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Fukuyama' trust - The role of trust and trust networks in the society
Fukuyama' trust - The role of trust and trust networks in the society
Fukuyama' trust - The role of trust and trust networks in the society
Fukuyama' trust - The role of trust and trust networks in the society
Fukuyama' trust - The role of trust and trust networks in the society
Fukuyama' trust - The role of trust and trust networks in the society
Fukuyama' trust - The role of trust and trust networks in the society
Fukuyama' trust - The role of trust and trust networks in the society
Fukuyama' trust - The role of trust and trust networks in the society
Fukuyama' trust - The role of trust and trust networks in the society
Fukuyama' trust - The role of trust and trust networks in the society
Fukuyama' trust - The role of trust and trust networks in the society
Fukuyama' trust - The role of trust and trust networks in the society
Fukuyama' trust - The role of trust and trust networks in the society
Fukuyama' trust - The role of trust and trust networks in the society
Fukuyama' trust - The role of trust and trust networks in the society
Fukuyama' trust - The role of trust and trust networks in the society
Fukuyama' trust - The role of trust and trust networks in the society
Fukuyama' trust - The role of trust and trust networks in the society
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Fukuyama' trust - The role of trust and trust networks in the society

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Presentation about how Fukuyama describes the concept of trust. NOT A PRESENTATION CREATED BY ME, I just placed it on slideshare in order to embed it in my blog.

Presentation about how Fukuyama describes the concept of trust. NOT A PRESENTATION CREATED BY ME, I just placed it on slideshare in order to embed it in my blog.

