Is your data secure? privacy and trust in the social webPhil Cryer616 CollabSaint Louis, Missouri, USWarsaw, Poland - Febr...
Warszawa, Hotel Marriott Courtyard 23-24 lutego 2012• privacy advocate• security researcher• infrastructure engineer• open...
“With social media,users’ vanity hastrumped previously heldmores concerningprivacy”                  me, 2011
People’s data on socialnetworks becomespermanently shared.
So what will companiesdo to monetize all of thisdata they collect?
Use it to better targetyou with ads, of course.
To you, your socialprofile...
=
Data
Your data
But to the social mediacompanies...
Your data
=
http://cheezburger.com/View/2362193664
So, how much shouldpeople worry about theloss of online privacy?        http://online.wsj.com/article/SB100014240529702041...
Danah Boyd “People want to share. But thatsdifferent than saying that people want to beexposed by others.”               P...
Chris Soghoian “...we now regularly trade ourmost private information for access tosocial-networking sites and free conten...
Whose Life Is It Anyway? Consumers are learningtheir data is currency                   http://www.adweek.com/news/adverti...
Whose Life Is It Anyway? Consumers are learningtheir data is currencyEach year, companies in the U.S. spendmore than $2 bi...
Could your privacy be bought from you?http://www.forbes.com/sites/kashmirhill/2012/02/09/your-online-privacy-is-worth-less...
Could your privacy be bought from you?Google [...] wants “panelists” for a program calledScreenwise who will add a browser...
Could your privacy be bought from you?What’s in it for you? Up to $25 in gift cards. [..] a$5 Amazon.com Gift Card code in...
$25 USD per yearhttp://www.forbes.com/sites/kashmirhill/2012/02/09/your-online-privacy-is-worth-less-than-a-six-pack-of-ma...
“New research finds people fork over $5,000worth of personal information a year toGoogle in exchange for access to its “fr...
“If you’re not paying forthe product, you are theproduct.”
•   More than 800 million active users•   More than 50% of active users login daily•   Average user has 130 friends       ...
•   More than 70 languages available on the site•   Over 300,000 users helped translate the site    through the translatio...
$ curl -s http://graph.facebook.com/4 | python -mjson.tool{    "first_name": "Mark",    "gender": "male",    "id": "4",   ...
Mark Zuckerberg starts Facebook at 19 while still atHarvard, but early messages don’t show a stronginterest in privacy...
An early instant message session with a friend...Zuck: Yeah so if you ever need info about anyone at HarvardZuck: Just ask...
Other comments to give us a feel for his thoughts onprivacy...“Having two identities for yourself is an example of a lacko...
More recently, Nick Bilton’s off the record chat with aFacebook employee...@nickbilton: How does Zuck feel about privacy?R...
Privacy no longer a social norm, says Facebookfounder“People have really gottencomfortable not onlysharing           morei...
Facebook Privacy: A bewildering Tangle ofOptions“To manage your privacy on Facebook, you will need tonavigate through 50 s...
https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2010/05/12/business/facebook-privacy.html
https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2010/05/12/business/facebook-privacy.html
http://facebook.com
Chris Soghoian “Facebook’s covert surveillanceof your browsing activities on non-Facebook websites...”               Altho...
Facebook has cut a deal with political website Politico that allows theindependent site machine-access to Facebook users m...
Facebook has cut a deal with political website Politico that allows theindependent site machine-access to Facebook users m...
Facebook has cut a deal with political website Politico that allows theindependent site machine-access to Facebook users m...
https://www.facebook.com/about/ads
Exclusive: Leaked Details of How Facebook Plans        To Sell Your Timeline to AdvertisersWhat most users don’t know is t...
Exclusive: Leaked Details of How Facebook Plans        To Sell Your Timeline to AdvertisersWhat most users don’t know is t...
Exclusive: Leaked Details of How Facebook Plans        To Sell Your Timeline to AdvertisersDisguising ads as your friends’...
Exclusive: Leaked Details of How Facebook Plans        To Sell Your Timeline to AdvertisersDisguising ads as your friends’...
Timeline is “mandatory”for every Facebook user
Timeline is “mandatory”for every Facebook user with no opt-out option
Facebook settles privacycase with the FederalTrade Comission         http://business.financialpost.com/2011/11/29/facebook-...
Facebook has agreed to settle an investigation by the Federal Trade   Commission into deceptive privacy practices, committ...
Facebook has agreed to settle an investigation by the Federal Trade   Commission into deceptive privacy practices, committ...
Facebook’s entirebusiness model is underfire in the EU             http://venturebeat.com/2011/11/28/facebook-advertising-eu
The EU is considering a ban on Facebook’s practice of selling              demographic data to marketers and advertisers w...
The EU is considering a ban on Facebook’s practice of selling              demographic data to marketers and advertisers w...
“Your profile is the way you present yourself on Googleproducts and across the web. With your profile, youcan manage the i...
Google gives you a privacy dashboard to showjust how much it knows about you     http://techcrunch.com/2009/11/05/google-g...
Google announces privacy changes across all  products                                                                     ...
Google’s new policy              replaces more than 60              existing product-specific              privacy documen...
The new privacy policy – which Google contends will allow it to better target ads —goes into effect on March 1. In a press...
“If Google received a warrant to disclose documents, and your business and personal docs are intermingled — that’s a probl...
The End of PrivacyIf Google can changeits privacy policytoday, it can change ittomorrow. And it will.[...] This is whatsmo...
Google announcesprivacy changes acrossproducts
Google announcesprivacy changes acrossproducts with no opt-out option
http://www.ftc.gov/opa/2011/03/google.shtm
On the day Buzz was launched, Gmail users got a message announcing the new service andwere given two options: “Sweet! Chec...
On the day Buzz was launched, Gmail users got a message announcing the new service andwere given two options: “Sweet! Chec...
In response to the Buzz launch, Google received thousands of complaints from consumers whowere concerned about public disc...
In response to the Buzz launch, Google received thousands of complaints from consumers whowere concerned about public disc...
http://www.zdnet.com/blog/identity/ftc-asked-to-probe-google-search-integration/143
EPIC says a review should take place given an ongoing FTC investigation of possibleantitrust violations related to the way...
EPIC says a review should take place given an ongoing FTC investigation of possibleantitrust violations related to the way...
https://plus.google.com
Search Plus is combining personal signals — your searchand web history — along with social signals to create a newform of ...
Google may use your Google account information, suchas items you +1 on Google properties and across the web, topersonalize...
Google Under Fire for Circumvention ofCookie Settings in Safari for iOS to TrackUsers  http://www.macrumors.com/2012/02/17...
Safari’s cookie blocking feature is unique in two ways: itsdefault and its substantive policy.Unlike every other browser v...
Safari’s cookie blocking feature is unique in two ways: itsdefault and its substantive policy.Unlike every other browser v...
Safari’s cookie blocking feature is unique in two ways: itsdefault and its substantive policy.Unlike every other browser v...
+   •     but, Google used a loophole to make Safari         allow cookies (which it will only do IF a user         intera...
Lastly, Google produces a laudable transparency report, but... Google complies with 93 percent of the 6,000 requests it re...
“...all these concerns about privacy tend to be old people issues.” Reid Hoffman, the founder of LinkedIn, in a segment du...
http://www.businessinsider.com/privacy-is-for-old-people-says-linkedin-founder-2011-10
http://fak3r.com/2011/10/12/linkedin-is-spamming-all-of-my-gmail-contacts
•   people I didn’t know well personally•   people that I work with from other countries    that aren’t on LinkedIn•   tec...
http://fak3r.com/2011/10/12/linkedin-is-spamming-all-of-my-gmail-contacts
•   so I did opt-in•   but they didn’t use the data in the manner I    approved•   support, didn’t help                   ...
