State after statism ppt

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State after statism ppt

  1. 1. The  State  a(er  Sta*sm:  New  state  Ac*vi*es  in  the  Age  of  Liberalism   The  State  Also  Rises:  The  Roots  of  Contemporary  State  Ac*vism                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Edited  by  Jonah  D.  Levy   KDI  School  of  Public  Policy  and  Management   Globaliza(on  and  Na(onal  Iden(ty   Present  by  Bronh  Sopheana        Date:  Nov  20,  2013  
  2. 2. About  the  Editor     Career    Background   •  Professor  of  Poli*cal  Science   •  Director  of  Undergraduate  Affairs     •   Vice  Chair  Department  of  Poli*cal   Science,     Educa*on  Background   •  Ph.  D.  in  Poli*cal  Science,   MassachuseQs  Ins*tute  of   Technology  in  1994  Contact  :   Email:    jlevy@berkeley.edu  
  3. 3. The  Role  of  State  is  Exis*ng  in  Globaliza*on  Era?  
  4. 4. Modern  Capitalism   •  The  Changing   Balance  of  Public   and  Private  Powers   •  Planning  Allows   Public  Authori*es   to  Control  and   Direct  Private   Enterprise  without   taking  ownership.      Andrew  Shonfield,  1963  in  BBC  Program:  The  Na*on   Tomorrow  (far  right)  
  5. 5. Role  of  State:  The  Differences     Modern  Capitalism     Globaliza*on  and  Liberaliza*on     -­‐  Management  of  Economic  System     -­‐  Keynesian  Demand  S*mulus   -­‐  Taming  of  the  Violence  of  the   Market     -­‐  Increase  innova*on  and  workers   training   -­‐  Intellectual  coherence:  Long  term   planning   -­‐  Repairing  the  variety  of  Capitalism     -­‐  Make  employment  friendly   environment   -­‐  Changing  regular  frameworks  for   transna*onal  trades   -­‐  Expend  market  compe**ons  in   industry  and  services    
  6. 6. Threats  to  Stats  Interven*on  
  7. 7. Source  of  State  Resilience     l  State  has  not  changed  so  much:  trade  integra*ons,  poli*cal-­‐ideological   realm  (  Berger  et  al.,  1996)   l  Demand  of  changing  is  not  much,  ci*zens  did  not  want  to  change,  but   governments  themselves  (S.  Vogel,  1999;  Pierson,  1994)   l  The  constrains  on  the  stats  have  grown,  but  it  is  just  a  small  adjustment   (GarreZ,  1998a;  Mosley,  2003):  Keynesian  demand  s*mula*ons     l  New  development  is  the  path  dependence.    
  8. 8. Intellectual  Antecedents   l  Ins*tu*ons  have  changed  con*nuously  (Streeck  and  Thelen,  2005)   l  Market  making  is  a  state  ac*vi*es  (Polanyi,  1944)   l  An  emerging,  enabling  perspec*ve  on  globaliza*on  (Paul,  Ikenbery,  and  Hall,   2003;  Weiss  2003c)  
  9. 9. Sources  of  Contemporary  State  Ac*vism   New  Missions  of  State  respond  to  Globaliza*on  and  Liberaliza*on     Ø  Economic  Change   Ø  US  and  EU  have  used  the  lure  of  market  access  to  impose  desire  change  on   developing  country   Ø  New  policy  to  solve  the  crisis  of  Mass  Produc*ons;  only  state  can  handle  risks.  
  10. 10. Sources  of  Contemporary  State  Ac*vism  (Con’t)   Ø  Technological  Change:  Digital  Revolu*on  and  Telecommunica*on     Ø  Property  Right  in  digital  informa*on     Ø  Privacy     Ø  Free  speech     Ø  Maintain  Social  Norm     Ø  Etc  
  11. 11. Sources  of  Contemporary  State  Ac*vism  (Con’t)   Ø  Societal  Change:  Decline  of  Deference  and  the  Farwell  to  Materialism     Ø  Bri*sh  Policy  Changes:  Industrial  to  Educa*on,  Financial  policy     Ø  Women  in  Labour  Market:  Changing  labour  policy       Ø  Poli*cal-­‐Ideological  Change:  Economic  Liberaliza*on     Ø  New  policy  of  state  respond  to  liberaliza*ons:  France,  Japan,  Holland,  Germany     Ø  New  influen*al  policy  of  WTO      
  12. 12. State  Coordina*on  Vs.  Employer   Coordina*on   l  Varie*es  of  Capitalism  (LME  &  CME)  :  The  firm-­‐centered  economy   (Hall  and  Soskie  2001a,  2001b).    “This  is  a  firm  centered  poli(cal  economy  that  regards    companies  as  the  crucial  actors  in  a  capitalist  economy”   l  The  authors  in  this  book  claimed  that  firms  cannot  be  the  center   economy.    
  13. 13. Conclusion   l Globaliza*on  and  new   technologies,  are  pressing   for  a  rollback  of  state     regula*on  in  the  economy     l State  ac*vism  has  shihed,   rather  than  simply  eroded.    

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