Dayton water conf 2011

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This was an Aquaculture presentation to the Dayton Water Conference on the fastest growing food industry in the world and which creates a large balance of trade for the U.S. It is also a new market for water treatment.

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Dayton water conf 2011

  1. 1. AQUACULTURE - An Emerging Market for Water Treatment The Fastest Growing Food Business in the World is Aquaculture. Phillip L. Hayden, Ph.D., P.E. Slide 1
  2. 2. AQUACULTURE - An Emerging Market for Water Treatment The Wild Fish in the Oceans are becoming Endangered Species: • Factory Ships are harvesting fish to extinction; • pH of the Oceans is decreasing; • Dead zones due to Nutrification (N); • Oil Spills; • Toxic Organics, Hg; and • Plastics. Slide 2
  3. 3. AQUACULTURE - An Emerging Market for Water Treatment• Aquaculture is one of the fastest growing forms of food production in the world.• Many worldwide fisheries have peaked and aquaculture is widely recognized as critical to increasing global seafood supplies. Slide 3
  4. 4. AQUACULTURE - An Emerging Market for Water Treatment• Aquaculture produces almost half of the fish consumed by humans globally and that trend continues to increase.• Global wild fish harvest is between 90 and 95 million tons per year. Slide 4
  5. 5. AQUACULTURE - An Emerging Market for Water Treatment • Global aquaculture production is nearly 60 million tons, valued at $70 billion. • U.S. freshwater and marine aquaculture combine to provide about 5% of the seafood consumed in the Unites States. Marine aquaculture represents only 20% of domestic aquaculture. • The majority of U.S. commercial marine aquaculture is shellfish – oysters, clams, and mussels. Slide 5
  6. 6. AQUACULTURE - An Emerging Market for Water Treatment • Global wild fish harvest is between 90 and 95 million tons per year. • Global aquaculture production is nearly 60 million tons, valued at $70 billion. Slide 6
  7. 7. AQUACULTURE - An Emerging Market for Water TreatmentJAKARTA, Indonesia—Theworlds biggest source oftin and thermal coal nowwants to dominate theglobal market for anothervital commodity: fish.Exporters plan to doublethe countrys haul oftilapia, catfish, lobster andother seafood.WSJ 4/18/2011 Slide 7
  8. 8. AQUACULTURE - An Emerging Market for Water Treatment China, with one-fifth of the worlds population, accounts for two-thirds of the worlds reported aquaculture production. Chinas 2005 reported harvest was 32.4 million tonnes, more than 10 times that of the second-ranked nation, India, which reported 2.8 million tonnes.[2] Slide 8
  9. 9. AQUACULTURE - An Emerging Market for Water Treatment Slide 9
  10. 10. AQUACULTURE - An Emerging Market for Water Treatment The impacts of irresponsible expansion of shrimp aquaculture activities over the past 25 years have been many and varied: • Coastal Habitat Degradation • Depletion of Wild Fish stocks • Misuse of chemicals and antibiotics, and coastal pollution • Spread of Diseases • Introduction of Exotic Species • Social impacts and Human Rights Abuses Slide 10
  11. 11. AQUACULTURE - An Emerging Market for Water Treatment Going Forward! What are the Drivers in the U.S.? Farm ponds will no longer be able to compete. A new breed of technologists will be required to engineer, build and operate advanced processing (manufacturing) facilities.
  12. 12. AQUACULTURE - An Emerging Market for Water Treatment Quality Must Improve! • No Antibotics; • No Infectious Bacteria, Viruses, Fungi or Parasites; • No Toxic Chemicals – Hg, PCB’s, Cd, Pb, Pesticides, etc.; Slide 12
  13. 13. AQUACULTURE - An Emerging Market for Water Treatment Highly Automated and Monitored!• Environmental Conditions – Temperature, DO, pH, TDS, N, TOC/COD/BOD;• Standby Power; and• Monitor Growth. Slide 13
  14. 14. AQUACULTURE - An Emerging Market for Water Treatment • Fish Production Systems will cover acres, not feet; • Multi species of fish will be raised; • Processing Facilities will be close or on-site; and • A multi-disciplinary staff will be required. Slide 14
  15. 15. AQUACULTURE - An Emerging Market for Water Treatment Water Quality Treatment• Recirculated System;• Remove BOD – Oxygen Consuming Wastes;• Remove Suspended Solids;• Remove Excess N & P;• Aeration – Maintain DO; and• Ozone for Disinfection. Slide 15
  16. 16. AQUACULTURE - An Emerging Market for Water Treatment BOD Removal • 10 lbs BOD5 generated per 30 lbs Fish; • Excess Food; • Remove BOD with: • BioFilters; • Activated Sludge; or • Submerged Aquatic Systems (Wetlands). Slide 16
  17. 17. AQUACULTURE - An Emerging Market for Water Treatment Submerged Aerobic BioFilter: • SAF utilizes attached bacteria to high, surface-area media bed. • Air is introduced from below. Slide 17
