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My "It's just JavaScript" explanation

My "It's just JavaScript" explanation

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Txjs Txjs Presentation Transcript

  • IT’S JUST JAVASCRIPT. Peter Higgins / @phiggins / #txjs / 2010-06-04
  • ME.
  • DOJO. http://dojotoolkit.org
  • yay Dojo. A Library. 5+ years testing, revision, support. Backwards compatible APIs (to a painful degree)
  • IN THE END ... It’s just a LOT of JavaScript.
  • IN THE END ... It’s just a LOT of modular JavaScript.
  • IN THE END ... It’s just a LOT of optional JavaScript.
  • JAVASCRIPT IS MAGIC.
  • MORE THAN JUST TEH DOM
  • pub/sub, ftw. ambiguous coupling cometd
  • dojo.subscribe("/hello/world", function(){ console.warn(arguments); }); dojo.publish("/hello/world", ["foo", "bar"]); Also availabile for jQuery: http://higginsforpresident.net/js/static/jq.pubsub.js
  • OO / CLASSY
  • dojo.declare("Thing", [inheritance, chain], { myProps:"override", aMethod:function(){ this.inherited(arguments); } }); new Thing();
  • `THIS` IS MAGIC.
  • .CALL / .APPLY
  • var obj = { b:2 } var obj2 = { b:1, foo: function(num){ this.b += num; return this.b; } } obj2.foo(1); // 2 obj2.foo.call(obj, 3); // 5 obj2.foo.apply(obj, [3]); // 5
  • curry, bind, hitch, partial, etc Scope/context manipulation via apply/call. Simple wrapper. promotes code re-use / DRY
  • // partial is to curry ... var foo = function(direction){ if(direction){ goleft(); }else{ goright(); } } var left = foo.curry(1), right = dojo.partial(foo, 0) ; left(); right();
  • // as bind is to hitch var o = { handler:function(response){ ... }, send:function(){ dojo.xhrPost({ url:"/the/url", handle: dojo.hitch(this, "method") }) } }; o.send();
  • ALSO FOR JQUERY ... http://higginsforpresident.net/js/static/jq.hitch.js
  • DUCK PUNCH aka: AOP
  • (function(d){ var oldonload = d.addOnLoad; d.addOnLoad = d.ready = function(fn){ oldonload.call(d, d.partial(fn, d)); } // now you can use `dojo` as whatever first // arg to dojo.ready callback is: // // dojo.ready(function(d){ // d.require("foo.bar.Baz"); // }); })(dojo);
  • (function(d){ var rqr = d.require; d.require = function(module){ if(d.isArray(module)){ d.forEach(module, rqr, d); }else{ rqr.apply(d, arguments); } return d; // mmm chaining. } })(dojo);
  • // old api: dojo.require(“foo.Bar”); // new ducked apis: dojo.require([“foo.Bar”, “bar.Baz”]); dojo.require(“bam.Foo”).require(“omg.Really”) .require([“oh.Right”, “doit.ThisWayToo”]) ;
  • (function(d){ // replace the old dojo with a function var d = dojo; dojo = function(a){ if(d.isFunction(a)){ d.ready(a); return dojo; }else{ return d.query.apply(d, arguments); } } // this is just to bother alex: dojo.fn = d.NodeList.prototype; // mix dojo back into itself. for(var i in d){ dojo[i] = d[i]; } })(dojo);
  • dojo(function(){ /* onload */}); dojo("#someId").style({ color:”red” }).onclick(fn); dojo.style("someId", { color:”red” }); dojo.fn.myRadPlugin = function(){ return this.forEach(...); }
  • Ubiquitous Unicorn.
  • NATIVE PROTOTYPES for fun and profit.
  • if(!Array.prototype.forEach){ Array.prototype.forEach = function(cb, thisObj){ thisObj = thisObj || window; for(var i = 0, l = this.length; i < l; i++){ cb.call(thisObj, ar[i], i, ar); } } } [1,2,3].forEach(function(num){ alert(num); });
  • if(!Array.prototype.forEach){ Array.prototype.forEach = function(cb){ for(var i = 0, l = this.length; i < l; i++){ cb.call(ar[i], i, ar); } } } [1,2,3].forEach(function(){ alert(this); });
  • DOJOTYPE! http://code.google.com/p/dojotype
  • 1:1.333333 Mapping to Dojo Base Dojo dojo.date dojo.string dojo.Color
  • (function(d){ var c = new d.Color(), setup = function(meth){ if(!this[meth]){ this[meth] = function(){ c.setColor(this); return c[meth].apply(c, arguments); }; } } ; d.forEach(["toRgb", "toRgba", "toHex"], setup, String.prototype); d.forEach(["toCss"], setup, Array.prototype); // [255,255,255].toCss(); // returns #000000 // “#000000”.toRgb(); // returns [255,255,255] })(dojo);
  • LAME MODERN BROWSERS “win”.blink()
  • es3ex-String! http://code.google.com/p/dojotype/source/browse/trunk/es3ex-String.js .anchor(), .link(), .fontsize, .fontcolor node.innerHTML = “click here”.link(“http://google.com”); blink(), sup(), small(), et al.
  • new Date() i18n formatting comparison addition
  • var dd = d.date, dp = Date.prototype, map = { "daysInMonth": [dd, "daysInMonth"], "isLeapYear": [dd, "isLeapYear"], "timezone": [dd, "getTimezoneName"], "compare": [dd, "compare"], "add": [dd, "add"], "difference": [dd, "difference"], "format": [dd.locale, "format"], "isWeekend": [dd.locale, "isWeekend"] } ; // setup all the above direct mappings var setup = function(pn, fn){ if(!dp[pn]){ var fullfn = fn[0][fn[1]]; dp[pn] = function(){ return fullfn.apply(fn[0], d._prep(this, arguments)); }; } }; for(var i in map){ setup(i, map[i]); }
  • d._clobber(Date.prototype, { json: function(){ // summary: Serializes a Date object as an ISO String. Helps // when serializing a JSON string from an object containing // Date objects. return d.date.stamp.toISOString(this, { selector: 'date' }); } }); d._clobber(String.prototype, { toDate: function(options){ // summary: Convert this string into a Date object, provided it is formatted properly. return dojo.date.locale.parse(this, options); } });
  • var maff = Math, np = Number.prototype; d.forEach( [ // a list of straight-up-shit-that-could-be-on-Number // that would just call Math.something(this) "abs", "acos", "asin", "atan", "atan2", "ceil", "cos", "exp", "floor", "log", "max", "min", "pow", /* "random", "round", */ "sin", "sqrt", "tan" ], function(meth){ // setup the function in place if it doesn't exist // for some reason if(!this[meth] && maff[meth]){ this[meth] = function(param){ // if we have at least one extra param, take the whole thing: return maff[meth].apply(maff, param ? d._prep(this, arguments) : [this]); }; } }, np // context );
  • JUST JAVASCRIPT. Still.
  • Take Away: JavaScript is fun and flexible. The DOM is the culprit. and evil. Because you can do something, doesn’t mean you should. Don’t let that stop you. Embrace the language as a whole.
  • THANKS! clap. or ask questions. or don’t.
  • @PHIGGINS http://higginsforpresident.net