• A profession is a vocation founded upon specialised educational training, the purpose of
which is to supply disinterested counsel and service to others, for a direct and definite
compensation, wholly apart from expectation of other business gain.
• Skill based on theorethical knowledge
• Professional association
• Extensive period of education
• Testing of competence
• Institutional training
• Licenced practicioners
• Work autonomy
• Code of professional conduct or ethics
• Public service and altruism
• Exclusión, monopoly and legal recognition
• Control of remuneration and advertising
• High status and rewards
• Indidvidual clients
• Middle-class occupations
• Inaccesible body of knowledge
• Indeterminacy of knowledge
• Individual’s work and life roles over their lifespan
– people can progress through their career
horizontally as well as vertically
• Static societies -> dynamic societies
• Continuing Professional Education/Development.
– means by which members of professional
associations maintain, improve and broaden their
knowledge and skills and develop the personal
qualities required in their professional lives.
• Fundamentals Engineering Examination ->
Profesional Engineering Examination -> renewal
– DGP, Peritos, Mentor
• Refers to skills and knowledge attained for both
personal development and career advancement.
• Encompasses all types of facilitated learning
opportunities, ranging from college degrees to
formal coursework, conferences and informal
learning opportunities situated in practice.
• Described as intensive and collaborative, ideally
incorporating an evaluative stage.
• There are a variety of approaches, including case
study method, consultation, coaching, communities
of practice, lesson study, mentoring, reflective
supervision and technical assistance (Continuing
• A.k.a. Professional body, Professional organization,
• Non-profit organization seeking to further a particular
profession, the interests of their members and the public
• Learned societies for the academic disciplines underlying their
• “A group of people in a learned occupation who are entrusted
with maintaining control or oversight of the legitimate
practice of the occupation”.
• Many professional bodies are involved in the development
and monitoring of professional educational programs, and
the updating of skills, and thus perform professional
certification to indicate that a person possesses
qualifications in the subject area.
• Sometimes membership of a professional body is
synonymous with certification, though not always.
• Membership of a professional body, as a legal requirement,
can in some professions form the primary formal basis for
gaining entry to and setting up practice within the profession
• Legal issues
• Technical meetings, publications
• Local sections, students branches.
• Beyond groups with common interest!!!
IEEE at a Glance
• IEEE is the world’s largest professional association
dedicated to advancing technological innovation and
excellence for the benefit of humanity.
• IEEE's core purpose is to foster technological innovation
and excellence for the benefit of humanity.
• IEEE and its members inspire a global community
through its highly cited publications, conferences,
technology standards, and professional and educational
• It is designed to serve professionals involved in all
aspects of the electrical, electronic and computing
fields and related areas of science and technology that
underlie modern civilization.
• 1884 electricity was just beginning to become a major force
– founding President Norvin Green of Western Union
– Tomas Alba Edison (Power).
– Alexander Graham Bell (Telephone)
• There was one major established electrical industry, the
telegraph, which—beginning in the 1840s—had come to
connect the world with a communications system faster than
the speed of transportation.
• A second major area had only barely gotten underway—
electric power and light, originating in Thomas Edison’s
inventions and his pioneering Pearl Street Station in New York.
• Guglielmo Marconi’s (Wireless)
• Nikola Tesla’s AC Induction Motor, long distance AC
transmission and large-scale power plants (Westinghouse and
• John Fleming’s diode and Lee de Forest’s triode.
• The IRE was devoted to radio, and then increasingly to
• It, too, furthered its profession by linking its members through
publications, standards and conferences, and encouraging
them to advance their industries by promoting innovation and
excellence in the emerging new products and services.
• Television, radar, transistors, computers.
• On 1 January 1963, The AIEE and the IRE merged to form the
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, or IEEE. At its
formation, the IEEE had 150,000 members, 140,000 of whom
were in the United States.
• IEEE’s continued leadership, the societal roles of the
technologies under its aegis continued to spread across the
world, and reach into more and more areas of people’s lives.
• The professional groups and technical boards of the
predecessor institutions evolved into IEEE Societies.