Don’t forget about filesharing
http://www.dropbox.com
•   Dropbox is a simple to use, file syncing    application•   syncs across multiple devices automatically•   offers 2 Gig...
How Dropbox sacrifices user privacy forcost savings   •   claimed no Dropbox personal could access       your files   •   ...
How Dropbox sacrifices user privacy forcost savings                        On April 1, 2011, Marcia Hofmann at the        ...
Privacy Policy change (April 13, 2011)“All files stored on Dropbox servers areencrypted (AES 256) and are inaccessiblewith...
Privacy Policy change (April 13, 2011)“All files stored on Dropbox servers areencrypted (AES 256) and are inaccessiblewith...
http://getcloudapp.com
“CloudApp allows you to share images, links, music, videos andfiles. Here is how it works: choose a file, drag it to theme...
Unfortunately, the weak entropy ofcharacters used for their shortened URLsleads to (very) low privacy                     ...
http://cl.ly/2a3e                    http://getcloudapp.com
http://cl.ly/2a3e                    http://getcloudapp.com
http://cl.ly/3l1k                    http://getcloudapp.com
http://cl.ly/3l1k                    http://getcloudapp.com
http://cl.ly/4ety                    http://getcloudapp.com
http://cl.ly/4ety                    http://getcloudapp.com
This is fun...until you find personal documents                                        http://getcloudapp.com
I wrote a script that can randomly downloadgigabytes of users’ data, by guessing, or “bruteforcing” different URL combinat...
•   plenty of pictures, mp3s, graphics•   credit card receipts, court documents, W9    (US tax forms), personal emails, Fa...
People don’t know they’re sharing this data.Responsible Disclosure: I reported my findings toCloudApp (12/2011), they said...
They have not fixed the issue, I have releasedthe script to demonstrate this vulnerability.I’m still waiting to hear back ...
How could all of thissocial media data beused?
To fight crime
Facebook Unmasks Koobface (P2P botnets)   Gang, Aided By Their Foursquare Check-ins And   Social Networking Photoshttp://w...
Facebook Unmasks Koobface (P2P botnets)   Gang, Aided By Their Foursquare Check-ins And   Social Networking Photos       I...
For good, humanitarianpurposes
Twitter Tracks Cholera OutbreaksFaster Than Health Authorities                            Now researchers have shown that,...
For nefarious purposes
https://xkcd.comhttp://sylviamoessinger.wordpress.com/2011/05/04/h807-online-privacy-an-illusion-a10-1
Spokeo is a people search engine“...organizes vast quantities of white-pages listings, social information, and other peopl...
Spokeo is a people search engineNot just Name, Age, Sex, but they also include Race, Politics, Religion, Cost of your home...
http://cheezburger.com
Understand whyprivacy matters
The Right to Anonymity is a Matter of Privacy         Privacy from employers         Privacy from the political scene   ...
Communication Security; Riseups primer onsurveillance and security. Why security matters• Because network surveillance is ...
The Filter Bubble             "Internet firms increasingly             show us less of the wide             world, locatin...
Understand that privatebrowsing isn’t private
http://donottrackplus.com/learn/pbrowsing.php
Know what you aresharing
Block trackers before they get yourinformation – social sites, ad networks,companies  Do Not Track Plus                   ...
Blocks ads, flash and javascript trackers                                                               http://noscript.ne...
Opt-out of sharing
Via browser plugins               http://google.com/settings/ads/onweb
Or opt-out manuallyhttp://bit.ly/optout           http://www.google.com/ads/preferences/plugin/browsers.html
Remove Your GoogleSearch History BeforeGoogles New PrivacyPolicy Takes Effect
1. Sign into your Google accounthttps://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2012/02/how-remove-your-google-search-history-googles-new-pr...
2. Go to https://google.com/historyhttps://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2012/02/how-remove-your-google-search-history-googles-new...
3. Click "remove all Web History"https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2012/02/how-remove-your-google-search-history-googles-new-p...
4. Click "OK"https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2012/02/how-remove-your-google-search-history-googles-new-privacy-policy-takes-...
Pauses Web History, it will remain off untilyou enable it again, but this won’t stopGoogle’s other tracking methods   http...
Oops, my history was saved back to 2006 https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2012/02/how-remove-your-google-search-history-google...
Browse securely
HTTPS is your friend          http://alexmillers.wordpress.com/2011/05/11/https-is-your-friend
why?
Session hijackingaka sidejacking             https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Session_hijacking
Logins: httpsThen drops to: http              https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Session_hijacking
HTTPS Everywhere      HTTPS Everywhere is a Firefox extension      produced as a collaboration between The Tor Project    ...
HTTPS EnforcerHTTPS Enforcer for GoogleChrome encrypts yourcommunications with anumber of major websites.                 ...
Encrypt your DNSqueries
OpenDNS tool secures DNStraffic DNSCrypt issignificant because itencrypts all DNS trafficbetween Internet users andOpenDNS...
Use better passwords
Use MORE passwords
why?
Zappos hacked, 24million accounts        http://money.cnn.com/2012/01/16/technology/zappos_hack/index.htm
Zappos hacked, 24million accountsZappos users here are the subject matter simply because it’sthe most recent attack, but i...
SlashGear 101: BasicPassword Security“The simplest way to keep yourself secure on the internetis to use different password...
Here’s how I do it
https://lastpass.com
https://lastpass.com
9Z!de*NM2y7%yZwtwZx7CC@utHyVD@5KcP$arcQTkt2Fhntu#8cET!pDqDXq9HcV
9Z!de*NM2y7%yZwtNot a perfect method, trusting a 3rd partywZx7CC@utHyVD@5KcP$arcQTkt2Fhntu#8cET!pDqDXq9HcV
9Z!de*NM2y7%yZwtNot a perfect method, trusting a 3rd partywZx7CC@utHyVD@5KWorks, but looking for a more secure waycP$arcQT...
9Z!de*NM2y7%yZwtNot a perfect method, trusting a 3rd partywZx7CC@utHyVD@5KWorks, but looking for a more secure waycP$arcQT...
Search more securely
“The world’s most private search engine”         https://ixquick.de
https://duckduckgo.com
"[...] we cannot rely on a few large companies, and compromise our privacy inthe process," says Michael Christen, YaCys pr...
Use free, open source,tools to protect yourself
•   Tor is short for The Onion Router•   originally designed as a onion routing project of    the U.S. Naval Research Labo...
https://torproject.org
The Tor BrowserBundle lets you useTor on Windows, MacOS X or Linuxwithout installingany software.                      htt...
Install Tor on aserver to contributeto the network’srobustness, andconnect yourself             https://torproject.org
•   a user-friendly way of deploying Tor bridges    to help users access an uncensored Internet•   runs on a Amazon EC2 mi...
“A lightweight command line service that     securely synchronizes your data”           http://lipsync.it
javascript based authentication, uses remoteStorage, across-origin data storage protocol separating applicationservers fro...
DIY, run your ownservices, instead of usingothers
http://drupal.orghttp://www.joomla.org  http://wordpress.org
open source, Jabber/XMPP instant messaging server   Off-the-Record (OTR) Messaging, more secure      use SSL for encrypted...
open source microblogging software (like Twitter)run your own host, keep your own information           it powers http://i...
an open, distributed, federated, social networkmirrors functionality of Facebook, Google+signup on an official server, or ...
Get involved, demandchange
Focusing public attention on emerging privacy and civil liberties issues                                                  ...