  18. 18. AQUACULTURE - An Emerging Market for Water Treatment Activated Sludge Process utilizes Suspended Bacteria to remove BOD. Our plant in Bucharest Slide 18
  19. 19. AQUACULTURE - An Emerging Market for Water Treatment • Submerged Aquatic Filter – Michrow, Poland • 50 m x 100 m • 1 m deep • Discharged to National Forest Slide 19
  20. 20. AQUACULTURE - An Emerging Market for Water Treatment • Gravity Sand Filter will remove Suspended Solids and act as a BioFilter Slide 20
  21. 21. AQUACULTURE - An Emerging Market for Water Treatment N & P Removed through Aquaponics Slide 21
  22. 22. AQUACULTURE - An Emerging Market for Water Treatment Ozone is a highly Reactive and Oxidative Gas • Disinfectant; • Oxidize Organics; and • Remove Odors. Slide 22
  23. 23. How did I get interested in Aquaculture? We invested in Enviroflight, a start-up company which is developing bioconversion technology to produce waste materials into valuable products. 23
  24. 24. Our Founding Mission - Enviroflight • Develop a natural, animal based protein source to support the aquaculture industry. • Produce locally sustainable proteins, natural oils, and fertilizers in a clean, odor free, and responsible way. • Generate shareholder wealth and reduce the environmental and financial costs of our food chain. 24
  25. 25. How Do We Do it? Insect based Bioconversion• EnviroFlight raises and process the larvae of the Black Soldier Fly (Hermetia Illucens) on an industrial scale• Distribution – Western Hemisphere – South East Asia – Australia.• Damage – Do not bite – Not known to transmit any diseases. 25
  26. 26. $800.00 $1,000.00 $1,200.00 $1,600.00 $2,000.00 $1,400.00 Jan-06 $1,800.00 Apr-06 Jul-06 Oct-06 Jan-07 Apr-07 Jul-07 Oct-07 Jan-08 Apr-08 Jul-08 Oct-08 Jan-09 Apr-09 Jul-09 Oct-09 Jan-10 Apr-10 Jul-10 Oct-10 Jan-1126
  27. 27. Market Opportunity Replace Marine Sourced Materials in Aquaculture Feeds Aquaculture is constrained by the availability of cost- EnviroFlight bioconversionThe U.S. generates nearly effective feeds. technology creates a cost – 40 million tons of Dried effective, locally produced Distillers Grains with Prices of fish meal and oil alternative to wild caughtSolubles (DDGS) annually have grown by 400% over aquaculture feeds the last 20 years. International Fishmeal and Fish Oil Association estimates that each ton of fishmeal travels an average of 5,000 kilometers to reach its end-user in the aquaculture industry. 27
  28. 28. The EnviroFlight Promise Quality Ingredients / Quality, Socially Responsible Products EnviroFlight starts with safe, sanitary, and FDA and AAFCOapproved feed ingredients in the development of its products. Fertilizer or Protein Meal OilsFeed Supplement 28
  29. 29. Research Manufacturing Plant• Bioconversion System • Insect Rearing Facility – System Automation – Greenhouse (temperature, humidity) – Managed, predictable – Remote Monitoring breeding – 500 ton/year DDGS – Incubation Techniques conversion capacity • Material Handling • 62 ton/year protein meal – Feed Mixtures • 38 ton/year oil • 390 ton/year fertilizer – Oil extraction – Meal processing – Fertilizer Packaging 29
  30. 30. Research Manufacturing Plant 30
  31. 31. Research Manufacturing Plant 31
  32. 32. Research Manufacturing Plant 32
  33. 33. AQUACULTURE - An Emerging Market for Water Treatment After Studying Commercialization of Algae and Black Soldier Flies, the best approach to the market is BOOT (Build, Own, Operate & Transfer) using a Multi-Disciplinary Engineering and Scientific Team. • ME, ChE, EE • Envir E • Fish Biologists • Fish Feed Spec • Fish Disease • QC Techs • BioSecurity Slide 33
  34. 34. AQUACULTURE - An Emerging Market for Water Treatment BSF DDG C12 Oils Castings (N&P) Ethanol, Breweries, Distilleries Food Wastes, Animal Wastes Larval Meal – N Live • Gravity Filter Fish • Ozone Fresh Veggies• BioFilter Slide 34
  35. 35. AQUACULTURE - An Emerging Market for Water Treatment Milwaukee Sweet Water’s sustainable aquaculture system is based on Will Allen’s (MacArthur Genius Award Winner and Founder of Growing Power) three-tiered, bio-intensive, simulated wetland. In the re-circulating systems, the fish waste acts as natural fertilizer for plant growth and the plants act as a water filter. Our current vegetation includes various lettuce and basil, watercress, tomatoes, peppers, chard, and spinach. Our fish are tilapia and perch. Slide 35
  36. 36. AQUACULTURE - An Emerging Market for Water Treatment The mission of the Ohio Center for AquacultureResearch and Development (OCARD) is to increase theproductivity, innovation and profitability of Ohio and USaquaculture operations, while respecting sustainabilityand good stewardship, by implement of innovativeresearch, outreach, extension and education programs inaquaculture. Slide 36

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