SKIN DISORDERS
:COMMON DISORDERS  ACNE        2.ECZEMA          3. SEBORRHEIC DERMATITIS   4. PSORIASIS.1DERMATITIS   6.SKIN TUMORS. 5
ACNE.1
CH.CH BYAREA OF SKIN WITH SEBORRHEA.1   •COMEDONES.2      •PAPULES.3    •POSTULES.4   •NODULES (LARGE.5     •
ACNE VULGARISACNE IS A CORNIFICATION DISORDER OF THE HAIR FOLLICLES IN WHICH THE CONTENTS ARE RETAINED •     •        AND ...
HERBAL TREATMENT OF ACNE
BURDOCK ROOTIS. 1         ROOTIS ONE OF THE BEST HERBS USED FOR DIFFERENT DISEASES. IT CLEANS YOUR BODY OF ANY   •IMPURITI...
GREEN TEA LOTIONS. 2Mechnism: reduce the skin’s oil production and clear upblemishes better than most medications.A.V: tan...
CALENDULA OFFICINALS.3A.V: 1.pentacyclic triterpenes2.Flavonoids 3.SaponinsMEC: 1.anti inflammatory 2.woundhealing
WITCH HAZEL.4               an astringent herbA.c: 1.tannins 2.primarily gallotannins 3.condensed catechins4.proanthocyani...
LAVENDER. 5Lavender soothes burning sensations in the skin—by creating counterirritation.If you have acne, your skin may f...
LEMON OIL. 6Lemon oil smells great. Unfortunately,it also irritates the skin,and skin repairs itself by making even more s...
FACIAL MASKS FOR ACNECOVE POWDER 1/2GM + THYMUS POWDER 1/2GM +CHAMMOMIL PD 1/2GM +MAIZE STARCH+ OLIVE OIL   •CLOVE +THYMOL...
PSORIASIS. – 2
:DEF PSORIASIS IS A CORNIFICATION DISORDER OCCURRING IN INTERMITTENT ATTACKS. THE DISEASE IS –     •CHARACTERIZED BY THE D...
HERBAL TREATMENT OF PSORIASIS
ALOE VERA JUICE    Action • Aloe vera gel is the condensed juice of Aloebarbadensis leaves. The gel contains enzymes, mine...
ECZEMA.3
A NONCONTAGIOUS TYPE OF DERMATITIS THAT IS USUALLY TRIGGERED BY HYPERSENSITIVITY TO CERTAIN        •                      ...
GENERAL AND HERBAL TREATMENT➤
. AVOIDANCE OF TRIGGER SUBSTANCES IS THE FIRST AND FOREMOST PILLAR OF TREATMENT   •STANDARD TREATMENT OF ACUTE CONTACT ECZ...
CHAMOMILE FLOWER      ACTION • CHAMOMILE EXTRACT CONTAINS ANTI-INFLAMMATORY COMPOUNDS  (CHAMAZU- LENE AND BISABOLOL) AS WE...
WITCH HAZEL   Witch hazel contains hamamelitannins that reduce skin redness by de- creasing theblood flow to the skin and ...
OAK BARK HAS A HIGH CONTENT OF TANNINS THAT REACT WITH PROTEINS IN THE SUPERFICIAL   •  LAYER OF THE SKIN AND MUCOUS MEMBR...
DERMATITISCAUSES   SYMPTOMS     TYPES OF DERMATITIS TYPES OF MEDICATIONS PREVENTION 
?WHAT IS DERMATITISDERMATITIS IS THE INFLAMMATION OF THE SKIN CAUSED BY                                :FACTORS SUCH AS   ...
TYPES OF DERMATITIS                 SEBRORRHEIC DERMATITIS    •                      CONTACT DERMATITIS   •               ...
SYMPTOMS ASSOCIATED WITH DERMATITIS(( DEPENDING ON TYPE OF DERMATITIS          SEBORRHEIC DERMATITIS: SKIN ERUPTIONS ON FA...
CONTACT DERMATITIS                       .CONTACT DERMATITIS WITH NICKEL               •                     REDDISH MARKI...
ATOPIC DERMATITISREDDISH MARKS APPEAR ON FACE,                     •               .NECK ,ELBOWS    THIS CAN BE TREATED WI...
SEBORRHEIC DERMATITIS         .REDNESS AND FLAKES APPEAR IN THE HEAD       •                .ERUPTIONS ON SCALP MAY APPEAR...
HERBAL
GARLICUSES: IMPROVED LIPID PROFILES, CLAIMS FOR ANTIBACTERIAL, ANTITHROMBOTIC, HYPOTENSIVE, ANTI-       •INFLAMMATORY AND ...
