Corktown, Detroit - Urban Case Study

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A historical and urban analysis of Detroit's Corktown neighborhood. c. 2006

A historical and urban analysis of Detroit's Corktown neighborhood. c. 2006

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  • 1. C O R K T O W N: AN URBAN CASE STUDYB O BM O R E O- a n d -J E R E M YGRIFFIS11.29.05 UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT MERCY / SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE AR518: URBANISM AND URBAN ISSUES DORIAN MOORE, INSTRUCTOR
  • 2. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND:HISTORY OF DEVELOPMENT
  • 3. WORKERS THIS SIMPLE ROW HOUSE, BELIEVED TO BE AMONG THE OLDESTR O W RESIDENCES REMAINING IN THE CITY, APPEARS ON THE HART MAP OFH O U S E DETROIT PUBLISHED IN 1853, AND MAY HAVE PREEXISTED THE RELOCATION IN 1849 OF THE NEIGHBORING MOST HOLY TRINITYc.1840 CHURCH’S FIRST FRAME STRUCTURE.
  • 4. M O S T DETROIT’S OLDEST IRISH-CATHOLIC PARISH,H O L Y FOUNDED IN 1834.TRINITYCATHOLICCHURCHc.1855
  • 5. WESTERN “…THE AREA AROUND MICHIGAN AND TRUMBULL WAS CLEARED OF TREESMARKET AND PAVED WITH COBBLESTONES; FARMERS NOW HAD A LARGE MARKETc.1875 FROM WHICH TO SELL LUMBER AND HAY ON THE CITY’S WEST EDGE.”
  • 6. BENNETTP A R Kc.1896
  • 7. FIGUREGROUNDS T U D Yc.1897
  • 8. MICHIGAN “THE STATION WASCENTRAL SITED WEST OFSTATION DOWNTOWN; THE THEORY BEING THATc.1913 THE RESIDENTIAL NEIGHBORHOOD BETWEEN –W A R R E N GENERALLY & REGARDED AS AWETTMORE SLUM …”- a n d - R E E D “…WOULD BE CLEARED AS & DOWNTOWN INEVITABLY EXPANDED S T E M WESTWARD. ARCHITECTS WHEN DETROIT’S TROLLEY SYSTEM DISBANDED IN 1956, TRAVELERS WERE LEFT WITH A TRAIN STATION LACKING BOTH ADEQUATE PARKING AND A VIABLE ALTERNATIVE FORM OF TRANSIT TO GET THEM TO AND FROM THE STATION.”
  • 9. FIGUREGROUNDS T U D Yc.1950
  • 10. U R B A N “IN THE 1950s MANY LOCALRENEWAL: HOMEOWNERS FOUGHT A SPIRITED BATTLE AGAINST RELOCATION…THEWEST SIDE WEST SIDE INDUSTRIAL PROJECTINDUSTRIAL EVENTUALLY CLEARED 167 ACRES.”P A R K “OF CORKTOWN’S 1,000 HOMES,1959 - 1963 BULLDOZERS TOOK DOWN ABOUT 700 – SOME FOR LAND THAT’S STILL VACANT.”
  • 11. L O D G E “DEMOGRAPHERS BELIEVE DETROIT’S POPULATION PEAKEDFREEWAY CLOSE TO 2 MILLION IN ABOUT 1953 BEFORE IT BEGANB U I L T : DROPPING.”1 9 5 3- t hro ugh -1 9 6 4 “NORTHLAND CENTER, THE LARGEST REGIONAL MALL IN THE COUNTRY, OPENED IN 1954 – WITH PARKING FOR 10,000 CARS.”
  • 12. F I S H E RFREEWAYB U I L T :1 9 6 7- t hro ugh -1 9 7 0
  • 13. FIGUREGROUNDS T U D Yc.1996
  • 14. CURRENT STATISTICAL DATA:D E M O G R A P H I C S
  • 15. NEIGHBORH O O DPROFILE:CENSUST R A C T S5209,5214
  • 16. NEIGHBORH O O DPROFILE:CENSUST R A C T S5209,5214
  • 17. CULTURAL SIGNIFICANCE:I R I S H H E R I T A G E BY 1850 THE IRISH WERE THE REGION’S BIGGEST ETHNIC GROUP. IN 1850, 1 IN 7 FOREIGN DETROITERS HAD BEEN BORN IN IRELAND. THERE ARE STILL 630,000 METRO DETROITERS WITH SOME IRISH HERITAGE. THE DETROIT BRANCH OF THE GAELIC LEAGUE, THE TERENCE MACSWINEY BRANCH, WAS FORMED DECEMBER 9, 1920. IT WAS MODELED AFTER THE GAELIC LEAGUE OF IRELAND, FOUNDED BY DOUGLAS HYDE IN 1893.
  • 18. BASEBALL 1896 – 1912: BENNETT PARKA T T H ECORNER: 1912 – 1938: NAVIN FIELD1 8 9 6 1938 – 1961: BRIGGS STADIUM- t o - 1961 – 1999: TIGER STADIUM1 9 9 9 * ALSO HOME TO THE DETROIT LIONS FROM 1938 - 1974
  • 19. ORGANIZED GREATER DETROIT BUILDING ANDL A B O R CONSTRUCTION TRADES (1937) INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF ELECTRICAL WORKERS (1891) INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF TEAMSTERS (1903) NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF LETTER CARRIERS (1889) THE GREATER CORKTOWN DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION LISTS 10 BUSINESSES RELATED TO ORGANIZED LABOR WITHIN CORKTOWN.
  • 20. L O C A LECONOMY
  • 21. CONTEXTUAL ANALYSIS:DISTRICT BOUNDARIES AND ADJACENCIES
  • 22. GENERALLAYOUT
  • 23. U R B A NDESIGNANALYSIS
  • 24. LAND USEANALYSIS
  • 25. LAND USEANALYSIS
  • 26. LAND USEANALYSIS
  • 27. BUILDINGT Y P E S :SINGLEFAMILYHOUSING
  • 28. BUILDINGT Y P E S :M U L T I -FAMILYHOUSING