Conclusion
Conclusionquestion      how companies save, store and use yourdata, what kind of retention policy they have
Conclusionquestion      how companies save, store and use yourdata, what kind of retention policy they havelearn   about o...
Conclusionquestion      how companies save, store and use yourdata, what kind of retention policy they havelearn   about o...
Conclusionquestion      how companies save, store and use yourdata, what kind of retention policy they havelearn    about ...
Conclusionquestion      how companies save, store and use yourdata, what kind of retention policy they havelearn    about ...
slides + details: philcryer.com
slides + details: philcryer.comfollow + twitter:        @fak3r
philcryer.com                                        @fak3r    Prezentacja dostępna będzie na stronie konferencjisemafor20...
philcryer.com                                        @fak3r    Prezentacja dostępna będzie na stronie konferencjisemafor20...
Is your data secure?  privacy and trust in the social web
Is your data secure?  privacy and trust in the social web
Is your data secure?  privacy and trust in the social web
Is your data secure?  privacy and trust in the social web
Is your data secure?  privacy and trust in the social web
Is your data secure?  privacy and trust in the social web
Is your data secure?  privacy and trust in the social web
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Is your data secure? privacy and trust in the social web

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My talk given to the SEMAFOR (Security, Management, Audit Forum) in Warsaw, Poland on February 24, 2012. I look at the various ways social networking sites are (ab)using private client data, without the user’s consent.

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Is your data secure? privacy and trust in the social web

  1. 1. Is your data secure? privacy and trust in the social webPhil Cryer616 CollabSaint Louis, Missouri, USWarsaw, Poland - February 24, 2012 v1.00 any updates will be posted here: http://bit.ly/pc-slides
  2. 2. Warszawa, Hotel Marriott Courtyard 23-24 lutego 2012• privacy advocate• security researcher• infrastructure engineer• open source technologist Photo courtesy of Dmitry Mozzherin
  3. 3. “With social media,users’ vanity hastrumped previously heldmores concerningprivacy” me, 2011
  4. 4. People’s data on socialnetworks becomespermanently shared.
  5. 5. So what will companiesdo to monetize all of thisdata they collect?
  6. 6. Use it to better targetyou with ads, of course.
  7. 7. To you, your socialprofile...
  8. 8. =
  9. 9. Data
  10. 10. Your data
  11. 11. But to the social mediacompanies...
  12. 12. Your data
  13. 13. =
  14. 14. http://cheezburger.com/View/2362193664
  15. 15. So, how much shouldpeople worry about theloss of online privacy? http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052970204190704577024262567105738.html
  16. 16. Danah Boyd “People want to share. But thatsdifferent than saying that people want to beexposed by others.” Protecting privacy is about making certain that people have the ability to make informed decisions about how they engage in public. I do not think we’ve done enough. That said, I am opposed to approaches that protect people by disempowering them. I want to see approaches that force powerful entities to be transparent about their data practices. And I want to see approaches that put restrictions on how data can be used to harm people. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052970204190704577024262567105738.html
  17. 17. Chris Soghoian “...we now regularly trade ourmost private information for access tosocial-networking sites and free content” The dirty secret of the Web is that the free content and services that consumers enjoy come with a hidden price: their own private data. Many of the major online advertising companies are not interested in the data that we knowingly and willingly share. Instead, these parasitic firms covertly track our web- browsing activities, search behavior and geolocation information. Once collected, this mountain of data is analyzed to build digital dossiers on millions of consumers, in some cases identifying us by name, gender, age as well as the medical conditions and political issues we have researched online. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052970204190704577024262567105738.html
  18. 18. Whose Life Is It Anyway? Consumers are learningtheir data is currency http://www.adweek.com/news/advertising-branding/whose-life-it-anyway-137537
  19. 19. Whose Life Is It Anyway? Consumers are learningtheir data is currencyEach year, companies in the U.S. spendmore than $2 billion on third-partyconsumer data, according to ForresterResearch. [...] growing at such a fast clip thatthe World Economic Forum and other futuristshave called personal data the “new oil.” http://www.adweek.com/news/advertising-branding/whose-life-it-anyway-137537
  20. 20. Could your privacy be bought from you?http://www.forbes.com/sites/kashmirhill/2012/02/09/your-online-privacy-is-worth-less-than-a-six-pack-of-marshmallow-fluff
  21. 21. Could your privacy be bought from you?Google [...] wants “panelists” for a program calledScreenwise who will add a browser extension inChrome “that will share with Google the sitesyou visit and how you use them” — information thatGoogle will study in order to improve its products andservices. http://www.forbes.com/sites/kashmirhill/2012/02/09/your-online-privacy-is-worth-less-than-a-six-pack-of-marshmallow-fluff
  22. 22. Could your privacy be bought from you?What’s in it for you? Up to $25 in gift cards. [..] a$5 Amazon.com Gift Card code instantly when you signup and download the Google Screenwise browserextension. [...] $5 Amazon.com Gift Card codes everythree months for staying with it. It’s our way of saying“Thank you.” http://www.forbes.com/sites/kashmirhill/2012/02/09/your-online-privacy-is-worth-less-than-a-six-pack-of-marshmallow-fluff
  23. 23. $25 USD per yearhttp://www.forbes.com/sites/kashmirhill/2012/02/09/your-online-privacy-is-worth-less-than-a-six-pack-of-marshmallow-fluff
  24. 24. “New research finds people fork over $5,000worth of personal information a year toGoogle in exchange for access to its “freeservices” such as Gmail and search. http://blogs.smartmoney.com/advice/2012/01/25/who-would-pay-5000-to-use-google-you
  25. 25. “If you’re not paying forthe product, you are theproduct.”
  26. 26. • More than 800 million active users• More than 50% of active users login daily• Average user has 130 friends https://www.facebook.com/press/info.php?statistics
  27. 27. • More than 70 languages available on the site• Over 300,000 users helped translate the site through the translations application• 75%+ of users are outside of the US https://www.facebook.com/press/info.php?statistics
  28. 28. $ curl -s http://graph.facebook.com/4 | python -mjson.tool{ "first_name": "Mark", "gender": "male", "id": "4", "last_name": "Zuckerberg", "link": "http://www.facebook.com/zuck", "locale": "en_US", "name": "Mark Zuckerberg", "username": "zuck"}
  29. 29. Mark Zuckerberg starts Facebook at 19 while still atHarvard, but early messages don’t show a stronginterest in privacy...