HEAT AND ACID INACTIVATE ALLICIN, ENTERIC COATED PRODUCTS SHOW BEST RESULTS   •               MAY INCREASE EFFECTS OF ANTI...
ECHINACEAUSES: PROPHYLAXIS AND TREATMENT OF COLD AND FLU SYMPTOMS (STIMULATION OF    •                                PHAG...
ECHINACEA                           MILLION SPENT ANNUALLY, MORE POPULAR IN EUROPE $14    •    PRECAUTIONS AND INTERACTION...
SKIN TUMORS.6
Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in humans•There are three main types of skin cancer: basal cell carcinoma,•s...
:TYPES OF SKIN CANCER:TYPES OF SKIN CANCER   •(BASAL CELL CARCINOMA (OR BASAL CELL CARCINOMA EPITHELIOMA   •(SQUAMOUS CELL...
: BASAL CELL CARCINOMATHE MOST COMMON TYPE OF SKIN CANCER, WHICH COMMONLY PRESENTS AS A SORE THAT SEEMS TO GETBETTER AND T...
SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMACANCER THAT BEGINS IN SQUAMOUS CELLS -- THIN, FLAT CELLS THAT LOOK UNDER THE MICROSCOPE :LIKE FISH ...
MELANOMAIS A CANCER THAT DEVELOPS IN MELANOCYTES, THE PIGMENT CELLS PRESENT IN THE SKIN. IT CAN BE MORESERIOUS THAN THE OT...
HERBAL TREATMENT
VISCUM ALBUM(:VISCUM ALBUM LIPOPHILIC EXTRACT (VALE IT CONTAINS TRITERPENES :LIKE … OLEANOLIC …BETULINIC ACID …LUPEOL:WITH...
GROUPE NUMBER 4.DONE BY :1.ABEER TAALT NUMBER (61)2.ABEER ABD ELKALEK NUMBER(62)3.ABEER MARZOOK NUMBER (63)(4.ADNAN AKRAM ...
THANK YOU   BYE
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Skin disorders2003

  1. 1. SKIN DISORDERS
  2. 2. :COMMON DISORDERS ACNE 2.ECZEMA 3. SEBORRHEIC DERMATITIS 4. PSORIASIS.1DERMATITIS 6.SKIN TUMORS. 5
  3. 3. ACNE.1
  4. 4. CH.CH BYAREA OF SKIN WITH SEBORRHEA.1 •COMEDONES.2 •PAPULES.3 •POSTULES.4 •NODULES (LARGE.5 •
  5. 5. ACNE VULGARISACNE IS A CORNIFICATION DISORDER OF THE HAIR FOLLICLES IN WHICH THE CONTENTS ARE RETAINED • • AND CAN BECOME INFLAMED (PUSTULE FORMATION). • HORMONAL, HEREDITARY, AND EXTERNAL FACTORS (VARIOUS MEDICATIONS, VITA- MINS B1, B6 AND B12) PLAY A ROLE. • DIFFERENT TYPES ARE DISTINGUISHED. IT IS NOT POSSIBLE TO PREDICT THE COURSE OF THE DISEASE, WHICH CAN PERSIST FOR SEVERAL YEARS. ALMOST EVERY CASE OF ACNE CAN BE TREATED WITH GOOD COSMETIC RESULTS, .PROVIDED THAT TREATMENT IS CONTINUED UNTIL THE ACNE ACTIVITY SPONTANEOUSLY CEASES
  6. 6. HERBAL TREATMENT OF ACNE
  7. 7. BURDOCK ROOTIS. 1 ROOTIS ONE OF THE BEST HERBS USED FOR DIFFERENT DISEASES. IT CLEANS YOUR BODY OF ANY •IMPURITIES (ALSO KNOWN AS BLOOD CLEANSER). BEFORE STARTING PROCEDURES WITH BURDOCK ROOT, PLEASE MAKE SURE THAT YOU ARE NOT ALLERGIC TO IT AND INFORM YOUR DOCTOR ABOUT YOUR .TREATMENT TO USE BURDOCK ROOT FOR YOUR ACNE CURE YOU WILL NEED 1 TSP. DRIED BURDOCK ROOT, 2 CUPS OF • WATER AND A MEDIUM SAUCEPAN. PUT BURDOCK ROOT AND WATER IN YOUR SAUCEPAN AND SET YOUR STOVE TO HIGH (OR MEDIUM). AFTER BOILING SET YOUR STOVE TO LOW AND WAIT UNTIL MIXTURE ISREDUCED TO ABOUT HALF. MAKE IT COOL AND DRINK ABOUT HALF CUP THREE TIMES A DAY. ALSO YOU CAN .APPLY THIS LIQUID TO AFFECTED AREAS OF SKIN IN THE MORNING AND AT NIGHT FOR BETTER RESULTS
  8. 8. GREEN TEA LOTIONS. 2Mechnism: reduce the skin’s oil production and clear upblemishes better than most medications.A.V: tannins ….. caffeine
  9. 9. CALENDULA OFFICINALS.3A.V: 1.pentacyclic triterpenes2.Flavonoids 3.SaponinsMEC: 1.anti inflammatory 2.woundhealing
  10. 10. WITCH HAZEL.4 an astringent herbA.c: 1.tannins 2.primarily gallotannins 3.condensed catechins4.proanthocyanidinsMech: __tannins coagulate the surface protein of the cell leading toreduction in permeability& secretion___anti inflammatory action …………….all that leading to reduceerythema
  11. 11. LAVENDER. 5Lavender soothes burning sensations in the skin—by creating counterirritation.If you have acne, your skin may feel better even though irritation is worse. The net result of putting lavender on your skin is greater inflammation and morebreakouts.
