Communication & Cultural Issues   Communicative competence and cultureawareness impact on the studying of cadet and       ...
Content • Reciprocal relationship of Communication and Cultural • Communication factors    – Implication as cadet & future...
Culture & Communication •Rules, ritual, routines                                                  •Oral/ pronunciation •Or...
Communicative competence   Globalization, multicultural crews, Shore-to-shore and    ship-to-ship communication issues  ...
Communicative training     Teacher based issues        Technical background / proficiency in English, (inc. ESP)       ...
Implication for future career                                Life lost            Environmental impact                    ...
Cultural issues       – Characteristic of world merchant fleet       – STCW78/95/2010 requirement
What is culture       Montgomery & Reid-Thomas (1994;5) – Define “culture as the whole          way of life of a people or...
Cultural issues in MET institution  Multi-culture/ multi-religious students  Mixture from difference ethnic group/ regio...
The cadet and cultural awareness                        U                                    General cultural context Moti...
Teaching of Culture awareness    TEACHING CULTURAL AWARENESS IN MET INSTITUTIONS        Culture is a sensitive issue     ...
Culture awareness onboard ship     Power distance - defined crew roles/respect for superiors     Cultural values - time ...
Culture awareness & future career    Important for professional development    Helps in integrating into multi-cultural ...
CONCLUSION
Q&ATHANKS YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION
ReferenceCole, C., & Trenkner, P. (2009). The yardstick for Maritime English STCW assessment purposes. IAMU Journal, 6(1),...
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  • To draw out the importance of communication. It is critical to mention the effect of globalization.. (even in the academic market)… the school is more international to day…With lifelong learning objective: globalize -> the society is more emerged -> better for student to socialize and be open intercultural…
  • Not qualified teacher, !native English speaker, !technical background
  • Not qualified teacher, !native English speaker, !technical backgroundIsolation  Stress and mental breakdown  negative behaviors
  • Important when interacting with people from other cultures Example; hand sign may be seen; appropriate behavior or offensive to others  Cultural awareness;Gives the ability become aware of own/others cultural values, beliefs and perceptions e.g. why do we think the way we think? Why do we do things that wayPromotes appropriate behavior in responding to different cultural situations Promotes clearer communication/ eliminates misunderstanding.Gives opportunity to learn others language/culture
  • Not only helpful as a maritime related career but … every other field..
  • Not only helpful as a maritime related career but … every other field..
  • Not only helpful as a maritime related career but … every other field..
  • Not only helpful as a maritime related career but … every other field..
  • Communication & cultural issues

    1. 1. Communication & Cultural Issues Communicative competence and cultureawareness impact on the studying of cadet and their future seafaring career. By: Bikondo, Elsie Nyabonyi | Pham, Trong Hieu
    2. 2. Content • Reciprocal relationship of Communication and Cultural • Communication factors – Implication as cadet & future career. • Culture Awareness – Issues regarding culture – How culture knowledge affects studying and future career • Conclusion
    3. 3. Culture & Communication •Rules, ritual, routines •Oral/ pronunciation •Organizational culture •Listening/ grammar communication •perception Cultural /Ethnic skills •Technical vocabulary •… •… Context/ attitude •Daily conversation •Pressure situation •Fatigue, stress… •Morality… Effective communication
    4. 4. Communicative competence  Globalization, multicultural crews, Shore-to-shore and ship-to-ship communication issues  English – common language adopted by IMO  SMNV & SMCP  STCW 78/95/2010 requirement
    5. 5. Communicative training  Teacher based issues  Technical background / proficiency in English, (inc. ESP)  How to conduct their teaching  Curriculum based issues  Distribution of subject matter.  Refreshing courses  Environment based issues  Daily activities vs. stressful situation  Stimulating the emergency / the feeling of involvement  Learning methodology of student.