  30. 30. An early instant message session with a friend...Zuck: Yeah so if you ever need info about anyone at HarvardZuck: Just ask.Zuck: I have over 4,000 emails, pictures, addresses, SNS[Redacted Friends Name]: What? How’d you manage that one?Zuck: People just submitted it.Zuck: I don’t know why.Zuck: They “trust me”Zuck: Dumb f***s https://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Mark_Zuckerberg http://articles.businessinsider.com/2010-09-13/tech/30033368_1_ims-mark-zuckerberg-facebook-ceo
  31. 31. Other comments to give us a feel for his thoughts onprivacy...“Having two identities for yourself is an example of a lackof integrity.” http://tech.li/2012/02/zuckerberg-doesnt-understand-identity-or-integrity
  32. 32. More recently, Nick Bilton’s off the record chat with aFacebook employee...@nickbilton: How does Zuck feel about privacy?Response: [laughter] He doesn’t believe in it. https://twitter.com/#!/nickbilton/status/13012581261 http://www.wired.com/epicenter/2010/04/report-facebook-ceo-mark-zuckerberg-doesnt-believe-in-privacy
  33. 33. Privacy no longer a social norm, says Facebookfounder“People have really gottencomfortable not onlysharing moreinformation anddifferent kinds, butmore openly and withmore people,” he said.“That social norm is justsomething that hasevolved over time.” http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2010/jan/11/facebook-privacy
  34. 34. Facebook Privacy: A bewildering Tangle ofOptions“To manage your privacy on Facebook, you will need tonavigate through 50 settings with more than 170options. Facebook says it wants to offer precise controls forsharing on the Internet.” https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2010/05/12/business/facebook-privacy.html
  35. 35. https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2010/05/12/business/facebook-privacy.html
  36. 36. https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2010/05/12/business/facebook-privacy.html
  37. 37. http://facebook.com
  38. 38. Chris Soghoian “Facebook’s covert surveillanceof your browsing activities on non-Facebook websites...” Although consumers knowingly share information via Facebook, the privacy issues associated with that company are not related to the way consumers use it, but rather the other things the company does. These include the tricks the company has pulled to expose users’ private data to third-party app developers, the changing privacy defaults for profile data, as well as Facebook’s covert surveillance of your browsing activities on non-Facebook websites, as long as a “Like” button is present (even if you don’t click on it). http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052970204190704577024262567105738.html
  39. 39. Facebook has cut a deal with political website Politico that allows theindependent site machine-access to Facebook users messages, bothpublic and private, when a Republican Presidential candidate is mentioned byname. The data is being collected and analyzed for sentiment by Facebook’s datateam, then delivered to Politico to serve as the basis of data-drivenpolitical analysis and journalism.The move is being widely condemned in the press as a violation of privacy butif Facebook would do this right, it could be a huge win for everyone. Facebookcould be the biggest, most dynamic census of human opinion and interaction inhistory. Unfortunately, failure to talk prominently about privacy protections,failure to make this opt-in (or even opt out!) and the inclusion ofprivate messages are all things that put at risk any remaining shreds of trust inFacebook that could have served as the foundation of a new era of social self-awareness. https://www.readwriteweb.com/archives/why_facebooks_data_sharing_matters.php
  40. 40. Facebook has cut a deal with political website Politico that allows theindependent site machine-access to Facebook users messages, bothpublic and private, when a Republican Presidential candidate is mentioned byname. The data is being collected and analyzed for sentiment by Facebook’s datateam, then delivered to Politico to serve as the basis of data-drivenpolitical analysis and journalism.The move is being widely condemned in the press as a violation of privacy butif Facebook would do this right, it could be a huge win for everyone. Facebookcould be the biggest, most dynamic census of human opinion and interaction inhistory. Unfortunately, failure to talk prominently about privacy protections,failure to make this opt-in (or even opt out!) and the inclusion ofprivate messages are all things that put at risk any remaining shreds of trust inFacebook that could have served as the foundation of a new era of social self-awareness. https://www.readwriteweb.com/archives/why_facebooks_data_sharing_matters.php
  41. 41. Facebook has cut a deal with political website Politico that allows theindependent site machine-access to Facebook users messages, bothpublic and private, when a Republican Presidential candidate is mentioned byname. The data is being collected and analyzed for sentiment by Facebook’s datateam, then delivered to Politico to serve as the basis of data-drivenpolitical analysis and journalism.The move is being widely condemned in the press as a violation of privacy butif Facebook would do this right, it could be a huge win for everyone. Facebookcould be the biggest, most dynamic census of human opinion and interaction inhistory. Unfortunately, failure to talk prominently about privacy protections,failure to make this opt-in (or even opt out!) and the inclusion ofprivate messages are all things that put at risk any remaining shreds of trust inFacebook that could have served as the foundation of a new era of social self-awareness. https://www.readwriteweb.com/archives/why_facebooks_data_sharing_matters.php
  42. 42. https://www.facebook.com/about/ads
  43. 43. Exclusive: Leaked Details of How Facebook Plans To Sell Your Timeline to AdvertisersWhat most users don’t know is that the new features being introduced are all centeredaround increasing the value of Facebook to advertisers, to the point where Facebookrepresentatives have been selling the idea that Timeline is actually about re-conceptualizing usersaround their consumer preferences, or as they put it, “brands are now an essential part ofpeople’s identities.”The name itself is cleverly designed to conceal the fact that your profile no longer arrangesinformation chronologically. Yes, things are laid out by year and by month. But, when it comes towhat’s displayed to your social circle at any given time, other metrics, including direct payments toFacebook itself, will now influence the ranking and placement of stories. This payola will be acrucial part of the graph rank, the new metric for placement that the social network uses todetermine what appears on your profile. http://www.betabeat.com/2011/12/23/exclusive-leaked-details-of-how-facebook-plans-to-sell-your-timeline-to-advertisers
  44. 44. Exclusive: Leaked Details of How Facebook Plans To Sell Your Timeline to AdvertisersWhat most users don’t know is that the new features being introduced are all centeredaround increasing the value of Facebook to advertisers, to the point where Facebookrepresentatives have been selling the idea that Timeline is actually about re-conceptualizing usersaround their consumer preferences, or as they put it, “brands are now an essential part ofpeople’s identities.”The name itself is cleverly designed to conceal the fact that your profile no longer arrangesinformation chronologically. Yes, things are laid out by year and by month. But, when it comes towhat’s displayed to your social circle at any given time, other metrics, including direct payments toFacebook itself, will now influence the ranking and placement of stories. This payola will be acrucial part of the graph rank, the new metric for placement that the social network uses todetermine what appears on your profile. http://www.betabeat.com/2011/12/23/exclusive-leaked-details-of-how-facebook-plans-to-sell-your-timeline-to-advertisers
  45. 45. Exclusive: Leaked Details of How Facebook Plans To Sell Your Timeline to AdvertisersDisguising ads as your friends’ updates is being offered up as an antidote to the dismalclick-through rates for traditional web advertising. Sponsored stories in your feed and sidebar adsbased on your friends’ likes will become ubiquitous. Indeed in marketing materials, Facebooksays these new premium ads are 90 percent accurate, compared to the industryaverage of 35 percent. “When people hear about you [the brand] from friends, theylisten.”As the post from Facebook yesterday morning explained, sponsored stories are different from adsin that a user’s name or profile might appear alongside the ad, ”If you’ve liked that business’s page,the story about you liking the page (including your name or profile photo) may be paired with thead your friends see.” While sponsored stories don’t include additional messaging from the sponsor,businesses pay Facebook to feature posts and activity that mention their brands. In both cases,these are only visible “to friends you’ve already shared this information with.” http://www.betabeat.com/2011/12/23/exclusive-leaked-details-of-how-facebook-plans-to-sell-your-timeline-to-advertisers