  12. 12. LEMON OIL. 6Lemon oil smells great. Unfortunately,it also irritates the skin,and skin repairs itself by making even more sebum. Stay away from lemon oil in any and all skin careproducts if you have acne.
  13. 13. FACIAL MASKS FOR ACNECOVE POWDER 1/2GM + THYMUS POWDER 1/2GM +CHAMMOMIL PD 1/2GM +MAIZE STARCH+ OLIVE OIL •CLOVE +THYMOL _____=ANTISEPTIC ACTION •CHAMOMILE _____=ANTI INFLAMMATORY •OLIVE OIL _______=ANTI BACTERIAL •
  14. 14. PSORIASIS. – 2
  15. 15. :DEF PSORIASIS IS A CORNIFICATION DISORDER OCCURRING IN INTERMITTENT ATTACKS. THE DISEASE IS – •CHARACTERIZED BY THE DEVELOPMENT OF REDDISH PLAQUES COVERED BY GROSSLY LAMELLAR SCALES.– PSORIATIC ATTACKS ARE PROVOKED BY CERTAIN MEDICATIONS, ALCOHOL, STRESS, AND OTHER SKIN- .DAMAGING FACTORS DIFFERENT TYPES OF PSORIASIS CAN BE DISTINGUISHED. APART FROM THE SKIN, THE NAILS AND – • .ESPECIALLY THE JOINTS OF THE HANDS AND FEET CAN ALSO BE AFFECTED
  16. 16. HERBAL TREATMENT OF PSORIASIS
  17. 17. ALOE VERA JUICE Action • Aloe vera gel is the condensed juice of Aloebarbadensis leaves. The gel contains enzymes, minerals, vitamins, and saponins and has anti- inflammatory and .antibacterial effects
  18. 18. ECZEMA.3
  19. 19. A NONCONTAGIOUS TYPE OF DERMATITIS THAT IS USUALLY TRIGGERED BY HYPERSENSITIVITY TO CERTAIN • .SUBSTANCES TYPES •ACUTE ATTACKS ARE CHARACTERIZED BY SKIN REDDENING AND SWELLING WITH PAPULE AND BLISTER FORMATION. – • CRUSTING AND SCALING DEVELOP AFTER THE BLISTERS BURST OPEN. ADDITIONAL SKIN DAMAGE OFTEN OCCURS DUE .TO ITCHING AND SCRATCHING, WHICH IS OFTEN LEADS TO PURULENT SECONDARY BACTERIAL INFECTIONS .CHRONIC ECZEMA IS COMMON AND CAN LEAD TO LEATHERY HYPERTROPHY OF THE SKIN, OR LICHENIFICATION – •   • : DIFFERENT TYPES OF ECZEMA ARE DISTINGUISHED – • ALLERGIC CONTACT ECZEMA IS PRECIPITATED BY CONTACT WITH ALLERGENS SUCH AS NICKEL, CHROMIUM, • • (PRESERVATIVES, PERFUMES, OINTMENT BASES, AND PLANT EXTRACTS (E.G., ARNICA TOXIC CONTACT ECZEMA IS CAUSED BY DIRECT SKIN DAMAGE DUE TO ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION EXPOSURE (E.G., . • • (.SUNBURN AND SO-CALLED SUN RASH CHRONIC CONTACT ECZEMA OCCURS DUE TO CONSTANT CONTACT WITH WATER AND SOAP, ACIDS, LYES AND/OR • • (.SOLVENTS (OFTEN JOB-RELATED
  20. 20. GENERAL AND HERBAL TREATMENT➤
