Enhancing Cybersecurity Readiness Through International Cooperation
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Enhancing Cybersecurity Readiness Through International Cooperation






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Enhancing Cybersecurity Readiness Through International Cooperation Enhancing Cybersecurity Readiness Through International Cooperation Presentation Transcript

  • Enhancing Cybersecurity Readiness ThroughInternational CooperationMohd Noor Amin (mohd.amin@impact-alliance.org)Chairman, Management Board31 May 2012
  • Global Attacks 2
  • IMPACT’s Global Response Centre’sStatistics
  • Top 30 Attack Destination Countries Attack Percentage Scale High 1.55 –41.52 Med 0.16– 1.49 Low 0.02 – 0.14 Very 0 – 0.01 Low 4
  • Top 30 Attack Source Countries Attack Percentage Scale High 1.41 % – 31.30 % Med 0.29 % – 1.15 % Low 0.00% – 0.28 % 5
  • Global Statistics Top Malware for April 2012 HUER/HTML.Malware HTML/Infected.Webpage. Gen2 ADSPY/AdSpy.Gen2 TR/Downloader.Gen2 TR/Crypt.XPACK.Gen3 Spam Outbreak from January 2012 to April 2012 Top Malware Affected Sectors Worldwide 4000000 Finance - 45 % 3000000 Personal Sites - 3 % 2000000 Business - 3 % 1000000 Computers & Tech - 7% 0 Pornography - 2 % 9/1/2012 9/2/2012 9/3/2012 9/4/2012 Forums and newsgroups - 3 % Top Spam Relaying countries Search Engines - 4 % 40.00% Shopping - 7% 20.00% Business-3% 0.00% social networking-6% Other Categories-14% Statistical Information Sources: Symantec, Kaspersky, McAfee, Sophos, Commtouch, Trendmicro, Websense Securitylabs, Atlas Arbor, ThreatExpert 6
  • Key Cybersecurity Challenges Lack of adequate and interoperable national or regional legal frameworks Lack of secure software and ICT-based applications Lack of appropriate national and global organizational structures to deal with cyber incidents Lack of information security professionals and skills within governments; lack of basic awareness among users Lack of international cooperation between industry experts, law enforcements, regulators, academia & international organizations to address a global challenge 7
  • Addressing The Challenges• Developing national Computer Incident Response Teams (CIRTs)• Enhancing public-private partnerships to enhance expertise, knowledge, skills, resources & experience• Enhancing international cooperation: – between nations to mitigate cyber attacks – Regulator, law enforcement & national CIRT/CERTs• Cyber laws needs to be put in place and harmonised• Increase capability & capacity building programs 8
  • ITU-IMPACTGlobal Cybersecurity Alliance
  • ITU–IMPACT Collaboration The International Multilateral Partnership Against Cyber Threats (IMPACT) is the cybersecurity executing arm of the United Nations’ (UN) specialised agency - the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) - bringing together governments,academia and industry experts to enhance the global community’s capabilities in dealing with cyber threats. ITU & IMPACT signs a Memorandum of Understanding in ITU & IMPACT signs a Cooperation Agreement in May 2008. IMPACT becomes the physical home of ITU’s Global 2011. IMPACT becomes the cybersecurity executing arm Cybersecurity Agenda to operationalise cybersecurity of the United Nations’ specialised agency, ITU. IMPACT services across 193 countries. now will expand its services to the UN System. 10
  • Cybersecurity Services Deployed142 countries have joined the ITU-IMPACT coalition World’s largest cybersecurity alliance of its kind 11
  • ITU’s Global Cybersecurity Agenda (GCA) Framework for International Cooperation  ITU’s Global Cybersecurity Agenda (GCA) – UN backed framework to enhance confidence and security in the information society. Capacity Building InternationalLegal Measures Cooperation Global Cybersecurity Agenda Technical & Organisational Procedural Structure Measures 12
  • Operationalising ITU’s GlobalCybersecurity Agenda 13
  • ITU-IMPACT’s Partners International Organisations Academia Alliance (200+) Child Online Protection Industry 14
  • International CooperationDr Hamadoun Touré – Secretary General, ITU “Without international cooperation, the problem cannot be adequately addressed since, more often than not, the criminal is not resident in the same country where the crime takes place” 15
  • International CooperationWhy International Cooperation? Estonian Minister for Economic Affairs and Communications, Juhan Parts “Adequate international cooperation is essential.” "Because if something happens incyberspace... its a border crossing issue. We have to have horizontal cooperation globally," he added. 16
  • Key Partnership MilestonesITU-IMPACT• Capacity building a) Trained over 200 cybersecurity professionals and practitioners in 2010 b) Deployed 250 scholarships to 43 partner countries globally (SANS & EC-Council) c) Trained 50 law enforcement officers globally on Network Investigation d) Conducted the world’s first UN-backed Cyber Drill for CLMV (Cambodia, Lao, Myanmar & Vietnam) countries• CIRT/CERT Implementation a) Conducted over 30 country readiness assessments b) Deployed and implemented CIRT for Montenegro• IMPACT Government Security Scorecard (IGSS) a) Successfully deployed the pilot IGSS implementation for the Malaysian government• Child Online Protection (COP) a) Successfully conducted the first COP National Strategy Framework for Brunei• Cybercrime Investigation a) Conducted 3 cybercrime investigations with key partners 17
  • Key Initiatives PlannedITU-IMPACT• New enhanced version of ESCAPE to be rolled out for better and greater information sharing and collaboration between key stakeholders in cybersecurity• Cybersecurity readiness to be conducted for the Caribbean & Ivory Coast• To deploy National CIRTs for Burkina Faso, Zambia, Uganda, Kenya & Tanzania• Training planned for the following regions: • Eastern Europe (Host: Turkey) • Asia Pacific (Host: Lao) • Africa (Host: Cameron) • Pacific Island (Host: Fiji)• Cyber Drill is planned to be held at the following regions (Partners: Kaspersky, F-Secure, Trend Micro & ABI Research): • Arab region – July 2012 • African region • Eastern Europe region• COP National Strategy Framework – to be deployed in other regions in 2012 18
  • Moving ForwardITU-IMPACT• ITU-IMPACT has created a politically neutral platform for governments, academia, industry and international organisations to come together on a single platform• IMPACT’s Electronically Secured Collaborative Applications Platform for Experts (ESCAPE) is a community based platform where knowledge, expertise, experience, ideas can be shared, exchanged and discussed. A platform where various communities can be created to look into a myriad of areas from law enforcement, regulators, policy makers, security experts, judiciary, CERT/CIRTs, specialised groups, etc.• ITU-IMPACT welcomes governments, industry, academia, security experts and international organisations to come together to work towards a common goal of addressing cyber threats globally on this platform. 19
  • ConclusionDr. Hamadoun Touré“There are no borders in cyberspace and therefore only a global coalition can tackle this problem. We need a global framework where everyone commits to not attacking everyone else” 20
  • Thank you www.facebook.com/impactalliance IMPACT T +60 (3) 8313 2020 Jalan IMPACT F +60 (3) 8319 2020 63000 Cyberjaya E contactus@impact-alliance.org Malaysia impact-alliance.org © Copyright 2010 IMPACT. All Rights Reserved.