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ISCCT  Thailand   Indian ethanol program
ISCCT  Thailand   Indian ethanol program
ISCCT  Thailand   Indian ethanol program
ISCCT  Thailand   Indian ethanol program
ISCCT  Thailand   Indian ethanol program
ISCCT  Thailand   Indian ethanol program
ISCCT  Thailand   Indian ethanol program
ISCCT  Thailand   Indian ethanol program
ISCCT  Thailand   Indian ethanol program
ISCCT  Thailand   Indian ethanol program
ISCCT  Thailand   Indian ethanol program
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ISCCT Thailand Indian ethanol program

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This is the True Scenario of Indian Ethanol Program since Inception, Enjoy reading.

This is the True Scenario of Indian Ethanol Program since Inception, Enjoy reading.

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  • India's growing Energy requirements are handicap for Social development and unless it emerges self reliant in Biofuels to minimise this impact it would continue to see reverses in growth as visible now…
  • Some facts on Transport emissions and Petroleum consumption derived from SIAM & PCRA.
  • Major Consumption of Petrol is in the Metropolis and here we have considered Delhi, Calcutta, Mumbai and Bangalore. Passenger, Two Wheeler and three wheeler vehicles enhancement is cause of major Tail pipe emissions.
  • India's production and Consumption stats derived from Industry by USDA.
  • AIDA is the national body for Alcohol producers and it states present distillation capacity will be able to meet the blending requirement of the gasoline till the end of the Tenth Plan …
  • Oscillating Sugar production and lack of supplies due to cost are hurting EBP implementation…
  • Progress from 2003 to 2012 on EBP suggests that unless GOI supports with Incentives and Price, EBP program would continue to lag…
  • India is not geared to moving large volumes of Ethanol both Domestically and Overseas, GOI should focus on Infrastructure setup…
  • Alcohol storage requires Special infrastructure as its Hygroscopic and highly flammable in Nature.
  • Policy Support with Incentives is key to Success of EBP…
  • Stats derived from PCRA, CIA World Book, SIAM India, ,EIA… Alcohol has become one of the major revenue stream contributing around 25% of net revenue . Future potential and scale is enormous, with several Technological developments...
  • Transcript