  21. 21. . AVOIDANCE OF TRIGGER SUBSTANCES IS THE FIRST AND FOREMOST PILLAR OF TREATMENT •STANDARD TREATMENT OF ACUTE CONTACT ECZEMA CONSISTS OF THE APPLICATION OF COOL, WET – • COMPRESSES WITH OR WITHOUT SHORT-TERM CORTISONE OR HYDROCORTI- SONE TREATMENT AS . NEEDED GREASY OINTMENTS MAY ALSO BE NECESSARY IF SKIN THINNING OCCURS DUE TO CHRONIC • INFLAMMATION
  22. 22. CHAMOMILE FLOWER ACTION • CHAMOMILE EXTRACT CONTAINS ANTI-INFLAMMATORY COMPOUNDS (CHAMAZU- LENE AND BISABOLOL) AS WELL AS MUCILAGINOUS SUBSTANCES THAT . • COUNTERACT IRRITATION
  23. 23. WITCH HAZEL Witch hazel contains hamamelitannins that reduce skin redness by de- creasing theblood flow to the skin and flavones that inhibit histamine release. Bacteriostatic action has also been reported
  24. 24. OAK BARK HAS A HIGH CONTENT OF TANNINS THAT REACT WITH PROTEINS IN THE SUPERFICIAL • LAYER OF THE SKIN AND MUCOUS MEMBRANES TO PREVENT THE PE- NETRATION OF . HARMFUL ORGANISMS
  25. 25. DERMATITISCAUSES SYMPTOMS TYPES OF DERMATITIS TYPES OF MEDICATIONS PREVENTION 
  26. 26. ?WHAT IS DERMATITISDERMATITIS IS THE INFLAMMATION OF THE SKIN CAUSED BY :FACTORS SUCH AS ALLERGIES • IRRITANTS • ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT • FOODS • MEDICATIONS • HEREDITARY •
  27. 27. TYPES OF DERMATITIS SEBRORRHEIC DERMATITIS • CONTACT DERMATITIS • ATOPIC DERMATITIS •
  28. 28. SYMPTOMS ASSOCIATED WITH DERMATITIS(( DEPENDING ON TYPE OF DERMATITIS SEBORRHEIC DERMATITIS: SKIN ERUPTIONS ON FACE, SCALP, • AND TRUNK OF BODY. THIS SYMPTOMS WILL PRODUCE GREASY, .DRY SCALES AND WILL APPEAR REDDISH CONTACT DERMATITIS: THE APPEARANCE OF SKIN VESICLES • . THAT OOZE, BURN, ITCH,STING OR SCALE ATOPIC DERMATITIS: THERE WILL APPEAR LESIONS ON THE • .FACE, NECK, KNEES, ELBOWS, TRUNK OF BODY
  29. 29. CONTACT DERMATITIS .CONTACT DERMATITIS WITH NICKEL • REDDISH MARKING AND ITCHING WILL • .OCCUR SEBORRHEIC DERMATITIS: Medications include but not limited to shampoos, creams containing ketocanzole or hydrocortisone. For severe cases use ultraviolet radiation.
  30. 30. ATOPIC DERMATITISREDDISH MARKS APPEAR ON FACE, • .NECK ,ELBOWS THIS CAN BE TREATED WITH A •.SOAP-FREE CLEANSER OR CREAMSATOPIC DERMATITIS: soap-free cleanser, creams containingalphahydrox acid lotions. A person can also use topicalantihistamines
  31. 31. SEBORRHEIC DERMATITIS .REDNESS AND FLAKES APPEAR IN THE HEAD • .ERUPTIONS ON SCALP MAY APPEAR • TREATED WITH SHAMPOOS CONTAINING • KETOKONAZOLE OR HYDROCORTISONECONTACT DERMATITIS: use emollient creams, oral steroids,topical steroids.