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  • 1. Fukuyama’s Trust The role of trust and trust networks in the society
  • 2. Overview
    • Brief review of the books of Fukuyama
    • Key concepts
    • Derived ideas
    • Conclusions
  • 3. The End of History and the Last Man
    • the end of communist and fascist dictatorships in many countries (East and South Europe, South America, Far East);
    • Hegel’s concept of ‘end of history’;
    • original state (Hegel, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau) and social contract;
    • foundation: Jewish-Christian tradition of egalitarianism and original personal freedom;
    • forces:
        • a. the evolution and accumulation of rational science;
        • b. the personal pride (the ‘thumos’);
  • 4. The End of History and the Last Man
    • the best is the liberal capitalism = free market + individual freedom rights;
    • the liberal capitalism:
    • a. allows and supports the development and accumulation of rational science;
    • b. channels the personal pride into non-destructive forms and the people focus on economic well- being;
    • c. allows regular change and refreshment of the social leadership;
    • this is the end of history in the sense of Hegel.
  • 5. Trust: the social virtues and the creation of prosperity
    • the neoclassical economic theory explains up to 80% extent the economic events, the rest depends on the role of the state and of the social organization of the society; language of good and bad;
    • family centred societies:
    • a. China and the Confucianism: big families;
    • b. South-Italy: isolated small families;
    • c. North-Italy: family networks;
    • d. France: the family as the counter pole of the strong state
  • 6. Trust: the social virtues and the creation of prosperity
    • common characteristics (family centred societies): a. the trust ends at the border of the family;
    • b. family based companies, which are usually small;
    • c. strong state, dream carrier: state bureaucrat;
    • institution centred societies: Japan, Germany, US
    • common characteristics (institution centred societies):
    • a. they have customs to extend the trust beyond the limits of the family;
    • b. large companies with the involvement of non-family members at high positions;
    • c. extensive civil society and strong bounds between group members
  • 7. Trust: the social virtues and the creation of prosperity
    • advantages of high trust:
    • a. lower administration costs, higher institutional reliability;
    • b. large and efficient organizations;
    • disadvantages of low trust:
    • a. corruption and trade with influences;
    • b. small and inefficient organizations;
    • objective: reproduce the trust system of the society
  • 8. The Great Disruption: human nature and the reconstitution of social order
    • particularly well documented with statistical tables;
    • how to measure the social disruption:
    • a. criminality;
    • b. family disorganization;
    • c. reduction of trust in social/political institutions;
    • effects of social disruption:
    • a. reduced family socialization;
    • b. higher juvenile delinquency;
    • c. decreasing trust in social/political institutions;
  • 9. The Great Disruption: human nature and the reconstitution of social order
    • the disruption is culture-dependent;
    • how to stop the disruption and restore the order ?
    • the humans evolved to cooperate and to organize themselves;
    • homo hierarchicus;
    • the limiting factors of spontaneous organization:
    • a. trust radii;
    • b. transparency;
    • c. justice / equitability;
    • d. long standing bad choices;
  • 10. The Great Disruption: human nature and the reconstitution of social order
    • what to do:
    • a. decentralized religion;
    • b. civil society networks;
    • c. self-regulation and self-organization to reduce crime;
    • effects of capitalism on the social capital:
    • a. destruction: new technologies, freedom of dissidence;
    • c. construction: freedom of self-organization, free market competition;
    • past experience: moral revolutions, well-founded modernization, integration of immigrants;
  • 11. Key concepts
    • Trust in individuals and institutions:
    • expresses the beliefs about the predictability of actions;
    • Economic, social and leadership efficiency:
    • how efficient are in handling problems, specially problems of growth;
    • 3. The role of the state:
    • to what extent should the state intervene in the development of spontaneous economic and social order
  • 12. Key concepts 4. The role of culture and religion: the language of good and bad 5. Family socialization: cultural value transmission if exists 6. Delinquency and crime: decreases the trust, special attn: juvenile delinquency 7. Homo hierarchicus: evolutionary determination of humans to cooperate and organize;
  • 13. Key concepts 8. The evolution of science: the rational science accumulates and fuels the social evolution; 9. Networks of interaction: the personal and institutional networks are means of trust generation; 10. Integration of immigrants: essential to solve growth problems
  • 14. Derived ideas
    • Information transmission:
    • the behavior of individuals and organizations transmits implicit information by the rules to which they conform;
    • 2. Predictive stability:
    • if a society is able to process the information originating from its environment and itself and predict the problems and their solutions it can stay on its desired path of development;
    • dynamic and static stability;
  • 15. Derived ideas 3. Levels and circles of trust: the belief about the predictability of actions varies in steps and each step has its associated trust radius; 4. Optimal level of trust and efficient organizations: the organization is efficient if the overall trust level within itself and within its connectional context is high enough; having high trust sub-networks with low inter-network trust level can be very disturbing;
  • 16. Derived ideas 5. Integration of scientific advances: those societies have higher predictive stability, which are able to integrate fast the scientific and specially technological advances in their organizations; 6. Simple, transparent, coherent rules applied with consequence: the cultural and legal rules are better if they have these qualities, otherwise their support to the predictive stability of individuals and organizations is reduced;
  • 17. Derived ideas 7. Networks of individuals and organizations are sources of trust: their trust producing ability depends on their rules; 8. The legal system: extends the trust by the belief that the rules of it will be respected and applied as announced;
  • 18. Derived ideas 9. Value selection of cultures: critical to have expandable trust systems and to create trust generating organisms and mechanisms; 10. Integration of dissidents and immigrants: provides the intra- and inter-social mobility necessary for the growth and channels the sources of delinquency into non-disturbing outcomes;
  • 19. Conclusions
    • Those societies can build efficient economy and social organization, which have wide and efficient trust networks, sustain and integrate scientific development, and manage their internal and external dissidents.
    • The humans evolved to form hierarchical organizations in order to increase their individual and group predictive stability. This does not guarantee that they necessarily build efficient societies.
    • The choice of cultural values and procedures has a strong influence on the ability of a society to become efficient in the sense of predictive stability. The societies may survive for long time without being efficient.
    • The regeneration of trust resources is a key issue for the current western societies

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