  46. 46. Exclusive: Leaked Details of How Facebook Plans To Sell Your Timeline to AdvertisersDisguising ads as your friends’ updates is being offered up as an antidote to the dismalclick-through rates for traditional web advertising. Sponsored stories in your feed and sidebar adsbased on your friends’ likes will become ubiquitous. Indeed in marketing materials, Facebooksays these new premium ads are 90 percent accurate, compared to the industryaverage of 35 percent. “When people hear about you [the brand] from friends, theylisten.”As the post from Facebook yesterday morning explained, sponsored stories are differentfrom ads in that a user’s name or profile might appear alongside the ad, ”If you’veliked that business’s page, the story about you liking the page (including your name orprofile photo) may be paired with the ad your friends see.” While sponsored stories don’tinclude additional messaging from the sponsor, businesses pay Facebook to feature posts andactivity that mention their brands. In both cases, these are only visible “to friends you’ve alreadyshared this information with.” http://www.betabeat.com/2011/12/23/exclusive-leaked-details-of-how-facebook-plans-to-sell-your-timeline-to-advertisers
  47. 47. Timeline is “mandatory”for every Facebook user
  48. 48. Timeline is “mandatory”for every Facebook user with no opt-out option
  49. 49. Facebook settles privacycase with the FederalTrade Comission http://business.financialpost.com/2011/11/29/facebook-settles-privacy-case-wtih-ftc
  50. 50. Facebook has agreed to settle an investigation by the Federal Trade Commission into deceptive privacy practices, committing to cease making false claims and to submit to independent audits for 20 years.Facebook settles privacy The FTC said the world’s largest Internet social network had been repeatedly deceptive. For example, Facebook promised users that it would not share personal information with advertisers, but it did, the agency said.case with the FTC Also, the company failed to warn users that it was changing its website in December 2009 so that certain information that users designated as private, such as their “Friends List,” would be made public, the FTC said. “Facebook’s innovation does not have to come at the expense of consumer privacy,” FTC Chairman Jon Leibowitz said in a statement. http://business.financialpost.com/2011/11/29/facebook-settles-privacy-case-wtih-ftc
  51. 51. Facebook has agreed to settle an investigation by the Federal Trade Commission into deceptive privacy practices, committing to cease making false claims and to submit to independent audits for 20 years.Facebook settles privacy The FTC said the world’s largest Internet social network had been repeatedly deceptive. For example, Facebook promised users that it would not share personal information with advertisers, but it did, the agency said.case with the FTC Also, the company failed to warn users that it was changing its website in December 2009 so that certain information that users designated as private, such as their “Friends List,” would be made public, the FTC said. “Facebook’s innovation does not have to come at the expense of consumer privacy,” FTC Chairman Jon Leibowitz said in a statement. http://business.financialpost.com/2011/11/29/facebook-settles-privacy-case-wtih-ftc
  52. 52. Facebook’s entirebusiness model is underfire in the EU http://venturebeat.com/2011/11/28/facebook-advertising-eu
  53. 53. The EU is considering a ban on Facebook’s practice of selling demographic data to marketers and advertisers without specific permission from users.Facebook’s entire Now, however, the EC is planning to ban such activity unless users themselves specifically agree to it. The EU’s data protection working group is currently investigating how Facebook tracks users, stores data and uses that information to serve targetedbusiness model is under ads. The ban may take effect as soon as next year. (11/2011) [...] The European Commission is planning to stop the way the website "eavesdrops" on its users to gather information about theirfire in the EU political opinions, sexuality, religious beliefs – and even their whereabouts. Viviane Reding, the vice president of European Commission, said the Directive would amend current European data protection laws in the light of technological advances and ensure consistency in how offending firms are dealt with across the EU. http://venturebeat.com/2011/11/28/facebook-advertising-euhttp://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/facebook/8917836/Facebook-faces-EU-curbs-on-selling-users-interests-to-advertisers.html
  54. 54. The EU is considering a ban on Facebook’s practice of selling demographic data to marketers and advertisers without specific permission from users.Facebook’s entire Now, however, the EC is planning to ban such activity unless users themselves specifically agree to it. The EU’s data protection working group is currently investigating how Facebook tracks users, stores data and uses that information to serve targetedbusiness model is under ads. The ban may take effect as soon as next year. [...] The European Commission is planning to stop the way the website "eavesdrops" on its users to gather information about theirfire in the EU political opinions, sexuality, religious beliefs – and even their whereabouts. Viviane Reding, the vice president of European Commission, said the Directive would amend current European data protection laws in the light of technological advances and ensure consistency in how offending firms are dealt with across the EU. http://venturebeat.com/2011/11/28/facebook-advertising-euhttp://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/facebook/8917836/Facebook-faces-EU-curbs-on-selling-users-interests-to-advertisers.html
  55. 55. “Your profile is the way you present yourself on Googleproducts and across the web. With your profile, youcan manage the information that people see -such as your bio, contact details, and links to other sitesabout you or created by you.” https://profiles.google.com
  56. 56. Google gives you a privacy dashboard to showjust how much it knows about you http://techcrunch.com/2009/11/05/google-gives-you-a-privacy-dashboard-to-show-just-how-much-it-knows-about-you
  57. 57. Google announces privacy changes across all products Google said Tuesday it will require users to allow the company to follow their activities across e-mail, search ... and other services, a radical shift in strategy that is expected to invite greater scrutiny of its privacy and competitive practices.http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/technology/google-tracks-consumers-across-products-users-cant-opt-out/2012/01/24/gIQArgJHOQ_story.html
  58. 58. Google’s new policy replaces more than 60 existing product-specific privacy documents for services including Gmail, YouTube and Google Docs (plus Picassa, Blogger, Google Talk, Google Earth, etc.) Google says the unified terms will provide better search results and serve up ads that are more likely to be of interest.http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=how-googles-new-privacy-p
  59. 59. The new privacy policy – which Google contends will allow it to better target ads —goes into effect on March 1. In a press release, the company said it may combine the informationusers submit under their email accounts with information from other Google services or thirdparties. What people do and share on the social networking site Google+, Gmail andYouTube will be combined to create a more three-dimensional picture of consumers’likes and dislikes, according to reports. Google did not return calls seeking comment. http://blogs.smartmoney.com/advice/2012/01/25/who-would-pay-5000-to-use-google-you
  60. 60. “If Google received a warrant to disclose documents, and your business and personal docs are intermingled — that’s a problem,” he said. “Some would like to say, “No, thank you” and keep their accounts separate.” “Google should make it easy for people to set up and manage separate accounts if they wish to do so,” Kurt Opsahl, senior staff attorney for the Electronic Frontier Foundation.http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=how-googles-new-privacy-p
  61. 61. The End of PrivacyIf Google can changeits privacy policytoday, it can change ittomorrow. And it will.[...] This is whatsmotivating their policychange this week, andsomeday its likely tomotivate them to sell mypersonal information afterall. http://www.flickr.com/photos/47691521@N07/4638981545 http://motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2012/01/end-privacy-google
  62. 62. Google announcesprivacy changes acrossproducts
  63. 63. Google announcesprivacy changes acrossproducts with no opt-out option
  64. 64. http://www.ftc.gov/opa/2011/03/google.shtm
  65. 65. On the day Buzz was launched, Gmail users got a message announcing the new service andwere given two options: “Sweet! Check out Buzz,” and “Nah, go to my inbox.” However, the FTCcomplaint alleged that some Gmail users who clicked on “Nah...” were nonethelessenrolled in certain features of the Google Buzz social network.For those Gmail users who clicked on “Sweet!,” the FTC alleges that they were not adequatelyinformed that the identity of individuals they emailed most frequently would bemade public by default. Google also offered a “Turn Off Buzz” option that did not fullyremove the user from the social network. http://www.ftc.gov/opa/2011/03/google.shtm
