______, _______, sitsSpellings: eats, waltz, lets1. The lord of hosts.2. Christian hearts in love united.3. My papa’s waltz.
  34. 34. AFFRICATIVES[dz]Context: _______, ______, wedsSpellings: sends, God’s, solitudesThere were shepherds abiding in the field.
  35. 35. SPELLINGS FOR ‘QU’AND ‘X’QuTwo possible sounds in English:[k] quiche, conquer, baroque[kw] quite, require
  36. 36. SPELLINGS FOR ‘QU’AND ‘X’xIn initial position, like “xylophone”[z]In medial position, like the word “excuse”[ks]
  37. 37. IN EXCELSIS DEOHow do you say it?
  38. 38. IN EXCELSIS DEOCorrect:[in ɛkʃɛlsis dɛɔ]
  39. 39. PRACTICE!ChoseJamChinaBridgeMatchBreech
  40. 40. PRACTICE!Chose [tʃ]Jam [dʒ]China [tʃ]Bridge [dʒ]Match [tʃ]Breech [tʃ]
  41. 41. PRACTICE!ShareChairBeigeHedgeShipChipMatchBreech
  42. 42. PRACTICE!Share [ʃ]Chair [tʃ]Beige [ʒ]Hedge [dʒ]Ship [ʃ]Chip [tʃ]Match [tʃ]Breech [tʃ]
  43. 43. TRANSCRIBE In the scented bud of the morning – O When the windy grass went rippling far, I saw my dear one walking slow In the field where the daisies are.
  44. 44. [ɪn ðə sɛntəd bʌd əv ðə mɔ3nɪŋ oʊhwɛn ðə wɪndɪ ɡræs wɛnt rɪplɪŋ fa3ɑɪ sɔ mɑɪ dɪ3 wʌn wɔkɪŋ sloʊɪn ðə fild hwɛ3 ðə dɛɪzɪz ɑ3]
  45. 45. We did not lauɡh and we did not speak As we wandered happily to and fro; I kissed mydear on either cheek, In the bud of the morning – O.

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