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Hiv natural origin drugs

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  • 1.
  • 2. NATURAL TREATMENT FOR AIDS
    Presented by
    Vedasree Reddy.Police
    10T21SO112
    Under
    the Guidance of
    Mrs.SharadhaSrikanth
    M.Pharm
  • 3. Contents:
    Types
    What does AIDS means
    Definition of Immunodeficiency Disorders
    Etiological Agent
    Structure of HIV
    Steps of progression
    Diagnosis
    List of Natural Drugs
    Immune Boosters
    New Discoveries and updates
  • 4. ImmunoDeficiencyDisorder:
    Failure or deficiency of immune system which manifests by occurrence of repeated infections in individuals with immune deficiency diseases.
  • 5. Types:
    • Primary _ Genetic or Developmental abnormalities of immune system
    Ex:Reticular dysgenesis
    • Secondary – Acquired Supression of Immunesystem.
    Ex:AIDS,Infections.
  • 6. AIDS MEANs:
    • Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome
    • 7. An epidemic,transmissible retroviral disease caused by infection with HIV which leads to profound depression of cell mediated immunity.
  • ETIOLOGICAL AGENT:
    • HIV- Human Immuno Deficiency Virus.
    • 8. 2 forms:HIV-1
    • 9. HIV-2
    • 10. A RNA retrovirus.
  • STRUCTURE OF HIV
  • 11.
  • 12. STEPS OF PROGRESSION:
  • 13. DIAGNOSIS:
    • 1.For establising HIV infection:
    a.Antibody Test – ELISA
    Western blot
    b.Direct Detection of HIV
    • 2.Tests for Defects in Immunity
    • 14. 3.Tests for Detection of opportunistic infections
  • Natural drugs
  • BITTERMELON:Friutsof Momordicacharantia.FAMILY: Cucurbitaceae.
  • 18. Mechanism:
    Proteins-
    • MRK29, may inhibit the activity of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase, an enzyme involved in the replication of the HIV virus.
    • 19. MAP30, which may have anti-HIV effects and that may also improve the efficacy of other anti-viral drugs.
  • Considerations:
    • Short-term use of bitter melon is likely safe, but using it for more than three months may be unsafe.
    • 20. Avoid in bleeding disorder
    • 21. Pregnant or breastfeeding women.
    • 22. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency people.
  • Licorice:Licorice root  is the root of plant Glycyrrhizaglabra of family Leguminosae.
  • 23. Mechanism :
    • Glycyrrhizin inhibits HIV replication by
    1.Inhibiting a cellular enzyme(Casein Kinase )
    2.Inhibiting viral adsorption, i.e,binding to the host cell to be infected .
  • 24. Considerations:
    • Pseudoaldosteronism.
    • 25. Pregnant or breastfeeding women should not take licorice.
    • 26. Use of any licorice product is not recommended for longer than 4 - 6 weeks.
     
  • 27. ECHINACEA: flowering plant of genus purpurea of family astraceae.
  • 28. Mechanism:
    • Fat soluble Alkylamides of the flower provide Immunomodulatory effects which act by binding to cannabinoid receptors and thus inhibits tumour necrosis factor-α
  • Considerations:
    • One dose treatment is not effective.
    • 29. Allergic reactions like asthma attack and leucopenia are seen.
    • 30. Use along with hepatotoxic drugs is avoided.
    • 31. Avoided in patients with autoimmune disorders
  • CAT’S CLAW: Climbing stems of Uncaria tomentosa of family Rubiaceae.
  • 32. Mechanism :
    • Quinovic acid has a property of
    • 33. Pronounced enhancement effect on PHAGOCYTOSIS.
    • 34. Increased production of T-lymphocytes.
  • Consideration:
    • Because of abortive effects, it is avoided in pregnant women.
    • 35. Dizziness and Vomiting are seen.
  • immune boosters:
  • New discoveries and updates
  • 43. Conclusion:
    • The remedy for all is –
    “PREVENTION IS BETTER THAN CURE”
    This holds good particularly in case of AIDS as it is a preventable disease.
    Leading a healthy and educative lifestyle can do better with respective AIDS.
    Natural remedy need not be necessarily be a cure but can be an alternative or more preferably a preventive in the case of AIDS.