  66. 66. On the day Buzz was launched, Gmail users got a message announcing the new service andwere given two options: “Sweet! Check out Buzz,” and “Nah, go to my inbox.” However, the FTCcomplaint alleged that some Gmail users who clicked on “Nah...” were nonethelessenrolled in certain features of the Google Buzz social network.For those Gmail users who clicked on “Sweet!,” the FTC alleges that they were not adequatelyinformed that the identity of individuals they emailed most frequently would bemade public by default. Google also offered a “Turn Off Buzz” option that did not fullyremove the user from the social network. http://www.ftc.gov/opa/2011/03/google.shtm
  67. 67. In response to the Buzz launch, Google received thousands of complaints from consumers whowere concerned about public disclosure of their email contacts which included, insome cases, ex-spouses, patients, students, employers, or competitors. According tothe FTC complaint, Google made certain changes to the Buzz product in response to thosecomplaints.When Google launched Buzz, its privacy policy stated that “When you sign up for a particularservice that requires registration, we ask you to provide personal information. If we use thisinformation in a manner different than the purpose for which it was collected, then we will askfor your consent prior to such use.” The FTC complaint charges that Google violated itsprivacy policies by using information provided for Gmail for another purpose -social networking - without obtaining consumers’ permission in advance. http://www.ftc.gov/opa/2011/03/google.shtm
  68. 68. In response to the Buzz launch, Google received thousands of complaints from consumers whowere concerned about public disclosure of their email contacts which included, insome cases, ex-spouses, patients, students, employers, or competitors. According tothe FTC complaint, Google made certain changes to the Buzz product in response to thosecomplaints.When Google launched Buzz, its privacy policy stated that “When you sign up for a particularservice that requires registration, we ask you to provide personal information. If we use thisinformation in a manner different than the purpose for which it was collected, then we will askfor your consent prior to such use.” The FTC complaint charges that Google violated itsprivacy policies by using information provided for Gmail for another purpose -social networking - without obtaining consumers’ permission in advance. http://www.ftc.gov/opa/2011/03/google.shtm
  69. 69. http://www.zdnet.com/blog/identity/ftc-asked-to-probe-google-search-integration/143
  70. 70. EPIC says a review should take place given an ongoing FTC investigation of possibleantitrust violations related to the way Google compiles search results, as well as, anApril 2011 settlement Google made with the FTC regarding deceptive privacy practices.EPIC claims the integration of Google+ and Google search, called Search plus Your World, raisesconcerns over fair competition and the search giant’s adherence to the FTC settlement.EPIC said in its letter to the FTC, “Google’s [search] changes make the personal data of users moreaccessible.” The letter was signed by Marc Rotenberg, executive director of EPIC.EPIC’s concerns were over personal data - photos, posts, and contact details - beinggathered from Google+ users and included in search results. “Google allows users to optout of receiving search results that include personal data, but users cannot opt out of having theirinformation found by their Google+ contacts through Google search,” the letter said. http://www.zdnet.com/blog/identity/ftc-asked-to-probe-google-search-integration/143
  71. 71. EPIC says a review should take place given an ongoing FTC investigation of possibleantitrust violations related to the way Google compiles search results, as well as, anApril 2011 settlement Google made with the FTC regarding deceptive privacy practices.EPIC claims the integration of Google+ and Google search, called Search plus Your World, raisesconcerns over fair competition and the search giant’s adherence to the FTC settlement.EPIC said in its letter to the FTC, “Google’s [search] changes make the personal data of users moreaccessible.” The letter was signed by Marc Rotenberg, executive director of EPIC.EPIC’s concerns were over personal data - photos, posts, and contact details - beinggathered from Google+ users and included in search results. “Google allows users to optout of receiving search results that include personal data, but users cannot opt out of havingtheir information found by their Google+ contacts through Google search,” the lettersaid. http://www.zdnet.com/blog/identity/ftc-asked-to-probe-google-search-integration/143
  72. 72. https://plus.google.com
  73. 73. Search Plus is combining personal signals — your searchand web history — along with social signals to create a newform of personalized results. It’s not just who you are that nowinfluences what you see. It’s who you know. What yourfriends like, share or create can influence what showsup first when you search for something. http://marketingland.com/faq-google-search-plus-your-world-3533
  74. 74. Google may use your Google account information, suchas items you +1 on Google properties and across the web, topersonalize content and ads on non-Google websites. http://www.google.com/privacy/ads
  75. 75. Google Under Fire for Circumvention ofCookie Settings in Safari for iOS to TrackUsers http://www.macrumors.com/2012/02/17/google-under-fire-for-circumvention-of-cookie-settings-in-safari-for-ios-to-track-users
  76. 76. Safari’s cookie blocking feature is unique in two ways: itsdefault and its substantive policy.Unlike every other browser vendor, Apple enables 3rd partycookie blocking by default. Every iPhone, iPad, iPod Touch,and Mac ships with the privacy feature turned on.Apple’s Safari web browser is configured to block third-partycookies by default. We identified four advertising companiesthat unexpectedly place trackable cookies in Safari.Google and Vibrant Media intentionally circumventSafari’s privacy feature. Media Innovation Group andPointRoll serve scripts that appear to be derived fromcircumvention example code. http://webpolicy.org/2012/02/17/safari-trackers
  77. 77. Safari’s cookie blocking feature is unique in two ways: itsdefault and its substantive policy.Unlike every other browser vendor, Apple enables 3rd partycookie blocking by default. Every iPhone, iPad, iPod Touch,and Mac ships with the privacy feature turned on.Apple’s Safari web browser is configured to block third-partycookies by default. We identified four advertising companiesthat unexpectedly place trackable cookies in Safari.Google and Vibrant Media intentionally circumventSafari’s privacy feature. Media Innovation Group andPointRoll serve scripts that appear to be derived fromcircumvention example code. http://webpolicy.org/2012/02/17/safari-trackers
  78. 78. Safari’s cookie blocking feature is unique in two ways: itsdefault and its substantive policy.Unlike every other browser vendor, Apple enables 3rd partycookie blocking by default. Every iPhone, iPad, iPod Touch,and Mac ships with the privacy feature turned on.Apple’s Safari web browser is configured to block third-partycookies by default. We identified four advertising companiesthat unexpectedly place trackable cookies in Safari.Google and Vibrant Media intentionally circumventSafari’s privacy feature. Media Innovation Group andPointRoll serve scripts that appear to be derived fromcircumvention example code. http://webpolicy.org/2012/02/17/safari-trackers http://www.macrumors.com/2012/02/17/google-under-fire-for-circumvention-of-cookie-settings-in-safari-for-ios-to-track-users
  79. 79. + • but, Google used a loophole to make Safari allow cookies (which it will only do IF a user interacts with an ad) • an ad from DoubleClick (owned by Google) sent an invisible form, so Safari would think the user was interacting with the ad • thus, cookie accepted, tracking occurred • Google discouraged Safari users to opt-outhttp://www.macrumors.com/2012/02/17/google-under-fire-for-circumvention-of-cookie-settings-in-safari-for-ios-to-track-users
  80. 80. Lastly, Google produces a laudable transparency report, but... Google complies with 93 percent of the 6,000 requests it receives for user data from law enforcement agencies is very different from the approach news organizations would take to handing over sources. https://www.google.com/transparencyreport/governmentrequests/US/?p=2011-06&t=USER_DATA_REQUEST
  81. 81. “...all these concerns about privacy tend to be old people issues.” Reid Hoffman, the founder of LinkedIn, in a segment during last year’s World Economic Forum at Davos, Switzerlandhttp://www.businessinsider.com/privacy-is-for-old-people-says-linkedin-founder-2011-10
  82. 82. http://www.businessinsider.com/privacy-is-for-old-people-says-linkedin-founder-2011-10
  83. 83. http://fak3r.com/2011/10/12/linkedin-is-spamming-all-of-my-gmail-contacts
