Manish Chasta - Android forensics
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  • 1. PRESENTED BY Manish Chasta, Principal Consultant, IndusfaceAndroid ForensicsManish Chasta, CI S S P | CHF I
  • 2. Agenda Introduction to Android Rooting Android Seizing Android Device Forensic Steps Chain of Custody Indian Cyber Laws
  • 3. Introduction to Android• Most widely used mobile OS• Developed by Google• OS + Middleware + Applications• Android Open Source Project (AOSP) is responsible for maintenance and further development
  • 4. Presence in the Market• According to Gartner report, Android captured 36% market share in Q1 of 2011.• Listed as the best selling Smartphone worldwide by Canalys. 4
  • 5. Android Architecture 5
  • 6. Android Architecture: Linux Kernel• Linux kernel with system services: – Security – Memory and process management – Network stack• Provide driver to access hardware: – Camera – Display and audio – Wifi – … 6
  • 7. Android Architecture: Android RunTime• Core Libraries: – Written in Java – Provides the functionality of Java programming language – Interpreted by Dalvik VM• Dalvik VM: – Java based VM, a lightweight substitute to JVM – Unlike JVM, DVM is a register based Virtual Machine – DVM is optimized to run on limited main memory and less CPU usage – Java code (.class files) converted into .dex format to be able to run on Android platform 7
  • 8. SQLite Database• SQLite Database: – SQLite is a widely used, lightweight database – Used by most mobile OS i.e. iPhone, Android, Symbian, webOS – SQLite is a free to use and open source database – Zero-configuration - no setup or administration needed. – A complete database is stored in a single cross- platform disk file. 8
  • 9. How Android can be used in Cyber Crime?• Software Theft• Terrorism Activity• Pornography / Child Pornography• Financial Crime• Sexual harassment Cases• Murder or other Criminal activities 9
  • 10. Forensic Process: An Open Source Approach• Seizing the device• Creating 1:1 image• Recovering the useful data• Analyzing the image to discover evidences• Maintain Chain of Custody 10
  • 11. Seizing Android Device• If device is Off – Do not turn ‘ON’• If device is On – Let it ON and keep device charging• Take photos and display of the device• Seize all other accessories available i.e. Memory card, cables etc.• Label all evidences and document everything 11
  • 12. Creating 1:1 Image• Creating Image of Memory Card• Creating Image of Device 12
  • 13. Creating Image of Memory Card• Fat 32 file system• Easy to create image• In most cases, applications wont store any sensitive data in memory card• Number of commercials and open source tools are available 13
  • 14. Creating Image of Memory Card• Using Winhex 14
  • 15. Creating Image of the Device• Android’s file systems• Importance of rooting• Rooting Samsung Galaxy device 15
  • 16. Rooting Android DeviceStep 1: Download CF Rooted Karnal files and Odin3 Software 16
  • 17. Rooting Android Device• Step 2: Keep handset on debugging mode 17
  • 18. Rooting Android Device• Step 3: Run Odin3 18
  • 19. Rooting Android Device• Step 4: Reboot the phone in download mode• Step 5: Connect to the PC 19
  • 20. Rooting Android Device• Step 6: Select required file i.e: PDA, Phone, CSC files• Step 7: Click on Auto Reboot and F. Reset Time and hit Start button 20
  • 21. Rooting Android Device• If your phone is Rooted... You will see PASS!! In Odin3 21
  • 22. Creating Image of the Device• Taking backup with DD – low-level copying and conversion of raw data – Create bit by bit image of disk – Output Can be readable by any forensic tool – Typical Syntax : dd if=/dev/SDA of=/sdcard/SDA.dd – Interesting Locations • datadata • datasystem 22
  • 23. Creating Image of the Device 23
  • 24. Creating Image of the Device• Taking image with viaExtract tool 24
  • 25. Recovering Data• Using WinHex 25
  • 26. Analysing Image• Reading the Image• Looking for KEY data• Searching techniques (DT Search) 26
  • 27. Analysing Image• Winhex• Manual Intelligence• viaExtract 27
  • 28. Analyzing SQLite• SQLite stores most critical information• Interesting place for Investigators• Tools – Epilog – sqlite database browser – sqlite_analyzer 28
  • 29. Analyzing SQLite• Epilog 29
  • 30. Maintaining ‘Chain of Custody’• What is Chain of Custody?• CoC can have following information:  What is the evidence?  How did you get it?  When was it collected?  Who has handled it?  Why did that person handle it?  Where has it travelled, and where was it ultimately stored? 30
  • 31. Indian Laws covering Digital Crimes • We can categorize Cyber crimes in two ways: – The Computer as a Target – The computer as a weapon • Indian Laws: – IT Act 2000 – IT(Amendment) Act, 2008 – Rules under section 6A, 43A and 79 • MIT site: http://mit.gov.in/content/cyber-laws 31
  • 32. Manish Chasta manish.chasta@owasp.org chasta.manish@gmail.com