• By the early 21st Century, IEEE served its members and their
interests with 38 societies; 130 journals, transactions and
magazines; more 300 conferences annually; and 900 active
• Since that time, computers evolved from massive mainframes
to desktop appliances to portable devices, all part of a global
network connected by satellites and then by fiber optics.
• IEEE’s fields of interest expanded well beyond
electrical/electronic engineering and computing into areas
such as micro- and nanotechnology, ultrasonics,
bioengineering, robotics, electronic materials, and many
• Electronics became ubiquitous—from jet cockpits to industrial
robots to medical imaging. As technologies and the industries that
developed them increasingly transcended national boundaries,
• IEEE kept pace, becoming a truly global institution which used the
innovations of the practitioners it represented in order to enhance
its own excellence in delivering products and services to members,
industries, and the public at large. Publications and educational
programs were delivered online, as were member services such as
renewal and elections.
• By 2010, IEEE had over 395,000 members in 160 countries.
Through its worldwide network of geographical units,
publications, web services, and conferences, IEEE remains the
world's largest technical professional association.
• IEEE will be essential to the global technical community and to
technical professionals everywhere, and be universally recognized
for the contributions of technology and of technical professionals in
improving global conditions.
• Core values are the essential and enduring principles that guide IEEE.
• Service to humanity: leveraging technology and engineering to benefit human
welfare; promoting public awareness and understanding of the engineering
• Global focus: supporting and embracing the global nature of and need for
technical work and engineering solutions.
• Trust and respect: promoting a culture where contributions at all levels are
valued; encouraging member driven, volunteer-led, knowledge-based
projects; building effective volunteer/staff partnerships.
• Growth and nurturing of the profession: encouraging education as a
fundamental activity of engineers, scientists, and technologists at all levels and
at all times; ensuring a pipeline of students to preserve the profession.
• Collaboration and community building: cultivating active, vibrant, and honest
exchange among cross-disciplinary and interdisciplinary global communities of
• Professionalism: creating a world in which engineers and scientists are
respected for their exemplary ethical behavior and volunteerism.
• Intellectual activity: forward-thinking; nurturing new and existing science and
• Peer-reviewed: using unbiased information to enhance the quality of life for
• Be essential to the global technical community
and to technical professionals everywhere,
and be universally recognized for the
contributions of technology and of technical
professionals in improving global conditions.
• Vivid descriptions are descriptions of what it will be like to achieve the big
• The IEEE community and its technologies will positively impact global
prosperity and quality of life.
• Governments will increasingly seek IEEE’s input as an unbiased source of
• Industry will recognize and value IEEE thereby strongly supporting
professionals’ participation in IEEE.
• Communities around the world will universally recognize and appreciate
the profession and IEEE's role.
• Technological literacy will prevail among all educated citizens.
• IEEE members will have productive, distinguished, and rewarding careers.
Increasing numbers of students will choose careers in IEEE fields of
• IEEE will be recognized as a global force in shaping education and curricula
in IEEE fields of interest.
• IEEE will be a center of excellence in technology information and a global
force in intellectual property rights management.
• IEEE members will universally find value in active engagement and
involvement in the organization.
IEEE 3-5 year goals
1. Industry professionals and their employers will value IEEE as
a major resource to achieve success.
2. IEEE will improve the professional competencies of students
and professionals through education.
3. IEEE will increasingly be valued by the global community as a
catalyst for a balanced dialogue on technology-related issues.
4. The public will increasingly value the role of IEEE and
technical professionals in enhancing the quality of life and
5. IEEE members will increasingly find value and enjoyment
through their involvement in the organization.
6. IEEE will operate as a model global association, with aligned
purpose, energy, and infrastructure that facilitates the
development and execution of coordinated strategy.
IEEE Quick Facts
• more than 395,000 members in more than 160 countries; 45
percent of whom are from outside the United States
• more than 90,000 student members
• 331 sections in ten geographic regions worldwide
• 1,952 chapters that unite local members with similar technical
• 1,855 student branches in 80 countries
• 483 student branch chapters at colleges and universities
• 338 affinity groups - IEEE Affinity Groups are non-technical
sub-units of one or more Sections or a Council. The Affinity
Group patent entities are the IEEE-USA Consultants' Network,
Graduates of the Last Decade (GOLD), Women in Engineering
(WIE) and Life Members (LM)
• *Data current as of 31 Dec 2009.