  84. 84. • people I didn’t know well personally• people that I work with from other countries that aren’t on LinkedIn• technical mailing lists that I subscribe to• myself, four times• and in one case, a deceased relative http://fak3r.com/2011/10/12/linkedin-is-spamming-all-of-my-gmail-contacts
  85. 85. http://fak3r.com/2011/10/12/linkedin-is-spamming-all-of-my-gmail-contacts
  86. 86. • so I did opt-in• but they didn’t use the data in the manner I approved• support, didn’t help http://fak3r.com/2011/10/12/linkedin-is-spamming-all-of-my-gmail-contacts
  87. 87. Don’t forget about filesharing
  88. 88. http://www.dropbox.com
  89. 89. • Dropbox is a simple to use, file syncing application• syncs across multiple devices automatically• offers 2 Gigs of free storage http://paranoia.dubfire.net/2011/04/how-dropbox-sacrifices-user-privacy-for.html
  90. 90. How Dropbox sacrifices user privacy forcost savings • claimed no Dropbox personal could access your files • but the way they do de-duplication of files proved this wasn’t true • Dropbox has the encryption keys, not the user • other services do encrypt their users data with a key only known to the user http://paranoia.dubfire.net/2011/04/how-dropbox-sacrifices-user-privacy-for.html
  91. 91. How Dropbox sacrifices user privacy forcost savings On April 1, 2011, Marcia Hofmann at the Electronic Frontier Foundation contacted Dropbox to let them know about the flaw, and that a researcher would be publishing the information on April 12th. At 6:15PM west coast time on April 11th, an attorney from Fenwick & West retained by Dropbox left Marcia a voicemail message, in which he reveled that: "the company is updating their privacy policy and security overview that is on the website to add further detail." http://paranoia.dubfire.net/2011/04/how-dropbox-sacrifices-user-privacy-for.html
  92. 92. Privacy Policy change (April 13, 2011)“All files stored on Dropbox servers areencrypted (AES 256) and are inaccessiblewithout your account password.” http://www.dropbox.com
  93. 93. Privacy Policy change (April 13, 2011)“All files stored on Dropbox servers areencrypted (AES 256) and are inaccessiblewithout your account password.” http://www.dropbox.com
  94. 94. http://getcloudapp.com
  95. 95. “CloudApp allows you to share images, links, music, videos andfiles. Here is how it works: choose a file, drag it to themenubar and let us take care of the rest. We provide youwith a short link automatically copied to your clipboard that youcan use to share your upload with co-workers and friends.” http://getcloudapp.com
  96. 96. Unfortunately, the weak entropy ofcharacters used for their shortened URLsleads to (very) low privacy http://getcloudapp.com
  97. 97. http://cl.ly/2a3e http://getcloudapp.com
  98. 98. http://cl.ly/2a3e http://getcloudapp.com
  99. 99. http://cl.ly/3l1k http://getcloudapp.com
  100. 100. http://cl.ly/3l1k http://getcloudapp.com
  101. 101. http://cl.ly/4ety http://getcloudapp.com
  102. 102. http://cl.ly/4ety http://getcloudapp.com
  103. 103. This is fun...until you find personal documents http://getcloudapp.com
  104. 104. I wrote a script that can randomly downloadgigabytes of users’ data, by guessing, or “bruteforcing” different URL combinations http://getcloudapp.com
  105. 105. • plenty of pictures, mp3s, graphics• credit card receipts, court documents, W9 (US tax forms), personal emails, Facebook posts, instant messages, passport scans• ...and everything was unencrypted http://getcloudapp.com
  106. 106. People don’t know they’re sharing this data.Responsible Disclosure: I reported my findings toCloudApp (12/2011), they said they have a noticeon their site that it may not be secure...but theystill allow this kind of convenient ‘sharing’ http://getcloudapp.com
  107. 107. They have not fixed the issue, I have releasedthe script to demonstrate this vulnerability.I’m still waiting to hear back from CloudApp.https://github.com/philcryer/ca-harvester http://getcloudapp.com
  108. 108. How could all of thissocial media data beused?
  109. 109. To fight crime
  110. 110. Facebook Unmasks Koobface (P2P botnets) Gang, Aided By Their Foursquare Check-ins And Social Networking Photoshttp://www.forbes.com/sites/kashmirhill/2012/01/17/facebook-unmasks-koobface-gang-aided-by-their-foursquare-check-ins-and-social-networking-photos
  111. 111. Facebook Unmasks Koobface (P2P botnets) Gang, Aided By Their Foursquare Check-ins And Social Networking Photos Independent security researchers and members of the Facebook security team tracked digital breadcrumbs to expose the five men responsible for Koobface [...] they tracked them down based on IP fingerprints, Foursquare check-ins, Twitter activity, friend lists on a Russian social networking site, and Flickr photos showing the gang vacationing across Europe.http://www.forbes.com/sites/kashmirhill/2012/01/17/facebook-unmasks-koobface-gang-aided-by-their-foursquare-check-ins-and-social-networking-photos
  112. 112. For good, humanitarianpurposes
  113. 113. Twitter Tracks Cholera OutbreaksFaster Than Health Authorities Now researchers have shown that, for the 2010 cholera epidemic in Haiti, social media like Twitter can track outbreaks as much as two weeks sooner than official health reports, especially when used by people with mobile phones. http://chronicle.com/blogs/percolator/twitter-tracks-cholera-outbreaks-faster-than-health-authorities/28205
  114. 114. For nefarious purposes
  115. 115. https://xkcd.comhttp://sylviamoessinger.wordpress.com/2011/05/04/h807-online-privacy-an-illusion-a10-1
  116. 116. Spokeo is a people search engine“...organizes vast quantities of white-pages listings, social information, and other people-related data from a large variety of public sources. Our mission is to help people find andconnect with others, more easily than ever” http://www.spokeo.com
  117. 117. Spokeo is a people search engineNot just Name, Age, Sex, but they also include Race, Politics, Religion, Cost of your home,Occupation, Education level, Salary, Hobbies... even your Zodaic sign (?) http://www.spokeo.com
  118. 118. http://cheezburger.com
  119. 119. Understand whyprivacy matters
  120. 120. The Right to Anonymity is a Matter of Privacy Privacy from employers Privacy from the political scene Privacy from the public eye Achieving anonymity online https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2012/01/right-anonymity-matter-privacy
  121. 121. Communication Security; Riseups primer onsurveillance and security. Why security matters• Because network surveillance is so pervasive, it is a social problem that affects everyone all the time. In contrast, device and message security are important for people who are being individually targeted by repressive authorities• Improving your network security is fairly easy, in comparison to device or message security. https://help.riseup.net/en/security
  122. 122. The Filter Bubble "Internet firms increasingly show us less of the wide world, locating us in the neighborhood of the familiar. The risk, as Eli Pariser shows, is that each of us may unwittingly come to inhabit a ghetto of one."Watch -> http://bit.ly/filter-bubble http://www.thefilterbubble.com
  123. 123. Understand that privatebrowsing isn’t private
  124. 124. http://donottrackplus.com/learn/pbrowsing.php
  125. 125. Know what you aresharing
  126. 126. Block trackers before they get yourinformation – social sites, ad networks,companies Do Not Track Plus https://www.ghostery.com http://donottrackplus.com
  127. 127. Blocks ads, flash and javascript trackers http://noscript.net http://adblockplus.org https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/flashblock
  128. 128. Opt-out of sharing
  129. 129. Via browser plugins http://google.com/settings/ads/onweb
  130. 130. Or opt-out manuallyhttp://bit.ly/optout http://www.google.com/ads/preferences/plugin/browsers.html
  131. 131. Remove Your GoogleSearch History BeforeGoogles New PrivacyPolicy Takes Effect
  132. 132. 1. Sign into your Google accounthttps://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2012/02/how-remove-your-google-search-history-googles-new-privacy-policy-takes-effect
  133. 133. 2. Go to https://google.com/historyhttps://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2012/02/how-remove-your-google-search-history-googles-new-privacy-policy-takes-effect
  134. 134. 3. Click "remove all Web History"https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2012/02/how-remove-your-google-search-history-googles-new-privacy-policy-takes-effect
  135. 135. 4. Click "OK"https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2012/02/how-remove-your-google-search-history-googles-new-privacy-policy-takes-effect
  136. 136. Pauses Web History, it will remain off untilyou enable it again, but this won’t stopGoogle’s other tracking methods https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2012/02/how-remove-your-google-search-history-googles-new-privacy-policy-takes-effect
  137. 137. Oops, my history was saved back to 2006 https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2012/02/how-remove-your-google-search-history-googles-new-privacy-policy-takes-effect
  138. 138. Browse securely
  139. 139. HTTPS is your friend http://alexmillers.wordpress.com/2011/05/11/https-is-your-friend
  140. 140. why?
