Nuclear Energy and Weapons (lite)
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Nuclear Energy and Weapons (lite)

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    Nuclear Energy and Weapons (lite) Nuclear Energy and Weapons (lite) Presentation Transcript

    • Nuclear Energy and Weapons 核能與核子武器 simplified
    • The nuclear age began during the WWII… Late 1930s: Nazi Germany 納粹 德 國 Early 1940s: United States -- Manhattan Project
    • Nuclear attacks The 18km tall mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki (長崎), Japan in 1945. 6 August 1945 Hiroshima ( 廣島 )‏ 9 August 1945 Nagasaki ( 長崎 )‏ Video [ 1 ][ 2 ]
    • Manhattan Project 曼克頓計劃 1941-1946
    • “The Little Boy” in Hiroshima
    •  
    • “The Fat Man” in Nagasaki
    • Japan 日本 「至死無悔投彈」 廣島原爆機師病逝 ( 明報 )‏ 2007 年 11 月 03 日 星期六 05:10AM 【明報專訊】在二戰期間駕駛轟炸機,指揮隊員在廣島投下原子彈的美軍機師蒂貝茨周四病逝,終年 92 歲。廣島原爆造成多達 22 萬人死亡,但蒂貝茨堅稱「至死無悔」、「每晚都睡得很好」,儘管他臨終前要求家人不要安排土葬,以免墓地成為反戰人士示威之地。 長崎市長警告核擴散危機 ( 明報 )‏ 2007 年 08 月 09 日 星期四 12:15AM 日本    長崎市今早舉行儀式,紀念長崎原爆 62 周年。市長警告全球正面臨核擴散危機。
    • 釙毒四散 倫敦恐慌 百人恐受污染 當局啟動 監測機制 標題來自: 《明報》20061126
    • China 中國 1970 Dong Fang Hong I 東方紅一號 兩彈一星 1964 Atomic bomb 原子彈 1966 Hydrogen Bomb 氫彈
    • … and to the far future… Reference: List of states with nuclear weapons Declared 宣稱擁有核武 Suspected 被懷疑擁有核武 more?
    • What would happen to us in the future? WWII Cold war US USSR UK France China India Pakistan N. Korea
    • Why are so many people interested in the nuclei? To country leaders: They are powerful! To scientists: They are funny!
    • Why so funny?
      • N uclear fission ( 核裂變 ) – 原子彈
      • N uclear fusion ( 核聚變 )‏ – 氫彈
      • Radioactivity ( 放射性 ) – 骯髒彈
      • Neutron bomb ( 中子彈 )‏
    • Atomic bomb – the Little Boy
    • Atomic bomb – the Fat Man
    • Hydrogen bomb
    • So is it all about destruction? Not really…
    • Our Sun is a nuclear reactor…
      • The Sun generates its light and heat through nuclear fusion of hydrogen nuclei in its core.
    • Nuclear Power
    • Chernobyl disaster 1986
    • The Thermonuclear Reactors 熱核反應堆
      • Nuclear fission reactors (now)‏
      • Nuclear fusion reactors (future)‏
      法建熱核反應堆供千年能源 中日美俄歐韓拍板選址 2005 年 6 月 29 日 星期三 05:05 更新 【明報專訊】由中國、日本、南 韓、俄羅斯、美國和歐盟6方組成的國際財團,選定法國作為興建新世紀廉價幹淨不竭能源希望所在的試驗性核聚變反應堆的地點。這項人類史上的劃時代計劃,將涉資100億歐元,專家稱若然成功,將可解決地球未來 1000 年的能源問題,人類也毋須再依賴石油。