    6. 6. Implication for future career Life lost Environmental impact Economical lostLifelong learningSpeedup professional careerJob opportunities Miscommunication teamwork Leadership Able to ask for more knowledge Solitude Isolation Multi culture Express your problems, talk with other Negotiate better solution openness
    7. 7. Cultural issues – Characteristic of world merchant fleet – STCW78/95/2010 requirement
    8. 8. What is culture Montgomery & Reid-Thomas (1994;5) – Define “culture as the whole way of life of a people or group. In the context of culture all the social practices bond a group of people together and distinguish them from others..” Frow & Morris, (2000:316) defines culture as “the network of embedded practices and representations; for example „texts, images, talk, codes of behavior and narrative structures organizing these.”
    9. 9. Cultural issues in MET institution  Multi-culture/ multi-religious students  Mixture from difference ethnic group/ region / nationality  Cultural superiority Culture barriers : prejudices | stereotyping | Bigotry | Discrimination Miscommunication | misunderstanding Conflicts | Disrespect Nepotism | Racism…
    10. 10. The cadet and cultural awareness U General cultural context Motivate Effects of culture on seamanship & safety Other cultural values, beliefs, perception To learn others language/culture The interpersonal relationships nderstanding Equal opportunity D Collaboration Positive attitude Effective communication Leadership Appropriate behavior Intercultural openness evelop Promote
    11. 11. Teaching of Culture awareness TEACHING CULTURAL AWARENESS IN MET INSTITUTIONS  Culture is a sensitive issue  People give strong, opinions and arguments  Education improves and monitors cultural issues  Requires qualified MET instructors  Simulation based training (role play, interaction)
    12. 12. Culture awareness onboard ship  Power distance - defined crew roles/respect for superiors  Cultural values - time and individual space  Subordinate attitude - Filipino/Bangladesh  Collectivism - teamwork - believe in group decision making;  Individualism - taking individual decisions –USA/Italy  Strong rule orientation (focus on rules/procedures)  Masculine values (male dominance)
    13. 13. Culture awareness & future career  Important for professional development  Helps in integrating into multi-cultural crew environment  Gain understanding and appropriate response to difference culture  Helps to be assertive when communicating/ diplomatic leadership  Helps female cadets to develop various strategies to deal with the male dominated multicultural crew environment (e.g. sex-joke…)  Alters your behavior in dressing in respect to other peoples’ culture
    14. 14. CONCLUSION
    15. 15. Q&ATHANKS YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION
    16. 16. ReferenceCole, C., & Trenkner, P. (2009). The yardstick for Maritime English STCW assessment purposes. IAMU Journal, 6(1), 13-28.Cole, C., Pritchard, B., & Trenkner, P. (2007). Maritime English instruction - ensuring instructors competence. 123-146.Horck, J. (2011, February). Bridge the divide in shipping. Telegraph, Nautilusint.org, Seafarer Training, p. 22.Kluijven, P. V. (2011, August). Finding the right word. Telegraph, Nautilusint.org, Shipping Dictionary, p. 31.Logie, C. (2011, February). Breaking down the barriers of culture. Telegraph, Nautilusint.org, Seafarer Training, p. 22.Perez, J. M. (n.d.). IMO Standard Marine Communication Phrases and teaching their use in VTS context. Retrieved from http://home.planet.nl/~kluij016/JMDiaz.htm The recent adoption of the IMO standard marine communication phrases (SMCP) as IMO resolution A.918 (22) marks the end of a stage that started as far back as 1973, the year that IMCO - as it was then called - decided, through the Maritime Safety Committee at its 27 session, that the common language to be used in the maritime context should be English and that it was necessary to establish the level of knowledge of this language and the vocabulary required to be able to navigate safely.Takagi, N. (2011, March). Accent is on safe speech. Telegraph, Nautilusint.org, Marine Communications, p. 26.Vangehuchten, L., Parys, W. V., & Noble, A. (n.d.). Intercultural competence and effective communication at sea: An invitation to celebrate diversity on board [PDF].Vangehuchten, L., Parys, W. V., & Noble, A. (n.d.). Linguistic and intercultural communication for maritime purpose: A survey based study [PDF].
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