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Transcript

  • 1. Global Impact Of Mental Illness
  • 2. About Mental Illness
    • Mental illness is a highly prevalent disease that affects millions of people around the world.
    • One in one hundred people in the world develop schizophrenia. ¹
    • Mental illness does not discriminate : it strikes people of all ethnic groups, religions and economic brackets. ²
    • Over 44 million people in the U.S. – one in five adults – suffer from a diagnosable mental disorder in a given year ³ , and over 5 million are disabled by severe mental illness. ²
    • Two new cases of mental illness occur in the U.S. every second of every day – 60 million new cases each year .³
    ¹Source: World Health Organization. ² Source: National Alliance for Mental Health (NAMI), “About Mental Illness”. ³Source: Excerpt from The Numbers Count: National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH).
  • 3. About Mental Illness
    • Mental illness strikes the young and often goes undiagnosed and untreated for many years.
    • Half of those who will ever be diagnosed with a mental disorder show signs of the disease by age 14 , three-quarters by age 25. ¹
    • Few get help: in the last year, about 80% of serious cases went untreated in poor countries, 35-50% of cases in richer countries. ¹
    • There are pervasive delays in getting treatment: the median across disorders is nearly a decade , contributing to greater severity, co-occurrence of mental illnesses, and lower success rates as people age.¹
    ¹ Source: Prevalence, Severity, and Unmet Need for Treatment of Mental Disorders, World Health Organization World Mental Health Surveys , June 2004, Journal of the American Medical Association.
  • 4. About Mental Illness
    • Mental illness threatens lives everywhere.
    • Mental disorders are associated with over 90% of all reported suicide cases. ¹
    • In America, more people die from suicide than cancer, homicide¹ or HIV/AIDS . In 2001, there were twice as many deaths due to suicide than from HIV/AIDS.²
    • Suicide claims the lives of a significant number of people with serious mental illness:
      • o ne in ten people suffering from schizophrenia will commit suicide 3 .
      • o ne in five people suffering from bipolar disorder will commit suicide 4 .
    ¹ Source: World Health Organization and Center for Disease Control. ² Source: National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). 3 Source: Treatment Advocacy Center. 4 Source: Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance.
  • 5. About Mental Illness Mental illness has a significant impact on human productivity…
    • Major depression is the leading cause of disability worldwide among persons aged five or older. ¹
    • Four of the ten leading causes of disability in developed countries are mental disorders (major depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and obsessive-compulsive disorder). ²
    • Around the world, mental illness causes as many lost days of work as any physical problem like cancer , heart attack or back pain. ³
    • Mental illness, including suicide, accounts for over 15% of the lost years of healthy life , also known as Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) – more than all cancers and second only to all cardiovascular conditions .¹
    ¹Source: National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). ²Source: World Health Organization. ³Source: Prevalence, Severity, and Unmet Need for Treatment of Mental Disorders, World Health Organization World Mental Health Surveys , June 2004, Journal of the American Medical Association.
  • 6. About Mental Illness ... and a staggering impact on the global economy.
    • In 1990, costs related to mental illness in the U.S. were already significant: 3
      • Indirect costs for mental disorders totaled $79 billion – 80% of these costs stemmed from disability; $12 billion stemmed from mortality costs.
      • Major depression cost an estimated $23 billion in lost workdays.
      • One study concluded that the aggregate yearly cost of mental disorders accounted for about 2.5% of the U.S. Gross Domestic Product . 4
    1 Meerding et al., 1998; Patel and Knapp, 1998. 2 For the U.K., the figure is for inpatient expense only. 3 Source: NCQA – Measuring the Quality of America’s Health Care ( www.ncqa.org ). 4 Source: The World Health Report, Rice et al., 1990
    • Studies from Europe 1 have estimated that expenditures on mental disorders as a proportion of all health service costs are very high – 23% in the Netherlands, and 22% in the U.K. 2
  • 7. About Mental Illness
    • At the governmental level…
      • Mental diseases account for 12% of the global burden of disease , but the mental healthcare budgets of most countries are less than 1% of total healthcare expenditures. ¹
      • Many countries have no mental healthcare budget at all. ¹
    • At the philanthropic level…
      • Around the world, the stigma associated with mental illness creates a vicious cycle of alienation and discrimination that results in social and political isolation and inadequate treatment approaches and resources within the community.
      • Despite a higher death rate, mental illnesses receive a fraction of the charitable donations made to combat cancer or AIDS/HIV.
    There are inadequate resources available for combating mental illness, despite its huge impact on human productivity and life. ¹ Source: World Health Organization.
  • 8. About Mental Illness
    • People can regain their mental health, but not with medication alone.
      • People with mental illness are successfully participating in society through a combination of medication, community support services and relationships that ease the way from isolation to full participation in life.
    • Thousands of good examples exist around the world of people with mental illness not merely integrated into their communities , but playing a socially productive and economically important role . ¹
      • The emergence of evidenced based practices and other rehabilitation services in many countries around the world demonstrates through a growing body of evidence that people with mental illness can successfully participate in society through education, employment and other social activities. ¹
    Mental illness is treatable. There is hope for people who have it. ¹ Source: World Health Organization.
  • 9. End Of Presentation
    • Thank You!
    • Any Questions?
    • Digressions?