  141. 141. Session hijackingaka sidejacking https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Session_hijacking
  142. 142. Logins: httpsThen drops to: http https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Session_hijacking
  143. 143. HTTPS Everywhere HTTPS Everywhere is a Firefox extension produced as a collaboration between The Tor Project and the Electronic Frontier Foundation. It encrypts your communications with a number of major websites. Many sites on the web offer some limited support for encryption over HTTPS, but make it difficult to use. For instance they may default to unencrypted HTTP, or fill encrypted pages with links that go back to the unencrypted site. The HTTPS Everywhere extension fixes these problems by rewriting all requests to these sites to HTTPS. https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2011/11/long-term-privacy-forward-secrecy
  144. 144. HTTPS EnforcerHTTPS Enforcer for GoogleChrome encrypts yourcommunications with anumber of major websites. https://github.com/kcherenkov/HTTPS-Enforcer
  145. 145. Encrypt your DNSqueries
  146. 146. OpenDNS tool secures DNStraffic DNSCrypt issignificant because itencrypts all DNS trafficbetween Internet users andOpenDNS. This technologicaladvancement thwarts efforts byattackers, or even InternetService Providers (ISPs), fromspying on DNS activity, or worse,maliciously redirecting DNStraffic. http://www.opendns.com/technology/dnscrypt https://net-security.org/secworld.php?id=12075
  147. 147. Use better passwords
  148. 148. Use MORE passwords
  149. 149. why?
  150. 150. Zappos hacked, 24million accounts http://money.cnn.com/2012/01/16/technology/zappos_hack/index.htm
  151. 151. Zappos hacked, 24million accountsZappos users here are the subject matter simply because it’sthe most recent attack, but it’s true for whatever set ofservices you use on the daily. If you’ve got an eBay account,an account for your online bank account, and an account forZappos, you need, need, NEED to have a differentpassword for each of them. What you do when you keepthe same password for each of these sites is to open yourselfup to a MUCH wider array of hackers than if you change yourpassword for each. http://money.cnn.com/2012/01/16/technology/zappos_hack/index.htm
  152. 152. SlashGear 101: BasicPassword Security“The simplest way to keep yourself secure on the internetis to use different passwords on each ‘secure’ site youinteract with.” http://www.slashgear.com/slashgear-101-basic-password-security-16209438
  153. 153. Here’s how I do it
  154. 154. https://lastpass.com
  155. 155. https://lastpass.com
  156. 156. 9Z!de*NM2y7%yZwtwZx7CC@utHyVD@5KcP$arcQTkt2Fhntu#8cET!pDqDXq9HcV
  157. 157. 9Z!de*NM2y7%yZwtNot a perfect method, trusting a 3rd partywZx7CC@utHyVD@5KcP$arcQTkt2Fhntu#8cET!pDqDXq9HcV
  158. 158. 9Z!de*NM2y7%yZwtNot a perfect method, trusting a 3rd partywZx7CC@utHyVD@5KWorks, but looking for a more secure waycP$arcQTkt2Fhntu#8cET!pDqDXq9HcV
  159. 159. 9Z!de*NM2y7%yZwtNot a perfect method, trusting a 3rd partywZx7CC@utHyVD@5KWorks, but looking for a more secure waycP$arcQTkt2Fhntu Ideally an Open Source option#8cET!pDqDXq9HcV
  160. 160. Search more securely
  161. 161. “The world’s most private search engine” https://ixquick.de
  162. 162. https://duckduckgo.com
  163. 163. "[...] we cannot rely on a few large companies, and compromise our privacy inthe process," says Michael Christen, YaCys project leader. "YaCys free search is the vitallink between free users and free information. YaCy hands control over search backto us, the users." “A peer to peer (P2P), distributed, anonymous search engine anyone can run and contribute to” http://yacy.net http://www.theregister.co.uk/2011/11/29/yacy_google_open_source_engine
  164. 164. Use free, open source,tools to protect yourself
  165. 165. • Tor is short for The Onion Router• originally designed as a onion routing project of the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory• a network of virtual tunnels that allows people and groups to improve their privacy and security on the Internet• mechanism for maintaining civil liberties online (safeguarding online privacy and security) and promoting free speech https://torproject.org
  166. 166. https://torproject.org
  167. 167. The Tor BrowserBundle lets you useTor on Windows, MacOS X or Linuxwithout installingany software. https://www.torproject.org/projects/torbrowser.html.en
  168. 168. Install Tor on aserver to contributeto the network’srobustness, andconnect yourself https://torproject.org
  169. 169. • a user-friendly way of deploying Tor bridges to help users access an uncensored Internet• runs on a Amazon EC2 micro cloud computing platform• Amazon has introduced a free usage tier for a year https://cloud.torproject.org
  170. 170. “A lightweight command line service that securely synchronizes your data” http://lipsync.it
  171. 171. javascript based authentication, uses remoteStorage, across-origin data storage protocol separating applicationservers from data storage, your stuff on remote servers,but you still hold the keys
  172. 172. DIY, run your ownservices, instead of usingothers
  173. 173. http://drupal.orghttp://www.joomla.org http://wordpress.org
  174. 174. open source, Jabber/XMPP instant messaging server Off-the-Record (OTR) Messaging, more secure use SSL for encrypted communications Google uses this service for Google Talk http://www.ejabberd.im
  175. 175. open source microblogging software (like Twitter)run your own host, keep your own information it powers http://identi.ca http://identi.ca http://status.net/open-source
  176. 176. an open, distributed, federated, social networkmirrors functionality of Facebook, Google+signup on an official server, or host your own have full control over what you share https://joindiaspora.com
  177. 177. Get involved, demandchange
  178. 178. Focusing public attention on emerging privacy and civil liberties issues PROTECTING CIVIL LIBERTIES IN THE DIGITAL AGE
  179. 179. Conclusion
  180. 180. Conclusionquestion how companies save, store and use yourdata, what kind of retention policy they have
  181. 181. Conclusionquestion how companies save, store and use yourdata, what kind of retention policy they havelearn about online privacy, know your rights
  182. 182. Conclusionquestion how companies save, store and use yourdata, what kind of retention policy they havelearn about online privacy, know your rightsshare what you discover, educate others via blogs,social networks, or just talk about it
  183. 183. Conclusionquestion how companies save, store and use yourdata, what kind of retention policy they havelearn about online privacy, know your rightsshare what you discover, educate others via blogs,social networks, or just talk about itexplore by running your own server, use open sourcetools to protect yourself and help others (it’s fun)
  184. 184. Conclusionquestion how companies save, store and use yourdata, what kind of retention policy they havelearn about online privacy, know your rightsshare what you discover, educate others via blogs,social networks, or just talk about itexplore by running your own server, use open sourcetools to protect yourself and help others (it’s fun)repeat!
  185. 185. slides + details: philcryer.com
  186. 186. slides + details: philcryer.comfollow + twitter: @fak3r
  187. 187. philcryer.com @fak3r Prezentacja dostępna będzie na stronie konferencjisemafor2012.computerworld.pl
  188. 188. philcryer.com @fak3r Prezentacja dostępna będzie na stronie konferencjisemafor2012.computerworld.pl
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