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Consultation: What is it good for? <ul><li>Phil Gordon  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Head Anthropology Collections </li></ul></ul...
Aboriginal Australia <ul><li>60,000 years of occupation </li></ul><ul><li>Several waves of migration  </li></ul><ul><li>Di...
Museum industry  <ul><li>Small country </li></ul><ul><li>Small industry  </li></ul><ul><li>Aboriginal issues are very prom...
Museums what are they <ul><li>Cabinets of curiosity </li></ul><ul><li>Exotica </li></ul><ul><li>A place for dead or dying ...
Aboriginal perspective <ul><li>Negative historical interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Seen as part of the problem  </li></ul><u...
Why do Consultation <ul><li>Aboriginal people are a major stakeholder </li></ul><ul><li>For museums they are politically p...
Consultation <ul><li>Museum’s guiding principle is self determination  </li></ul><ul><li>We talk and listen and then act  ...
The Australian Way  <ul><li>Brought about because of changing Aboriginal political circumstances  </li></ul><ul><li>Not le...
Our Protocol is  <ul><li>Consultation is to be undertaken in a place acceptable to Aboriginal people  </li></ul><ul><li>Lo...
Types of Consultation <ul><li>Varies depending on the topic </li></ul><ul><li>Workshops </li></ul><ul><li>One on one  </li...
Project types <ul><li>Exhibition </li></ul><ul><li>Collection management </li></ul><ul><li>Intangibles </li></ul><ul><li>R...
Problems <ul><li>Yes there are problems </li></ul><ul><li>Who do you talk to  </li></ul><ul><li>How long do you talk </li>...
Four projects  <ul><li>Indigenous Youth Access project  </li></ul><ul><li>Outreach Program  </li></ul><ul><li>Keeping Cult...
Youth Access Project  <ul><li>Aim to increase Indigenous youth access to museums  </li></ul><ul><li>Identify political and...
What they wanted  <ul><li>Respect for them as people </li></ul><ul><li>Welcoming atmosphere </li></ul><ul><li>Seeing thems...
Outreach Programs <ul><li>Community Workshop: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>rolling evaluation to fine tune program  </li></ul></u...
Keeping Culture CD-ROM  <ul><li>Developed to provide information </li></ul><ul><li>Using Indigenous experiences to help ot...
Repatriation <ul><li>Secret Sacred several levels of consultation can take years </li></ul><ul><li>Remains very emotional ...
Reflections <ul><li>Aboriginal involvement in museums has been positive  </li></ul><ul><li>It has made museums relevant </...
Future  <ul><li>Move into the delivery of services using new technologies  and online access </li></ul><ul><li>e-learning ...
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Transcript of "york presentation"

  1. 1. Consultation: What is it good for? <ul><li>Phil Gordon </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Head Anthropology Collections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Australian Museum/ </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Aboriginal Australia <ul><li>60,000 years of occupation </li></ul><ul><li>Several waves of migration </li></ul><ul><li>Dingo 4,000 </li></ul><ul><li>At least two Ice ages </li></ul><ul><li>All of Australia Occupied </li></ul>
  3. 3. Museum industry <ul><li>Small country </li></ul><ul><li>Small industry </li></ul><ul><li>Aboriginal issues are very prominent </li></ul>
  4. 4. Museums what are they <ul><li>Cabinets of curiosity </li></ul><ul><li>Exotica </li></ul><ul><li>A place for dead or dying cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Darwinism </li></ul><ul><li>Repository of the Great Western scientific tradition </li></ul>
  5. 5. Aboriginal perspective <ul><li>Negative historical interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Seen as part of the problem </li></ul><ul><li>Repository of their stolen cultural material </li></ul><ul><li>Repository of their ancestors </li></ul>
  6. 6. Why do Consultation <ul><li>Aboriginal people are a major stakeholder </li></ul><ul><li>For museums they are politically powerful </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits for the museum sector </li></ul><ul><li>Whole of government approach </li></ul><ul><li>It works </li></ul>
