Fire safety review of interior materials in buses
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A number of bus interior materials are reviewed for fire safety. Data is presented from fire tests made on three seats, eleven wall and ceiling materials and two floor systems coming from modern buses ...
A number of bus interior materials are reviewed for fire safety. Data is presented from fire tests made on three seats, eleven wall and ceiling materials and two floor systems coming from modern buses and coaches with a mass more than five tons and with more than 22 passenger seats.
All materials were tested in the presently required simple horizontal flame spread fire test for buses and coaches in Europe and also in several modern state-of-the-art fire test methods used for other applications such as trains, ships and buildings. The tests were evaluating flame spread behaviour, heat- and smoke release rates, ignition resistance and generation of toxic gases.
The test results are compared with existing criteria for other applications and the present level of fire safety is discussed. The main conclusion is that the present horizontal fire test does not provide a sufficiently high fire safety level in the passenger compartment of buses and is not able to distinguish between different product fire performance. A short review of other research within the same area shows that several publications have come to the same conclusion.
This report is presenting working package two (WP2) out of eight in a project called “Fire safety in buses”.
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