• 38 societies and 7 technical councils representing
the wide range of technical interests
• has more than 2.5 million documents in the IEEE
Xplore Digital Library with more than 7 million
downloads each month
• has 1,300 standards and projects under
• publishes 148 transactions, journals and
• sponsors over 1,100 conferences in 73 countries
• There are more than 395,000 IEEE members in
over 160 countries around the world. IEEE
members are engineers, scientists and allied
professionals whose technical interests are
rooted in electrical and computer sciences,
engineering and related disciplines.
The highest grade of membership – IEEE Fellow –
is attained through nomination by peers and
approval by the IEEE Board of Directors for
distinction in the profession.
• IEEE publishes nearly a third of the world’s technical
literature in electrical engineering, computer science
and electronics. This includes 140 transactions,
journals and magazines published annually. In
cooperation with John Wiley and Sons, Inc., IEEE also
produces technical books, monographs, guides and
textbooks. All IEEE content since 1988 plus select
content dating back to 1950 is available in digital
• IEEE journals are consistently among the most highly
cited in electrical and electronics engineering,
telecommunications and other technical fields.
• Each year, over 100,000 technical
professionals attend the more than 900
conferences sponsored or co-sponsored
by the IEEE.
• From microelectronics and microwaves
to sensors and security, IEEE conferences
cover relevant topics that showcase the
depth and breadth of members’ technical
• IEEE is a leading developer of international
standards that underpin many of today's
telecommunications, information technology
and power generation products and services.
• Often the central source for standardization in
a broad range of emerging technologies, the
IEEE Standards Association has a portfolio of
more than 900 active standards and more
than 400 standards in development. This
includes the prominent IEEE 802® standards
for wireless networking.
Education and Careers
• By awarding continuing education units and
professional development hours, the IEEE helps its
members meet their continuing education
requirements, and develops products and services in
support of these efforts.
• The IEEE is an authorized provider of continuing
education units through the International
Association of Continuing Education and Training.
• At the pre-college level, the IEEE works with industry,
universities and government to raise students’
literacy in science, math, engineering and
• The IEEE Foundation relies on donations to award
grants to new and innovative projects that support a
variety of educational, humanitarian, historical
preservation, and peer recognition programs of IEEE
– develop educational and public-information
– sustain historical research services;
– subsidize workshops that facilitate the exchange
of electronic information;
– propel technological innovation; and
– increase public awareness about the vast impact
of engineering on society.
• Accomplishments in IEEE technical fields are
recognized with annual awards for outstanding
contributions to technology, society and the
• The IEEE Medal of Honor, the IEEE's highest award,
recognizes an individual for an exceptional
contribution or extraordinary career in the IEEE fields
of interest. Past recipients have included such
• • Guglielmo Marconi (1920, for radio telegraphy)
• William Shockley (1980, for junction, analog and
junction field-effect transistors)
• Andrew S. Grove (2000, for pioneering research in
metal oxide semiconductor devices and technology)
• Hydrogen Economy and
• Digital Rights Management
• Organic Electronics
• Plug-In Hybrid Electric
• Display Technologies
• Distributed Diagnosis and
• Portable Information
• Earth Observations
• Remote Sensing
• Electric Ship
• Electronic Health Records
• Smart Grids
• Electronics Recycling
• Terabit Networks
• Wind Power
• Wireless Fidelity - WiFi
Technology Working Groups
• Cloud Computing
• Healthcare and BioScience
• Networked Multimedia
• Next Generation Computer Architecture
• Smart Grid
IEEE Future Directions Committee
• The primary working objective of the IEEE Future
• Incubates emerging technologies and new applications
of current technologies.
• Identifies opportunities to engage the engineering
community and the general public.
• Works with IEEE members and staff to focus on
emerging technologies through technical, professional,
and educational activities.
• Serves as a catalyst for new conferences, publications,
standards, educational products, forums, white papers,
grants and projects to support new technologies.