  7. 7. Consultation <ul><li>Museum’s guiding principle is self determination </li></ul><ul><li>We talk and listen and then act </li></ul><ul><li>Processes have to be developed to input this information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>thus consultation = evaluation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>rolling basis </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Australian Way <ul><li>Brought about because of changing Aboriginal political circumstances </li></ul><ul><li>Not legislatively imposed: Why? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Employment of Indigenous staff </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indigenous control of some of the levers of control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advisory committee etc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It works </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Our Protocol is <ul><li>Consultation is to be undertaken in a place acceptable to Aboriginal people </li></ul><ul><li>Long-term commitment </li></ul><ul><li>Tangible results </li></ul><ul><li>Indigenous people involved </li></ul><ul><li>Has to be something in it for them </li></ul><ul><li>Ownership and ability to direct </li></ul>
  10. 10. Types of Consultation <ul><li>Varies depending on the topic </li></ul><ul><li>Workshops </li></ul><ul><li>One on one </li></ul><ul><li>General meetings </li></ul><ul><li>Aboriginal employees are important </li></ul>
  11. 11. Project types <ul><li>Exhibition </li></ul><ul><li>Collection management </li></ul><ul><li>Intangibles </li></ul><ul><li>Repatriation </li></ul><ul><li>Welcome to land </li></ul>
  12. 12. Problems <ul><li>Yes there are problems </li></ul><ul><li>Who do you talk to </li></ul><ul><li>How long do you talk </li></ul><ul><li>What happens if the project fails </li></ul><ul><li>Disputes internal external Aboriginal political issues </li></ul><ul><li>No one wants to be involved </li></ul><ul><li>Resource intensive </li></ul><ul><li>Long term </li></ul>
  13. 13. Four projects <ul><li>Indigenous Youth Access project </li></ul><ul><li>Outreach Program </li></ul><ul><li>Keeping Culture CD-ROM </li></ul><ul><li>Repatriation Secret Sacred Material and Human remains </li></ul>
  14. 14. Youth Access Project <ul><li>Aim to increase Indigenous youth access to museums </li></ul><ul><li>Identify political and social issues affecting their access </li></ul><ul><li>Method: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>focus groups/interviews with young Indigenous people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>broader discussion and stakeholder interviews </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>literature analysis </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. What they wanted <ul><li>Respect for them as people </li></ul><ul><li>Welcoming atmosphere </li></ul><ul><li>Seeing themselves reflected in content, programming and staffing </li></ul><ul><li>Active learning experiences </li></ul><ul><li>Involvement in program development </li></ul><ul><li>Use of technology </li></ul><ul><li>Deal with contemporary issues </li></ul>
  16. 16. Outreach Programs <ul><li>Community Workshop: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>rolling evaluation to fine tune program </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>started off with basic museum practices (eg curatorial, conservation, etc) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>program refined through workshop evaluation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>long history of consultation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>people know they will be listened to: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>and their suggestions acted on </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Keeping Culture CD-ROM <ul><li>Developed to provide information </li></ul><ul><li>Using Indigenous experiences to help others develop their own museums/ cultural centres </li></ul><ul><li>Prototype tested giving feedback in development stage </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation pivotal in the outcome </li></ul>
  18. 18. Repatriation <ul><li>Secret Sacred several levels of consultation can take years </li></ul><ul><li>Remains very emotional </li></ul><ul><li>Long term projects </li></ul><ul><li>Basis of trust </li></ul><ul><li>The return of remains was pivotal in the development of the relationship </li></ul>
  19. 19. Reflections <ul><li>Aboriginal involvement in museums has been positive </li></ul><ul><li>It has made museums relevant </li></ul><ul><li>We had to do it </li></ul><ul><li>Template for other communities </li></ul>
  20. 20. Future <ul><li>Move into the delivery of services using new technologies and online access </li></ul><ul><li>e-learning </li></ul><ul><li>outreach program </li></ul><ul><li>and surprises </li></ul>
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