    • 1. • India is Critically dependent on energy imports. This makes the region very vulnerable to rises in energy prices and the last two years have brought hardship to Citizens.• "However, progress on blending so far has been Patchy because of rising raw material costs and inconsistent government policies.”• Despite this, biofuels for the transport sector offers an attractive way of boosting domestic energy supplies. Currently, we import almost 70% of our fossil fuel requirements and had remitted about Rs 1,170,000 Million in 2004-05 Barrel= 117 lts 3
    • 2. TRANSPORT SYSTEM IN INDIA IS ONE OF THE LARGEST IN THE WORLD AND SERVES A LAND AREA OF 3.3 MILLION SQUARE KM AND APOPULATION OF OVER ONE BILLION.IT CONSISTS MAINLY OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, AND AIR SERVICES. GIVEN ITS LONG COASTLINE OF APPROXIMATELY 7 517 KM, INDIA HASA HUB OF OVER 150 SEAPORTS WITH INLAND WATER TRANSPORT PLAYING A SMALL SUPPLEMENTARY ROLE IN A FEW STATES.450 MMT OUT OF 1100 MMT OF CO2 EMISSIONS IN INDIA FROM FOSSIL FUELS (POL).INDIA 5TH LARGEST EMITTER OF CO2 IN THE WORLD AFTER USA (5800MT), CHINA (4732 MT), RUSSIA (1529 MT) & JAPAN (1215 MT).GROWTH OF CONSUMPTION OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS IN THE XTH PLAN WAS 2.6% ANNUALLY, WHEN THE ECONOMY IS GROWING AT8% PER ANNUM.PROJECTED GROWTH RATE OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS FOR INDIA IS 2.4% PER ANNUM TILL 2030.  2
    • 3. Gasoline Substitution Potential Cities Estimated Gasoline Ethanol substitution Consumption 5% 10% (in million liters) (in million liters)Delhi 750 37.5 75Calcutta 200 10.0 20Mumbai 180 9.0 18Bangalore 220 11.0 22TOTAL 1350  67.5  135 3
    • 4. Ethanol Production and Distribution Million Litres.Calendar Year 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012Opening stock 483 747 1396 1673 1283 1085 1049Production 1898 2398 2150 1073 1435 1934 2130Imports 29 15 70 320 150 50 100Total Supply 2410 3160 3616 3066 2868 3069 3279Exports 24 14 3 3 3 10 10ConsumptionIndustrial Use 619 650 700 700 720 750 775Potable Liquor 745 800 850 880 900 950 1010Blended Petrol 200 200 280 100 50 250 300Other Use 75 100 110 100 110 110 110Total Consumption 1639 1750 1940 1780 1780 2010 2095Ending Stocks 747 1396 1673 1283 1085 999 1024Total Distribution 2410 3160 3616 3066 2868 3069 3279 4
    • 5. All India Distillers Association• As per the All India Distillers Association, the present installed capacity of alcohol production in the country is 2900 million liters.• The present consumption of gasoline is estimated at 8.5 million tons requiring 502 million litres for 5% blend.• The industry expects that the present capacity able to meet the blending requirement of the gasoline till the end of the Tenth Plan with the terminal year’s gasoline consumption at 11.6 million tons needing 682 million liters of ethanol for blending where 823 million liters will be surplus from the production of 2300 million liters of alcohol. 5
    • 6. Ethanol Blended Petrol (EBP) POLICY OUTCOME Jan 2003 - MoPNG made  Partially Implemented due to low sugar production in 2003-04 and 5% blending mandatory 2004-05. across 9 states & 5 UT.  OMC contracted 1.4 billion litres at Rs.21.50/lt from Nov 2006 to Sep 2006 – Resurgence of Nov 2009. 540 Million lt supplied till April 2009. GOI deferred Crop in 2005-06 & implementation due to short supply in 2007-08. 2006-07 made GOI mandate 5% blending  GOI deferred implementation due short supply of cane and mandatory across 20 molasses in 2008-09. states & 8 UT. Sep 2008 – Cabinet  Unable to implement 5% blend, achieving 10% seems too distant approved National Biofuel vision… Policy with 5% becoming mandatory. The Third Phase of EBP envisaged blending enhanced to 10% with target of 20% by 2017. Cont …. 6
    • 7. Ethanol Blended Petrol (EBP) Sugar Ethanol Production Program  Petroleum Ministry continued to pursue implementation by the Ethanol Blended Petrol programme during the year. Though faced with Sugar production in India shortage of supply by ethanol manufacturers, the OMCs still managed is estimated at 25-26 to procure 361.9Million litres of ethanol during the supply cycle million tons in this October, 2010 to September 2011 for blending with petrol at the level marketing year. The of 5 % against 558.7 Million litres committed by them. country’s annual demand is 22 mt.  Besides non-supply of sufficient quantity by ethanol manufacturers, the programme also faced the challenge of state specific issues in some states. In 2008-09 and 2009-10, sugar production was  The OMCs further issued tender notice to seek supply of 1010 Million below domestic litres of ethanol in the annual season commencing October 2011. consumption, at 14.53 mt However, the response by the ethanol manufacturer’s accounts for and nearly 19 mt, only about 60% ethanol needed for 5% EBP in the notified States/UTs. respectively. 7
    • 8. Alcohol storage infrastructure1. India has to strategically link truck, rail and storage stakeholders to seamlessly bring ethanol from production point to final destination.3. "By bringing all of the key players of the ethanol transportation industry together, we can provide a truly unique service to ethanol customers throughout the country.  This will allow us to help solve many of the challenges facing this growing and exciting industry.5. This can only happen if there is Compliance to Common quality specification and Analysis. Logistic infrastructure is critical for both Domestic blending programs as well for exporting the commodity to overseas market.7. Unlike petroleum products such as oil and natural gas, ethanol cannot be distributed through pipelines due to its hygroscopic nature.  As a result, ethanol moves from production to market by utilizing truck, rail and barge transportation services along with transload/storage facilities(Multimode).9. The key to effectively manage the logistics of the ethanol industry is to coordinate this unique movement of product. Cont …. 8
    • 9. Alcohol storage infrastructure1. Ethyl alcohol should be stored in an aboveground floating roof tank if thetank is over 150 000 Litres in size and if the ambient temperature exceeds30 °C for more than 30 days of the year.2. For fire protection, do NOT use water.  Use foam, CO2, or dry chemical.  Water willspread a fire.3. If less than 150 000 Litres tank, use nitrogen pad or vent drier to keep the ethylalcohol from absorbing too much water; it is a very hygroscopic product.4. Denatured ethyl alcohol has a bad odor.  Keep operations at a distance from theproperty line.5. Health effects are not severe unless the concentration of vapor in the air exceeds5000 ppm.  Therefore, inhalation protection is not necessary for typical operations.6. Do not let vapors accumulate in an area or downwind as a spark can cause a"flashback" to the tank or loading rack.7. For blending of denaturing agent, make sure that you utilized a blender that makes auniform mixture.8. Butyl hoses are preferable to rubber hoses for transfer. 11
    • 10. Road Ahead … GOI SupportThe success of EBP lies if there is Comprehensive policy across India.The uniformity should help erase clash of State/Centre promulgations…GOI should subsidise EBP as Ethanol is basic building block for whole lot of green Chemicalsand Bioplastics…GOI should consider allowing Juice to Ethanol route as it would also minimize Pollution (inselect locales where there is abundant cane).India has to invest in Green Chemistry aggressively and present support from MNRE is almostNIL…To cater to Rail, Air and Water transport blending apart to Road, India has to develop multifeedstock and GOI has not focused at all on this front…Second Generation technologies manufacturing is costlier and unless Commercial viabilityvisible, none would come forward …Industry is to voice Urban health hazards from tail pipe emissions more vociferously … 12
    • 11. EBP the way ahead for Industry…Thank You 11

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