  32. 32. HERBAL
  33. 33. GARLICUSES: IMPROVED LIPID PROFILES, CLAIMS FOR ANTIBACTERIAL, ANTITHROMBOTIC, HYPOTENSIVE, ANTI- •INFLAMMATORY AND ANTI-CANCER ACTIVITIESACTIVE INGREDIENT: ALLICIN •PROBABLY SAFE IN USUAL DOSES FOR UP TO 4 YEARS •DOSING: STANDARDIZED EXTRACT 200-400 MG TID, FRESH-4 GM PER DAY = 1 CLOVE •POSSIBLY EFFECTIVE FOR MODERATE 4-12% DECREASE IN CHOLESTEROL LEVELS AND BP, NO POSITIVE •OUTCOME DATAINEFFECTIVE AGAINST H. PYLORI •
  34. 34. HEAT AND ACID INACTIVATE ALLICIN, ENTERIC COATED PRODUCTS SHOW BEST RESULTS • MAY INCREASE EFFECTS OF ANTICOAGULANTS, MAY INHIBIT THYROID PREPARATIONS • PRECAUTIONS AND INTERACTIONS: INHIBITED PLATELET AGGREGATION (INTERACTION WITH •ANTICOAGULANTS), MAY REDUCE BLOOD SUGAR SO USE WITH CAUTION WITH VARIOUS HYPOGLYCEMIC AGENTS
  35. 35. ECHINACEAUSES: PROPHYLAXIS AND TREATMENT OF COLD AND FLU SYMPTOMS (STIMULATION OF • PHAGOCYTES), IMMUNE SYSTEM STIMULATION LIKELY SAFE WHEN USED SHORT-TERM UP TO 12 WEEKS • POSSIBLY EFFECTIVE FOR DECREASING SYMPTOMS OF COLD AND FLU • POSSIBLY INEFFECTIVE FOR PREVENTING URI’S •
  36. 36. ECHINACEA MILLION SPENT ANNUALLY, MORE POPULAR IN EUROPE $14 • PRECAUTIONS AND INTERACTIONS: MAY BE IMMUNOSUPPRESSIVE WITH CONTINUOUS • USE, CAN INTERFERE WITH CYCLOSPORIN
  37. 37. SKIN TUMORS.6
  38. 38. Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in humans•There are three main types of skin cancer: basal cell carcinoma,•squamous cell carcinoma (the nonmelanoma skin cancers), and melanoma.•Ultraviolet light, which is in sunlight, is the main cause of skin cancer.
  39. 39. :TYPES OF SKIN CANCER:TYPES OF SKIN CANCER •(BASAL CELL CARCINOMA (OR BASAL CELL CARCINOMA EPITHELIOMA •(SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA (THE FIRST STAGE OF WHICH IS CALLED ACTINIC KERATOSIS •MELANOMA •
  40. 40. : BASAL CELL CARCINOMATHE MOST COMMON TYPE OF SKIN CANCER, WHICH COMMONLY PRESENTS AS A SORE THAT SEEMS TO GETBETTER AND THEN RECURS AND MAY START TO BLEED. BASAL CELL CARCINOMA OFTEN OCCURS ON THEFACE AND NECK, WHERE THE SKIN IS EXPOSED TO SUNLIGHT. THESE TUMORS ARE LOCALLY INVASIVE AND.TEND TO BURROW IN BUT NOT METASTASIZE (SPREAD) TO DISTANT LOCATIONS
  41. 41. SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMACANCER THAT BEGINS IN SQUAMOUS CELLS -- THIN, FLAT CELLS THAT LOOK UNDER THE MICROSCOPE :LIKE FISH SCALES. SQUAMOUS CELLS ARE FOUND IN THE TISSUE THAT FORMS THE SURFACE OF THE SKIN,THE LINING OF HOLLOW ORGANS OF THE BODY, AND THE PASSAGES OF THE RESPIRATORY AND DIGESTIVE. TRACTS. SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMAS MAY ARISE IN ANY OF THESE TISSUES
  42. 42. MELANOMAIS A CANCER THAT DEVELOPS IN MELANOCYTES, THE PIGMENT CELLS PRESENT IN THE SKIN. IT CAN BE MORESERIOUS THAN THE OTHER FORMS OF SKIN CANCER BECAUSE IT MAY SPREAD TO OTHER PARTS OF THEBODY (METASTASIZE) AND CAUSE SERIOUS ILLNESS AND DEATH. ABOUT 50,000 NEW CASES OF MELANOMA.ARE DIAGNOSED IN THE UNITED STATES EVERY YEAR
  43. 43. HERBAL TREATMENT
  44. 44. VISCUM ALBUM(:VISCUM ALBUM LIPOPHILIC EXTRACT (VALE IT CONTAINS TRITERPENES :LIKE … OLEANOLIC …BETULINIC ACID …LUPEOL:WITH APOPTOSIS INDUCING ACTIVITY OF IMMUNOMODULATING.1ANTI ULCER 3.WOUND HEALING 4.MISTLETOE .2BUT THERE ARE SIDE EFFECT LIKE ALLERGIC ACTION
  45. 45. GROUPE NUMBER 4.DONE BY :1.ABEER TAALT NUMBER (61)2.ABEER ABD ELKALEK NUMBER(62)3.ABEER MARZOOK NUMBER (63)(4.ADNAN AKRAM NUMBER (64
  46. 46. THANK YOU BYE

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